Climate Change Mitigation: The need to include Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses (AFOLU) Mr....

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Transcript of Climate Change Mitigation: The need to include Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses (AFOLU) Mr....

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Climate Change Mitigation: The need to include Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses (AFOLU) Mr. Stephen Karangizi Assistant Secretary General COMESA Slide 2 Scope Introduction What science says about AFOLU Mitigation potential of agriculture in Africa Why AFOLU CDM a missed opportunity The inequity under CDM The economics of AFOLU Technical potential of AFOLU options Barriers Opportunities to overcome the barriers Framework for African Biocarbon Facility Key Messages Slide 3 Introduction Africa will be hardest hit by climate with large effects on agriculture. Poor farmers and other vulnerable groups will need help adapting to climate change. Today agriculture contributes 14 percent of annual GHG emissions and land use change, including forest loss contributes another 19 percent. Need to tackle the drivers of deforestation that lie outside the forestry sector. Agriculture, forestry and other land use have a huge potential to contribute to cost mitigation of GHGs through changes in agricultural technologies, avoided deforestation and management practices. ( COMESA CAADP) Slide 4 What science says about AFOLU GHG emissions from agriculture and other land use changes are expected to increase in the future. The potential for mitigation thro agriculture in Africa has been estimated at 970mtCO2e per year by 2030 accounting for 17% of the global total with additional 14% from forestry. Africa has significant potential in AFOLU to deliver on carbon sequestration and co-benefits such as food security, biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction. Slide 5 Mitigation Potential of Agriculture in Africa AFOLU 1004 Mt CO2-eq/yr until 2030 Slide 6 Technical Potential of AFOLU Options Slide 7 Why AFOLU? Current CDM arrangements are not facilitating greater African participation Smallholders land activities (agric +) are largely responsible for deforestation and forest degradation in Africa Tenure and ownership less controversial in small farm / land holdings than forest areas Agric and Other land uses would potentially yield more co-benefits than REDD alone C Markets = 118 US$ Billion while Adaptation Fund =