Architecture Walking Tour Rotterdam
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vention facilities were built on the roof and over the former inner courtyard. Major renovations on the Great Hall were completed in summer 2009, based on a design by Kraaijvanger Urbis architecten.
5 SchouwburgpleinAdriaan Geuze (1992-1997) Schouwburgplein, enclosed by De Doe-len, the Rotterdamse Schouwburg thea-tre and Pathé cinema, is a lively social hotspot surrounded by outdoor cafés. This exceptional variation on the clas-sic city square, on the roof of a car park, is a lightweight metal construction in-
corporating wood, rubber and concrete.
6 rotterdamSe SchouwburgW.G. Quist (1982-1988)The modern, square building has a near-symmetrical floor plan. Stately staircases sweep from the entrance below the theatre tower and along the main theatre to the foyer at the back. Deliveries to the theatre are sent up on
an ingenious freight lift. Recently the entrance interior has been fully renovated.
7 de lijnbaan Shopping centre / lijnbaanflatSJ.H. van den Broek and J.B. Bakema (1953) / Housing: H.A. Maaskant, A. Krijgsman, H.D. BakkerThe busiest shopping street in Rotter-dam was Europe’s first car-free shop-ping promenade. The concept of traf-fic-free pedestrian boulevards with
awnings to keep shoppers dry was adopted all over the world. Housing in this shopping area is not above the shops, but behind them in high-rise flats around green courtyards.
8 city hallHenri Evers (1912-1920)On 15 July 1915, Queen Wilhelmina laid the first stone for City Hall on Coolsingel. This historic building in neo-Renaissance style is symmetric in structure, built around an inner court-yard with the main entrance in the
13 beurStraverSeP. de Bruijn (1991-1996) / interior: J. JerdeThe sunken shopping passage, known locally as the ‘shopping gutter’, crosses under Coolsingel. The traverse links two important shopping streets, Li-jnbaan and Hoogstraat, via the Beur-splein underground metro station. The
arcades along the tiny shops that line the walls were designed by Jon Jerde, the American guru of fun-shopping.
14 laurenSkerkNamed after St Laurence, the patron saint of Rotterdam, the Grote of Sint-Laurenskerk was built between +/- 1449 and 1525. It is the only remaining Late Gothic building from the original medi-eval town of Rotterdam. The church was heavily damaged in the 1940 bombard-ment, only reopening to visitors in 1968.
15 markthalMVRDV & INBO (2009-2014)The covered Market Hall on Binnen-rotte will house a permanent market. Market stands, shops, catering and parking facilities will be built along the street and in the 39-metre-high hall. The spectacular archway of 228 flats and maisonettes that overlooks
the stands is the only indoor market roof of its kind in the world.
16 rotterdam libraryJ. Boot (Van den Broek en Bakema, 1983)The biggest public library in the Neth-erlands is shaped like a cube with one corner sliced off diagonally. Below the ‘glass waterfall’ by the entrance, es-calators connect the six progressively smaller floors of the library. The eye-catching yellow ventilation pipes on
the outside are reminiscent of the Centre Pompidou in Paris.
17 cube houSeSP. Blom (1978-1984)Architect Piet Blom was commissioned to build an unusual bridge over the busy arterial road between Blaak and Oude Haven. Each
of the cube houses in the ‘Blaakse Bos forest’ is three floors high, with the staircase in the supporting pole. The Kijk-Kubus is a fully decorated muse-um house that shows what it’s like to live between slanted walls.
18 witte huiSW. Molenbroek (1897-1898)45 metres and eleven stories high, this office building was the first sky-scraper in Europe. Rather than the steel construction considered modern at the time, the architect used thick load-bearing walls made of brick. The façade is clad in white-glazed brick
decorated with mosaics and Art Nouveau images.
19 de brugJHK Architecten (2000-2005)Visible across the Maas River, the four-story headquarters of Unile-ver Bestfoods Nederland resembles a transparent bridge. 133 metres long, it ‘floats’ 25 metres above the old Blue Band margarine factory complex. The entire steel construction was assem-
bled beside the location and then rolled over to its final location.
20 red appleKees Christiaanse (2006–2009)Playfully referencing NYC’s Big Ap-ple, the Red Apple residential tower gets its name from the colour and from the apple market that once stood here. The high-profile, bright red lines on the façade of the 124-metre tower narrow towards the top, em-
phasising the sleek shape of the building.
21 maritiem muSeumW.G. Quist (1981-1986)The oldest maritime museum in the Netherlands dominates the cityscape where the Coolsingel and West-Blaak boulevards intersect. The main shape consists of a square block sliced diago-nally in half, with the slanted side to-
Waterfront & Noordereiland
Kop van Zuid
1 groot handelSgebouw H.A. Maaskant and W. van Tijen (1947-1953)This national monument is a typical symbol of post-war reconstruction in the early 1950s. The huge building, 220 by 84 metres in size, was and is the big-gest trade centre in the Netherlands. Distributed over three levels, 1.5km in
car ways run through the building. The rooftop pavilion once housed the Kriterion cinema; the roof is now in use as a terrace by Grandcafé Engels.
2 rotterdam central StationTeam CS (2006-2014)Rotterdam CS is undergoing a dra-matic transformation that will last till 2013. Including a whole new station hall, with access to the internation-al high-speed rail line, the regional RandstadRail, the metro and an un-
derground bicycle park, the station district will be the interna-tional gateway to Rotterdam. Team CS signed on for the design, consisting of architecture firms Benthem Crouwel, Meyer & Van Schooten and West 8.
3 nationale nederlanden / delftSe poortAbe Bonnema (1986-1991) The higher of the two reflective towers that dominate the Weena skyline, the main office of Nationale Nederlanden insurance firm is 151 metres high, making it the second-highest office building in the Netherlands. Its stabil-
ity is ensured in part by supporting buttresses. The metro tunnel runs below the building, between the towers.
4 concert and congreSS centre de doelenE.H. and H.M. Kraaijvanger with R.H. Fledderus (1955-1966) / Jan Hoogstad (2000) / Kraaijvanger Urbis (2009)De Doelen is named after the music cen-tre that once stood on the site, which was destroyed in the May 1940 bombard-ment. In 2000, new congress and con-
middle. The inner courtyard, in use as a small park, can be ac-cessed via the street that crosses ‘through’ City Hall.
9 poSt rotterdamG.C. Bremer (1915-1923) / Ben van Berkel UNStudioThe stately neo-classicist building, with an imposing 22.5-metre ceiling in the central hall, is one of the few his-toric buildings that survived the 1940 bombardment. The former post office is getting new tenants; besides trendy
shops, cafés and restaurants, a luxurious designer hotel by Ben van Berkel will occupy the top floor.
10 city office Rem Koolhaas OMAFor many years, the City Office housed the City Carpentry House, which di-rected Rotterdam’s reconstruction. OMA won the contest issued by the City of Rotterdam for a new city office with a design that features a ‘cloud’ of homes and offices that seem to float above the
ground, creating a large open space on the inside of the building.
11 beurS / wtcJ.F. Staal (1925-1940) / R.B. van Erk & A.H. Verbeek (1986)The 1928 stock exchange was the first building to be restored to its former glory following the 1940 bombardment. The World Trade Center, a twenty-story office building in the form of a flattened ellipse that was built on top of the ex-
change hall, was added in 1986. The WTC turned out to be the start of a high-rise boom.
12 de bijenkorfM. Breuer, A. Elzas (1955-1957)Originally from Hungary, architect Marcel Breuer from the famous Bau-haus designed the Bijenkorf as an al-most fully closed box. The façade is clad in hexagonal travertine panels that reference the department store’s beehive logo. The artwork by Naum
Gabo on Coolsingel is an intrinsic part of the design.
Rotterdam.info & VVV Rotterdam Info Café
* Go to m.rotterdam.info/download on your mobile phone or download the App from the App store, iTunes or the Android Market.
The mobile city guide offers tips on the best locations, from restaurants to museums and architecture. Includes a handy city map and a real-time calendar of festivals and events.
areas in the city centre
These locations offer 25% discount or more with the Rotterdam Welcome Card 2011, plus 1, 2 or 3 days of public transport
These buildings are under development or construc-tion. See www.rotterdam.nl/binnenstad for the latest plans and projects
Restaurant & dining tips
RotteRdam appThe free Rotterdam app ensures the city is always open to you.
Rondje Rotterdam is a Rotterdam marketing publicationPhotography: Tot en met ontwerpen, Marc Heeman, Beelden van Enith,
Claire Droppert, Ossip van Duivenbode, Renee Willeman e.a.
Text: Tot en met ontwerpen, WLC, JMP Translations
Design: Tot en met ontwerpen
Printing: Drukkerij Atlas
Rotterdam has a wealth of architecture for aficionados to discov-er within just a few square kilometres. The Rotterdam skyline grows and changes constantly, displaying daring urban renewal & construction. This city tour takes you past striking buildings and areas of the city centre that are worth visiting. Discover Rot-terdam, city of architecture, by following the black road signs marked ‘Rondje Rotterdam’, or find your own way with this map as your guide.
have fun diScovering rotterdam!
architecturewalking tourrondje rotterdam
wards Leuvehaven. The entrance hall was recently completely redone based on a concept by interior architect Ramin Visch.
22 SchielandShuiSJ. Lois with P. Post (1662-1665)The Schielandhuis, built in Dutch clas-sicist style with baroque details, is one of the oldest buildings in Rotterdam. It was named after the Schieland polder and dike board that occupied the build-ing in 1665. The building was ravaged by fire in 1864; although it was rebuilt
soon after, it was not restored to its original state. The Schielands- huis was fully refurbished between 1981-1985 and now houses Museum Rotterdam.
23 rotterdam.infoYour central source for Rotterdam in-formation, offering information and tips on what to see and do in Rotter-dam, from attractions and nightlife to architecture and lifestyle. The diverse brochures and thematic structure will help you find your way around. Vary-ing exhibitions and a large scale model
of the city keep you up-to-date on the latest developments. Vari-ous excursions depart from Rotterdam.info.
24 inntel hotelS rotterdam centreTuns + Horsting (1986) / MAS (2006)The long, multi-tenant building com-pleted in 1989 included a hotel and swimming pool in a projecting struc-ture above the entrance, a cinema and an exhibition hall. MAS architectuur, a continuation of Tuns + Horsting, de-
signed a 15-story expansion with hotel rooms and two confer-ence halls. Renovations started in 2010 with the aim of creating a luxurious 5-start hotel with conference facilities.
25 eraSmuS bridgeVan Berkel & Bos (1990-1996)808 metres long, this iconic feature of Rotterdam is the second bridge span-ning the Maas in the city centre, be-sides the Willemsbrug. The 139-metre curved steel pylon quickly earned Er-
asmus Bridge its nickname: ‘the Swan’. The car park, Spido tour boat office and restaurant on the north bank were also designed by UN Studio.
26 de rotterdam Rem Koolhaas (2009-2013)De Rotterdam, currently under con-struction, is a sustainable multifunc-tional building. The three towers stand in close proximity, soaring nearly 150 metres high; their top half is slightly shifted compared to their bottom half. The three linked towers are a ‘vertical
city’ of high-class flats, a 4-star hotel, offices, shops, restaurants, fitness, parking and cultural functions.
extra walk: kop van Zuid At this point in your walk, it is worth taking a short side trip and walking across Erasmus Bridge to Kop van Zuid. In the early 1990s, Riek Bakker and Teun Koolhaas developed a master plan for the disused port areas around Entrepothaven, Spoorweghaven, Rijnhaven and Wilhelminapier. Where dock-workers once laboured and em-igrants waved goodbye to their
homeland, a modern entertainment district now stands, complete with theatre, cafés and restaurants. Hotel New York, housed in the former offices of the Holland-America Line on Wilhelminakade, opened its doors in 1993.
Besides historic buildings like Las Palmas (now the Nederlands Fotomuseum), the Entrepot building and the Cruise Terminal, Kop van Zuid also has imposing new buildings. Highlights on the pier include the World Port Center by famous architect Sir Norman Foster, Montevideo by architect Francine Houben, the new Luxor Theater and the Maas Tower, the highest building in the Netherlands at 165 metres. Music venue and film house LantarenVenster is on the ground floor of New Orleans, the 158-metre residential high-rise designed by Portuguese archi-tect Álvaro Siza. Just to the south lies the ss Rotterdam, the fa-mous steamboat returned to her home port for good after years of faithful service. For an innovative continuation of your walk, jump into one of the water taxis by Hotel New York, which will take you to Veerhaven.
27 parklaan flatW. van Tijen (1931-1933)This first residential high-rise in Rot-terdam was realised by architect Van Tijen, at his own risk. When it was built, the structure was experimental. The steel skeleton guaranteed a flex-ible floor plan for the luxurious flats, each of which covered an entire floor.
Van Tijen himself lived in the penthouse for some time, where a spacious roof terrace offers a view of the Maas.
28 euromaStH.A. Maaskant (1958-1960)The Euromast was designed for the Floriade flower show in 1960; its con-crete frame was built in only 23 days. At the time, the 104-metre tower was the highest in the Netherlands. The narrow tower was added ten years lat-er. The Euroscoop lift takes you ‘flying’
to the tip of the Euromast, at 185 metres.
29 weStelijk handelSter-reinT.L. Kanters (1894) / renovations: H. Klunder, J. van der Weerd (2001)The stately façades of the Scheepvaart-kwartier conceal the Westelijk Han-delsterrein, a late 19th-century listed building consisting of 36 warehouses distributed over two levels. When the
complex was rebuilt as a public venue, many characteristic ele-ments were preserved, like the heavy wooden sliding doors, the beam ceilings and the cobblestones. The green roofs have also been retained.
30 kunSthalRem Koolhaas, F. Hoshino (1989-1992)The Kunsthal, a large exhibition hall for temporary shows, is an artwork in its own right. The building is con-structed around a spiral system of sloped floors; the entire auditorium slopes upwards. The different ele-ments seem to be stacked playfully, us-
ing various contrasting materials: expensive and cheap, sophis-ticated and ordinary.
31 natuurhiStoriSch muSeumJ.F. Metzelaar (1850) / E. van Egeraat (1995)On this former Hoboken estate, the Hoboken family lived in Villa Dijk-zigt from 1856 on. After thorough renovations, the natural history mu-seum moved in the neo-classicist na-
tional monument in 1987. In 1995, a modern glass pavilion was added to the villa, housing an exhibition hall and library based on a design by Erick van Egeraat.
32 muSeumpark + car parkRem Koolhaas, Yves Brunier (1988-1993, 2011) / Paul de Ruiter (2005-2010)The Museumpark is divided into four zones: a paved zone, a romantic zone with trees and a pedestrian bridge, an asphalted city zone for events, and a well-tended orchard. The car park designed by Paul de Ruiter uses split
levels and lots of glass for a light, spacious and transparent look. The water reservoir prevents flooding in the city centre during heavy rainfall.
33 eraSmuS mcMedical Faculty: A. Hagoort, G. Mar-tens, J. Prouvé (1965-1968) / new build-ing: EGM Architecten (2009-2017)The complex is dominated by the 117-metre laboratory building, which was built in record time thanks to the use of drastic standardisation and pre-fab modules. Between 2005 and 2018,
the complex around the by now outdated Dijkzigt hospital will be transformed into an entirely new building complex, the Erasmus Medical Centre, covering over 300,000 m2.
34 netherlandS architecture inStituteJo Coenen (1993, 2011)The main functions of the NAI are housed in separate areas of the build-ing. Each area has its own architectur-al features and its own relationship to its surroundings: the banana-shaped archives, the closed rectangular ex-
For more information about Rotterdam:RotteRdam.info
nL-3012 aG Rotterdam
t +31 (0)10 – 271 01 20 / www.RotteRdam.info / [email protected]
Rotterdam Info Café
NL-3013 AK Rotterdam
NAI TREASURYADMIRE THE NAI COLLECTION FEATURING MASTERPIECES BY BERLAGE, RIETVELD, KOOLHAAS AND OTHERS
DUTCHVILLE FEEL THE CITY
SONNEVELDMUSEUM HOUSEEXPERIENCE WHAT ITWAS LIKE TO LIVE IN ANULTRA-MODERN VILLAIN 1933
UARDOWNLOAD THE FREE UAR APP ONTO YOUR SMART-PHONE NOW TO VIEW THREE-DIMENSIONAL IMAGES ON YOUR SCREEN OF BUILDINGS THAT ARE UNDER CONSTRUC-TION, HAVE BEEN DEMOL-ISHED OR COULD HAVE BEEN BUILT. YOU CAN ALSOUPLOAD BUILDINGS YOURSELF.WWW.NAI.NL/UAR
NAI CAFÉYOU ARE ALSO VERYWELCOME TO VISIT THE NAI CAFE WITH ITS STUNNING TERRACE ON THE WATER’S EDGE FOR A GREAT CUP OF COFFEE!
NETHERLANDS ARCHITECTURE INSTITUTE - MUSEUMPARK 25, ROTTERDAMWWW.NAI.NL
NAi_SK_Rondjearchitectuur_95x200 1209 EN.indd 1 12-09-11 18:09:30
old city. Part of the area along the ca-nal was redesigned in 2000, introduc-ing the sculpture route with works by major sculptors like Rodin, Carel Vis-ser and Joel Shapiro.
39 de unieCarel Weeber, based on J.J.P. Oud (1925)Café and restaurant De Unie has an eye-catching façade using De Stijl col-ours, incorporating texts and illumi-nated advertising in the composition. The original building by J.J.P. Oud on Coolsingel was destroyed in the 1940 bombardment. In 1986, the façade was
reconstructed by Carel Weeber at a new, comparable location be-tween 19th-century buildings.
40 de calypSoAlsop Architects (2009-2012)De Calypso is re-emerging where the Holiday Inn Hotel, the Pauluskerk and the former Calypso cinema once stood. Seeming to be in constant movement thanks to its design and sloping fa-çade panels, the striking and colour-ful building accommodates 407 flats,
space for offices and shops and 500 parking spaces. The building will also house the new Pauluskerk.
hibition hall, and a high middle section enclosed in glass, with offices, the library and a central foyer. The NAI reopened in July 2011 after major renovations.
35 huiS SonneveldJ.A. Brinkman and L.C. van der Vlugt (1932-1933)The Sonneveld house is one of the best-preserved examples of Dutch modernist architecture. The char-acteristic emphasis on light, air and space, made possible by using new materials and a steel skeleton, were
expressed in very spacious living areas with large ribbon win-dows and a roof terrace. As part of the NAI, the Sonneveld house is a museum home open to the public.
36 muSeum boijmanS van beuningenA. van der Steur (1928-1935) / A. Bodon (1963-1972) / Daem & Robbrecht (2000-2003)Inspired by Scandinavian architec-ture, the design has a traditional struc-ture and uses such materials as brick and copper ridge-beams. An exhibition
hall was added in 1972, supplemented in 1991 by a pavilion based on a design by architect Henket. The museum added a further expansion on the garden end in 2003, building a U-shaped wing around the exhibition hall.
37 Skatepark weStblaakdS+V with J. Glissenaar, J. Hoorn (2000)The skate park covers the entire cen-tral berm of Westblaak. Crossing points divide the skate park into three zones: a circular course for skating on, a zone with 11 stainless steel obstacles for stunt skating, and a green oasis for
taking breaks and relaxing. Art collective 75b designed the as-phalt coating so the colours would correspond to the placement of the obstacles.
38 weSterSingelW.N. Rose, J.D. Zocher (1859) / Maarten Struijs (2000)In 1859, the Westersingel canal was installed as part of a water project to improve water management and public hygiene in the
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