Asthma education

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  • 1. ASTHMA EDUCATIONSamuel Miihlbach and Amy HuebnerYoungstown State University

2. What is Asthma? Asthma is a chronic disease that causes the airways - the tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs - to become sore and swollen. In the United States, about 20 million people have asthma. Nearly 9 million of them are children. Children have smaller airways than adults, which makes asthma especially serious for them. Children with asthma may experience wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and trouble breathing, especially early in the morning or at night. 3. Normal Airways Vs Asthma Airways 4. Controlling Asthma Know Asthma Triggers Medications Long Term Controllers Quick Relievers Self-Monitoring Peak Flow Monitoring Action Plan 5. Asthma Triggers Many things can cause asthma, including Allergens - mold, pollen, animals Irritants - cigarette smoke, air pollution Weather - cold air, changes in weather Exercise Infections - flu, common cold 6. Long Term Controller Medications Corticosteroids Leukotriene Modifiers Long-Acting Beta2-Agonists Theophylline Cromolyn Sodium and Nedocromil 7. Quick Reliever Medications Short-Acting Beta2-Agonists Anticholinergics Systemic Corticosteroids 8. Meter Dose Inhaler and Spacer Technique 9. Peak Flow Monitoring 10. Peak Flow Technique 11. Asthma Action Plan 12. Professional Literature Akinbami, L., Moorman, J., Bailey, C., Zahran, H., King, M., Johnson, C., andLiu, X. ( May 2012). Trends in Asthma Prevalence, Health Care Use, and Mortalityin the United States, 2001-2010. NCHS Data Brief. No.94. pages 1-3. Retrievedfrom: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db94.pdf Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. (2011). Asthma Overview. Availablefrom http://www.aafa.org/display.cfm?id=8 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ( May 2012). CDCs National AsthmaControl Program. Available from http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/nacp.htm Fanta, C., Carter, E., Stieb, E., and Haver, K. (2007). The Asthma EducatorsHandbook. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Healthy Homes Advisory Council for Greater Cleveland. (2011). Cuyahoga CountyHealthy Home Initiative. Available from: http://healthyhomesac.org/ National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. (August 2008). Guidelines for Diagnosisand Management of Asthma. Available fromhttp://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/asthma/index.htm National Library of Medicine. (September 2012). Asthma in Children. Availablefrom http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/asthmainchildren.html