Chipmunk Small Runners!
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Chipmunk Small Runners! Species Eastern Chipmunk is called Tamias Striatus
Part of the Squirrel family Eastern Chipmunk is one of 25 different species of chipmunks What They Look Like Reddish brown with 5 black stripes down their back, outlining a white stripe on each side White stripe above their eyes Small ears, dark eyes and a small nose Adults measure 5-6 inches long, ounces What Chipmunks Eat Nuts and seeds Fruits and vegetables
Sometimes eat worms, eggs, small birds, mice, frogs and small snakes Habitat Found in forests ranging from Southern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico, except for parts of the Southeast. Make their burrows in forests and in suburban yards and city parks Burrows Entrance to the burrow is 1.5-2 inches big
Burrow is feet underground They use lots of grasses ,sticks and dry leaves Their burrows are lined with 6 to 8 inches of grass Achipmunks burrow has no mound of dirt around it to attract predators Burrows have several chambers for sleeping, eating, storing food and going to the bathroom Hibernation Chipmunks are not real hibernators, but they stay in their burrows during Winter Body temperature and heart rate slows down They wake up every 2 or 3 days to eat and defecate Chipmunks hibernate from late October until March or April Mating Eastern chipmunks mate twice a year
March to Early April June to mid-July Females are pregnant for 31 days Males do not help raise young Young Two to five are born in a litter They are hairless and blind
They open their eyes at 3 weeks old They come out of burrow for the first time at 40 days old Two weeks later, the mother refuses to let them back into burrow, and they are on their own Behavior They spend their days gathering nuts and food
They are diurnal, which means active during the day They store food in their burrow for the winter They are solitary except for when they mate Males chase and sometimes bite each other to compete for females Communication They are vocal animals
They make chips and chip trills They also make soft cuk-cuk-cuk sounds Sounds warn of predators Males make noises when they compete for females Predators Chipmunks can live to 8 years, but most only survive 2-3 years Their many predators include owls , hawks, coyotes , foxes , martens Also bobcats, raccoons, red squirrel How They Survive Their color helps them blend into surroundings
Chipmunks are agile and fast so they can escape predators Their small size lets them hide in rock walls and small spaces Safe during Winter because they stay in their burrows Their noises warn other chipmunks of danger Physical Adaptations Theirreddish tan and brown color helps them blend into their habitat which is sticks, trees, woodchips, dead leaves, grass and dirt. Their size helps them hide in small places Behavioral Adaptations
Their chips, cuk-cuk-cuk sounds warn other chipmunks of danger. They are very speedy animals which helps them survive in their habitat by Physiological Adaptations
Chipmunks have cheek pouches to help them carry large amounts of food Chipmunks have excellent hearing, eyesight and sense of smell which helps them avoid predators Interesting Facts Chipmunks have burrows with different rooms for Eating, Sleeping and storing food Chipmunks cover the open of their burrows with leaves and sticks They store up to 8 pounds of food