A.P.J.Abdul Kalam

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  • 1. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on 15THOctober 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. His fatherJainulabdeen was a boat owner and his mother Ashiammawas a housewife. In his school, he was described as asincere, bright and a hardworking student who had astrong desire to learn and spend hours on his studies,especially mathematics. After completing his schoolstudies at Rameswaram Elementary School, he went on tograduate in Physics, but was not very enthusiastic aboutthe subject.

2. So, he moved to madras in 1955 tostudy aerospace engineering. Aftergraduating from Madras Institute OfTechnology, Kalam joined AeronauticalDevelopment Establishment of DefenseResearch and DevelopmentOrganization as a chief scientist. Hestarted his career by designing asmall helicopter for the Indian Army.In 1969 he was moved to Indian SpaceResearch Organization where he wasthe project director of Indias SatelliteVehicle (SLV-III). 3. The Indian Satellite Launch Vehicle or SLV was a projectstarted in the early 1970s by Indian Space ResearchOrganization to develop the technology needed to launchsatellites. The project was headed by Dr. A.P.J. AbdulKalam. SLV was intended to reach a height of 400km andcarry a payload of 40kg. It was a four stage rocket with allsolid-propellant motors. The first launch of the SLV tookplace in Sriharikota on 10 August 1979. The last launch ofthe SLV took place on 17 April 1983. SLV-3 formed the basisof the next-generation ASLV. 4. Function: Small carrier rocket Manufacturer: Indian Space Research Organization Height: 22metre(72ft.) Diameter: 1metre(3.3ft.) Payload: 44Kilograms(88lb) Launch Site: Sriharikota Engines:1 Solid Burn time: 49 Seconds Fuel: Solid 5. Dr.A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was elected as the 11TH president ofIndia, succeeding K.R. Narayanan. He won the 2002presidential election with an electoral vote of 922,884,surpassing 107,366 votes won by Lakshmi Sahgal. Heserved from 25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007.On 10TH June 2002, the National Democratic Allianceexpressed to Sonia Gandhi that they would propose Kalamfor the post of president. 6. Wings Of Fire: An Autobiography by A. P. J Abdul Kalam; 1999. India 2020: A Vision For the New Millennium: by A. P. J AbdulKalam; 1998. Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India by A. P.J. AbdulKalam; 2002. The Luminous Sparks by A. P. J. Abdul Kalam; 2004. Mission India by A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Inspiring Thoughts by A. P. J. Abdul Kalam; 2007 Developments in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology by A.P.J.Abdul Kalam 7. Thinking should become your capital asset, no matter whateverups and downs you come across in your life. Away! Fond thoughts, and vex my soul no more! Work claimed mywakeful nights, my busy days Albeit brought memories ofRameswaram shore Yet haunt my dreaming gaze! My worthiness is all my doubt His Merit- all my fear- Contrastingwhich my quality Does however appear. Thinking is progress. Non-thinking is stagnation of the individual,organization and the country. Thinking leads to action. Knowledgewithout action is useless and irrelevant. Knowledge with action,converts adversity into prosperity