ARTICLE THREE SETS UP THE JUDICIAL BRANCH. Article Three Powers given to the Judicial branch. Thomas...

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ARTICLE THREE SETS UP THE JUDICIAL BRANCH Slide 2 Article Three Powers given to the Judicial branch. Thomas Ginsberg Chief Justice Roberts Scalia Kennedy Alito Stevens Souter Breyer Slide 3 Supreme Court Qualifications Made up of 9 Supreme Court Justices, and one of those is the Chief Justice (currently John Roberts). No age, citizenship, or residence requirement. However, you must be harshly questioned and interviewed by Senate Remember: they approve of Presidential appointments. This can be a very demeaning (Bork), but sometimes revealing event (Thomas, Miers). In 2005, 2 Justices were named by President Bush, a very rare occurrence. (also, the White Sox won the World Series this year) John Roberts, named Chief Justice Samuel Alito Slide 4 The High Court: SCOTUS (Supreme Court of the United States) The Supreme Court is the highest in the land you cannot challenge its ruling. The Court of Last Resort Its job is to review and interpret how fair the laws of our Federal government and the 50 States are. It will hear appeals. If you dont like a lower courts ruling, you can take it here. The Court will only hear cases that deal with the Constitution or Federal law, or to set a precedent. Unconstitutional is when a law is either against something written in the Constitution, or when there is no basis in the Constitution for that law. Not just anybody can take its case here. Why? Usually hears only between 60-100 cases per year. SCOTUS carefully selects the cases it will hear, then argue. Slide 5 The Supreme Court Article 3, Section 1: The judicial power shall be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as Congress may ordain and establish This branch interprets and reviews the laws of the nation. This is called Judicial Review. Remember: Congress creates the courts and decides the number of judges. Supreme Court Federal District Courts There are also a myriad of other Federal Courts for: Taxes International Trade Armed Forces Land/Property Disputes) Also each state creates their own system of courts, but can be overruled by the Supreme Court. Slide 6 APPELLATE JURISDICITION is the power of the Supreme Court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts Slide 7 A PERSON ACCUSED OF A CRIME IS GUARANTEED THE RIGHT TO A TRIAL BY JURY Slide 8 treason IF YOU LEVY WAR AGAINST US, ADHERE TO THE ENEMIES AND IN ANY WAY GIVE THEM AID OR COMFORT Slide 9 THE JUDICAL BRANCH DECLARES LAWS AND ACTS UNCONSTITUTIONAL Slide 10 Once elected, you serve for life! Slide 11 WHY DO JUDGES SERVE LIFE TERMS? SO THEY CAN BE LEFT TO THEIR JOB WITH NO THREAT OF LOSING IT! Slide 12 Appeals are handled through appeal courts Slide 13 THE JUDICIAL BRANCH CONSISTS OF The judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court and the lower federal courts, including the Courts of Appeal (also known as Circuit Courts or Appellate Courts), federal district courts, bankruptcy courts, and courts of federal claims. The courts of the federal judiciary hear both civil and criminal cases appealed from state courts. Their original jurisdiction covers cases relating to patents, trademarks, claims against the federal government, bankruptcy, financial securities, maritime law, and international claims Slide 14 THE FEDERAL COURT DOES NOT HEAR CASES INVOLOVING CRIMINAL CIVIL EQUITY STATUTORY OR COMMON LAW Slide 15 SUPREME COURT HAS POWER TO DECLARE LAWS UNCONSTITUTIONAL Slide 16 Slide 17 Paths to the Supreme Court From the State Level From the Federal Level State Criminal and Appellate Courts State Supreme Court Federal District courts U.S. Supreme Court Slide 18 WHAT DO I DO NOW? 1. Open binder to Constitution Packet question 47 2. WRITE STOP after question 56 3. HUGHLIGHT ANSWERS IN BOOKLET!!!!!!!!!!!! 4.SMILE! YOU ARE DONE!