BOOST UsersGuide

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Edition 12/2011 AVL List Gmbh 2009. All right reserved Users Guide AVL BOOST VERSION 2011.1 Users Guide BOOST v2011.1 AVL LIST GmbH Hans-List-Platz 1, A-8020 Graz, Austria http://www.avl.com AST Local Support Contact: www.avl.com/ast-worldwide Revision Date Description Document No. A 17-Jul-2009 BOOST v2009 Users Guide 01.0104.2009 B 30-Nov-2009 BOOST v2009.1 Users Guide 01.0104.2009.1 C 19-Nov-2010 BOOST v2010 Users Guide 01.0104.2010 D 29-Jul-2011 BOOST v2011 Users Guide 01.0104.2011 E 02-Dec-2011 BOOST v2011.1 Users Guide 01.0104.2011.1 Copyright 2011, AVL All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language, or computer language in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without prior written consent of AVL. This document describes how to run the BOOST software. It does not attempt to discuss all the concepts of 1D gas dynamics required to obtain successful solutions. It is the users responsibility to determine if he/she has sufficient knowledge and understanding of gas dynamics to apply this software appropriately. This software and document are distributed solely on an "as is" basis. The entire risk as to their quality and performance is with the user. Should either the software or this document prove defective, the user assumes the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair or correction. AVL and its distributors will not be liable for direct, indirect, incidental or consequential damages resulting from any defect in the software or this document, even if they have been advised of the possibility of such damage. All mentioned trademarks and registered trademarks are owned by the corresponding owners. Users Guide BOOST v2011.1 AST.01.0104.2011.1 - 02-Dec-2011 i Table of Contents 1. Introduction_____________________________________________________1-1 1.1. Scope _______________________________________________________________________1-1 1.2. User Qualifications ___________________________________________________________1-1 1.3. Symbols _____________________________________________________________________1-2 1.4. Documentation_______________________________________________________________1-2 2. Graphical User Interface ________________________________________2-1 2.1. BOOST Specific Operations ___________________________________________________2-1 2.1.1. Menu Bar________________________________________________________________2-2 2.1.2. BOOST Icons ____________________________________________________________2-6 2.1.3. Elements Tree ___________________________________________________________2-6 2.1.4. Model Tree______________________________________________________________2-12 2.2. Model Menu ________________________________________________________________2-12 2.2.1. Parameters _____________________________________________________________2-12 2.2.2. Case Explorer ___________________________________________________________2-14 2.2.3. Solid Materials __________________________________________________________2-15 2.2.4. Liquid Materials_________________________________________________________2-16 2.3. Simulation Menu____________________________________________________________2-17 2.3.1. Control _________________________________________________________________2-17 2.3.2. Volumetric Efficiency ____________________________________________________2-29 2.3.3. Test Bed Conditions _____________________________________________________2-29 2.3.4. Creation of Series Results ________________________________________________2-30 2.4. Utilities ____________________________________________________________________2-31 2.4.1. BURN__________________________________________________________________2-31 2.4.2. Search__________________________________________________________________2-47 2.4.3. License Manager ________________________________________________________2-47 2.4.4. Pack Model _____________________________________________________________2-48 2.4.5. Export GCA Parameters__________________________________________________2-48 2.4.6. Export Pressure Curves __________________________________________________2-49 2.4.7. Export Flowmaster 4D Map_______________________________________________2-50 2.4.8. Calculation List _________________________________________________________2-51 3. Design a BOOST Calculation Model______________________________3-1 3.1. Pipe Design__________________________________________________________________3-1 3.2. Required Input Data__________________________________________________________3-1 3.3. Modeling ____________________________________________________________________3-2 4. Elements_________________________________________________________4-1 4.1. General Information__________________________________________________________4-1 4.1.1. Data Input Window_______________________________________________________4-1 4.1.2. Table Window____________________________________________________________4-2 4.1.3. Initialization _____________________________________________________________4-4 4.1.4. Flow Coefficients _________________________________________________________4-5 BOOST v2011.1 Users Guide ii AST.01.0104.2011.1 - 02-Dec-2011 4.2. Pipe ________________________________________________________________________4-6 4.2.1. Hydraulic Settings ________________________________________________________4-6 4.2.2. Bending Radius___________________________________________________________4-7 4.2.3. Friction Coefficients ______________________________________________________4-8 4.2.4. Absorptive Material _______________________________________________________4-8 4.2.5. Heat Transfer Factor _____________________________________________________4-9 4.2.6. Variable Wall Temperature ________________________________________________4-9 4.2.7. Chemistry ______________________________________________________________4-10 4.2.8. Initialization ____________________________________________________________4-11 4.3. Mechanical Connection ______________________________________________________4-11 4.4. Cylinder____________________________________________________________________4-13 4.4.1. General_________________________________________________________________4-14 4.4.2. Initialization ____________________________________________________________4-15 4.4.3. Combustion Model _______________________________________________________4-16 4.4.4. Chamber _______________________________________________________________4-43 4.4.5. Heat Transfer ___________________________________________________________4-44 4.4.6. Valve / Port Data ________________________________________________________4-45 4.5. Engine _____________________________________________________________________4-54 4.5.1. General_________________________________________________________________4-54 4.5.2. Cylinder Setup __________________________________________________________4-55 4.5.3. Engine Friction__________________________________________________________4-55 4.5.4. BMEP Control __________________________________________________________4-58 4.6. Mechanical Consumer _______________________________________________________4-59 4.6.1. General_________________________________________________________________4-59 4.7. Vehicle _____________________________________________________________________4-60 4.7.1. General_________________________________________________________________4-60 4.7.2. Driver __________________________________________________________________4-61 4.8. Rotary Piston Engine Rotor __________________________________________________4-64 4.8.1. General_________________________________________________________________4-64 4.8.2. Initialization ____________________________________________________________4-65 4.8.3. Combustion _____________________________________________________________4-65 4.8.4. Heat Transfer ___________________________________________________________4-65 4.8.5. Valve Port Specifications _________________________________________________4-65 4.9. Measuring Point ____________________________________________________________4-66 4.10. Boundaries ________________________________________________________________4-67 4.10.1. System Boundary_______________________________________________________4-67 4.10.2. Aftertreatment Boundary _______________________________________________4-69 4.10.3. Internal Boundary ______________________________________________________4-69 4.11. Transfer Elements _________________________________________________________4-70 4.11.1. Flow Restriction________________________________________________________4-70 4.11.2. Throttle _______________________________________________________________4-72 4.11.3. Rotary Valve ___________________________________________________________4-72 4.11.4. Check Valve____________________________________________________________4-72 4.11.5. Injector / Carburetor ____________________________________________________4-73 4.11.6. Pipe Junction __________________________________________________________4-77 4.12. Volume Elements __________________________________________________________4-80 Users Guide BOOST v2011.1 AST.01.0104.2011.1 - 02-Dec-2011 iii 4.12.1. Plenum________________________________________________________________4-80 4.12.2. 3D Cell Elements _______________________________________________________4-83 4.12.3. Variable Plenum _______________________________________________________4-85 4.12.4. Perforated Pipe in Pipe__________________________________________________4-86 4.13. Assembled Elements________________________________________________________4-87 4.13.1. Air Cleaner ____________________________________________________________4-87 4.13.2. Catalyst ________________________________________________