BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS...

of 34/34
BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? … a report “from the trenches” by Georg Fons-Stankiewicz 2nd Edition Safety Days Conference - Fribourg Switzerland 10&11- October 2017
  • date post

    01-Sep-2018
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    228
  • download

    1

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS...

  • BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK- A METHOD OR A MIRACLE?

    a report from the trenches by Georg Fons-Stankiewicz

    2nd Edition Safety Days Conference - Fribourg Switzerland 10&11- October 2017

  • THE SAFETY (RECALLED SAFETY DAY 2016)

    Safety is the ability of a system in combination with its definedapplication to attenuate the likelihood and/or consequences of ahazardous event to an acceptable level

    Conclusion:

    There is no universal safety. The safety strongly depends on thesystem and its application.

    The easiest way to ensure safety is to: operate standardised systems within unified application conditions and under unified rules and regulations.

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 2

  • YES, WE CAN BUILD SAFE TRAINS (RECALLED SAFETY DAY 2016)

    Standards and regulations sufficient to manage safety up to SIL4 Consistent processes to determine and manage risks Practical Toolbox of proven methods Safety evidence based on traceability and transparency Mature independent assessment and approval process Whole Life Cycle covered

    BUT CAN WE OPERATE THEM SAFELY EVERYWHERE?

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 3

  • THE EUROPEAN RAIL NETWORK

    P 4BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016

    https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:High_Speed_Railroad_Map_of_Europe_2015.svg

  • ITS ELECTRIFICATION SYSTEMS

    P 5BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016

    https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Europe_rail_electrification.pngrope_2015.svg

  • NATIONAL TRAIN CONTROL SYSTEMS

    P 6BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016

    ATBTBL, Crocodile

    ATC

    EBICA

    B 900

    SHP

  • NATIONAL SAFETY AUTHORITIES (NSAS)

    P 7BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016

  • ..OPERATORS AND INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGEMENT

    P 8BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016

    Country Infrastructure Manager National Operator

    Austria BB Infrastruktur BB Belgium Infrabel SNCB/NMBS Bulgaria NKI BD Croatia H Infrastruktura H PP Czech Republic SDC D Denmark Banedanmark DSB Estonia EVR Infra Elron Finland Ratahallintokeskus VR France RFF SNCF Germany DB Netze DB Bahn Great Britain Network Rail National Rail Northern Ireland NIR Greece OSE Hungary VPE MV Republic of Ireland I Italy RFI Trenitalia Latvia LDz PV Lithuania LG Luxembourg ACF CFL Macedonia MI M Transport Montenegro ICG CG Netherlands ProRail NS Norway Jernbaneverket NSB Poland PKP Polskie Linie Kolejowe PKP Portugal REFER CP Romania CFR Serbia S Slovakia SR SSK Slovenia S Spain ADIF RENFE Sweden Trafikverket SJ Switzerland SBB Infrastruktur SBB/CFF/FSS

  • ONCE UPON A TIME

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 9

    The Tower of Babel by Pieter Bruegel the Elder

  • THE EASY PAST OF THE EUROPEAN RAILWAY

    With only exceptional and precisely defined cross-border traffic Independent regulations each country Independently acting legal institutions and authorities

    had to react on the opening of the European railway market expecting

    Common understanding and Way of Working Unified legal, operational and technical regulations Cross Acceptance Unified homologation process

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 10

  • INTEROPERABILITY THE EARLY APPROACH

    Council Directive 96/48/EC on the interoperability of the trans-European high-speed rail system

    Directive 2001/16/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the interoperability of the trans-European conventional rail system

    First standardised legal approach Aim to achieve the interoperability of the European high-speed train network*) by

    standardizing design, construction, placing in service operation Maintenance

    yet very general/rudimentary

    *) Infrastructure, rolling stock, fixed installations and ILS

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 11

  • INTEROPERABILITY THE EARLY APPROACH

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 12

    general

    Energy

    Control, command and

    signaling

    Rolling stock

    Maintenance and

    OperationEnvironment

    Directive 96/48/EC

    Directive 2001/16/EC

    essential requirements: Safety Reliability and

    availability Technical compatibility Health Environmental

    protection

  • INTEROPERABILITY THE REFINEMENT

    .. furthermore

    For complex systems the directives 96/48/EC and 2001/16/EC mandated the elaboration of detailed

    technical specifications

    Technical Specifications for Interoperability (TSIs) were born

    Standards are recommendations, TSI are lawThe conformity to TSIs must be proven and permanently maintained

    during the whole life cycle

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 13

  • BUILDING THE TOWER

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 14

    Directive96/48/EC

    Interoperability

    Directive2001/16/ECInteroperability

    Directive2004/50/ECInteroperability

    Directive2007/32/ECInteroperability(Ammendments)

    Directive2008/57/ECInteroperability

    Directive2004/49/ECRailway Safety

    Directive

    Directive2008/110/ECRailway Safety (Ammendments)

    * only the most considerable presented for transparency

  • BUILDING THE TOWER

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 15

    Directive2009/131/ECInteroperability(Ammendments)

    Directive2014/88/EURailway Safety (Ammendments)

    Directive2011/18/EU

    Interoperability(Ammendments)

    Directive2013/9/EU

    Interoperability(Ammendments)

    Directive2014/38/EU

    Interoperability(Ammendments)

    Directive2014/106/EUInteroperability(Ammendments)

    Directive (EU) 2016/797

    on Interoperability

    * only the most considerable presented for transparency

    Regulation2015/1136Ammending

    CSM RA

    Regulation352/2009

    Common Safety Method

    Regulation402/2013

    Common Safety Method

    Directive (EU) 2016/798on Railway

    Safety

  • TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INTEROPERABILITY

    In general, TSIs are engineering specifications Applied parallel to the other specifications (incl. functional safety spec.) Implemented in cooperation with safety (wherever appropriate) Do not replace risk analysis as defined in the EN15126 and CSM RA Do not deliver a specific SIL (except CCS subsets)

    TSIs provide a recipe on: How to do it properly interoperable (non-safety related TSIs) How to do it properly and (functional) safely interoperable (safety

    related TSIs)

    TSIs are still in development Mistakes, inconsistencies and ambiguous content possible ERA issues a regular errata of the TSIs Close cooperation with the NoBo in course of the implementation necessary

    Compliance to TSIs is certified by Notified Bodies (NoBo)

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 16

  • TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INTEROPERABILITY

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 17

    System group System TSI xxxRelation to (functional)

    safety?Area of safety relation

    VehiclesLocomotives and passenger rolling stock LOC & PAS YES passive-, derailment-, brake-, fire- safetyNoise NOI NOFreight Wagons WAG YES derailment-, brake-, fire- safety

    Installations

    Infrastructure INF NOinterface to TSI SRT, Safety Management System

    Energy ENE NO interface to TSI SRTCommon

    Control command and signalling CCS YES Detailed subsets on ETCS, DMI, GSM-R

    Persons with reduced mobility PRM in principal - NO *)*) focus on passenger safety and passive barriers

    Safety in railway tunnels SRT YESfire and evacuation, electrical installations, interface to TSI LOC&PAS and WAG

    Operation

    Operation and traffic management OPE in principal - NO *) *) refers for details to TSI LOC&PAS, CCS, SRTTelematics applications for freight service TAF NOTelematics applications for passenger service TAP NO

  • NATIONAL REGULATIONS

    The Starting Holes National Regulations defined and developed in the pre-ERA era There are many reasons to keep some of them (some of these reasons

    may however be of a traditional nature ) National Rules may contradict the TSIs, even if for a good reason

    Solution the NNTRs Directive 2008/57/EC requires definition of Notified National

    Technical Rules (NNTRs) Layed down binding NNTRs supplement or substitute the TSIs Compliance to the NNTRs is certified by Designated Bodies (DeBo)

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 18

  • NNTRS - THE GORDIAN KNOT

    Usually issued in national languages Difficult to satisfy in cross-border operation due to diversity May become high complexity and quantity Derogations may be requested in cases justified by

    technical/economical unfeasibility (DeBo)

    Conversion of all NTTRs in the TSIs is the most desireable goal of theinteroperability initiative but this is a long way until then

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 19

  • TSIS, NNTRS AND THE RACE AGAINST TIME

    Implementation of complex railway projects takes years Average period of time call-for-bids start of operation is 3,5 years Regulations and directives develop themselves To freeze their status to the starting point means risk of incompliance To fulfill all as they come to force requires a reliable cristal ball

    Strategic balance betweeen the implementation in advance and requested derogations is key factor Close cooperation with NoBo, DeBo and the NSA is a must Customers and Operators must be involved at early stage . a lot of expectation management activities

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 20

  • STRUGGLING WITH TSIS

    Two Examples from the trenches

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 21

    Source: http://www.markedbyteachers.com/gcse/history/life-in-ww1-trenches.html

  • STRUGGLING WITH TSIS FIRE DETECTION (EXAMPLE)

    (Undetected) fire in long tunnels is critical hazard

    TSI SRT? (Ref. EU 1303/2014)

    are simplest detectors (with no reliability requirements) sufficient ?

    ok, lets check

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 22

  • (Undetected) fire in long tunnels is critical hazard

    TSI LOC&PAS? (Ref. EU 1303/2014)

    same question, are simplest (no-SIL) detectors sufficient ?

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 23

    STRUGGLING WITH TSIS FIRE DETECTION (EXAMPLE)

  • (Undetected) fire in long tunnels is critical hazard

    TSI LOC&PAS (continued)

    no detectors required in passenger/luggage compartments, toilets etc.

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 24

    STRUGGLING WITH TSIS FIRE DETECTION (EXAMPLE)

  • Interoperability everywhere?

    TSI LOC&PAS (continued)

    . isnt it a NNTR merged into a TSI ? Do we really want it ?

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 25

    STRUGGLING WITH TSIS FIRE DETECTION (EXAMPLE)

  • Loss of Emergency Brake likely becomes catastrophic

    TSI LOC&PAS (Ref. EU 1303/2014)

    . well, an undisputable fact

    . lets check the maximum allowed brake distance

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 26

    STRUGGLING WITH TSIS EMERGENCY BRAKE (EXAMPLE)

  • Loss of Emergency Brake likely becomes catastrophic

    TSI LOC&PAS (continued)

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 27

    STRUGGLING WITH TSIS EMERGENCY BRAKE (EXAMPLE)

  • Emergency Brake in the search for the stopping distance

    TSI LOC&PAS (continued)

    what about trains designed for speeds < 250 km/h ? what is the maximum emergency brake distance in degraded mode ?

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 28

    STRUGGLING WITH TSIS EMERGENCY BRAKE (EXAMPLE)

  • Emergency Brake in the search for the stopping distance

    TSI LOC&PAS (continued)

    ok, lets check

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 29

    STRUGGLING WITH TSIS EMERGENCY BRAKE (EXAMPLE)

  • Emergency Brake in the search for the stopping distance

    EN 14531-1: 2015 (:2005 is revoked)

    ok, lets look there

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 30

    STRUGGLING WITH TSIS EMERGENCY BRAKE (EXAMPLE)

  • Emergency Brake in the search for the stopping distance

    EN 14531-1 Ch. 4

    EN 14531-2 Ch. 5

    and what is the allowed distance? Performance?

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 31

    STRUGGLING WITH TSIS EMERGENCY BRAKE (EXAMPLE)

  • Emergency Brake the safe stopping distance solution

    at the very end the real solution is to:

    Haggle between the train manufacturer/infrastructure operator Compile a dedicated risk analysis (train line dependent) Convince the AsBo/NSA Bear the full responsibility for the assumptions and consequences

    and the TSI looks&feels like a non-binding recommendation

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 32

    STRUGGLING WITH TSIS EMERGENCY BRAKE (EXAMPLE)

  • A METHOD OR A MIRACLE

    Considerable legal framework (being) put in place The quantity of national regulations continuously decreasing More and more Cross Acceptance agreements met thus more and more unified Homologation process

    The interoperability/cross-border safe operation is definitely becoming a sophisticated method and a good practice.

    .. but there is still a long and thorny path to go.

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 33

  • Copyright Statements:enrespro reserves all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. All pictures used in this presentation are free to use for commercial purposes acc. to the licence or legally purchased. The author of this presentation has however no way to determine the initial source of the pictures if not placed under the terms of the CC licence and therefore refuses any further liability.

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 34

    LET US DISCUSS

    THATS IT

    Borderless safety in the borderless railway network- a method or a miracle?The Safety (recalled Safety Day 2016)YES, We can build safe trains (recalled Safety Day 2016)The European Rail Network its electrification systems National Train Control Systems National Safety Authorities (NSAs)..Operators and Infrastructure ManagementOnce upon a time The Easy Past of the European Railway Interoperability the Early approachInteroperability the Early approachInteroperability the Refinement building the tower building the tower Technical Specifications for InteroperabilityTechnical Specifications for InteroperabilityNational RegulationsNNTRs - the Gordian KnotTSIs, NNTRs and the race against timeStruggling with TSIsStruggling with TSIs Fire Detection (Example)Struggling with TSIs Fire Detection (Example)Struggling with TSIs Fire Detection (Example)Struggling with TSIs Fire Detection (Example)Struggling with TSIs Emergency Brake (Example)Struggling with TSIs Emergency Brake (Example)Struggling with TSIs Emergency Brake (Example)Struggling with TSIs Emergency Brake (Example)Struggling with TSIs Emergency Brake (Example)Struggling with TSIs Emergency Brake (Example)Struggling with TSIs Emergency Brake (Example)A Method or a MiracleThats it