Catalan educational system

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  • The Catalan Educational System Subdirecci General de Llengua i Plurilingisme Ministry of Education of Catalonia
  • 2 Common challenges Globalisation Connectivity Sustainability Population Evolution Competitiveness Cohesion Economy Citizenship Transformation Identity Inclusion Development Equity Adaptation
  • The area of Catalonia: 32.000 km DENMARK 43.000 km2 CATALONI A 32.000 km2 BELGI UM 31.000 km2 ESTONI A 45.000 km2 ROGALAND 9.147 km2 THE NETHERLANDS 41.000 km2
  • Administrative Framework Population: 7.134.206 inhabitants 15.96% of the Spanish population 946 municipalities 41 comarques or regions 4 provinces: Girona, Lleida, Tarragona and Barcelona Catalan language
  • Catalan language in Europe
  • Use of language in family relationships and in the community 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Family 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Friends 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Neighbours 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Work mates 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 School mates Only Catalan More Catalan than Spanish Both More Spanish than Catalan Only Spanish Other
  • Nursery0-3 years old Educational Levels Pre-school3-6 years old Primary6-12 years old Secondary12-16 years old Lifelong Learning+18. years old Post Secondary16-18 years old University Professional training +18... years old University IES CEIP Llar
  • Types of schools State schools (Public) Grant-aided private schools (Subvention) Independent private schools (Private) School system
  • 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 300000 350000 400000 EINF EPRI ESO BATXILLERAT GFGM GFGS Public Private Total Number of pupils: 1.076.576
  • 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 40000 45000 50000 EINF-EPRI ESO-BAT SP. NEEDS Public Private Total Number of Teachers: 90.373
  • 11 Background: Political and social context Democracy and Autonomy: 1975 & 1979 Political action: Linguistic Normalisation Law (1983); Language Policy Law (1998) School language policies with Catalan Immersion at school. Huge teacher training and modernisation Post-war social conflict (1939-1975): Internal Spanish immigration Monolingual school: Spanish Foreign languages at school: Latin, Greek, French
  • 12 First step: Catalan, language of schooling Fully endorsed implementation of second language education methodologies In Catalonia, since 1983, an action plan for bilingual education has been implemented to increase learning achievement of both official languages, Catalan and Spanish, as well as, at least, the learning of one foreign language. Applied elsewhere Quebec (Canad) In some areas of the United States Finland Wales
  • 13 2002: New Immigrant wave in Catalonia Only 20 years later
  • Data of students newly arriving in Catalonia (origin country) 931 981 1.102 1.216 1.377 1.519 1.847 1.931 1.933 2.491 2.502 2.720 3.371 3.788 5.159 5.806 5.962 6.329 14.073 29.561 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 Bulgria Veneuela Regne Unit Itlia Ucrana Rssia Brasil Xile Pakistan Uruguai Rep. Dominicana Gmbia Per Xina Argentina Colmbia Bolvia Romania Equador Marroc From: Servei dImmerso i s de la llengua, 2008
  • 15 Present situation: plurilingualism Political action 2011-2016: Main target: Plurilingualism Catalan, Spanish, English + ) Plurilingual school language policies Compulsory third language: English or French in Primary & Optional German/Italian in Secondary) Family languages taught in the school, after hours (optional) Teacher training plans, focussed on Reading, CLIL, ePortfolio... International immigration: Multilingual society, Plurilingual kids Plurilingual school: curricular languages at school (Catalan, Spanish, English, French, German, Italian) + languages new citizens
  • 16 Several monolingual societies? One plurilingual society? Looking for an educational system
  • 17 Catalan educational policies focus on Inclusion: Consolidating social cohesion with inclusive education, and enriching citizenship in diversity. ESPRONCEDA School Competencies: Providing citizens in new generations with the necessary competencies for employability, sustainability and flexibility to face future unexpected challenges.
  • 18 Plurilingualism Framework Linguistic Project Learn and understand Languages of instruction or curricular foreign languages Spanish, English, French, German, Italian Language of schooling Catalan / Occitan Chinese, Arabic, Urdu, Romanian, Tamazight, Ukrainian, Dutch ... Personal itinerary languages
  • 20 CatalCatal CastellCastell Foreign language Foreign language Foreign language Foreign language Schools with highly linguistic diversity Schools with most Catalan speaking students but with increasing presence of other languages Fit the linguistic project to each particular situation: Other family languages Other family languages AransArans Schools with predominance of Spanish speakers Challenges
  • Speak Catalan Speak Catalan and Spanish Speak Spanish Speak neither Catalan nor Spanish, But speak other languages Know both official languages (Catalan & Spanish) and communicate, at least, in one foreign language Starting school: On finishing compulsory schooling: The School provides every student the linguistic skills needed to become competent and engaged citizens applying second language methodologies
  • Language and Plurilingualism reading, speaking, writing, listening, inter-acting in several languages Dealing with diversity for empowering rights and duties
  • 23 Learning several languages develops more competent citizens Plurilingual Knowledge Communication skills Intercultural Dialogue Competencies for a shared future - team working - networking - bridging cultural gaps - flexibility, plural criteria - critical thinking - innovation and entrepreneurship - personal learning autonomy - language learning ability, - mass media competences - creativity, artistic sensitivity - ... Knowledge Attitudes Procedures
  • The Plurilingual Project: common aims and shared challenges in Europe Identity building Accepting diversity and cultural difference as collective richness and shared opportunity Community building Facing immigration and growth with social cohesion and active citizenship Knowledge building Developing skills for lifelong learning in a global context, and acquiring key competencies relevant to the labour market. Adapted from: Leonard Orban, Commissionate for Multilingual Portfolio, EU
  • To help them change the world