Baroque Art & Rococo

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  • 1.Baroque Art &Rococo17th and early 18th Centuries in Europe

2. The term Baroque once had a negative meaning.The name is derived from Baroque pearls pearls with unusual, odd shapesCompared to Renaissance art, it wasconsidered to be over-dramatic and thearchitecture, overly decorated. 3. Baroque Pearl 4. Baroque style is Dramatic Strong Contrast of Light and Dark Dynamic CompositionArchitecture is decorative / many details 5. Roman Catholic Church supported Baroque art stylein response to the Protestant Reformation (movement toreform Catholic Church) communication of religious themes with viewers direct and emotional involvementAristocracy adopted Baroque style to impress visitors and to express triumphant power and control 6. Baroque Style spread throughout Europe,including Italy, Holland, France, and Spain. 7. Italian Baroque 8. Annibale Carracci, Loves of the Gods, 1597 1601, Ceiling Fresco 9. Commissioned byCardinal Farnese tocelebrate the wedding of hisbrotherVarious Gods and Humansin lovequadro riportato lookslike framed easel paintings Annibale Carracci, Loves of the GodsInspired by ItalianRenaissance art(Michelangelo, Raphael,Titian) 10. ComparisonBaroque fresco Renaissance fresco 11. Caravaggio,Conversion of St. Paul,1601, Oil on Canvas 12. Story of Pharisee Saulconverting to ChristianityAppears to be an accident in thehorse stable (everyday life)Caravaggio used strong lightand dark / shadowy style (greatlyinfluenced European art)Perspective and Chiaroscuro(light and shadow) used to bringthe viewer closer to the event 13. Caravaggio, Calling of St. Matthew, 1597 1601, Oil on Canvas 14. Christ enters from theright to summon Levi (aRoman tax collector) to ahigher callingBland street scene(normal, everyday life)Caravaggios style ofstrong light and shadowLight as a symbol of God 15. Comparison 16. Gianlorenzo Bernini, Baldacchino, 1624 1633, Gilded Bronze 17. Bronze canopy over thetomb of St. PeterFocal point of churchMade from Bronze of doorsof the ancient RomanPantheon (Pantheon was atemple for Pagan religion)30 Meters TallCommissioned by the BarberiniSt. Peters, Vatican (Rome) Family 18. St. Peters, Rome exterior late Renaissance(Completed 1690) designed in part byMichelangeloLargest interior of any Catholic Church in world holds up to 60, 000 people 19. Ancient Roman Pantheon,125 28 CE 20. Spanish Baroque 21. Diego Valazquez,Las Meninas (TheMaids of Honor),1656, Oil onCanvas 22. Informal family portrait Theme Mystery of the VisualWorld Young Princess in middleInfantata Maids in waiting helping her Her favorite dwarfs and her dog Valasquez is working on largecanvas (portrait of King Philip IVand Queen Mariana (reflections inmirror) Man framed in doorway 23. Diego Valazquez, Surrender of Breda, 1634 1635, Oil on Canvas 24. Made for King Philip IVSpanish Victory over Dutch in1625Spanish troops on right(organized - victory)Dutch troops on left(disorganized defeat)Spanish General patting the backof Dutch General 25. Francisco deZurbaran, SaintSerpion, 1628, Oilon Canvas 26. St. Serpion (Martyr) tied to atree and tortured (devotion toreligion)St. Serpion - monk born inEngland - commoner (normalperson)De Zurbaran inspired byCaravaggios light and shadowFigure fills the foreground(close to viewer) 27. Dutch Baroque 28. Rembrandt van RijnSelf-Portrait in a Cap,Etching, 1630 29. Created when he was a student Exercise in lighting, expression Rembrandt created at least 70self-portraits during his lifetime(oil paintings and etchings) Rembrandt van Rijn Self-Portrait in a Cap, Etching, 1630 30. Rembrandt Self-Portraits 31. Comparison 32. Rembrandt van Rijn,Return of the ProdigalSon, 1665, Oil onCanvas 33. Stillness / inward contemplation(less dramatic than Italian Baroquepaintings)Humility and humanity of ChristFather and Son relationship(father forgiving Christ)Light mixed with shadowLight focused on father and son 34. Jan VermeerThe Art of PaintingOil on Canvas1662 1668 35. Vermeer painted less than 40paintings in his lifetime (eight of themconsidered masterpieces) Vermeer known for his domesticinterior scenes Vermeer worked slowly - highlydetailed Realistic perspective Dramatic use of lighting from behind Jan VermeercurtainThe Art of Painting Oil on Canvas 1662 1668 36. Anthony van Dyck,Charles I Dismounted,1635, Oil on Canvas 37. Van Dyck portrait artist (full bodyportraits)Elegant portrait of King of EnglandKing as a nobleman riding a horse inparkKing higher up looking downLandscape in background 38. French Baroque 39. Hyancinthe Rigaud, Louis XIV, 1701, Oilon Canvas 40. King Louis XIVGrandioseAbsolute MonarchyWore high heels to make himtaller (54) 41. Jules Hardouin-Mansart and Charles Le Brun, Hall ofMirrors (Palace of Versailles), 1680, interior architecture 42. Hall of Mirrors in King LouisXIVs Palace of VersaillesMirror Baroque source ofillusion100s of rooms in palaceRich decoration / details 43. Palace of Versailles, Paris 44. Rococo Art 45. Rococo 18th Century Style began in France In Reaction to Baroque Style Associated with King Louis XV Characterized by soft pastel colors Architecture is light and airy Asymmetrical Design Playful and Witty Style 46. Interior of Htel de Soubise Paris 47. Palace built in 1375 forPrince and Princess deSoubise - now a museum Interiors renovated inRococo style in 1735 1740 Light and airy oval-shapedrooms Htel de Soubise interior designed by Light and airy feeling,Germain Boffrand, Paris, 1735 - 1740asymmetrical, decorativecurves, creamy pastelcolors with gold 48. Jean-Honor Fragonard,The Swing, oil on canvas, 1767 49. Typical Rococo Style Departure from SeriousBaroque Subject Matter Pastel Colors Visual Movement /Diagonal Composition Garden Scene with Cupid Jean-Honor Fragonard, The Swing,Statues oil on canvas, 1767 Witty Subject / Erotic