Applied Behavior Analysis ( ABA ) - We try things and they work; we do them again, We try things and...

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Transcript of Applied Behavior Analysis ( ABA ) - We try things and they work; we do them again, We try things and...

  • 1

    Applied Behavior Analysis ( ABA )

    /

  • 2

    ABA

    ABA

    Respondent Conditioning

    Operant Conditioning :

    Law of Consequences

  • 3

    We try things and they work; we do them again, We try things and they don t work; we are less likely to try those things again.

    Ivar Lovaas

    Trials

    Reinforcement

    Prompt

  • 4

    ABA

    Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)

    Behavior Analysis

    :Applied

    ABAABA

    ABA

    ABA

    ABAone-on-one

    ABA

    ABA

    ABA

    ABA

    ABA

    ABA

    ABA

    ABA

    Incidental Learning

  • 5

    ABA

    ABC

    AAntecedent

    BBehavior

    CConsequence

    C

    Tangible Reasons

    To Escape Demands

    Self-Stimulatory Attention Seeking

    Exercise 1, 2 , 3

  • 6

    ABA

    -

    -

    Shaping Behavior

    Behavioral Momentum

    answering mode

    Behavioral Chaining

    Backward Chaining

    Forward Chaining

    Errorless Learning

  • 7

    Lowering a Demand

    Hi

    Fading

    Generalization

    Incidental Learning

  • 8

    - Self-stimulatory

    - Preservative

    - Aggressive

    - Compensatory

    Create a Safe Environment

    Planning for Problems

    Avoid

    Reinforcement

    Extinction

    Block and Redirect

    Provide Functional Language

  • 9

    Crowding

    Time Outs

    ABA

    ABA

  • 10

    ABADTT

    MTP,MT,ET 9

    ABAABA

    IEP

  • 11

    ABC pattern

    ABC

    AB

    CA

    BC

    A

    BC

    ABC

    ABC

    Exercise 1

    ABC

  • 12

    Exercise 2

    (A) (B)(C)

  • 13

    Exercise 3

  • 14

    Exercise 4

  • 15

    Exercise 5

  • 16

    Exercise 6

  • 17

    Exercise 7

  • 18

    The A B C Model of Behavior

    Consequences ( C)

    Behavior ( B )

    Antecedents (A )

  • 19

    Reinforcement

    tangibles

    edibles

    activities

    social

    physical

    Positive Reinforcement

    Negative Reinforcement

    punishment

    ABAABA

  • 20

    Exercise 1

    Exercise 2

    ABA

    ABA

    Catch him doing something right in the natural environment, too

  • 21

    DRO, DRI, DRA

    DRO = Differential Reinforcement of OTHER Behavior

    DRI = Differential Reinforcement of INCOMPATIBLE Behavior

    verbal stimming bubbles

    DRA = Differential Reinforcement of ALTERNATIVE Behavior

    Exercise 3, 4, 5

  • 22

    Prompt

    Partial Verbal & Verbal & Gesture & Initiation & Model & Physical-HOH Exercise 6

  • 23

    OR .

    OR ..

  • 24

    Sd & response

    discriminative stimulus (Sd)

    Sd & response

    Response

    Correct

    Incorrect

    Close ApproximationAApproximationSSuccessive Approximation

    No ResponseNR No Response

    Sd & response

  • 25

    Sd & response

    Sd & response

    The more fun the child is having The more engaged he will be

    The better he will learn

    Sd & response

  • 26

    Sheets 2

    Exercise 1

  • 27

    Exercise 2

    Exercise 3

    DRO

    Exercise 4

    DRI

  • 28

    Exercise 5

    DRA

    Exercise 6

  • 29

    o

    o

    o

    o

    o

    o

    o

    o

    o

    o

    o

    OR .

    o

    o

    o

    OR ..

    o

    o

    o

  • 30

    Behavior Programs

    Disruptive Behaviors ( crying, tantrumming,, aggression)

    Non Compliance

    Self Stimulatory Behaviors

    Sleep Problems

    Toilet Training

    Eating Problems

    Disruptive Behaviors

  • 31

    Noncompliance

    Stimulatory Behaviors-Self

  • 32

    nonspecific prompt

    The more indirect the procedure, the more likely the child will internalize, and the less likely it will be necessary to use external control procedures

  • 33

    Sleep Problems

    TOYS

  • 34

    Toilet Training

    Potty chair

    an insert

    Toilet Training

    Toilet Training

    Toilet Training

  • 35

    Toilet Training

    Dry Pants Checks

  • 36

    Eating Problems

    Eating Problems

    Eating Problems

    Eating Problems

  • 37

    Curriculum

    Structured

  • 38

    Discrete Trial Teaching( DTT)

    DDT

  • 39

    Beginning Stage

    Middle Stage

    Advanced Stage

  • 40

    Attending Skills

    Motor Skills

  • 41

    SkillsImitation

  • 42

    Matching

  • 43

    Receptive Language

  • 44

    Receptive Labels

    MTP-

    MT1-MT2-MT3-MT4-ET1-ET2-

    T1 MTP

    MT1

    MT2

    T2 MTP

    MT1

    MT2

    T1 + T2

  • 45

  • 46

    Expressive Labeling

    PECS

    Visual Perception

    Auditory Perception

  • 47

    Self Help

    Hygiene Skills

    Social Skills

    seesawslide

    Play

    Academic Skills

    E

    E

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