brian dickie Unit 1 First Americans

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America In The Beginning Who were the first Americans? How and why did they come here? 30,000 years ago During a period of low temperatures called an ice age The world was covered in glaciers or sheets of ice. This caused ocean levels to drop and expose land. In the Bering straight a land bridge appeared connecting Siberia (Asia) & North America This land bridge is known as Beringia. Animals like mammoths crossed the bridge or migration to the America's.

Transcript of brian dickie Unit 1 First Americans

Page 1: brian dickie Unit 1 First Americans

America In The Beginning

Who were the first Americans?

How and why did they come here?

30,000 years ago During a period of low temperatures called an ice age

The world was covered in glaciers or sheets of ice.

This caused ocean levels to drop

and expose land.In the Bering straight a land bridge appeared connecting

Siberia (Asia) & North America

This land bridge is known as Beringia.

Animals like mammoths crossed the bridge or migration to the America's.

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Hunter's in Asia who moved from place to place to find food or nomads followed the

mammoths and spread out or

migration to the America's

The ice age ended warming up

glaciers causing water levels to rise

covering up the land bridge.

Some animals died off like mammoths

Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives needed to adjust or

adapt to every thing in the new surrounds that made up each of their

own environmentin order to survive.

What happened when they came to America?

How did they meet their new needs?

America In The Beginning

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America In The Beginning

Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives used the different natural resources in their own different environments for food, clothing, and shelter.

Different groups in different environments

developed their own beliefs and ways of life or culture. Groups in

the same environments adapted similar life styles, and language

creating cultural regions.

Many Native American have these things in common.1. Nature has a spirit.2. No one can own land.4. Only use what is needed.5. trade was important to most societies

How did Native Americans adjust to the new environments?

What did they have in common?

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8 Cultural Regions

North West Coast

California

Plateau

Great Basin

South West

Great Plains

Eastern Woodlands

South East

California

North West Coast

plateau

Great basin

plains

Eastern woodlands

South westSouth east

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8 Cultural Regions

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North West Coast Weather:long cold winterscool summersheavy rainfall

Natural Resources:ocean/beachesthick forests of fir, spruce, and cedarrugged mountainsseafood/salmondeer, moose, bear, elk, beaver, mountain goats

E

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California Weather: rainy wintershot dry summers

Natural Resources:ocean/coastfoothillsvalley'sdesertsmountainsacorns, oak treesgrass, and plantsredwood trees

salmon/seafood/shellfishdeer, rabbits, ducks, roots berries, pine nuts

F

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Great Basin Weather:little rainhot during the day cold at nightNatural Resources:

mostly dessertlow areas surrounded by mountains at the edgeswith valleys that had seasonal lakes and streams

plants that need little water likegrasses, sagebrush, pinon trees, at the outer edges pine trees, and willow

small animals rabbits, lizards, grasshoppers, snakes sometimes ducks , duck eggs during certain seasons seeds,berries pine nuts, roots, cattail H

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Plateau Weather:long cold winterscomfortable summers

Natural Resources:mountains with dense forests in areasflatter in the center with drier grass landsrivers

driftwood, mud, dirt,grass and sage brushfish, antelope, deer, seedsonions, carrots, camas roots, salmon

G

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Great Plains Weather:cold winters hot summers

Natural Resources:mountains surrounding edgestreeless grasslands in the centereast more water and softer soilwest drier dense grass

Buffalo and smaller animals

B

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South West

Weather:high temperatureslittle rain dry/arid

Natural Resources:mountains, canyonsdesserts, flat top mesasrivers, little water

clay, brightly colored plants, cottoncorn, beans, squash, peppers, rabbits

C

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Eastern Woodlands

Weather:snowy winters , rain

Natural Resources:rivers, ocean/coastlots of lakes and streams

Forests, plants, maple trees, elm,

deer, bears, beavers, birds, fishcorn, sunflowers, tobacco, vegetables,nuts, berries D

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South East

Weather:long warm humid summersmild winters

Natural Resources:rivers, ocean/coastFertile coastal plainsmountains, swamps

Trees, clay, shells, corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, sunflowers, sweet potatoessquirrels, rabbits, turkeys, deer, alligators, turtles,wild rice, persimmons

A