Buffis Trial: Proposed Jury Instructions (Government)

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Proposed instructions to the jury in the case of Joseph Buffis, as submitted by the government.

Transcript of Buffis Trial: Proposed Jury Instructions (Government)

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    UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS UNITED STATES OF AMERICA )

    ) v. ) Criminal No. 13-CR-30028-MGM

    ) JOSEPH BUFFIS, )

    ) Defendant. )

    GOVERNMENTS PROPOSED FINAL JURY INSTRUCTIONS

    The United States of America, by Carmen M. Ortiz, United States Attorney for the

    District of Massachusetts, hereby submits its proposed final jury instructions, in the above-

    captioned case, pursuant to Rule 30 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. The

    Government respectfully reserves the right to supplement, modify, or withdraw these instructions

    in light of the defendant=s jury instructions, rulings on motions in limine, or developments at

    trial.

    Respectfully submitted,

    CARMEN M. ORTIZ United States Attorney /s/ Steven H. Breslow STEVEN H. BRESLOW (NY2915247) DEEPIKA B. SHUKLA (NY4584009, CT29229) Assistant United States Attorneys 300 State Street, Suite 230 Springfield, MA 01105 413-785-0237 [email protected]

    Case 3:13-cr-30028-MGM Document 173 Filed 05/28/15 Page 1 of 40

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    Certificate of Service

    Dated: May 28, 2015

    I hereby certify that this document filed through the ECF system will be sent electronically to the registered participants as identified on the Notice of Electronic Filing and paper copies will be sent to those indicated as non-registered participants.

    By: /s/ Deepika B. Shukla DEEPIKA B. SHUKLA Assistant U.S. Attorney

    Case 3:13-cr-30028-MGM Document 173 Filed 05/28/15 Page 2 of 40

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS ______________________________________________________________________________ INSTRUCTION TITLE PAGE

    FINAL INSTRUCTIONS

    General Instructions 1 Presumption of Innocence; Proof Beyond a Reasonable Doubt ..................5 2 What Is Evidence; Inferences ......................................................................7 3 Kinds of Evidence: Direct and Circumstantial ............................................8 4 What Is Not Evidence ..................................................................................9 5 Preparation of Witnesses............................................................................11 6 Defendants Constitutional Right Not to Testify .......................................12 7 Defendants Interest if Defendant Testifies ...............................................13 8 Definition of Knowingly ............................................................................14 9 Definition of Willfully ...............................................................................15 10 Inconsistencies ...........................................................................................16 11 Statement by Defendant .............................................................................17 12 False Exculpatory Statements ....................................................................18 13 Cautionary and Limiting Instructions as to Particular Kinds of Evidence.19 14 Cooperating Witness ..................................................................................20 15 Stipulations ................................................................................................21 16 Charts and Summaries ...............................................................................22 17 Use of Recordings and Transcripts ............................................................23 18 Sympathy ...................................................................................................24

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    19 Punishment .................................................................................................25 20 Variance-Dates ...........................................................................................26 21 All Available Evidence Need Not Be Produced ........................................27 Elements of the Crime 22 Extortion ....................................................................................................28 23 Wire Fraud .................................................................................................30 24 Money Laundering .....................................................................................33 Deliberations and Verdict 25 Foreperson=s Role; Unanimity ...................................................................36 26 Consideration of Evidence .........................................................................37 27 Reaching Agreement ..................................................................................38 28 Return of Verdict Form ..............................................................................39 29 Communication with the Court ..................................................................40

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    GOVERNMENT=S REQUESTED CHARGE NO. (1)

    Presumption of Innocence; Proof Beyond a Reasonable Doubt

    It is a cardinal principle of our system of justice that every person accused of a crime is

    presumed to be innocent unless and until his or her guilt is established beyond a reasonable

    doubt. The presumption is not a mere formality. It is a matter of the most important substance.

    The presumption of innocence alone may be sufficient to raise a reasonable doubt and to

    require the acquittal of a defendant. The defendant before you, has the benefit of that

    presumption throughout the trial, and you are not to convict him of a particular charge unless you

    are persuaded of his guilt of that charge beyond a reasonable doubt.

    The presumption of innocence until proven guilty means that the burden of proof is

    always on the government to satisfy you that the defendant is guilty of the crime with which he is

    charged beyond a reasonable doubt. The law does not require that the government prove guilt

    beyond all possible doubt; proof beyond a reasonable doubt is sufficient to convict. This burden

    never shifts to the defendant. It is always the governments burden to prove each of the elements

    of the crimes charged beyond a reasonable doubt by the evidence and the reasonable inferences

    to be drawn from that evidence. Joseph Buffis has the right to rely upon the failure or inability of

    the government to establish beyond a reasonable doubt any essential element of a crime charged

    against him.

    If, after fair and impartial consideration of all the evidence, you have a reasonable doubt

    as to the defendants guilt of a particular crime, it is your duty to acquit him of that crime. On the

    Case 3:13-cr-30028-MGM Document 173 Filed 05/28/15 Page 5 of 40

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    other hand, if, after fair and impartial consideration of all the evidence, you are satisfied beyond

    a reasonable doubt of the defendants guilt of a particular crime, you should vote to convict him.

    SOURCE Pattern Criminal Jury Instructions for the District Courts of the First Circuit (Judge D. Brock Hornbys 2015 Revisions), Instruction No. 3.02.

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    GOVERNMENT=S REQUESTED CHARGE NO. (2)

    What Is Evidence; Inferences

    The evidence from which you are to decide what the facts are consists of sworn

    testimony of witnesses, both on direct and cross-examination, regardless of who called the

    witness; the exhibits that have been received into evidence; and any facts to which the lawyers

    have agreed or stipulated. A stipulation means simply that the government and Joseph Buffis

    accept the truth of a particular proposition or fact. Since there is no disagreement, there is no

    need for evidence apart from the stipulation. You must accept the stipulation as fact to be given

    whatever weight you choose.

    Although you may consider only the evidence presented in the case, you are not limited

    in considering that evidence to the bald statements made by the witnesses or contained in the

    documents. In other words, you are not limited solely to what you see and hear as the witnesses

    testify. You are permitted to draw from facts that you find to have been proven such reasonable

    inferences as you believe are justified in the light of common sense and personal experience.

    SOURCE Pattern Criminal Jury Instructions for the District Courts of the First Circuit (Judge D. Brock Hornbys 2015 Revisions), Instruction No. 3.04.

    Case 3:13-cr-30028-MGM Document 173 Filed 05/28/15 Page 7 of 40

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    GOVERNMENT=S REQUESTED CHARGE NO. (3)

    Kinds of Evidence: Direct and Circumstantial

    There are two kinds of evidence: direct and circumstantial. Direct evidence is direct proof

    of a fact, such as testimony of an eyewitness that the witness saw something. Circumstantial

    evidence is indirect evidence that is proof of a fact or facts from which you could draw the

    inference, by reason and common sense, that another fact exists, even though it has not been

    proven directly. You are entitled to consider both kinds of evidence. The law permits you to give

    equal weight to both, but it is for you to decide how much weight to give to any evidence.

    SOURCE Pattern Criminal Jury Instructions for the District Courts of the First Circuit (Judge D. Brock Hornbys 2015 Revisions), Instruction No. 3.05.

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