Battles of World War I

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Battles of World War I A. The Western Front B. The Eastern Front C. Battle of Gallipoli

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Battles of World War I. The Western Front The Eastern Front Battle of Gallipoli. A.The Western Front. Many battles will occur on this front Germany vs. France, Britain, and Italy Marne, Verdun, the Somme, Ypres But the war is at a stalemate (neither side is winning). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Battles of World War I

Page 1: Battles of World War I

Battles of World War IA. The Western Front

B. The Eastern Front

C. Battle of Gallipoli

Page 2: Battles of World War I

A. The Western Front

• Many battles will occur on this front

• Germany vs. France, Britain, and Italy

• Marne, Verdun, the Somme, Ypres

• But the war is at a stalemate (neither side is winning)

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Battle Year Allies Central

1st Marne 1914 263, 000 250,000

Verdun 1916 377,000+ 336,000+

Somme 1916 623,907 465,000+

Aisne 1917 187,000 168,000

Michael 1918 255,000 239,000

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Krupp’s “Big Bertha” GunKrupp’s “Big Bertha” Gun

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B. The Eastern Front• The area of

fighting on the German and Russian border

• Some fighting in the Balkans

• Russians and Serbs vs. Germans, Austrians, and Turks

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• More mobile war in the east, there aren’t any trenches

• Stalemate is still common

• Russia has a lot of problems:– not industrialized – Constantly run out of

food, guns, ammunition, clothes, boots, and blankets

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• Allies (B & F) unable to ship goods to Russia b/c of the German U-boat (submarine) blockade

• Only asset is the size of Russia – continually able to rebuild it’s army

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C. Battle of Gallipoli• Allies need to help Russia so they don’t lose

– Germany will send full army to the West if Russia is gone

• 1915: Allies try to aid Russia by invading the Ottoman empire

• Battle at Gallipoli

between Allies

vs. Turks &

Germans

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• Led to another stalemate where trenches were dug – finally the Allies are forced to retreat

• Allies still want access to Russia – encourage Arab nationalists to revolt against the Turks

• Turks begin Armenian Genocide: wiping out the Armenian people b/c they helped the Allies

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• 1914-1917, both sides fighting on all fronts, but are at a stalemate