CAVALRY DRILL REGULATIONS, MECHANIZED 2-7...WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON 25, D. C., 15 MARCH 1944. FM...

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Transcript of CAVALRY DRILL REGULATIONS, MECHANIZED 2-7...WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON 25, D. C., 15 MARCH 1944. FM...

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    WA R D E P A R T ME N T F I E L D MA N U A L

    CAVALRY

    CAVALRY DRILL

    REGULATIONS,

    MECHANIZED

    WAR DEPARTMENT 15 MARCH 1944

  • WAR DEPARTMENT,

    WASHINGTON 25, D. C., 15 MARCH 1944.

    FM 2-7, Cavalry Field Manual, Cavalry Drill Regula-tions, Mechanized, is published for the information andguidance of all concerned.

    [A. G. 300.7 (2 Feb 44).]

    BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

    G. C. MARSHALL,Chief of Staff.

    OFFICIAL:

    J. A. ULIO,Major General,

    The Adjutant General.DIS1TRBUI'TON:

    D 2, 7, 7(2); B2( 5 ); R2( 3 ); IR2(1 5 ); IBn2(3);IC2(I 5).

    (For explanation of symbols see FM 21-6.)

  • WA R D E PA R T M E N T FIELD MA N U A L

    FM 2-7

    This manual supersedes FM 2-10,Mechanized Elements, 8 April 1941

    CAVALRY

    CAVALRY DRILL

    REGULATIONS,

    MECHANIZED

    WAR DEPARTMENT 15 MARCH 1944

    ULnited States Gorarnment Printing Office

    Washington, 1944

    For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office,

    Washington 25. D. C. - Price 15 cents

  • CONTENTS

    CHAPTER 1. GENERAL. Paragraphs PageSection I. Purpose and scope x... . .........--..-2 1

    II. Commands --------------.-------. 3-6 2III. Special instructions for occu-

    pants of vehicles during drilland ceremonies ---------------- 7-8 17

    CHAPTER 2. DRILL.Section I. General ----- g--9--8 -- 9

    II. Cavalry reconnaissance pla-toon, mechanized --.---------. I9-31 23

    III. Cavalry reconnaissance troop,mechanized ------------------- 32-40 31

    IV. Light tank platoon and com-pany ---------------------------- 41 40

    V. Cavalry assault-gun platoonand troop, mechanized ..... 42-43 41

    VI. Transportation platoon, squad-ron maintenance platoon,and squadron supply section 44-45 41

    VII. Headquarters and service troop,cavalry reconnaissancesquadron, mechanized ------- 46-47 42

    VIII. Cavalry reconnaissance squad-ron, mechanized -.---------- 48-53 42

    IX. Headquarters troop, cavalrygroup, mechanized -- 54-55 46

    X. Cavalry group, mechanized 56-58 46CHAPTER 3. CEREMONIES AND INSPECTIONS.

    Section I. General .............-.... 59-6I 47II. Reviews .------------ 62-76 48

    III. Parades -------------------- - 77-78 56IV. Escorts -- _-..........------- 79-82 56V. Inspections .------------------ 83-87 58

    INDEX --------------------------------- - --- 64

  • This manual supersedes FM 2-10,Mechanized Elements, g Aprill941.

    CHAPTER 1

    GENERAL

    SECTION I

    PURPOSE AND SCOPE

    1. PURPOSE. The drill prescribed herein is designed forgeneral use and may be adapted to any type of mechanizedcavalry unit. This manual should be used as a guide to asolution of minor points not specifically covered in the text.

    2. SCOPE. The organization, drill, and ceremonies of allunits to include the headquarters and headquarters troopof the cavalry group are covered. Some of the explana-tions are general in nature to give sufficient latitude foradaptation to specific units. The diagrams shown in thefigures may be adapted to any type unit and to changes intables of organization and equipment.

  • SECTION II

    COMMANDS

    3. GENERAL. a. Commands for dismounted drill, closeand extended order, are covered in FM 22-5.

    b. A command is the direction of the commander eitherexpressed orally and in prescribed phraseology or. trans-mitted by any other means outlined in d below.

    c. Where the person to give the commands is not other-xgise prescribed, the commander of the unit will give them.

    d. Commands may be transmitted by any of the follow-ing methods:

    ( ) Voice.(2) Signals:

    (a). Audible.I. Whistle.2. Trumpet.3. Horn or siren.

    (b) Touch.(c) Visual.

    I. Arm and hand.2. Flags.3. Lights.

    (3) Example of leader or base unit.(4) Radio, voice or key.(5) Interphone system.(6) Staff officers.(7) Messengers, mounted or dismo'unted.(8) Any combination of the above methods.

    4. VOICE. a. There are two kinds of commands:(I) The preparatory command such as FORWARD, whichindicates the movement that is to be executed.

    2

  • (2) The command of execution, such as MARCH, HALT,or ARMS, which causes the execution.

    b. In mounted extended order formations there is gen-erally no command of execution. Certain commands orsignals indicate the movement and also cause its execution,such as EXTEND or ASSEMBLE.

    c. The preparatory command is given at such intervalof time before the command of execution as to insure properunderstanding and to permit the giving of necessary com-mands by subordinate leaders; the command of executionis given at the instant the movement is to commence.Changes in formation or direction should normally be com-pleted before ordering other changes.

    d. The tone of the command should be animated, dis-tinct, and of a loudness proportionate to the number ofmen for whom it is intended. Indifference in giving com-mands must be avoided, as this leads to laxity in execution.Commands must be given with spirit.

    e. When giving commands to troops, the commanderfaces them. When the section or platoon in close orderdrill or in ceremonies is part of a larger unit, the leaderturns his head toward the unit to give commands but doesnot face the men.

    f. Officers and men fix their attention at the first wordof command.

    g. If all men in the unit are to execute the same move-ment simultaneously, the subordinate leaders do not repeata command; otherwise they repeat the command or givethe proper new command for the movement of their ownunit.

    h. If at a halt, the commands for movements involvingmarching, such as 1. COLUMN RIGHT, 2. MARCH, are notprefaced by the command FORWARD.

    i. Preparatory commands may be revoked by command-ing: AS YOU WERE.

    j. In instruction by the numbers, all movements for thepurpose of instruction may be divided into motions and

    3

  • executed in detail. The command of execution determinesthe prompt execution of the first motion. The othermotions, depending on the number, are executed at the com-mands TWO, THREE, FOUR, etc. To execute the move-ment in detail the instructor first cautions, "By the num-bers." All movements are then executed in detail, onemotion for each count until the caution, "Without thenumbers," is given.

    5. SIGNALS. a. Purpose. Drill and combat signals arefor the purpose of transmitting commands when the trans-mission will be more simple and efficient than would bepossible by the use of any other means. Any type of signalmust be simple, easily understood, and definite.

    b. Dismounted signals. Signals for dismounted drill,close and extended order, are covered in FM 22-5.

    c. Audible signals. Audible signals are made with theleader's whistle, siren, vehicle horn, or trumpet. Audiblesignals are limited to-(I) ATTENTION TO ORDERS. One short blast.(2) CEASE FIRING. One long blast. This signal willbe supplemented by arm and hand or other type signal.(3) TO INDICATE DANGER OR AN AIR OR MECH-ANIZED ATTACK. Three long blasts of a whistle, ve-hicular horn, siren, or klaxon, repeated several times; or,three equally spaced shots with a rifle or pistol; or, threeshort bursts of fire from machine gun or submachine gun.In daylight, the individual giving the signal points in thedirection of the impending danger; at night, the alarmsignal will be supplemented by voice warning to indicatethe direction of danger.

    d. Touch signals. Touch signals are used by a vehiclecommander to direct the driver. They are given with thefoot or hand.(I) MOVE FORWARD. Several taps between theshoulder blades.

    4

  • (2) INCREASE SPEED. Repeat MOVE FORWARD signalmore rapidly. The taps are continued until the desiredspeed is acquired.(3) DECREASE SPEED OR HALT. Steady pressurebetween the shoulder blades. Pressure is continued untilthe desired reduced speed is obtained, or the vehicle ishalted.(4) MOVE IN REVERSE. Tap repeatedly on the backof the driver's head (helmet).(5) CHANGE DIRECTION. Press on the driver's right(left) shoulder to turn right (left). The driver continuesturning until pressure ceases.

    e. Visual signals. (I) ARM AND HAND SIGNALS.(a) The arm and hand signals herein prescribed cover thecontrol of vehicles in mounted drill and in mounted combat.Unless otherwise prescribed, they are given normally withthe right arm and hand.

    (b) Signals must be plainly visible. Where applicable,they may be given either from the vehicle or from theground.

    (c) Whenever the signal for a formation or movementincludes a preparatory signal, the formation or movementis executed upon the signal of execution; otherwise, as soonas the signal is understood. Preparatory signals are startedfrom the position of the arm at the side. Signals of execu-tion are started from the position of the arm at the verticaland fully extended, except where specifically prescribedotherwise. To complete the signal of execution, the armis lowered to the side at the time the execution is desired.

    (d) Single signals are preferable to combinations. Whena combination of signals is used; the signals should be easilyrecognized and given in the order in which a commandwould be worded. For example, the signal for ASSEMBLEIN COLUMN OF PLATOONS should be the signals for ASSEM-BLE, COLUMN, and PLATOONS, in that order.

    (e) To change the formation of subordinate units whenextended, it often will be preferable for the leader to move

  • the base unit and indicate or signal the formation desired;all others conform to the base.

    (f) Mounted drill and combat signals are as follows:

    i. Action front (right, left, or rear) or fight on foot.Thrust the closed fist rapidly several times inthe direction toward which it is desired to gointo