Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October...

of 22 /22
Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody
  • date post

    19-Dec-2015
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    214
  • download

    0

Transcript of Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October...

Page 1: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Christian Wolff

Regensburg University, Media Computing

FGIR WorkshopHildesheim University, October 2006

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 2: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

October 10, 2006, 2

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Overview

Motivation Development phases in Information Retrieval Users and information literacy A storytelling example: A day in the life of the

common IRS user Some observations and implications for IR research Conclusion

Page 3: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

Motivation

IRS usage commonplace in everyday life multimedia and mobile computing call for new IRS

application (e.g. GIS, digital photography, ubiquitous network access)

Web 2.0 challenges assumptions on user participation (tagging, user involvement)

exploitation of• contextual information• new interaction techniques

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 3

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 4: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

Phases in IRS Development

1. IRS as instruments of information professionals in mediated communication contexts

2. IRS used by knowledge workers (“end users”)3. web-based search: IRS used for (almost) anything

(desktop setting)4. “the digitization of the world picture” (Cerruzzi

2003): information systems and IRS are becoming ubiquitous, mobile, context-aware …

(phases overlap heavily!)

October 10, 2006, 4

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 5: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

Users and information literacy

ARD online survey 2005:60% of the German population regularly use the internet, more than 90% in the group of the 14-19years old

almost 100% of pupils and students have private internet access (small studies with ~300 participants in 2005/2006)

majority of children is familiar with basic internet and search engine concepts

evident deficits in information literacy• linguistic phenomena• search strategies• query languages and operators• information quality judgements• knowledge about available resources

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 5

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 6: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

A storytelling example: IRS in everyday life

In the morning: Collecting music, loading the iPod• different genre classifications• retrieval by example not viable for many tasks (humming,

singing, whistling)• problems of describing and classifying music• limited portability of licenses • no similarity search (see MusicFinder)• problem of information management

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 6

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 7: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

Example: ID3-Tagging a Music Library

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 7

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 8: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

A storytelling example: IRS in everyday life

In the morning At work:

• searching for literature heterogeneous tools and information different retrieval models and data source characteristics complex criteria for availability of sources

• personal information management limitations of traditional file system structures

(monohierarchical) traditional fulltext retrieval becoming available via

desktop search engines (classic VSM paradigm) advanced techniques (aspect/context/situation awareness,

embedded retrieval) missing

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 8

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 9: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

9. Mai 2006, 9

Informationsbeschaffung

Matrix of typically available literature access systems

Finding Accessing / Ordering

books (monographs, edited books)

local OPAC, regional catalogs, book sellers („Amazon“)

local OPAC, regional catalogs, book sellers („Amazon“)

papers (journals, conferences)

Integrated DBs (Scopus, Web of science), scince DBs (INSPEC,

electronic journal library, publishers‘ dls, integrated portals (vascoda, io-port, …)

grey literature Citeseer, Google Scholar, integrated portals

directly online

primary research data, software, …

Google, specialised dbs

online? (registration?)

Page 10: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

A storytelling example: IRS in everyday life

In the morning At work In the afternoon

• online shopping great number of platforms and meta platforms

• „a colleague‘s visit“: taking (digital) pictures manyfold media no content metadata on media production time

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 10

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 11: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

„a colleague‘s visit“: no descriptive metadata

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 11

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 12: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

A storytelling example: IRS in everyday life

In the morning At work In the afternoon In the evening

• some time for tagging and picture sorting, querying images in Flickr

• (media convergence: interactive TV and web-based IS)

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 12

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 13: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

What does a typical folder with holiday pictures look like?

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 13

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 14: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 14

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

„Abendstimmung“

Page 15: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

A storytelling example: IRS in everyday life

In the morning At work In the afternoon In the evening At night

• desktop index is being updated• image analysis compares pictures and suggests tags• user interaction data are evaluated for further search• (the user sleeps)

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 15

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 16: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

What is new? - IR and everyday life as objects of science – is this

legitimate?• „Information Retrieval (IR) deals with the representation,

storage, organization of, and access to information items. The representation and organization of the information items should provide the user with easy access to the information in which he is interested.” (Baeza-Yates & Ribeiro-Neto 1999:1)

different – or just the same research paradigm?• different

users (age, training, interests), situations and contexts, types of information / data (quality) …

Shneiderman‘s „the new computing is about what people can do“ (Sheiderman 2002:2) calls for a scientific approach to computing in everyday life, including IR research

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 16

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 17: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

everybody is an IRS user the amount of data (files, information knowledge) is

growing rapidly (e.g. > 500.000 items in my Google desktop index)

all media are subject to IR processes - in the media production chain not just search is relevant, but also the descriptive steps (indexing, tagging)

economic, organizational as well as temporal criteria influence effectiveness measures (as compared to traditional effectiveness)

the potential of social software is still quite unclear text and concept related query paradigm will prevail for

a while and for most media media convergence will gain importance

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 17

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Some theses

Page 18: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

Some questions …

new evaluation criteria needed?• user satisfaction• task completion

how do we • describe• analyse

situation, context, interaction history etc.? how do we fuse different data sources like

• declarative knowledge (on the user)• sensor data• …

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 18

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 19: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

Conclusion

demand for• user-related research• information literacy in everyday life

taking IL beyond the library user / student paradigm the digital divide as a problem

• not of access to technology• but as of a lack of training

• models information in everyday life of future I(R)S modeling context/situation/experience

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 19

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 19

Page 20: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

Examples: „the knowing camera“

goal: multi-source information collection in digital photography

technology:• speech interaction with digital camera for metadata

generation• sensors for place (GPS), angle/viewpoint• (temperature, humidity, biodata …)• (machine learning, pattern recognition)

applications• enter-/infotainment

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 20

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 21: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

Examples: exploring tagging strategies

research questions• tagging strategies in

professional sources social software platforms

method• analyzing samples form Flickr / Citeulike• building a tag classification• content overlap (Citeulike)

meta-tagging tags based on that classification comparative study: search with / without tagged

documents

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 21

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Page 22: Christian Wolff Regensburg University, Media Computing FGIR Workshop Hildesheim University, October 2006 Information Retrieval is for Everybody.

Medieninformatik WS 05/06

Vom Kontext zur Bedeutung

Hildesheim, October 10, 2006

LWA / FGIR 2006

Some Literature

Baeza-Yates, R., & Ribeiro-Neto, B. (1999). Modern Information Retrieval. Harlow et al. / New York: Addison-Wesley / ACM Press.

Ceruzzi, P. E. (2003). A History of Modern Computing (2nd ed.). Cambridge, MA / London: The MIT Press.

Shneiderman, B. (2002). Leonardo's Laptop: Human Needs and the New Computing Technologies. Cambridge, MA / London: The MIT Press.

van Eimeren, B., & Frees, B. (2005). ARD/ZDF-Online-Studie 2005. Nach dem Boom: Größter Zuwachs in internetfernen Gruppen. Media Perspektiven(8/2005), 362-379.

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 22

Information Retrieval is for Everybody

Wolff, Media Computing, Regensburg, 22