APF Issue 21



Reporting to the Asia Pacific Fire Protection and Fire Service Industry

Transcript of APF Issue 21

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An MDM PUBLICATIONIssue 21 – March 2007


An MDM PUBLICATIONIssue 21 – March 2007


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Firefighters participate in a fire drill at atrain in Seoul. Picture courtesy ofReuters/Lee Jae-Won (South Korea)

PublishersMark Seton & David Staddon

Editorial ContributorsClifford Jones, Michael Mills, DaveCoverdale, Paul Gibson, BrendonMorris, Susan Bang, RogerWeinmeister, Paul Spooner

APF is published quarterly by:MDM Publishing Ltd The Abbey Manor Business Centre,The Abbey, Preston Road, Yeovil, Somerset BA20 2EN,United KingdomTel: +44 (0) 1935 426 428Fax: +44 (0) 1935 426 926 Email: [email protected]: www.mdmpublishing.com

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DISCLAIMER:The views and opinions expressed in ASIA PACIFIC FIRE MAGAZINE are notnecessarily those of MDM Publishing Ltd.The magazine and publishers are in noway responsible or legally liable for anyerrors or anomalies made within theeditorial by our authors. All articles are protected by copyright and writtenpermission must be sought from thepublishers for reprinting or any form ofduplication of any of the magazinescontent. Any queries should be addressedin writing to the publishers.Reprints of articles are available onrequest. Prices on application to thePublishers.

Page design by DorchesterTypesetting Group LtdPrinted in Singapore



An MDM PUBLICATIONIssue 21 – March 2007


An MDM PUBLICATIONIssue 21 – March 2007


March 2007Issue 21


05 NFPA Foreword

06-16 News,Product Profiles &Viewpoints

19-23 FireFighting Monitors –Selecting the RightOne for yourApplication

25-29 EffectiveFire System WarningDevices

31-37 Fire FighterProtection – IsImproved WearerComfort A Trade-OffAgainst Safety?

38-39 ExtricationRescue Education

41-44 HighPressure Water MistImproves TunnelSafety

47-51 ARFFVehicle Roundup

53-55 PlacingFans for Optimum PPVEffectiveness

57-60 ARFF FoamsRoundup

63-66 The ThermalImaging Camera – ALook At The Past,Present & Future

68-75 Distributor& RepresentativeOffice Listing

76 Advertisers’Index









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And much, And much,


MDM Publishing Ltd, The Abbey Manor Business Centre,

Tel: +44 (0) 1935 426 428

MDM Publishing Ltd, The Abbey Manor Business Centre,

Tel: +44 (0) 1935 426 428

Introducing our Introducing our INCORPORATING





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, much more . . ., much more . . .


The Abbey, Preston Road, Yeovil, Somerset BA20 2EN, UK

Fax: +44 (0) 1935 426 926

The Abbey, Preston Road, Yeovil, Somerset BA20 2EN, UK

Fax: +44 (0) 1935 426 926

r Hi-Tech Portal Site Hi-Tech Portal SiteFEATURING . . .● VIRTUAL ELECTRONIC MAGAZINES





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Last year, as NFPA’s Principal Gas Engineer, I presenteda seminar on Liquefied Natural Gas in Mumbai. Theseminar was coordinated by a member of the NFPA

LNG committee in India and sponsored by the IndianChemical Council. Engineers in the energy industry andthe Director of Explosives of India attended theseminar. During a previous visit to India I participated ina seminar on propane safety when propane importterminals were being proposed in India.

NFPA, which publishes 300 codes and standardsused throughout the world, is the publisher NFPA 59A,Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling ofLiquefied Natural Gas. NFPA 59A is adopted by the U.S. Government, and used extensively in other countriesas the standard to which LNG plants are built.

There has been a very high level of interest in LNGworldwide for the last few years. Liquefying natural gasprovides a practical way to use natural gas found in coun-tries with a small demand for the fuel. The liquefied gascan be economically shipped to countries that use naturalgas. When used as a fuel, natural gas offers significantenvironmental advantages over liquid fuels and coal.

The use of liquefied natural gas is not new. The firstcommercial LNG plant was built in 1941. A number ofexport plants and import terminals were constructed inthe 1960’s, with the majority being in Asia. After a lull ofabout 30 years we are in the middle of a worldwideboom in interest in LNG. This boom in interest resultsfrom increased demand for the fuel in countries thathave been importing LNG for several decades, new inter-est in LNG from countries such as India and China, andsignificantly increased interest in LNG imports into NorthAmerica. As an example, in 2005 North America hadfour LNG import terminals. One has been added, and 44others are being considered. While not all these will bebuilt, it demonstrates that demand for natural gas in

North America will no longer be met by local productionand limited imports, as it had been for many decades.

LNG terminal safety is of critical importance due to thevery large quantities stored and the flammability ofnatural gas. The safety experience with LNG terminalsworldwide up to this point has been excellent; howeverthe potential for injury and death to neighbors, while lowin probability, is significant. The only major LNG accidentoccurred in 1944 at the first LNG plant. A containerfailed, resulting in the spilling of about 4,000 m3 of LNG,a large fire, and over 100 fatalities. The lessons learnedfrom the mistakes made in designing this plant have beenapplied to all subsequent LNG plants (demonstrating thatwith knowledge LNG can be a safe fuel alternative).

The seminar included a review of NFPA 59A thathighlighted recent safety changes, a review of theregulations in the United States for permittingproposed LNG terminals, a “case study” following theprocess of permitting a proposed terminal in the Stateof Massachusetts, and a showing of the new film onLNG import terminal safety. Based on the interest inLNG in India, NFPA and the Indian Chemical Councilare proposing an international LNG seminar in Indialater this year. The governments of India and the UnitedStates have indicated support for the conference.

I invite anyone interested in reviewing NFPA gascodes (at no charge) to do so at www.nfpa.org. Fromthere you can visit NFPA’s document information page,www.nfpa.org/aboutthecodes/list_of_codes_and_standards.asp, select the document you want to reviewand scroll down to the heading “Additional informationabout this document” and finally click on the link“Preview this document”. NFPA is committed toenhancing worldwide public safety through thevoluntary use, adoption and enforcement of itsconsensus-based codes and standards.

By Theodore Lemoff

NFPA’s Principal GasEngineer

Foreword NFPA codes and standardsNFPA codes and standards are already being used in India in many areasincluding: suppression, detection, and emergency management; however in thelast few years we have seen an increased interest for hazardous material storagecodes. Building engineers, installers, architects, risk managers and the FireService have all expressed a need for NFPA scientific standards to be used in Indiatogether with the education in the use of these standards.

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TOKYO BOSAI SETSUBI CO. LTD. (TBS) ofJapan announces that it has selectedUnifire AB of Sweden and RosenbauerInternational AG of Austria as partners forits innovative automatic fire detection andextinguishing CAFS system. The system,created by TBS, combines a fire detectionsystem, a redundant central computercommand system, Unifire stainless steelForce series remote-controlled water/foammonitors, thermal (and optional optical)cameras mounted on each Force monitor,and the Rosenbauer Flash CAFS system foradded fire extinguishing effectiveness.

In the event a fire is detected by the firedetection system, a signal is sent to thesystems controlling computer indicatingthe fires general location. The closestmonitor (or monitors) then immediatelybegins scanning as the thermal imagingcameras locate and triangulate the exactposition of the fire on an x, y, z coordinate

system. The coordinates of the fire are fedback to the controlling computer, whichthen calculates the best trajectory andaccordingly aims the monitors to cover thefire. The entirely mechanical RosenbauerFlash CAFS system then begins discharginga compressed air foam solution throughthe monitors, directly onto the fire,

without any external power supply. Themonitor is preprogrammed to oscillate in a pattern most effective to cover the entire fire, and the nozzle is alsoprogrammed to effectively vary its spraypattern seamlessly between jet and spray.The parameters of the monitors oscillationand the nozzles spray pattern can beprogrammed to vary according to the sizeand location of the fire, and are fullyadjustable to meet the customersparticular needs.

The system can rapidly extinguish firesand limits the spray to the specific areawhere the fire breaks out. It can deploy fullyautomatically or, if desired, either semi-automatically or manually with theoperators prior approval and/or interventionat any time. The system is designed toendure very harsh environments, includingby use of the Unifire stainless steel 316monitors, and it can be deployed innumerous environments such as tunnels,underground structures, refuse pits, oiltanks, parking garages, on the interior andexterior of buildings and warehouses,airport arrival halls, and in aircraft hangars,to name just a few.

For more information, contact: Roger Barrett JamesDirector of International Sales & MarketingUNIFIRE ABTel: +46 303 248 403Email: [email protected]

Tokyo Bosai Setsubi Co. Ltd.(TBS) announces partnership

ANGUS FIRE has released a new DVDentitled “Demystifying LNG” that featuresthe latest developments in fire fightingfoam technology for Liquefied Natural Gas.Angus Fire is part of UTC Fire & Security, aunit of United Technologies Corp.

The DVD takes an in-depth look at theunique hazard posed by LNG and the needfor specialist fire protection equipment andtechniques. It features dramatic footage ofrecent large-scale tests carried out byAngus Fire and BP at the new world-classLNG testing and training facility at TexasA&M University.

In a simulated LNG spillage, highexpansion foam is shown controlling anddispersing flammable vapours safely awayfrom potential sources of ignition. Also, ina series of huge fire tests, foam is shownreducing radiant heat emissions, theprincipal cause of damage from LNG fires.

The specialist Angus LNG Turbexgenerates high expansion foam despiteprolonged exposure to the sub-zerotemperatures of LNG vapour clouds andthe searing heat of LNG fires. It usesAngus Expandol foam concentrate, whichis widely used at LNG facilities around theworld. The importance of selecting thecorrect foam expansion ratio andapplication rate is also emphasised on theDVD.

As the expansion of new LNG plantsand upgrades continues world wide, theneed for “Demystifying LNG” has neverbeen greater. It is a “must see” for anyoneinvolved in LNG fire safety.

For more information, please contact: Angus Fire Tel: +44 (0) 1844 265000 Email: [email protected]

Angus Fire Releases New“Demystifying LNG” DVD

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Our people and fire extinguishant products make the hard choices concerning fire protection alternatives simpler. Whether it's at a hospital or other facility, DuPont clean agent fire extinguishants minimize the impact of fire on a building without sacrificing fire suppression effectiveness. Now you can control fire without the damaging and lingering effects of water. For solutions that are safer for people, assets and the environment, look to DuPont FE products.

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A two-pound preemie. A two-ton MRI machine. How do you protect them both from fire?

Copyright © 2007 DuPont. The DuPont Oval Logo, DuPont™, The miracles of science™, The Science of Protection™, FE-13™, FE-25™, FE-36™, and FE-227™ are trademarks or registered trademarks of E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Dupont (APF21) w/p 1/3/07 4:32 PM Page 1

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Of course, these must be balanced with costand budget considerations. The latest trendsin design lean toward more transparent

building structures that feature the largest possibleglazed openings in interior walls (such as partitionsin escape routes, floors or façades). And becausethe glass used in such a structure must prevent thespread of fire into other parts of the building, onlythe most sophisticated glass products are adapted tosuch requirements. While this principle applies to allhuge public buildings and traffic centres, airports areamong the best examples of structures requiring themulti-functional application of special glass products.Especially in terms of safety and fire resistance!

Large glazed areas of fire protection glass can befound in almost every modern airport. VetrotechSaint-Gobain’s most well-known fire resistant glassproducts, such as SGG CONTRAFLAM, SGGPYROSWISS and SGG SWISSFLAM STRUCTURE, areapplied in glazed partitions and fire doors, and havebeen utilized for construction projects at the UniqueAirport Zurich-Switzerland, where partitions werebuilt with SGGPYROSWISS E30 glass, and in thenew Hong Kong International Airport, where theroof glazing above shopping areas ensures compart-mentisation in the case of a fire.

Vetrotech has recently completed several chal-lenging projects that combine maximum visibilitywith maximum safety, which proves that such abalance can be achieved. One of these projects wasconducted in one of Germany’s InterCity Express(ICE) train stations, which happens to be locateddirectly underneath the check-in areas of the Köln-Bonn (Cologne) Airport. Smoke curtains madefrom 30-minute fire-resistant integrity glass were

utilized to help protect airport dwellers fromhazardous toxic gasses in the event of a train fire.Considering several tragedies of this nature, includ-ing the Madrid train station blasts in 2004 where190 people were killed.

The fire safety and aesthetic requirements at thenew Cologne-Bonn airport called for the first-everapplication of vertical fire-resistant glass smokecurtains with point-fixed (spider) SGGVETROFLAMglass. Before its installation, the glass was success-fully tested in an independent fire test laboratory indimensions of up to 1150 x 3850 mm.

Vetrotech is now developing glass with similardimensions for another airport project, this one atthe Roissy-Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris. Theproject will utilize SGGCONTRAFLAM STRUCTURE;an EI 60 fire rated “butt-joint“system with siliconesealing, in dimensions of up to 1250 x 3750 mm.

Fire resistant glasses, made by Vetrotech Saint-Gobain, are unique in terms of mechanicalproperties. All our glasses are tested for impact resis-tance and fulfil the highest classification for safety.

In addition, recent tests for explosion resistanceaccording EN 13541 have proven that glasses,designed for combined safety can withstand therequirements and bring additional safety withinblast and fire building components.

Thus, Vetrotech Saint-Gobain glass productscomply with arguably the widest range of safetyevidence available today for glass in passive fireprotection for building and marine construction; thisallows us to provide you with an up-to-date productrange for specific requirements in safety.

Without forgetting the importance of design andarchitecture! APF

If you have any questionsregarding fire-resistant glasssolutions for an airportproject, please contact: Vetrotech Saint-Gobain Tel: +41 31 336 81 81Email:[email protected] Website: www.vetrotech.com

The invisibility offire safety in publictransport Areas When developing concepts for the planning of a modern public transport area,architects and designers need to consider a number of requirements, includingaesthetics, functionality, and safety issues.

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VETROTECH SAINT-GOBAIN HONGKONG LTD.Unit 901 9/FAustin TowersNr. 152 Austin RoadTsimshatsui, KowloonHongkong (SAR)Tel. +852 2878 1883Fax +852 2878 [email protected]

VETROTECH SAINT-GOBAIN INTERNATIONAL AGStauffacherstrasse 128CH-3000 Bern 22Tel. +41 31 336 81 81Fax +41 31 336 81 [email protected]


Check the extended dealer listing for a contact near you

Vetrotech Saint-Gobain’s advanced door and partition systems are designed to give architects and specifi ers the freedom to build in maximum aesthetics to fi re safety. Once upon a time, that would have been impossible. Now, with Vetrotech Saint-Gobain, it’s no longer a fairy tale.

(in)visible fire protection.

Inserate_2007.indd 1Inserate_2007.indd 1 26.1.2007 9:14:36 Uhr26.1.2007 9:14:36 Uhr

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7500 Square Foot

Testing Facility.

Result of Product-

line and Company

GrowthContinuing a commitment to providing thesafest and highest quality products in themarket, ELKHART BRASS is proud toannounce the opening of an expanded,state-of-the-art test facility in their Elkhart,Indiana headquarters.

“Our new testing facility not only helpsensure we deliver the best and safestwaterflow products, but also allows us tocontinue to design, develop andmanufacture innovative solutions and getthem to the market faster. The newUnibody Valve is a perfect example of thisimproved design-to-build executionprocess,” stated Don Sjolin, MarketingDirector for Elkhart Brass.

The test facility is the first of its kind inthe industry and is an expansion of 7500square feet to the current test centre. The

new expansion includes a 2400 squarefoot testing booth with over 30 yards ofconcrete creating a 50 ton backsplash. Thecentre includes a 20,000 gallon holding/re-circulating tank feeding a CMU 2-stageWaterous Pump.

“R&D is critical for us to continue to bean innovator in waterflow equipment. Thenew test facility positions us to keepinnovating for years to come,” stated DonSjolin.

The new test centre is live andoperational and can be toured during visitsto Elkhart Brass’ headquarters.

For more information, please contact: Elkhart Brass, Inc. Email: [email protected] Website: www.elkhartbrass.com

Elkhart Brass OpensEnhanced Testing Center

To compliment its incomparable range ofdecontamination and blue-light productsPROFESSIONAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS hasintroduced a range of lighting units. The rangeembraces all needs and all situations from handheld and head lights to a range of flood lights.

A feature of the PPS flood light range is thatit is battery charged eliminating the hazardscreated by trailing cables not to mention theneed to have a source of power. They are alsosilent, non-conductive and cool running withthe larger units offering up to 15 hourscontinuous running. The two best sellers in thisrange are the Starlite and Maxi 2000 flodlights.According to PPS Managing Director, MarkWhitcher, the Starlite is regarded as the mostpowerful rechargeable floodlight in the world.“There are simply no equivalents in the globalmarket place” he says “that is why it is provingso popular with police, fire and emergencyservices generally”. Its telescopic tripod gives ita maximum height of 3.5 metres, and even atthis height, even in the most difficult conditions,it enjoys great stability thanks to the unusuallywide spread of the tripod feet. Its primary beam

gives up to three hours standard whilst asecondary beam gives up to 10 hours. The otherbest seller, the Maxi 2000 is a rapid responseunit which has proved itself with rail andelectricity maintenance teams. An unusuallywide range of accessories have made it abyword for flexibility and adaptability. It offersthree kinds of bases for instance; gripper,magnetic or suction and it can also operate

from a vehicle cigar socket adapter thanks to a5m extension lead option.

The head light range consists of the Matrixand the 2 in 1. The 2 in 1 is so called because itoffers both high powered halogen bulb andultra bright LED light in the same unit. Thehalogen light can be focused from spot to floodwhilst the LED facility is ideal for close up work,consumes little power and can operate for over100 hours. The Matrix can be adjusted through90° vertically and is both water and shockresistant. With three lighting functions and aflashing mode for emergencies the Matrix bulbsare designed to last for 100,000 hours.

For a hand lamp PPS offer the Panther, a onemillion candlepower hand lamp with a one milebeam. The Panther is virtually unbreakableincorporating a toughened lens and a shockresistant polyethylene plastic casing. Suitablefor use in all weather conditions it can operatefor up to four hours when used on low beamand comes with a mains and vehicle charger.

For more information, please contact:Professional Protection Systems Ltd.Tel: +44(0) 1908 272240Email: [email protected]

Announcing thenew Argus™4, TruckStorage Mount andBattery ChargerThe new Argus™4 Truck Storage Mount andBattery Charger provide secure storage withinstant access forthe Argus™4Thermal ImagingCamera andcharging facilitiesfor the batterypack.

The unit isdesignedprimarily for thestorage of acamera within afire truck, but canbe fitted to anyflat surface. Thecamera fitssecurely into the storage mount using a quick-release strap and will hold the camera with thehandle either fitted or removed.

The battery charger will charge either thecamera battery pack or the transmitter batterypack and charging can continue whether thevehicle is parked, running or in normaloperation. The charger has a LED to indicatethat the battery is being charged, and the unitwill maintain the battery at full charge at alltimes without the risk of overcharging thebattery. The battery charger can be fitted to thestorage mount, or any area of the fire truck.

For more information, please visitwww.e2v.com

New PPS Lighting Range ToCompliment Mass Decon AndBlue Light Products

News P. 6-14 7/3/07 1:36 PM Page 10

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South AustraliaCountry Fire ServiceApproximately a 25-minute drive from the centre of Adelaide, the Capital City ofSouth Australia, you will find one of the most versatile volunteer firefightingbrigades in South Australia – the Upper Sturt Fire Brigade (USFB).


Situated along the Mount Lofty ranges, thistwo-appliance station is home to 30-activevolunteer firefighters who protect over

60-tonnes/hectare of highly dense bush landvegetation. Equipped with a 4WD, 2,000-litre,appliance called the Upper Sturt 24 and a 2WD,1,000-litre mini-pumper called the Upper Sturt 12,the USFB attends anything from operationalincidents such as brush and wildfires to structuralfires, motor vehicle fires and even general rescueemergencies.

But unlike their urban counterparts, the regionthe USFB protects doesn’t always have the luxury ofhooking their appliance up to a fire hydrant orwater line. What that means is the brigade needsto make sure they have enough water to do thejob. And depending on the fire, you just don’tknow how much that is.

In the case of the USFB, if water was running lowduring a fire they either had to make sure a bulkwater carrier was enroute to refill their appliance, orthey had to leave, fill-up and come back. This mighttake anywhere from 10 to 15 minutes, and anyfirefighter will tell you 10 to 15 minutes is morethan enough time for serious damage to occur.

The solution to their problem came in the formof a portable pump called the Floto-Pump™.Manufactured by Waterous, this small, powerfuland cost-effective pump gave the USFB the versatilitythey needed to manage their water supply issueswith enhanced efficiency.

In cases where there are not hydrants to fill theappliances, the Floto-Pump can be used to fill the appliance from an alternative water sourcesuch as a river, a swimming pool, holding dam oreven a creek. “Sometimes conditions didn’t allowus to get the fire appliance as close or as practicalas we’d like it to be,” said Dan Schiansky, Captain,Upper Sturt Brigade. “With the Floto-Pump, if thereis a pool or a static water source nearby we canconnect it to pump and directly attack the fire.”

The USFB also serves as an effective tool whenused for pumping water from holding dams locatedthroughout the region. These types of dams arequite large and can be a useful water supply.“Before we didn’t use the holding dams becausethey are clay-based, and using a fire appliance topump from the dam would only pull the dirty waterfrom the bottom of the dam, which is full of sludgeand debris,” said Schiansky. “Using the Floto-Pump, we don’t run into that problem. The pumpactually pulls in water off the top of the dam sosludge and debris is not a concern.”

A recent example of when the USFB’s effectivemethods came in to play was when the USFB wascalled to assist on a fire in the Mount Bold area,approximately 45-kilometers away from the station.

The fire, which was initiated in the grassland, hadspread into a plantation pine forest and a waterreservoir – a reservoir that holds water for the cityof Adelaide.

On this particular day, the state was havingextreme fire weather conditions due to high winds,dry fuel loading and low rainfall. “This allowed thefire to move and establish itself quite quickly,” saidSchiansky. “When it was all said and done and thefire was contained, it had spread to approximately2,000 hectares.”

When the USFB arrived on the scene, they wereplaced into “asset protection”. Working with theMt. Lofty Strike Team, the USFB had engaged the Upper Sturt 24. During the fight, the appliancewas running low on water and was re-deployed toa nearby house that was under immediate threat.

On arrival, firefighters from the USFB saw that avehicle was on fire next to the house. The garagewas also fully engulfed, causing immediate dangerto the house. The three appliances that were attend-ing the fire were also low on water and were notable to continue to fight the fire. The Bulk watercarriers were not able to enter the hot zone of the fireas it was too dangerous for their safety. That’s whenfirefighters from the USFB began to look for possiblealternatives to suppress the fire until the bulk watercarriers could arrive when the fire became safe.

Noticing that there was a swimming pool at thefront of the house Captain Schiansky, grabbed theirbrigade’s Floto-Pump and placed it within the pool.Connecting a 38mm hose to the pump, Schianskyand his fellow firefighters were able to extinguishcar and the house before it became fully involved,thus saving the house from destruction. “Eventhough we couldn’t save the garage, we were ableto save the house,” says Schiansky.

“The area we were firefighting only had water instorage tanks or holding dams,” said Schiansky. “If itwasn’t for the Floto-Pump, we would have lost ahouse worth $500,000. So was a $3,000 investmentin a portable pump worth it? Every penny!” APF

For more information, pleasecontact: Waterous Australia Tel: +61 07 5522 8930 Email:[email protected]

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Fire & Safety EXPO KOREA presents newupcoming innovations to make the safe worldreality and brings together users and suppliers

of the global fire and safety industry. At the sametime, it offers a market where public procurement,B2B and B2C are dynamically blended in. You canfind all the useful information here and meet keyplayers from government, industry and academiaall around the world.

All eyes of world professionals are centered onFire & Safety EXPO KOREA 2007!

Korea is one of the biggest markets in Asiaabout USD 17 billion in the fire & safety area.Korean government (NEMA) has been eager toboom up the Fire & Safety Industry by strongpolicy and has supported Fire & Safety EXPOKOREA.

This exhibition has special program called‘Oversea Buyers Invitation Program’ to provideeasy access to overseas buyers. Don’t miss such acost-effective chance to visit Korea with less effort.This program provides free accommodation fortwo nights and breakfast in deluxe hotel to reliablebuyers and includes ‘free city tour’, ‘Interpretationservice’ and ‘Shuttle bus service’. APF

Please contact the secretariat:Fire & Safety EXPO KOREA 2007Tel: +82-53-601-5065 Email: [email protected] Website: www.fireexpo.co.krin advance

Please register on-line(http://www.fireexpo.co.kr/eng/visi/online_visi.asp) rightnow!

The Gateway toa Disaster-FreeWorld!Join ‘Fire & Safety EXPO KOREA 2007! It is the largest total safety exhibition ofits kind in Korea covering every aspect of disaster prevention. About 200 leadingfire & safety companies and 20,000 buyers from around the world will meet oneanother and explore the present and the future of the industry at the Fire &Safety EXPO Korea 2007, gateway to the Asian market.

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Hosted by | NEMA (National Emergency Management Agency), Daegu Metropolitan CityOrganized by | KFI (Korea Fire Equipment Inspection Corporation), EXCO (Daegu Exhibition & Convention Center)

Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy, Public Procurement Service, Korea Meteorological Administration,Korea Foreset Service, Korea Trade Investment Promotion Agency, Korea Occupational Safety & Health Agency,Korea Fire-fighting Escapement Industry Cooperative, Korea Fire Safety Association, Korean Institute of Fire Science & Engineering,National Fire Volunteer Association, Korea Institute of Fire Science & Engineering Society of Fire Protection Engineers,Korea Disaster Prevenion Association, Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, Construction Association of KOREA,Korean Emergency Medical Technician Association, Korea Mech. Const. Contractors Association, Korea Specialty Contractors Association

Secretariat of Fire EXPO 2007Tel: +82-53-601-5085 Fax: +82-53-601-5079 E-mail: [email protected]

Number of Exhibitors 20 Countries, 200 Companies, 800 BoothsVisitors(Expected) Total 70,000 People from 40 CountriesExhibits Profile Fire Prevention, Fire Extinguishing, Rescue & EMS, Disaster prevention, City Safety,

Industry Safety, SecurityConference & Events Int’l fire prevention symposium, Int’l seminar on disaster, Academic conference,

New Technology & Product Publication, Adventure 119


April 24(Tue) 27(Fri) EXCO(DAEGU)Fire & Safety EXPO KOREA 2007

Supported by |

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TASK FORCE TIPS’ newJumbo BIV marries theindustry’s largest ball intakevalve waterway with theindustry’s toughest coatings,producing a corrosionresistant valve that delivershuge water with loss of only3 psi @ 2,000 gpm.

“We can’t keep thesejumbo valves on the shelves,”said TFT’s Vice President ofSales and Marketing RodCarringer, pointing to agroup of new Jumbo BIVsbeing prepared to ship. “Iguess word got out from ourfield testing, because peoplestarted calling for them even before ournew catalog came out.”

The new Jumbo BIV’s 51⁄4 inch waterwayis the answer to repeated requests forhigher flows from customers who swearby TFT’s top selling BIV – a unit thatfeatures a standard 35⁄8 inch waterway.Although engineers nearly doubled thestandard waterway size, they added lessthan an inch in unit height and 11⁄2 inch inlength.

“We’ve triple coated the BIV ever sinceit was introduced back in 2002,” Carringersaid. “Not only do we rely on our uniquepoly-impregnation process, but we alsohard coat anodize AND powder coat finishthem for additional protection againstharsh environments. Then we usedstainless steel components on the valve’swet side, as an extra layer of protection. Ifthat doesn’t convince you, remember thatthe Jumbo BIV’s backed by TFT’sremarkable five-year product guarantee.”

The new Jumbo BIV’s 30° elbow swivels360°, allowing hose connections from anydirection with minimal kinks and couplingstress. It also has a unique position

indicator that lets the operator know if thevalve is opened, closed or somewhere inbetween. Its hand wheel, which can beinstalled on either the left or right side,takes a full 71⁄2 turns to close, meetingNFPA slow-close requirements.

“All of which may sound like overkill.But that protection from corrosion is whatallows TFT’s BIVs to work under the mostextreme conditions. Because, after all,firefighters work under extreme conditionsevery day,” Carringer said. “This may be anew product, but it has the same TFTquality that people worldwide have grownaccustomed to buying. Not to mention our24 hour service line, which we’ve had foryears, because most firefighters don’t justwork from nine to five.”

For those with 4 inch or 41⁄2 inch intakethreads on their pump, TFT has twoadapter rings that are featured in its newcatalog.

For more information, please contact:Task Force Tips, Inc.Tel: +1 219 548 1051Website: www.tft.com



Task Force Tips’ New JumboBIV provides big water relief


Vantage family extendedwith 12V Blue Beacon forsecurity applicationsCRANFORD CONTROLS’ Vantage range of highperformance beacons for fire and securitysystem applications has been extended with theintroduction of a 12V blue version. The deviceuses the latest high output surface mount whiteLEDs to produce a brilliant 1Hz flash. Currentconsumption is 12mA in normal mode, or forlarge installations, low current mode can beselected during installation to reduce thecurrent draw to 8mA to reduce power supplyand battery back-up requirements.

The beacon itself is mounted into a separatebase using a bayonet lock, allowing the unit tobe easily changed if the system configuration ismodified after installation. The separate basealso means that the device itself does not haveto be installed during the first fix, reducing thepossibility of damage.

Cranford Controls is a leading independentmanufacturer of audible and visual warningdevices and ancillary products for use in the fire,security and process control industries.

For more information, please contact: Cranford Controls Ltd. Email: [email protected] Website: www.cranfordcontrols.com

The new Wolf rechargeable, lightweight R-50 safety torch, ATEX Certified to Zone1, originally designed for the Europeanfirefighting market, is now becoming thepreferred choice for offshore gas and oiloperators around the world.

The R-50 incorporates new technologyin the form of ultra lightweight, highcapacity lithium–ion rechargeable cells,coupled with state-of-the-art battery controltechnology, which notably improves

performance and reliability, eliminatingmemory effect, thus reducing total ‘cost ofownership’ by extending the life-cycle ofthe product.

The outstanding beam from its LED lightsource penetrates smoke to a level neverpreviously experienced, and with two levelsof light output the torch provides up to sixhours duration. Ergonomically designedwith easy single-handed switching, therobust R-50 is also low maintenance, withquick component replacement. Foradditional safety, battery state-of-charge isshown as a bar of high intensity red LEDs,each one extinguishing as the batterycharge diminishes. In an emergency, the R-50 can be recharged to 90 per centcapacity in 90 minutes.

For more information, please contact: Wolf Safety Lamp Co Ltd. Email: [email protected] Website: www.wolf-safety.co.uk

The Wolf Safety Lamp Company –THE LIGHTCHOICE

News P. 6-14 7/3/07 1:36 PM Page 14

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A BeamDetector for allInstallationsWhen it comes to optical beam smoke detectors no other company has theexperience, or the product range, of Fire Fighting Enterprises Ltd. With wellover 600,000 beams installed, including in some of the World’s most prestigiousbuildings, it is clear that the FireRay series of projected beam detectors is themodel of choice for both installers and specifiers.


The model range comprises:

The FireRay 2000 end-to-end beam detector, awell-established product noted for its ruggedness,small detector head size and low level control. Thesmall size of the transmitter and receiver meanthat it is ideally suited to projects where a lowvisual impact is required, such as buildings ofhistorical importance. The FireRay 2000 has CPD,EN54 and UL certification plus others. A typicalinstallation is Hong Kong International Airportwhere the beams do not interfere with thestunning Norman Foster design.

The FireRay 50/100 reflective beam detectorswere amongst the first purpose built reflectiveproducts. The big advantage with this product isthat both the transmitter and receiver are in thesame discrete unit, which reduces the amount ofcabling required thus saving time and significantlyreduces installation costs. The FireRay 50/100reflective has CPD, EN54 and UL certification plusothers. This beam has been used in many presti-gious locations including the British Museum andthe Foreign Office in London.

The FireRay 2000 Eexd is the only ATEX 94/9/ECcertified beam detector available. Its flameproofconstruction and robust housing make it particu-larly suitable for use in hazardous locations whereother types of smoke detection would beunsuitable. Typical applications are oil refineries,petrochemical plants and warehouses for thestorage of flammable liquids. These beams havebeen successfully used in ordnance bays in theFalkland Islands and in some marine applications.

The new flagship model of the range is the innov-ative FireRay 5000 Auto-Aligning Infra-RedOptical Beam Smoke Detector. This is a completelynew design that incorporates pioneering technologythat addresses the needs of both user and installer.Key features include: Easifit First Fix system; LASERassisted alignment, AutOptimise automatic beamalignment and a 2-wire interface from the detectorto the controller. This pioneering product is currentlygoing through the approval process for CPD, EN54and UL and is protected by British Patent Application2426323 and by International Patent ApplicationPCT/GB2006/1799 pending. APF

Further details can be found atour website: www.ffeuk.com

P. 15 FFE Prod. Profile 7/3/07 1:39 PM Page 15

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By J. C. Jones

Department ofEngineeringUniversity of Aberdeen [email protected]

Fire Safety Issuesin Singapore,Then and Now The island nation of Singapore was established as a British possession byStamford Raffles in 1819. In 1855, by which time the population of Singaporehad increased hugely, there were heavy financial losses through a major fire inKling St. in the Chinese district.


There was no organised fire response team inSingapore until 1869, when the governmentcreated volunteer fire brigades which proved

ineffective. In 1888 the City Council set up a single Singapore Fire Brigade which was properlycapitalised with equipment and trained firefighters. It used horse-drawn appliances until 1908 when these were replaced by motorisedappliances. The year 1908 was a significant onefor the Brigade in another respect: it was in thatyear that the Central Fire Station in Hill St. wasopened. It had been built and fitted out at a costof $64000, an enormous sum in those days. A veryimposing building and for many years the tallestbuilding in Singapore, Central Fire Station is stillfunctioning although parts of it are used to housea museum.

The remit of the Singapore Fire Brigade wasextended in 1928 to take in ambulance services. Inanticipation of war, the Brigade was in March1939 augmented by an Auxiliary Fire Service. Thencame the Japanese occupation of Singapore. Atthat time the Singapore Fire Brigade had manyBritish officers, and the usual fate of Britishexpatriate at the time of the occupation was to besent to the appallingly cruel POW camp at Changi.British firemen serving with the Singapore FireBrigade were spared internment at Changibecause of the need for a fire service to remain inoperation during the occupation.

The Singapore Fire Brigade retained that nameuntil 1980 when it became the Singapore FireService. Major fires in the fighting of which theBrigade had had an involvement in the meantimeinclude that at a squatter settlement in the part ofSingapore known as Bukit Ho Swee in 1961, inwhich there were four deaths and eighty-five non-fatal injuries. Sixteen thousand people losttheir homes, such as they were, in the fire. The fireis seen as having a place in social history in that itshowed that not only disease and infection butalso extreme fire hazards result when humanbeings have to live under such conditions. The rea-son is not at all difficult to understand: the fireload at a squatter camp would be higher than thatin decent residences. The fire load in homes in theUK, averaged over the entire floor area, is typically8 lb of flammable material per square foot of floorspace. We can be quite sure that the fire load atBukit Ho Swee at the time of the fire greatlyexceeded this, with the tragic consequences

described. Just over a decade after the Bukit HoSwee fire came that at Robinson’s Departmentstore in Raffles Place, Singapore. This had beenfounded as far back as 1858 and by the time ofthe fire had a number of branches in the regionand a franchise to sell Marks and Spencer prod-ucts. In November 1972 the store was destroyedby fire with the loss of nine lives.

At the present time the Singapore-Malaysiaregion is becoming a leading centre for oil and gasactivity. Singapore itself is chiefly in downstreamactivity including refining. The Bukom refinery inSingapore is the largest of all the refineries in theworld operated by Shell, processing 500,000barrels of crude oil per day largely for export toother countries of the Far East. Huge quantities of hydrocarbons pass through the Port ofSingapore. Such activity brings commensurateresponsibility in terms of fire protection andpreparedness for a major fire and in the ‘post 9/11’world there is the added dimension of possibleterrorism. A vessel containing liquefied natural gas (LNG) is a possible terrorist target, there being a great deal of LNG transportation by sea tocountries including Japan. There have beenconcerns about LNG tankers in Boston Harbour,where such tankers pass quite close to residentialproperty. That is one reason why it is proposed tobuild a storage facility for LNG at Outer BrewsterIsland, ten miles out to sea from Boston andcurrently a redundant military site. There is a greatdeal of LNG activity in Singapore and proposals tobuild an LNG terminal. The concerns about Bostonapply also to Singapore: an LNG tanker there or an LNG facility onshore could be a target forterrorism.

This article began by tracing the development ofa fire service for Singapore when it was a Britishterritory with a highly varied racial profile. It hasalso pointed out the significance of the fire atBukit Ho Swee. Singapore is now an island state ofpopulation about 3.5 million and a major centre of affairs in the hydrocarbon industry. The articlewill conclude with two points which the presentauthor does not necessarily unreservedly endorsebut which will interest readers. One is that theBukit Ho Swee fire has been compared to theGreat Fire of London. The other is that in terms ofoil and gas supply Singapore is being comparedwith Houston. Thoughtful readers should evaluateeach of those for themselves! APF

P. 16 FSI Singapore Viewpoint 7/3/07 1:39 PM Page 16

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Drager w/p 8/3/07 1:53 PM Page 1

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Step Up to ElectronicRemote-Controlled MonitorsStep Up to ElectronicRemote-Controlled Monitors

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wide distributor network.

Protect Your Facility, Product and People.Designed for use by petrochemical refineries, transporters and processors, these fully-customizable, advanced electronic systems are safer and more reliable than manual monitors.

To upgrade to our electronic remote-controlled monitor systems, call us at 1-574-295-8330 or 1-800-346-0250.www.elkhartbrass.com

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EBM-06-170 ad idea3rev7.qxp 2/9/06 12:35 pm Page 1

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Storage facilities

Monitors are widely used for protectingstorage tanks containing hydrocarbon andpolar solvent flammable liquid risks. Fixed

systems incorporate hand-operated monitors,geared monitors with hand wheels and oscillatingmonitors. These are used not only to apply foamon to fires but also to cool adjacent tanks. Flowsof 4,000 to 7,500 lpm at 7 bar will normallyachieve an adequate reach.

Supplementary cover is provided by portableand mobile monitors. Small monitors can bedesigned to be carried by hand and placed on theground to provide a rapid response in the event of

a fire. They must be properly secured so theycannot move once the water flow and pressure isapplied, usually by means of fire hoses and portablepumps. Portable ground monitors should combinelight weight with stability, and be quick and easyto deploy and fold away. Light alloy models with21⁄2 inch inlet connections have capacities ofaround 1800 lpm at 7 bar but higher outputs canbe achieved by using an anchor spike on softground that helps to resist the jet reaction forces.

Larger hand-portable models with 3 and 4 inchinlets and capacities of 2,700 to 3,700 lpm at 7bar are secured by means of an adjustable bipodarrangement. The throw is defined in terms of

By Michael Mills

Product Manager,Angus Fire

Fire FightingMonitors:Selecting the Right One for yourApplicationFire fighting monitors are used to apply water, foam or dual agents whereverthere are large quantities of flammable or combustible liquids. Storage andprocess areas in the oil and petrochemical sectors are the most commonapplications. In the world of transport they are found on shipping and loadingjetties, airport crash tenders, aircraft hangars and helicopter landing areas.Industrial applications include power stations and incineration plants. Monitorscatering for all these different applications are available in a bewildering choiceof designs, sizes, materials and nozzle configurations. Here Michael Mills ofAngus Fire explains how to choose the right monitor for your application.

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height and distance. For example, the Angus Titanwill put foam on to the top of a fuel storage tank20 metres high from a distance of 30 metres.

Moving up the scale, monitors such as theAngus Colossus with capacities ranging from3,000 to 40,000 lpm can also be mounted ontrailers. The mobile monitor can be used to reachareas not well covered by fixed monitors. Trailersare often fitted with outriggers to provide stabilityand water tanks on the trailer can be filled toprovide additional weight for stability. Extra tankscan also be specified to provide foam.

Restricted accessIn some applications, such as loading jetties orlocations with explosive atmospheres, it is neces-sary to operate a monitor remotely. To do thismotors are fitted to move the monitor body in thehorizontal and vertical planes. In addition, if themonitor is fitted with an adjustable nozzle this willalso need to be moved with a motor or actuator.Remote control monitors often need to meet thestandards for operation in an area subject toexplosive gases such as ATEX in Europe or NEC inthe USA. Some applications require a master paneland slave panel arrangement, while others requirefeedback to show the operator where the monitoris pointing so that it can be operated even whensmoke obscures the view.

Remote control monitors are available withhydraulic or electric drives or a combination ofboth. Hydraulic motors have the advantages oflow cost, simplicity, ease of maintenance and areusually explosive proof. There is no need to uselimit switches on the motors since they simplyrecycle the hydraulic fluid without damage whenthey reach the limit of travel. Their compactnessmakes them ideal for marine jetty protection,ships, incineration plants and power generation.However, the maximum distance between themonitor and control panel is limited to 300 metresand there are no facilities for a secondary panel orposition indicators.

Electric motors must have a mechanism to stopthe current when they reach the limit of travel orthey may burn out. Modern positioning encodersand electronic controls are today replacing themore traditional overload protection devices. Electricmotors have the advantages of a possible masterand slave panel arrangement, built-in encodersthat will show the monitor position if required,and the distance between the monitor and masterpanel is unlimited. However, electric models canbe expensive if explosive proof motors are neces-sary. Secondary panels in an explosive area alsoneed to be contained in explosive proof casings.

For some applications, combined hydraulic/electric systems are preferred. In these the monitoris moved using hydraulic motors, but the hydraulicpower is provided by individual hydraulic powerpacks mounted at the base of the monitor. The power packs are generally explosive proof.



In some applications, such as

loading jetties or locations

with explosive atmospheres, it

is necessary to operate a

monitor remotely.

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The advantages of this arrangement are that itcombines the benefits of using hydraulic motorswith the benefits of electrical control panels,retaining the option of a slave panel and nodistance limitations between the master panel andthe monitor.

Explosive environmentsMonitors often need to be sited in areas wheregases or flammable liquids that give off vapoursare processed, stored or transported. While thereis little risk of explosion when the liquids andgases are contained, it must be assumed thatthere is a risk of explosion if there is a breakdown,a release or a fire. To allow for this, specificationsnormally call for monitors and their controlsystems to be manufactured and approved tointernational explosion proof standards such as the European ATEX (ATmosphères EXplosibles)

or NEC (National Electrical Code) in the USA.Under the ATEX Directive most monitors will be

sited in a “Zone 1” atmosphere where ignitableconcentrations of flammable gases, vapours orliquids are likely to exist under normal operatingconditions. Zone 1 requires monitors and controlequipment to be “Group II” approved. A Zone 1environment requires equipment classified as“Category 2G”, where G stands for gas. The typeof protection applied is defined by the CENELEC(Comité Européen de Normalisation Electro-technique) code. Ratings are described by a letterpreceded by “EEx”. An explosive or flame proofenclosure for a control panel intended for a Zone1 area would be classed as “EEx d”. In addition,the maximum surface temperature the equipmentcan generate is also added to ensure it cannotform the source of ignition for any gases present.The code “T4” indicates a maximum temperature



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of 135°C, which caters for most fire fightingrequirements in industrial areas. Therefore, for amonitor used to protect a Zone 1 area, for examplea hydrocarbon loading jetty, the ATEX approvalshould read “CE Ex II 2 II EEx d T4”.

Under the NEC system, areas are firstly given a“Class” location for specific applications. Class 1covers flammable gases, vapours or liquids. Classesare further divided into “Divisions”. Division 2 isdefined as “Where ignitable concentrations offlammable gases, vapours or liquids are not likelyto exist under normal operating conditions”. Thereis a further classification for the type of gas orvapour that may be present and their ignition tem-peratures. Most industrial groups fall underGroups C and D. Therefore, a typical monitorinstalled under the US classification system may berequired to operate in a Class 1, Division 2 area inwhich gases in Groups C and D may be present.

The ATEX system became mandatory in Europein July 2003 and reflects a more up-to-datemethod of working. It also takes into account awider range of parameters than the US system. Asa result, ATEX is a more comprehensive systemand is therefore preferred for most fire fightingspecifications.

Transport applicationsA wide range of oscillating monitors is availablewhich provides a powerful, sweeping waterstream for high performance attack and protec-tion. These are used principally in aircraft hangarsand on offshore helicopter landing areas.

Safety levels at airports have been rising inrecent years thanks to greater use of advancedoscillating monitor technology in aircraft hangars.Fire protection for aircraft hangars, whether civil ormilitary, has traditionally been based on NFPA 409.Generally the requirements have been for foam-water deluge systems incorporating sprinklerheads such as the Angus K40 supplemented bylow-level oscillating foam monitors for under-wingprotection.

But in recent years operators have been movingaway from overhead sprinkler systems in favour ofoscillating monitors mounted not only at low-levelfor under-wing protection, but also at high levelfor fuselage and over-wing protection. The mainreason for this trend is the growing belief thatmost hangar fires occur at floor-level. It takes lesstime for foam to reach such fires from floor-mounted monitors than from sprinklers mountedon high ceilings. Monitors sweeping automaticallythrough pre-set arcs of oscillation can cover vastareas of hangar floor space with foam withinseconds of actuation.

The effectiveness of overhead sprinkler systemsin extinguishing fires that occur inside parked air-craft has also been called into question. While thegentle downward flow of foam from sprinklers maybe deflected by air turbulence created by such fires,oscillating monitors mounted at high-level ensure amore powerful and penetrating delivery of foam.

Another important consideration is that monitorsystems require lower water demands and reser-voirs, lower pumping capacity, and simpler pipingarrangements than overhead sprinkler systems. Inother words, they are simpler and cheaper toinstall, maintain and operate.

Automatic oscillating monitors are generallyfabricated from bronze and are available in capaci-ties of 4,000 to 8,500 lpm at 7 bar. The oscillatingmechanism does not require filtered water and abroad oscillation angle is normally adjustable from45° to 120°. The number, capacities and locationsof oscillating monitors depend on factors such asthe hangar layout, available water pressures andthe aircraft parking areas requiring coverage. APF



Michael Mills is ProductManager at Angus Fire,responsible for the globalmarketing of the company’sStreamline range of firefighting monitors. Angus Firehas been at the forefront offire fighting monitordevelopment for over fortyyears including fixed andmobile, manual and remotecontrol, water and foammodels. Angus Fire is part ofUTC Fire & Security, a UnitedTechnologies Corp.(NYSE:UTX) business unit,which provides fire safetyand security solutions tomore than one millioncustomers around the world.UTC Fire & Security isheadquartered inConnecticut, USA.

Safety levels at airports have

been rising in recent years

thanks to greater use of

advanced oscillating monitor

technology in aircraft hangars.

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When ResponseTime Matters

Tel: +44 (0) 1483 769 555 • www.nittan.co.uk

The Nittan Model 2RA-P is a point type flamedetector capable of providing a very fast responsedue to its high sensitivity. It is a sensor with state-of-the-art technology that drastically reduces theoccurrence of false alarms whilst remaining highlysensitive.

It detects infrared energy emitted in fire and sends asignal to an automatic fire alarm system or to a firealarm control panel.

It is capable of providing a supervision distance of17m ~ 30m and a supervision angle of 100º Max.

For the detection of Infrared energy, a “pyro-electric effect” isused to detect the flicker frequency of the flame (1 – 10 Hz )and monitor the special characteristics of CO2 resonantemission from the flame (wavelength of 4.3µm), as well as anon-fire-alarm discrimination wavelength region (around4.0µm), thus, increasing the reliability of the detector withrespect to false alarms.

The 2RA-P declares a fire only if the following condition isreached:

CO2 Resonant Emission Signal level > Non Fire AlarmSignal Level.

Nittan Flame detection Ad 1/2/07 15:05 Page 1

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Recent technology advances in the design offire alarm bells have reduced currentconsumption significantly; they now require

only a few milliamps for operation, making themcompatible with electronic sounders. Bells are stillextremely popular, particularly in smaller and lesssophisticated installations. Obviously, they onlygenerate a single tone, unlike electronic sounderswhere today’s devices typically generate 30 or 40different tones. Part of the reason for theproliferation of different tones is that the variousregulatory authorities often define specific tones,and, with multi-stage alerts increasingly common,several clearly distinguishable tones are obviouslyrequired to differentiate between the variousstages.

The effectiveness of a sounder is highlydependent on the frequency of the tone beinggenerated. The efficiency of the transducer is

frequency dependent, as is the attenuation of thegenerated sound with distance. The convention,followed by most manufacturers, is to state adB(A) output level at 1 metre, but specifiers shouldcarefully read the small print in the specification,because in a multi-tone sounder, the dB levels ofthe various user-selectable tones of differentfrequency can vary drastically. In general, for lowerfrequency tones of less than 1000Hz, the lowerthe dB output level, and for higher frequencyones, greater than 1000Hz, the higher the dBlevel. Given that sound is a pressure wave, it is notdifficult to see that to convert electrical energyinto sound is less efficient at lower frequenciesbecause the transducer has to move largervolumes of air to achieve the same sound pressurelevel. The attenuation factor with distance is alsofrequency dependent, with the attenuation slopesteeper at higher frequencies: in everyday life, this

By Dave Coverdale

Cranford Controls

Effective FireSystem WarningDevicesAll emergency alarm systems contain audible and visual signals to alert people ofdanger once a hazard has been detected. Until the development of the foldedhorn sounder, the fire alarm bell was the only audible warning device available;although it generates a familiar and unambiguous noise, it was originally acurrent hungry device, unsuitable for use in today’s systems.

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is why one only hears the bass notes from a loudsource of music some distance away. The otherconsideration to be taken into account is thetolerance specified for the output level: 3dB makesquite a difference.

The majority of manufacturers produce differentfamilies of devices offering various output levelsand physical configurations, both to ensure thatthe output of the device is suitable for the applica-tion and to give low cost installation. Typically,sounders are either stand-alone wall or ceilingmounted devices; alternatively for many commercialapplications the sounders are designed to be

mounted under smoke detectors to reduce instal-lation costs and to give a single integrated unit.

In the UK, BS5839 Part 1, the Code of Practicefor the installation of fire alarm systems, statesthat the output from a sounder must be between65 and 120dB(A) and that the overall output fromthe sounders must be at least 5dB above the known ambient background noise level. Thesound level reduces by 6dB every time the distancefrom the source doubles, so, for example, in anenvironment with an ambient noise level of65dB(A), the effective distance of a 100dB(A)@1 metre sounder is 32m, the distance at which the




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sounder output level reduces to 70dB(A). Comparethe effective distance, 32m, of a 100dB(A)sounder with that of an 88dB(A) unit, which dropsto 70dB at 8m, giving an area coverage 16 timesgreater with a 12dB difference in output level. Thisreduction in the effective distance emphasises theimportance of checking the output level againstfrequency. However, high output sounders shouldnot be used in low ambient noise areas or as ameans of “drenching” the area in sound. Alarmsystems that are too loud may be dangerous,cause panic, discomfort, and make communicationvery difficult, impeding evacuation procedures.The overall alarm level throughout the area shouldbe a maximum of 10 to 15dB above the ambientbackground noise. Combined voice and tonealarms give an unambiguous message if usedcorrectly, but the voice component is more likely tobe more directional and will usually be at least 6 dB(A) less than the tone; this must be allowedfor when designing the system as the toneelement will be audible at least twice as far awayas the verbal messages.

In the open, sound will spread in all directions,but in an enclosed space, some will be reflected,giving an increased sound level. The closer a wall-mounted sounder is positioned to the ceiling, themore sound will be reflected; for a ceiling mountedunit, the reverse is equally true. A soundermounted on a wall is more effective than whenmounted on a pillar. Sounders should be sited soas to avoid immediate obstacles and at an idealheight of 2 to 2.5 metres. Synchronised soundersgive a more effective overall effect because thesound pressure waves tend to reinforce each otherrather than cancelling themselves out.

Visual warning devicesIncreasingly, fire legislation around the world isrequiring that audible warnings are supported by avisual indicator to ensure that the deaf are madeaware of an emergency. A further increasinglycommon requirement is that beacons should besynchronised to reduce the risk of triggeringepileptic seizures in susceptible people. A visualindicator should only be used as reinforcement toan audible signal, not as the primary hazard signal.The visibility of a beacon is dependent on thebrightness of the light source and the lens colour:as a rule of thumb, the intensity of a beacon isreduced by 25% as the viewing distance doubles.



Cranford Controls prides itself on providing quality products andquality customer service to all of our customers. Our factory isapproved to ISO 9001 2000 and we are also CPD approved andare fully RoHS compliant.

We also offer value added services such as product branding,personalised literature, bespoke products, OEM manufacturing andof course 24 hour delivery on all standard products to UK mainland addresses.

We have recently added a new EN54 Compliant Call Point to therange. For more information on this product, or details on otherproducts in the range, please contact us.

Why not call us on...

T: +44 (0)1420 592 444F: +44 (0)1420 592 445

or find us atwww.cranfordcontrols.com

We are the Reliable Alternative


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Beacons should be positioned to be in directline of sight with the maximum light output emittedover the desired area of coverage. The effectivearea of a beacon is a function of the typicallyhorseshoe shaped Xenon tube and the mountingangle of the lens. Operating at very high voltagegenerated by an inverter circuit, the Xenon gas inthe tube breaks down, creating an instantaneousbrilliant flash of light, normally enhanced by usinga ‘Fresnel’ lens. The light energy of the flash is afunction of the Xenon tube size, the voltage acrossit and the capacity of the capacitor discharginginto it. The Xenon strobe beacon has the best lightoutput to power input ratio and is the most widelyused and versatile technology currently available.Tube life is critical: it may be as little as 1 millionflashes in cheaper devices but specifiers shouldtypically expect 5 to 8 million flashes from higherquality units. All round light dispersion should bethe first consideration when installing a beacon;ensuring free air movement to prevent the buildup of excessive heat, is also important. Xenonbeacon manufacturers specify performance in anumber of ways: probably the most commonmeasure is the incident energy applied to thebeacon tube, expressed in Joules or the incidentenergy of the device measured in Watts. Moremeaningful are the peak and average output light

emissions expressed in candela. “Brightness”, oftenpresented as a polar plot, is often used for moreaccurate calculations and coverage predictions.The perceived brightness of a beacon is dependenton the brightness of the light source, the lenscolour of the unit and the ambient light level.

The effect of lens colour on the perceivedintensity of the light source within an industrialenvironment is quite significant.

Recently, LED technology has rapidly developed,and the emergence of ultra bright LEDs means theLED beacon has become a viable and effective lowmaintenance alternative to the Xenon strobe. Theuse of multi-LED arrays enables different flashrates, rotating modes and steady state illuminationto be easily achieved, extending the capabilitiesand versatility of the units.

Hazardous AreasWarning devices are required throughout the pro-tected premises; in hazardous areas, precautionsobviously have to be taken to prevent installedequipment initiating a fire or explosion. Warningdevice manufacturers generally offer both explo-sion proof and intrinsically safe units. In explosionproof units, the sealing of the enclosure in whichthe device is housed serves a two-fold purpose.The sealed design prevents the ingress of gas or



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dust in the first place and ensures that if anexplosion is initiated inside the unit, the flame andpressure front is contained. Intrinsically safedevices use barriers located in the safe area torestrict the amount of incident energy available to the unit. The design of the units is closely con-trolled with large creepage distances betweenconductors and other measures to ensure that anexplosion cannot be initiated by the device.

A drawback to intrinsically safe beacons is thatthey cannot perform to their full potential becausethe limited input energy that is allowed to passthrough the Zener barrier or galvanic isolator is notsufficient to drive a Xenon tube to its full potential,significantly reducing its light output. To overcomethis problem, the latest designs of intrinsically safebeacons use an array of ultra bright LEDs to pro-duce a bright flashing warning signal in HazardousAreas, giving a far more effective visual warningthan the Xenon tube beacon alternatives. Highoutput LEDs have several advantages over theXenon tube: they are mechanically robust, soservice life, particularly if installed in an environmentwhere shock and vibration is present, is extended.The solid state devices are also highly efficient atconverting electrical energy into light, producing ahigh intensity light source over the lifetime of thedevice without significant reduction due to ageing.

ConclusionsSounders are the primary mechanism for alertingpeople in the event of an emergency. Voice alarmsand strobes also have their benefits; the main jobof the system designer is to ensure that theaudible and visual output levels are adequatethroughout the protected area. With so manydifferent sizes and styles of sounder and beacon,offering different output levels and degrees ofcontrol available, it is essential that the systemdesigner and manufacturer work closely togetherto ensure that the optimum devices are specifiedfor each type and size of protected area. Theimplications of choosing between explosion proofand intrinsically safe units for hazardous area useand the levels of environmental sealing requiredfor devices installed in dusty or dirty areas arefurther complications; again, the manufacturer isin the best position to assist the system designerachieve an effective solution at realistic cost. APF



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Bacou-Dalloz w/p 10/12/05 10:45 am Page 1

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Compared with the PPE offerings available toworld markets at the turn of the millen-nium, today’s designs incorporate a number

of major advances which have been developedaround customer feedback and practical trialsaimed at identifying the key elements which go tomake up an improved product. During the last 5 to 10 years we have also seen both theEuropeans and Americans review and issue newPPE standards which combine improvements inperformance and safety whilst allowing for theintroduction of designs which also make forgreater wearer comfort.

For many years since the early designs ofspecialist firefighter PPE in the 1960s, through thedevelopments in the 1980’s and up to the end oflast century, manufacturers had relied uponestablished fibre and textile technology to providethe basic layers of the garments used to protect

the wearer from the hazards of flame and water instructural firefighting. These garments incorpor-ated inner layers of felt which were bulky andinflexible making them uncomfortable to wear,particularly over extended periods.

A balancing actThere has always been the need for PPE manufacturers to achieve a balance betweencomfort and safety and it is only in more recenttimes that fabric technology has allowed us toimprove substantially the safety of PPE whilst, atthe same time, enhancing the wearability ofprotective clothing.

As the knights of old would testify, if they werealive to tell the tale, full body armour was highlyeffective as a defence against pikestaffs, axes andvarious other instruments of medieval warfare butwas so heavy that the wearer had to be lifted onto

By Paul Gibson

Regional Export SalesManager at BristolUniforms

FirefighterProtection:Is improved wearer comfort atrade-off against safety?It is testimony to the research and development work undertaken by the majorproducers of high performance fabrics and the design advances made by theleading PPE manufacturers that today’s firefighter clothing is not only morecomfortable for the wearer but, in some key respects, safer, too.

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his horse where, no doubt, many expired fromsheer exhaustion under the weight of their PPE.No doubt, also, many a horse collapsed under theweight of rider and armour.

Today we have a wide selection of highperformance materials and fabrics which givebody protection against everything from ballisticsto flame and from water to airborne pollutionincluding viral and nuclear contamination. It is thedesign skills of the PPE manufacturer which arethe key to selecting and using in combination thevery best protective layers whilst at the same timedoing everything possible to minimise the stress onthe wearer of carrying around the PPE on theirbodies when on active service.

Standards to meetThe health and safety of the emergency serviceshas become a key focus of attention over the last25 years as new, and increasingly rigorous, safetystandards have been enshrined in regulations. Themeans to achieving the levels of protectionrequired has been a major driving force behind thedevelopment programmes of all the majormanufacturers during this time.

The major standards bodies across the world,including the 3 main ones ISO, EN and NFPA, haveupgraded their PPE specifications to take accountof changes in the hazards to which the wearer isexposed but have taken less account of the impactof specification changes on wearer comfort. This is not to say that comfort has been ignored totally but, that in arriving at methods for wearer



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testing, the level of consideration given hassometimes lacked the incisiveness and rigourwhich could have driven such standards forwardmore effectively.

Whilst the standards themselves specify protection performance, it is the annexes whichconsider the practical aspects of wearability andset out guidelines as to how the various testsshould be carried out.

An example of the need for there to be a closerintegration between standards setting organ-isations and firefighter operating procedures was highlighted in late 2003 during independentheat stress trials being carried out for BristolUniforms by specialist human factors consultancyHuman Vertex Ltd at Birmingham University.PrEN469:2002, Annex F, the draft Europeanprotocol for use in human physiology research fortesting firefighter PPE, was called into seriousdoubt, when, in an unexpected development,attempts to use the proposed exercise protocoland assessment methodology as set out in theannex showed the protocol to be too severe toallow meaningful results to be achieved. Not onlydid the Standard present a general methodologythat was difficult to interpret and reproduce in thelaboratory but, after the initial 6 tests conductedduring the week-long trials on fire kit thencurrently in use, none of the fire kit assembliestested had met the requirements of the standard.

At the time Human Vertex Ltd reported that intheir opinion, “it would have been very unlikelythat any effective fire kit would have passed thestandard. Furthermore, it was felt that the exerciseprotocol was unrealistic and dangerous in that itrequired the firefighter volunteers to run in fire kit for over 15 minutes – an activity that goesagainst standard Fire & Rescue Service operatingprocedures”.

This situation was drawn to the attention ofBSI’s PH3/2 Heat and Flame Protective ClothingCommittee which withdrew the Annex. At thetime, Dave Matthews, Convenor of WG2expressed his concern stating, “It is good to seeBritish manufacturers actively involved in criticallyassessing the practicality of test protocols in thisway and, in doing so, helping to lead thedevelopment of better standards of product andfirefighter safety not only in the UK but across theEuropean Union”.

It is, perhaps, a reflection of the lesserimportance attached to the Annex, which is, inany case, only an informative document, that no new Annex has yet been published although its status is currently described as ‘amendmentunder development’. Across Europe there are


The health and safety of the

emergency services has

become a key focus of

attention over the last 25 years

as new, and increasingly

rigorous, safety standards have

been enshrined in regulations.

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differences of opinion as to what the Annexshould include. A meeting of Technical CommitteeTC162/WG2 responsible for developing standardsfor clothing for PPE meets in Manchester (UK) inMarch 2007 to discuss work in progress and thereis an expectation that a new Annex will be includedin the mid-term revisions in EN469:2008.

Comfort – impact of user collaborationWhilst objective measurable tests provide the basisfor determining those features which have apositive effect on the physiological response of thewearer, the subjective evaluation in wearer trials isof considerable importance in the eventual choice of firefighter PPE. This is true whether the garments in question are for structuralfirefighting, urban search & rescue work or wild-land firefighting.

Whilst it may not yet be accurate to say that afirefighter’s lifestyle has a significant impact on hisor her choice of PPE workwear, there are indica-tions that, in the same way that corporatewearhas been increasingly influenced by fashion,firefighter clothing is starting to be selected withstyle and comfort in mind.

A good example of collaborative workingresulted in the supply of new fire clothing to theCommunity of Madrid, Spain’s largest fire service,involving the supply of over 1700 sets of fire coats

and trousers 3 years ago. The new lightweightspecification incorporated a Nomex® Ti-Technologyoutershell and Gore-Tex® Airlock, a uniquecombination of thermal protection and moisturebarrier. Paco Griso Raventos, Managing Director ofSasatex, Bristol Uniforms’ agent in Spaincommented, “In my opinion the contract has beenawarded to us for having made an ergonomicallydesigned garment which has taken the BristolErgotech™ style to a new level. Today’s Spanishfirefighters are younger and more sports orientated,and in their free time use technical garments. Theywant to carry this technology through to thegarments they wear in their working day. TheMadrid Firefighting suit is adjusted to the naturalshape of the body and allows greater freedom ofmovement”.

Importance of sizingCorrect fit is yet another area which has become akey issue in clothing generally, particularly wheregarments are designed to provide protection orsupport. In women’s clothing there has been muchpublicity given in recent years to the health impli-cations to women wearing ill-fitting garments.

In an article in Company Clothing in May 2004a report by Dr Mandy Sowerby, scientific advisor atLeicestershire Fire & Rescue, was discussed. It drewattention to the need for female firefighters to beincluded in PPE design parameters. In an informalquestionnaire amongst female firefighters shefound considerable dissatisfaction about problemswith fit and comfort and that PPE generally wasfailing to reflect the diversity of today’s fire service.She was quoted as saying, “We must insist on auser-centred approach and design PPE around thefirefighter rather than expect them to adapt”.

Leading PPE manufacturers have already taken



There are indications that

firefighter clothing is starting

to be selected with style and

comfort in mind.

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note of the study. Bristol Uniforms, for example,has offered a female range since 1996 and thereport provided an opportunity to review sizing.The company offers 4 height and 7 girth sizeoptions for females thus offering 28 size optionsfor its range of PPE styles – the same number of

options as available to male firefighters. IanMitchell, joint MD, commented, “We found ourincrements between sizes were correct but therange of sizes started too large so we were able tostart with a smaller size. We were pleased with ourpattern grading”.



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There is general consensus in the industry thatcloser attention needs to be paid to anthropometryto ensure that wearer comfort is ensured throughregularly revisiting size and pattern grading asbody shapes change over time.

Climatic considerationsIt is interesting to reflect on the fact that with theintroduction of high performance PPE withexcellent fire protective properties which allowfirefighters to get closer to fires than ever beforethe incidence of heat stress related incidents hasincreased. In the UK, a technical spokesman forBedfordshire & Luton Fire and Rescue Service wasquoted as saying that, “PPE is so technicallyadvanced now and flame retardancy so good thatfirefighters can get closer to the action. The down-side is that they are unwittingly absorbing moreheat and suffering from heat stress. I’ve seen morefirefighters collapsing and being dragged awayfrom fires whereas years ago the impact of theheat would have pushed them back”.

This emphasises the need for greater attentionto be given to garment construction which recog-nises the need for elevated body temperatures tobe minimised by the use of combinations whichallow improved levels of heat dissipation.

This is particularly important in hot and humidclimates such as those commonly experienced inthe Asia Pacific region. New fabrics are beingincreasingly used in the latest PPE designs such asthe Ergotech™ and Ergotech Action™ stylesintroduced by Bristol Uniforms some 5 years agoand are now in widespread use around the world.A number of fire & rescue services in Malaysia andNew Zealand have now moved over to specifyingErgotech™ fire coats and trousers whilst one ofthe largest fire & rescue services in the region,Hong Kong, has adopted a bespoke style incor-porating a Gore-Tex® Airlock thermal barrier,designed to maximise escape of body heat, usedunder a DeltaT® outershell.

ConclusionsOver the last 10 years, what was once a trade-offbetween safety and comfort has increasingly beenovercome by major advances in fabric technologyand PPE design. The world’s leading manufacturersof internationally recognised brands of firefighterclothing and accessories have risen to the chal-lenge. They have researched their markets andintroduced designs and styles which not only meetthe safety criteria required by ISO, EN and NFPAstandards but have reduced the physical bulk ofgarments and incorporated levels of flexibilitywhich go a long way to satisfying the greatercomfort demanded by today’s firefighting womenand men on the front line. APF


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Over the last 10 years, what

was once a trade-off between

safety and comfort has

increasingly been overcome by

major advances in fabric

technology and PPE design.

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At the same time, however, it is essential that these psychomotor skills be performed with a good

understanding of the various implicationsthey may have. For instance, considera-tions of safety and medical care are criticaland need to be well understood by therescuer. Thus in order to ensure thatextrication rescue is not merely seen as apractical skill, a good mix of differenteducational techniques will need to beemployed in your extrication rescue train-ing program.

Roughly speaking extrication rescueeducational techniques can be discussedunder three headings. These are theoreticalsessions, hands-on “skill” sessions andfinally hands-on “scenario” sessions. Dis-cussed briefly below all three of these

educational techniques have a roll to playin the creation of a complete extricationrescue training program.

Theoretical sessions are often required toensure a firm basis on which to build therest of the knowledge creation that needsto be achieved. For this reason starting inthe classroom is always a good way tobegin a program. Even in the case of anadvanced training workshop for experi-enced rescuers the use of some classroomtime is useful. A brief discussion in theclassroom before heading out for a hands-on session will provide the opportunity for astructured safety briefing, as well as allowthe facilitator to give an overview of whatthe planned outcomes of the educationalevent are. This provides the required struc-ture that is often missing in such workshop

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It is well understood that, in order to perform vehicle extricationrescue effectively, a mix of both theoretical understanding andpractical skills are required. The procedures of stabilisation, space-creation and eventual patient removal are all practicaloperations that need to be performed with a high level of skill.


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hands-on sessions for experienced rescuers.The two types of hands-on educational sessions

are similar in that that they both involve practicalhands-on work but at the same time they are alsofundamentally different in their desired outcome.Hands-on skills sessions should be used primarilyfor inexperienced rescuers who need to be taughtthe fundamentals of the various separatetechniques that need to be used together for thecompletion of an actual extrication job.

Examples of generic skills that might be taughtin this way include, but are not limited to:● Vehicle stabilisation techniques● Door removal techniques● Glass management techniques● Roof removal techniques● Dashboard displacement and other space

creation techniquesThe second type of hands-on training is that of

scenarios based hands-on training. These sessionsshould be used to ensure that the separate genericskills mentioned above (taught through the skillssessions) can be used together effectively andefficiently to complete an extrication. These twotypes of hands-on sessions should not be seen inisolations, but should rather be considered insequence, as a natural progression of understand-ing required to create an effective extricationrescue team.

In developing a robust extrication rescue,

educational program, there are many points toconsider. The well balanced use of both theoryand practical time is a critical consideration for thedevelopment of a successful program. In thisarticle I have discussed mainly rescue type skillsand understanding. It must, however, be men-tioned that the understanding of the medical careof the entrapped patient is as important, and, assuch, should also be given the time it affords, inany educational program developed. Time spentproperly planning the education of extricationrescuers that you are responsible for, is time wellspent. I trust that this article has given you somefood for thought in this regard. APF



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Page 43: APF Issue 21



Water mist history

The history of water mist goes back a longtime, and brochures can be found describingwater mist in the 1930s. The idea of water

mist was revitalised in the eighties, with theSwedish company Electrolux as one of the pioneers.The modern concept of high pressure water mistspread from there to Finland and Denmark inparticular, where some of the more significantpioneers of the technology are to be found.

The marine industry was quick to adopt thisvery effective and convenient new system, andnew IMO regulations soon set the standard fortests and operational functionality. These marinestandards are still the benchmark for all water mistapplications, including those used on land. Industryhas been slow to recognise the benefits of high

pressure water mist, although this situation is nowchanging. As a result, dedicated standards forland-based systems are now being developed, insupport of the increased implementation of watermist applications in industry and construction.

BackgroundAfter several very bad tunnel fires in the late1990s, with multiple casualties and millions ofEuros of damage, tunnel safety became a majorissue for several European governments. A seriesof programmes were initiated to investigate whatmight be done to improve tunnel safety.

I.e. the FIT European network on fire in tunnelsran from 2001-2004; UPTUN the best-known pro-gramme was an EU sponsored initiative that had abroad mandate to investigate tunnel safety from a

By Susan Bang

Danfoss Semco

A Sem-Safe compactpump unit completewith reservoir.

High PressureWater MistimprovesTunnel SafetyMore and more people are coming to a realisation that high pressure water mistis the answer to many safety issues. In particular, where there is a need toextinguish, suppress or control a fire without using chemicals or harmful gases.

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variety of perspectives, and ran from 2002-2006.Wide-ranging studies were conducted on issuesincluding concrete lining, human behaviour, detec-tion, signals, signs, fire suppression and control,and more. Similar and complementary work wascarried out under the 2004-2007 German SOLITprogramme.

In 2004, EU directive 2004/54/EC became thefirst formal legislative document concerning tunnelsafety across Europe. The directive was created inresponse both to the recent tunnel accidents andto the expectation of increases in border-crossingtraffic across Europe. Personal unease at theprospect of entering a tunnel may also havecontributed to the creation of the new directive.

The directive was not, however, very specific.Danfoss Semco believes it should be revised,taking into consideration the possibility of makingthe installation of an active fire control or suppres-sion system compulsory.

The UPTUN programmeThe UPTUN programme, or the ‘tunnel pro-gramme’ as it is often referred to, initiated a widerange of projects or work packages, among whichwas the work Package 2, WP2: “Fire development& mitigation measures”.

Within this work package, an extensive numberof fire tests were carried out to determine thenature of fire development. This included the sizeof possible fires, how smoke developed and theinfluence of ventilation. A standard fuel packagewas also developed, against which some actualfire suppressant systems could be tested as well asfree burn fires.

Two manufacturers of high pressure systemsand one low pressure system were tested againststandard fuel packages in a test tunnel. More than80 tests were performed and provided excellentdata on comparative system performance and the

development of fires. The tests also providedinvaluable results, data and experience to thescientists and test laboratories involved, as well asto the system manufactures: knowledge andexperience that would be difficult to achieve with-out the opportunity to participate in a programmeof this kind.

As a conclusion to the test series, a real-scalefire demonstration took place in the VIRGOLOTunnel in February 2005. All test participants wereinvited to take part in this demonstration, whichconclusively proved the effectiveness of the highpressure systems.

The UPTUN guideline 251The UPTUN programme produced excellent newknowledge and experience of fire development,fire mitigation, fuel packages, nozzles and equip-ment, smoke spread patterns and more. Thisvaluable experience was subsequently condensedinto a set of engineering guidelines: the UPTUN“Engineering Guidance for Water Based FireFighting Systems for the protection of Tunnels andSubsurface Facilities”.

This document was created to convey some ofthe new knowledge to those who specify systemsand equipment, as well as to share some of theexperience with other manufactures.

Key findings contained in the newguidelinesIt is now understood that fires in tunnels can reachheat release rates of 100 or even 200 MW withina very short time. It is not hard to imagine the levelof damage a fire of this intensity could cause tohuman life and the physical structure of thetunnel, as well as to the wider infrastructure. Suchdisruption may last as long as several years, andhave a potentially major economic impact. Con-sequently, fires need to be detected as early as


Sem-Safe high pressurewater mist test, justafter release of watermist.


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Page 46: APF Issue 21

possible and a fire suppression system immediatelydeployed to at least control the fire.

Designing an appropriate firesuppression systemThe research findings revealed the need for a‘sectionised’ system, in which open nozzles formsections in the upper part of the tunnel, zones of at least 30 m in length and for the full width ofthe tunnel, from wall to wall. Each section shouldhave its own section valve and be connected tothe main supply line.

When the nozzles are located in the upper partof a tunnel, the risk of accidental damage to thenozzles is less than if they were located at thebottom part or even in the floor.

Closed nozzles with ‘bulbs’ were notrecommended due to the extreme speed of firedevelopment. The problem with using a nozzlethat automatically responds to a sudden rise intemperature is that it may be triggered in thewrong area of the tunnel – simply as a result ofhot air and smoke being spread by the tunnel’sventilation system – wasting valuable watersupplies.

The research results also showed that pumpunit(s) must be capable of supplying at least twosections of the tunnel simultaneously, on theassumption that the location of the fire and direc-tion of fire ‘downstream’ can be determined.

Reservoirs for water should be of a volume thatwill supply water for at least 30 minutes for atunnel less than 500 m long and 60 minutes for alonger tunnel.

Of paramount concern for the long-term safeoperation of a given system is the quality of thecomponents and materials used in its design. Forexample, the new guidelines indicate that materi-als used for water supply must be stainless steel ofa quality not less than AISI 316 or, for filters andother parts, non-corrosive materials like plastic.Zinc-coated carbon steel or any other coatingmust not be used, due to the harsh tunnelenvironment.

For pump units and other components, exten-sive recommendations govern pump capacity,

power supply and design with jockey pump,section pumps, nozzles, and so on.

System reliabilityOne thing that is often overlooked in the design offire control systems in tunnels is the adequate pro-tection of the nozzles against the high levels ofdirt found in the tunnel environment. The newguidelines recommend that each individual micronozzle should be separately protected, rather thanusing one common cap for the whole nozzle. Inthe event that the mechanism fails to remove theprotecting cap, conventional single-cap systemsnecessarily disable the entire nozzle. In contrast, byusing individual caps for each micro nozzle, thefailure of one cap would still allow the others tofunction normally.

Interfaces with other systems, for examplemonitoring, detection and ventilation, are essentialfor effective overall performance of the tunnelsafety system. This need should be taken intoconsideration when designing systems.

All systems must be fully tested before they areformally commissioned, including the carefulconstruction and assembly of all system com-ponents, and thorough flushing and pressuretesting. Historically, these checks have not beenrigorously enforced, and the new guidelinesinclude recommendations for correctly completingthese activities.

Project managementIt is a major challenge to design, supply materialsand components, and install a fire suppressantsystem in a tunnel. If the specified system needs tointegrate with systems from other contractors, thechallenge is even greater. It is one thing to have anexcellent water mist system design, but quiteanother to be able to get the system into thetunnel and get it commissioned.

When a tunnel owner or operator chooses asystem, consideration needs to be given to howthe project should be managed and who is toundertake this key task. Experience has shownthat coordinating several systems and contractorsin a confined space like a tunnel, where it is criticalto follow each construction phase to the letter andto make best use of each window of opportunityis not an easy task.

The more systems that can be managed by oneorganisation, the better. If the same organisationcan be allowed to manage multiple systems, man-agement complexity and coordination problemswill be greatly reduced.

Any organisation tasked with managing aproject as complex as the installation and com-missioning of a tunnel fire safety system shouldhave a proper project management tool box andextensive experience of managing similarlycomplex projects. Large tunnel or small, the size ofthe system is all that changes: the complexity of co-ordinating the installation of a water mistproject stays the same.

ConclusionHigh pressure water mist has developed from pre-dominantly marine applications to a far widerrange of uses, of which tunnel safety is one. Incritical applications where safety is an issue forboth life, property and the environment, high pres-sure water mist is often the very best solution. APF



P. 41-44 High Pressure 7/3/07 1:46 PM Page 44

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NFPA w/p 10/12/05 10:44 am Page 1

Page 48: APF Issue 21

In order to find a region where there are no MAGIRUS turntable

ladders, you have to search for a very long time. Around the globe,

over 6,000 of our ladders are in service: on all continents, in urban

centres and rural areas, both large and small fire brigades. World-

wide, this number is without equal – and our most convincing refe-

rence. You want to know more? Any time, any place, with pleasure.

IVECO MAGIRUS Brandschutztechnik GmbH Graf-Arco-Strasse 30 • 89079 UlmFax +49 (0) 731/408-24 10 www.iveco-magirus.de • [email protected]

One of the few places in the world without a MAGIRUS ladder.

Page 49: APF Issue 21

The protective fire safety on airports isgenerally considered to be one of the mostcomplex and greatest challenges for thefire services – and thus also for all manu-facturers of fire fighting vehicles. IVECOMAGIRUS offers a world-wide uniqueproduct range for holistically covering allpotential hazards that must be met onairports.

For the protection of buildings andfacilities, IVECO MAGIRUS offers a widerange from command vehicles via first-intervention vehicles, light and special firefighting vehicles to various differentturntable ladders and aerial telescopicplatforms with a rescue height of up to 54m. Rescue vehicles and equipment carriersas well as swap body vehicles with a largeroll-off container program complete therange.

With the airport crash tender rangeDRAGON x4, x6 and x8, IVECO MAGIRUSoffers three variants in this “top of therange“ category, that will meet even themost specific requirements. Real power-houses in the form of currently unrivalledhigh-performing IVECO 1,024 hp or1,500 hp engines with last generationcommon-rail injection technology do notonly provide for an enormous accelerationbut also for an enormous fire fightingpower. Up to 10,000 l/min pump capacity,14,000 litres fire fighting agents in acombination of water, powder, and foam aswell as precise monitors with long throwranges guarantee a fast and effective firefighting operation.

The excellent cross-country capabilitiesof these vehicles provide for an unrestrictedmobility and ensure that fire fighting canalso be effected away from the runwaywithout any loss of time.

The IMPACT series, with the variants x4and x6, is the ideal completion to theDRAGON range or even a cost-effectivealternative, e.g. for smaller airports. Basedon highly cross-country capable, single tyreIVECO four-wheel-drive chassis, thesevehicles are extremely mobile but never-theless equipped with an impressive firefighting power: depending on vehicle typeup to 12,000 litres of fire fighting agent canbe carried on board. This concept has beenvery much proven in practice as is shown bythe more than 150 IMPACT vehicles thatare currently in world-wide operational useat airport fire service departments.

Recently an IMPACT x6 (TLF 30/57-7-360)on an IVECO Trakker was delivered to theAdolph-Wuerth-Airport in Schwäbisch-Hall(Southern Germany). The vehicle featurestanks for 5,700 l water and 750 l of foamcompound as well as capacity for 360 kgof CO2. The powerful MAGIRUS pumpdelivers an output of 3,000 l/min at 10 bar.440 HP engine power enables speed onthe runway; all-wheel drive and single tyresallow it to be extremely capable off-road.

Furthermore a lighting mast mounted onthe rear of the vehicle with 2 x 1,000 Wand a 13.5 kVA electric generator belongsto the vehicle equipment.

For the Schwaebisch Hall pump watertanker TLF as with all other IVECO MAGIRUSvehicles continuous operational preparednessis guaranteed: A network of Service stationsin almost 150 countries around the globe isavailable round the clock.

For more information, please contact:Iveco Magirus Brandschutztechnik GmbHGraf-Arco-Straße 30D-89079 UlmGermanyTel: +49 731 408 2566Telefax: +49 731 408 2410Website: [email protected]



ROSENBAUER is the world’s largestmanufacturer of special fire-fightingvehicles. With its wide range of municipalfire-fighting vehicles and aerials built toboth European and NFPA-Standards, itsextensive series of air-crash tenders and industrial fire-fighting vehicles,advanced fire-fighting components andfire-safety equipment, Rosenbauer is theindustry’s “full-liner”.

With its worldwide sales andcustomer service network, Rosenbaueris the partner for fire brigades in morethan 100 countries. The technologicalleadership is underpinned by a traditionof innovation. Its central know-how lies incomplex, custom-built fire-fighting systems andvehicles.

A vehicle for the 21st centuryThe latest innovation is the new Panther, the topmodel in the range of the world’s leadingmanufacturer in the ARFF vehicle sector. Thenew Panther made its public debut at the“Interschutz” fire-fighting technology trade fairin Hanover in June 2005.

With this completely new Panther series,Rosenbauer has set another benchmarks indesign and engineering and thus againstrengthened its position as the technologicalleader in the global ARFF vehicle market.

The aim of the new development of thePANTHER 8x8 and 6x6 series was to orientatethe vehicle more closely to the increases inairport traffic. The new vehicles are faster thantheir predecessors, can carry still more extin-guishing agents and equipment due to higher

The IVECO MAGIRUS AirportReception Committee

Dragon x6

Dragon x8

Rosenbauer – technologicalleader in ARFF vehicles

TLF 30/57-76-360

P. 47-51 ARFF R/U 8/3/07 3:45 PM Page 47

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axle weights, are easier to operate than everbefore due to the electronic control concept andalready meet the exhaust emission requirementsexpected in years to come.

In addition, the latest PANTHER models havean innovative design language, which accentu-ates the vehicle’s attributes of reliability, safety,power and dynamism. The Panther has alreadyawarded with the international design labels “iFProduct Design”, “Red Dot” and “Focus EnergyGold”.

A chassis in two versions The 8x8 model comes with the new 1,000 hpMAN rear-engine chassis and automatic Allisongearbox, while the 6x6 model uses the 705 hprear engine chassis manufactured byROSENBAUER in the USA. With its eight poweredwheels, operating weight of 40t, 14,500 l ofextinguishing agents and a top speed of 135 kph,

the PANTHER 8x8 is the ARFF vehicle for planeswith the dimensions of an Airbus A380.

Panorama vision from the cabin The cabin of the new PANTHER disposes over apanorama windscreen made of composite safetyglass and for the first time, the vehicle also hastransparent doors. As a result of the enormousfront and side panes, which have been extendedboth up- and downwards, the driver has an opti-mum view of the area surrounding the vehicle.

The futuristic instrument panel, with itsindicator and operating displays convenientlylocated between the driver and co-driver, feat-ures a logic control system (LCS) which permitsgenuine “one-man operation” of the Panther’sfire-fighting and vehicle systems. Another high-light of the development effort is the flap lids of the equipment lockers, which can now beopened pneumatically – from the cab.

High-performance, operationalextinguishing technology The PANTHER 8x8 has been fitted with thecompletely new RM60E roof monitor and the RM15E front monitor. Due to its highthroughput capacity of up to 8,000 l/min at 10 bar and a throw distance of 95m, the RM60Eroof monitor constitutes a significant vehicleinnovation.

Safety requirements for the A-380Dubai International is currently reckoned to beone of the fastest-growing airports in the world.The home airport of Emirates Airlines, which willbe putting the new Airbus A-380 into servicestarting from next year, Dubai is working hardto be ready to meet the safety requirements forthis extraordinary aircraft.

Having seen the new PANTHER generationdemonstrated, and mindful of the need toensure continued compliance with the stringentstipulations of the International Civil AviationOrganisation (ICAO) once the current airportextension project has been completed, the clientmade an immediate decision to purchase thenew model.

The highest category of ICAO certification ismandatory before an airport can be approvedfor the Airbus A-380. ROSENBAUER’s inter-nationally acclaimed fire-fighting technology isconsidered to be the worldwide benchmark forairports aspiring to this certification.

For more information, please contact:Rosenbauer International AGPaschinger Straße 904060 LeondingAustriaTel: +43 732 6794 0Fax: +43 732 6794 89Email: [email protected]: www.rosenbauer.com



Among the various vehicles available fromSIDES and used in airports are AirportRescue & Fire-Fighting Vehicles of theS3000/VMA series.

These are medium to large air crash ten-ders supplied with a Sides chassis, specialhigh visibility cab and 4x4 or 6x6 driveconfiguration. All features necessary tocope with stringent standards and ICAO &NFPA requirements may be incorporated inthis range that has been successful inmore than 200 airports.

Automatic gearbox & power divider forpump and roll operation, rear mountedengine with easy access for maintenance,GRP tanks and body, long life suspensionand excellent on and off-road capabilityare only some of the features appreciatedworldwide.

The large cab having easy access can bemounted on all models of the S 3000/VMAseries, with seating for up to 5 crewmembers. The driver’s position is centraland a coloured display, with graphics,

built-in LED indicators and controls, canenhance user friendlyness with its micro-processor based system also capable ofstoring event data and keeping a log formaintenance operations.

The S 3000’s low centre of gravity andexcellent load distribution among the axlesensure stability and balance. The variousconfiguration span from 4,000L-6,000Lwater for the 4x4 and up to 15,000 L for

the largest 6x6. Usually foam capacity willbe at least 12% of that for water andvehicles are made to carry specifiedamount of powder or other extinguishingagents as well as gear & accessoriesaccording to airport safety category.

SIDES makes its own pumps, monitorsand proportioning systems and thusensures excellent compatibity and opti-mized design for its vehicles.

Variants to the standard units willinclude military versions, air transportability,and other engine and accessories options.

For more information, please contact: SIDES182 rue de TrignacBP 146F-44603 Saint Nazaire CedexFrance Tel: (+33 2) 40 17 18 00Fax: (+33 2) 40 17 18 03Email: [email protected]: www.sides.fr

SIDES – a UTC Fire & Security Company

P. 47-51 ARFF R/U 8/3/07 3:46 PM Page 48

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Ziegler w/p 1/3/07 3:51 PM Page 1

Page 52: APF Issue 21



The crash fire rescue vehicle Z8 of ALBERTZIEGLER GmbH & Co. KG, Giengen/Brenz, iscontinuing its history of success. Since thefirst vehicle of this category was suppliedalmost 25 years ago ZIEGLER is handlingmore projects than ever. Among others are:16 units for the German Armed Forces, 11 ofthem are in service already, 1 unit for AirportZagreb, 8 units for Turkey, 1 unit for AirportBrussels, 3 units for Munich Airport. Withthese orders Ziegler prove again that theleading suppliers of the German fire brigadesalso find high acceptance in the tough inter-national competition even in the King’s class.

The Z 8 complies with and exceeds theICAO-Recommendations.

As a basis for this crash rescue firevehicle a MAN 8x8 chassis with single tires,MAN-V-12 Diesel engine with 735 kW(1.000 HP) is used. The vehicle with a totalweight of 43,000 kg is suitable forinterventions on off road terrain and itstands out due to extreme high drivingperformance. Maximum speed is approx.140 km/h; for acceleration to 80 km/h lessthan 25 seconds are needed.

The Ziegler pump with a nominal outputof 10,000 l/min at 10 bar is driven by a sep-arate pump engine with 360 kW (480 HP).

Further components are a water tankwith of 12,500 l, a foam tank of up to1,500 l/min.; on request a powder unit or aCO2 unit can be mounted. Output of theextinguishing agent is either made throughthe roof turret (approx. 6,000 l/min.), or thebumper turret. Optionally a telescopicboom with nozzle and piercing unit isavailable which is designed for the NLAscoming into traffic now.

The vehicle superstructure consists ofdriver/crew cab, pump and equipmentlockers and water-/foam tank. All com-ponents are mounted distortion-free on thechassis frame. Remarkable features of thesuperstructure in the patented ALPASdesign are high flexural strength and

torsion-proof. Thanks to anodizing optimumprotection against corrosion and a maximumdegree of tightness and safety is reached.

The large canopy safety cabin manu-factured in aluminium design provides aspacious working place with optimum view for 1+3 crew. Excellent features areprotection against noise, heat and splintersand the strictly ergonomic arrangement ofthe control and monitoring elements.

Optional equipment: an automatic airconditioning system, heated seats cushionedpneumatically with integrated compressed-airbreathing apparatus, heated outside mirrorsas well as swinging doors operated

pneumatically opening ahead with swivel-ling treads for safe and easy access, evenwith breathing equipment put on.

The Z 8 sets standards in the electronicfeatures. Thanks to the cross-linkage of theelectrical components by CAN-Bus alldriving and control operations for theextinguishing technology can be broughttogether, evaluated and automated. Thevarious parameters of the extinguishingunit are shown in graphical displays. Thus,actual data are available for preparation,intervention, and for maintenance.

By these sophisticated features Zieglerprovides a variety of advantages for the cus-tomer for being ready in case of emergency.Stuttgart Airport have procured four vehiclesof this design, Zurich Unique Airport put fiveunits into service recently and by the latestdelivery end of 2006 Vienna InternationalAirport operate a total of five Z8s now.

For more information, please contact:ALBERT ZIEGLER GmbH & Co. KGFeuerwehrgeratefabrik und SchlauchwebereiPostfach 16 80D-89531 Giengen/BrenzGermanyTel: +49 73 22 9 51 0Fax: +49 73 22 9 51 211Email: [email protected]: www.ziegler.de

Z 8 – The ZIEGLER Flagship on Course of Success

The next generation OSHKOSH® STRIKER®

aircraft rescue and fire fighting vehicles area response to direct input from ARFF pro-fessionals. By better understanding theneeds of its customers Oshkosh is uniquelypoised to deliver vehicles that meet andexceed expectations.

The Striker vehicle combines ruggedmobility with a smooth stable ride andeasy operation. It’s ability to outmaneuverand outperform any ARFF vehicle in itsclass has not only garnered itoverwhelming respect, but a growing listof customers, including the U.S. Air Force,the New York Port Authority, O’Hare,Kuwait, Dallas-Fort Worth, Atlanta and LasVegas International to name a few.

The Striker truck features fast responseacceleration, unmatched visibility andtriple agent fire fighting capabilities.

Designed to deliver unparalleled perfor-mance, safety and reliability, the Strikervehicle is the most advanced ARFF vehicleon the planet.

Unparalleled fire fighting performance isone of the most critical factors in thesuccess of any mission. And the Strikerprovides wide variety of roof and bumperturrets, and the available SNOZZLE® high-reach extendable turret.

The Striker vehicle offers water tankcapacities from 1,500 gallons all the wayup to 45,000 gallons (17,033 l). Plus it’savailable with a dry chemical systemincluding Hydro-Chem™ technology, aHalotron™ I clean agent system and up to540 gallons of foam for triple agentcapability.

The Striker truck also features Oshkosh’spatented TAK-4® independent suspension

Oshkosh® Striker® AircraftRescue and Fire Fighting(ARFF) Vehicle

P. 47-51 ARFF R/U 8/3/07 3:46 PM Page 50

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UNIFIRE AB announces that Crash RescueEquipment Services, Inc. (Crash Rescue) hasselected the Unifire Force series monitorsfor their aviation and industrial fire fightingproducts.

Unifire, of Sweden (www.unifire.com),has manufactured high quality nozzles forfirefighting and industrial applications forover 35 years. In recent years, Unifire hastaken its expertise in nozzle design andconstruction and applied it to developunique, stainless steel, remote-controlled,electric monitors – the Force50 andForce80.

Crash Rescue, of Dallas, Texas(www.crashrescue.com), specializes in theremanufacture and support of all typesand brands of airport firefighting equip-ment, as well as the manufacture of theSnozzle and other unique ARFF vehiclesand equipment.

Crash Rescues first application of theForce series monitors has been on the new65 ft. (19 meter) aerial water tower –Snozzle. Two Snozzle models have beendesigned: Hydra-Sword for municipal andindustrial fire apparatus and Model 652for Aircraft Rescue Fire Fighting (ARFF)vehicles. These aerial devices are unique inthat they have two monitors, each operat-ing at different levels.

At the tip of the Snozzle, the UnifireForce50is located at the 65ft (19 meter)level andflows up to 500 gpm (1,900lpm).It can be maneuvered into smallopenings formore preciseinterior firefighting. This allows the Hydra-Sword toget through doorways and windows of a

building, and the 652 can get through theover wing exits of an aircraft with ease.The base nozzle, the Unifire Force80,islocated at the 50ft (15 meter) levelandflows up to 1,500 gpm (5,600 lpm).

The Hydra-Sword model has a numberof unique characteristics. The unit is lightweight and mounts midship behind thevehicle cab. It is the lightest 65ft (19meter) aerial device on the market. It doesnot require a torque box sub-frame, thusallowing for installation on a standard fireapparatus chassis. The location of theapparatus firepump, compartments, watertank and hose bed are unaffected. Boththe Unifire Force 50 and Unifire Force 80nozzles can be used simultaneously thusdirecting fire fighting streams on two ormore locations. All Hydra-Sword modelsutilize radio remote controls.

The stainless steel 316 construction ofthe Unifire Force monitors makes themlight weight, highly resistant to corrosion,extremely durable, and ideal for the foamagents discharged through the nozzle.Also, the unique proportional speedcontrol of the Force monitors movementadds a new level of precise control forthese large master streams. The programfeature of the Force monitors allows theoperator to record a range of motion aswell as spray pattern and then have themonitor and nozzle repeat the sequenceindefinitely. This is ideal for protectingexposures.In addition, the Force monitorscontrol system utilizes CANBUS technol-ogy, which makes installation simple,reduces wiring requirements, and allows

for custom controls not only of themonitor and nozzle, but also of additionaldevices. Each monitor can be controlled bymultiple joysticks, or a single joystick cancontrol multiple monitors. The monitorscan even be controlled by a computernetwork. Unifire offers its Force monitorswith an optional progressive radio remotecontrol with international approvals, allow-ing the operator to precisely control themonitors while away from the vehicle.

For more information, please contact: Roger Barrett James Director of International Sales andMarketing UNIFIRE AB Tel: +46 303 248 403Website: www.unifire.com



Unifire AB (Sweden)

with dual control arms andsingle coil sprints thatdelivers more than 16 inchesof wheel travel while reduc-ing stopping distances. TheStriker truck also provides afull 17 inches of groundclearance and optionalcentral tire inflation (CTI)system, mechanical rear axlesteering and a semi-activesuspension enhancement.Combined, these technol-ogies allow for excellent off-runway airport response.

Safety is one of OshkoshTruck’s core values, and theStriker truck’s list of safetyfeatures is extensive. Thevehicle offers tremendous forward,upward and lateral visibility with morethan 80 square feet of glass for apanoramic view of the scene. The cockpitfeatures seating for up to five fire fightersand a centrally located driver’s position.The wraparound cockpit-style dashboardputs jet fighter-like, point and shoot turret

joysticks and other controls within easyreach of the driver for comfort and effi-ciency. The company even offers its ownproprietary ARFF Driver-Safety classes,designed to improve the skills, confidenceand safety consciousness of everyfirefighter who gets behind the wheel.

Unmatched reliability is another

hallmark of the OshkoshStriker vehicle. The chassishas a proven track record fordurability and strength. TheStriker chassis also featuresthe TAK-4 independentsuspension and ruggedOshkosh® front and rearaxles. Plus, Oshkosh backsthe Striker vehicle with a 24-hour, 7-days per weekglobal support network. Thecompany also offers on sitemaintenance classes for air-port mechanics.

In short, the OshkoshStriker is built to givefirefighters everything theyneed to protect the airports

they serve and respond with full force.

For more information, please contact:Oshkosh Truck CorporationP.O. Box 2566, OshkoshWI 54903-2566, USATel: +1 920 235 9150Website: www.oshkoshtruck.com

P. 47-51 ARFF R/U 8/3/07 3:47 PM Page 51

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Russwurm VentilatorenMade in Germany

...when mobile, compact but powerful fansare required.

Experienced in strongest fire and rescue situations. Used invehicles which have to be equipped for all incidents. For everyduty the right drive. All versions are available with certifiedexplosion-proofness. We offer a wide range of ATEX-certifiedfans for the zones 1, 2, 21 and 22 in axial and radial design.

If required, they can be customized to your


Detailed informations and PDF-filesfor downloads you can find atwww.ruwu.de or you simply call us.

Russwurm Ventilatoren GmbH | Ortsstrasse 25 | D-86405 Meitingen-OstendorfPhone: +49-8271-8175-0 | Fax: +49-8271-8175-40 | [email protected]: Martin Grant

s tungs- Ventilatoreni … and you have the air under control


ch le

Super Vacuum Manufacturing Co., Inc.P.O. Box 87 Loveland, CO 80539



With ventilators ranging in size from 200mmWith til t i ito 2m, volume to 1,250,000 cmh and motorsdriven by petrol, electric, or water, Super Vac can fill your needs. No matter what your requirements are, these ventilators arepacked with design innovations that help onthe fire scene including cushion tires that never go flat, full-width flip up handles,and precise lever action tilt control. To meet your specific

wventilation needs, contact your Super Vac dealer. Phone: 970.667.5146 Fax: 970.667.4296

P. 52 ads 7/3/07 1:46 PM Page 52

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It is this key element, Life Safety, which has drivenmany departments to address the manner inwhich they ventilate on the fire ground. Using a

fan to blow into a structure defies most soundfirefighting theory. But it was found that the airdid not have a significant effect on fire behavior.Similar to a typhoon, oxygenated air is drawn inlow and heated combustion products are expelledupward. The fan, if set right next to the seat of thefire would greatly increase combustion. But whenthe fans energy is spread out over the entire room,it only has enough power to create a steeringforce on the combustion products, much the sameas a weather front might steer a typhoon (figure1). Departments new to PPV should, at first, onlyuse it after the fire has been extinguished. This willhelp them to gain knowledge that can then betaught during training. To effectively use PPV as afire department requires that a majority of the

firefighters understand the concept and have beenallowed to train with it prior to utilizing it in anactual fire. Always remember these basics whenventilating on the fire ground:

By RogerWeinmeister

Super VacuumManufacturing Co., Inc.

Placing Fans forOptimum PPVEffectivenessPPV Basics – One of the most powerful tools in any fire departments arsenal istheir ventilation equipment. Ventilation is essential not only for reducingproperty damage after the fire is extinguished, but even more importantly forimproving life safety for both the firefighters and any victims of the blaze.

Figure 1

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1 Never Use PPV in a Backdraft Situation (firestarved for Oxygen)

2 Never Use PPV if there are people (victims orfirefighters between the seat of the fire and theexit opening.

3 Open the exit opening prior to using the PPVfan to pressurize the structure

4 Coordinate the ventilation with other fireground activities

5 Always open and check for fire extension aftermain knockdown Positioning PPV Fans – Early in the adoption of

PPV technology, there was great emphasis on seal-ing the door. The entire cone of air was supposedto cover the entry location. This generally causedthe fan to be set > 3 meters from the entry door.With much work and testing, it has been foundthat PPV can be very effective with closer place-ments and the “seal” being formed inside thestructure. This allows PPV to be used in situationswhere there is a smaller area near the entry (figure2). It is common to set units as close as 1 meterand provide very effective air movement. Theseclose sets may be required on dwellings that havea small porch or a narrow hall way at the entry.

Placement of multiple PPV fans is now muchbetter understood also. The use of a “V” attack(figure 3) increases the flow of air into the buildingto more quickly ventilate any contamination. Italso allows the hose lines and firefighters to movestraight into the building. This parallel set is muchmore effective in ventilation of structures thanolder series set with two fans in series (figure 4).

Just as using two pumps in parallel moves morewater onto the fire, two fans in parallel movesmore air into the structure.

Care should be taken on tilting fans with petrolengines. Engine manufacturers design with amaximum tilt angle of 20°. This is due to thedesign of the oil pan and lubrication system. MostPPV fan manufacturers respect that limit and mayadd a degree or two of safety factor, since the unitmay be set on a surface with a slight slope fordrainage. Do not allow firefighters to crib the fanto greater angles by placing wooden blocks orother materials to steepen the fan angle whenusing petrol driven fans. Electric PPV fans can becribbed to greater angles with no problem exceptthe stability of the unit.

Weather – Wind plays a big role in howeffective your department can be when utilizingPPV technology. In general, PPV will not be veryeffective in wind speeds over 20 kph. In higherwind speeds, it is best to use the wind to youradvantage. No wildland firefighting is done fromthe downwind side and this is also true for struc-ture firefighting in high wind. As wind speedincreases, it is best to make smaller exit openingsor to move air at angles to the wind direction. It isphysically impossible to overcome high naturalwind speeds with a small portable fan.

Extreme cold does not negatively impact theeffectiveness of PPV, but it can create freezingproblems in the structure. This is not a problem inlarge fire, but could be on more routine ventilationsituations. If someone has a small kitchen fire onthe stove, do not over-ventilate causing the waterpipes to freeze.

Special Situations – The situations belowrequire a better knowledge of PPV use and how toposition fans for maximum effectiveness. If yourdepartment does not currently use PPV forventilation, it would be best to not attempt thesituations below. All of the following situations aregreatly enhanced if you use existing ventilationsystems whenever possible.

High Rise Ventilation – One of the mostpowerful applications of PPV is its use to maintainthe conditions of stairwells. Stairwells are the mainarteries of high rise buildings. They are the meansof egress for the occupants and the means of



Figure 2

Figure 3

Figure 4 Figure 5

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ingress for the firefighters. Many buildings havepressurized stairwells built into them. The use ofPPV can assist in this pressurization or perform thetask for systems that are not functioning due tofire conditions. To properly perform ventilation in ahigh-rise full of people, many firefighters areneeded to police the ventilation corridors andprevent occupants from inhibiting ventilation byother opening doors and windows. As with allfirefighting situations, high-rise ventilation shouldbe constantly monitored for effectiveness. If it isnot working, evaluate the overall situation andcorrect the problems.

Basements – Basements and other belowgrade situations can pose challenges to effectivePPV fan placement. Generally, the problem is find-ing an appropriate outlet or enough outlet area. Acommon mistake is trying to place the fan so it isblowing directly down the stairway. It is perfectlyacceptable to place the fan blowing into the frontdoorway, making sure the door to the stairway isheld open, and there are adequate openings in thebasement windows. This situation requires goodcoordination so other firefighters do not openother windows or doors. If this happens, the airwill take the easiest route out of the structure,severely decreasing the effectiveness of the base-ment ventilation. If there are no other openings inthe basement, either cut an opening in the floorto provide one, or use flexible ducting to provideone (figure 5).

Large Commercial Buildings – Generally,large commercial buildings can be ventilatedexactly the same way as smaller homes. Theproblem usually is the size of the PPV fan com-pared to the expanse of the building. The easiestsolution is a very large fan (figure 6). However, it isstill possible to ventilate large buildings withmultiple small fans. Garage doors can be proppedopen 1⁄2 way, with 2-4 fans blowing into theopening created (figure 7). This can be done atmore than one position for an even greater effect.Another problem with large commercial buildingsis with the high ceilings. The best solution is tocreate openings in the ceiling (smoke vents, roofaccess doors, or other normal openings are best).If there are no openings in the ceiling, prepare for

a long wait until the structure is fully cleared.Implementing PPV – The use of PPV for fire

ground ventilation can be phased in over time. It isimportant that a department practice with PPV afterthe fire before using during a fire. As confidence isgained, the instructors can start teaching PPV tovarious groups within the department. If they onlyteach the incoming rookies, those rookies will geton a fire scene and be overruled by the veterans. Soinstruct an entire group on PPV technology. Letthem play with various scenarios. Time the ventil-ation of fake smoke with the veterans’ method, thenwith PPV. The goal of a progressive department is tosave as many lives as possible in the most difficultsituation. By effectively using PPV in an aggressivemanner, lives can be saved. Firefighters can avoidcalling in the RIT team because they can see thebuildings layout as they go in. PPV can also help inproperty conservation by allowing firefighters toquickly find the seat of a smoldering fire. Structuralfirefighting will always be one of the mostdangerous situations faced during your career, souse all of the tools available to make it easier. APF



Figure 6

Figure 7

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Angus Fire, Thame Park Road, Thame, Oxfordshire OX9 3RTTel: +44 (0)1844 265000 Fax: +44 (0)1844 265156 www.angusfire.co.uk

Emergency Hotline +44 (0) 15242 61166

The moment you purchase a foam concentrate from Angus Fire you enter into a partnership with a company that is dedicated to supporting you.

Select a Foam Partner, Not Just a Supplier

World Leading Innovation• Proven track-record in research and development

• International team of leading foam experts

• Environmentally responsible technology

Widest Choice, Highest Quality• Largest foam manufacturer in the world

• Complete range of synthetic and protein-basedfoams

• Comprehensive UL Listings and LASTFIRE certification

Local Service, Global Reach• Technical support from global network of


• Proven emergency foam delivery service 24/7world wide

• Award-winning foam testing service

Foam Ad Revised 2/2/07 2:59 pm Page 1

Page 59: APF Issue 21

In May 2000, evidence revealed thatPFOS – the major residue from 3M’sAFFF range – had a unacceptable PBT(Persistent, Bioaccumulative, Toxic)profile. Since then, most countries,including the European Union, haveenacted regulations to restrict or ban theuse of PFOS-based compounds; thusPFOS is no longer a concern but history.

Following the breaking of this newsfrom 3M, other foam manufacturersclaimed that they were not concerned asthey were using alternative compoundsknown as fluorotelomers. As of today,fluorotelomers are still the technicalanswer for manufacturing AFFF.

In the past six years, scientific studieshave concluded clearly that the degrad-ation products of these so-called safealternatives are Very Persistent andBioaccumulative. One predominant com-pound PFOA has been proven Toxic, anda high suspicion of toxicity hangs overH-PFOS and PFHxA, which are nowadaysmajor residues from AFFF degradation.In fact, no scientific evidence has everproven positively that the alternative issafe.

Ultimately, a scandal emerged inGermany in mid-2006. A study conducted

under the authority of the FederalEnvironment Agency threw up evidencethat breast milk was heavily contamin-ated with PFHxA, which meant thatmothers were feeding their new-bornbabies and poisoning them at the sametime! Growing pressure from Germanpoliticians is now demanding a total banon these chemicals. It is noteworthy thatPFHxA indicates in a rather obviousmanner direct pollution from degrad-ation products of fluorotelomers such asthose used in fire fighting foams.

Lacking evidence of safety, one shouldbe very cautious about claims that AFFFis safe. The best option should be toselect fluorine-free foams wheneverpossible. From this starting point, we willconsider two types of fires. The mostcommon type of fire are those involving

class A materials; these represent morethan 95% of total fire interventions andare usually tackled by Fire Brigades. BIOFOR is the perfect answer for these risks.It meets relevant standards for theextinction of fire involving solids and hasbeen proven to be more efficient thancommon foams on these fires; it can beused for a wide range of applicationsand is 100% fluorine free. Thus it willleave no persistent residues.

The second type of fire are industrialfires involving liquid hydrocarbons –class B materials. ECOPOL has beendeveloped to address these risks. Fullybiodegradable and fluorine-free, itmeets the EN 1568 standard for both oiland chemical fires.

These two Fluorine Free Foams havebeen extensively tested by the HygieneInstitute at Gelsenkirshen (Germany).Results clearly indicated that thesefoams were fully biodegradable, non-toxic and that they were safe for use atthe recommended rate of dilution. Nowwe have safe products and can decide tochoose this new generation of foams –for our environment, for our safety, forour children. The choice is entirely yours.

For more information, please contact:Bio-Ex S.A.Z.I. La Petite Olivière69770 MontrottierFranceTel: +33 (0) 474 70 2381Fax: +33 (0) 474 70 2394Email: [email protected]: bio-ex.com



Foam Story Goes On!For the past few years, fire fighting foamshave come under scrutiny from variousscientific laboratories in order to provide abetter understanding of their impact on theenvironment. Originally, it was assumed thatthey were environmentally safe without fullyappreciating the potential detrimental effectsof releasing them to land or water.

Most countries, including

the European Union, have

enacted regulations to

restrict or ban the use of

PFOS-based compounds

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TYCO’s Finiflam® and Tutogen® foamconcentrate brands are being heraldedby the company as meeting the needs offirefighters who are unwilling to com-promise on foam quality. The Finiflamconcentrates are designed for marine,airport and offshore installations; heli-decks; sprinkler systems; process plants;storage tanks; pumping stations, and foruse with non-air-aspirating hand noz-zles. Tutogen concentrates are targetedspecifically at fighting Class B hydro-carbon fires involving crude oil, petroldiesel and aviation fuel.

Finiflam, an AFFF [aqueous filmforming foam] concentrate, is availablein six variants: Finiflam A3F 1% EN;Finiflam A3F 3% EN; Finiflam A3F 6%EN; Finiflam A3F 3% EX; Finiflam A3F6% EX; and Finiflam A3F 3% LU. All arebased on fluoro-surfactants, hydro-carbon tensides and glycolethers. TheFiniflam EN concentrates are approvedto EN 1568-3, while the UL concentrateis Underwriters Laboratories approved.Tutogen is a fluroprotein foam con-centrate that is a combination offluorochemical surfactants, hydrolyzedproteins and anticorrosion agents. Fouroptions are available: Tutogen FP 3%

EN; Tutogen FP 6% EN; Tutogen FP 3%EX, and Tutogen FP 3% UL.

Both concentrates are designed to beused with a variety of conventional equip-ment. This includes: balanced-pressureand in-line balanced-pressure pump pro-portioning equipment; balanced-pressurebladder-tank-type proportioners; around-the-pump proportioners; fixed andportable in-line venturi proportioners, and fixed and hand-line nozzles withfixed induction/pick-up tubes.

The foam produced by Finiflam con-centrates extinguishes hydrocarbon firesby direct and indirect application. Anaqueous film is formed on the surface ofspills and larger hydrocarbon fires,covering the fuel and preventing hydro-carbon evaporation. Finiflam ensuresexcellent burn-back resistance, and holesin the foam blanket caused by raindropsor gusts of wind are quickly resealed bythe spreading aqueous film. The foamscan be used with all foam-compatibledry chemical extinguishing powders, andsea water can be used without anyincrease in the application rate.

Tutogen is claimed by Tyco to be theideal foam for sub-surface injectionsystems – a technique pioneered by

SKUMTM – due to its resistance to thehydrocarbon pick-up effect. It is said tobe ideal for extinguishing medium polar-ity flammable liquids, such as toluene,xylene, phenol and acryonitril. Its wet-ting characteristics also make it suitablefor fighting Class A fires. Among themany advantages claimed for it overconventional protein concentrates are itshigher burn-back resistance due to itslower fuel pick-up, faster extinguishing,and improved compatibility with seawater. Also, the foam is not damaged byits plunge into the burning fuel, whichinevitably occurs when the foam is notgently applied, as is the case withmonitors or hand nozzles.

Tyco has published a series of product datasheets on the Finiflam and Tutogen concentrates. They are available by email [email protected], by telephone on +49 (0)221 67 850, or by fax on +49 (0)221 67 85 207.



Tyco Foam Concentrates meetmarkets’ expectations

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Petroseal from ANGUS FIRE representsthe world’s most advanced fire aircraftfire fighting foam technology. It is thenumber one aviation foam for AirportFire & Rescue Services in the UK. It isalso used by civilian and military aviationauthorities, airlines, international airportsand heliports in over fifty countriesworld wide.

Petroseal is a Film-Forming Fluoro-Protein (FFFP). It is the only type of fire tosuccessfully combine the rapid flameknockdown of conventional film-form-ing foams like AFFF with the high levelsof post-fire security that are unique toFluoroProteins. This post-fire security isessential in protecting fire crews fromthe dangers of sudden and unexpectedre-ignition and burn back during rescueoperations.

Petroseal passes the most stringentperformance requirement “Level B” of

the International Civil Aviation Organisa-tion (ICAO) foam standard, it is Listed byUnderwriters Laboratories Inc. in theUSA and it fully complies with therequirements of the UK Ministry ofDefence Standard 42-40. Petroseal isalso manufactured to BS EN ISO9001:2000 Quality Management Sys-tems.

Based on a natural protein and free ofPFOS and synthetic detergent, Petrosealhas excellent environmental credentials.It is available in 3% and 6% grades andis readily proportioned using convention-al foam proportioning equipment. It can

be applied with standard non-aspiratingdischarge devices such as spray/fogbranchpipes and nozzles as well as lowand medium expansion branchpipes.

The unique formulation of Petrosealmeans that it can be used at tempera-tures as low as minus 15°C and is unaf-fected by repeated freezing andthawing. Exceptionally stable in long-term storage, it has a shelf-life of at leastten years.

Reduced stocks, low cost storage,long shelf-life and low usage levels allcombine to make Petroseal the mostcost-effective fire fighting foam currentlyavailable to aviation fire fighters.

For further infoamation, please contact:Tel.: +44 (0) 1844 265000Fax: +44 (0) 1844 265156Email: [email protected]: www.angusfire.co.uk

Petroseal Aviation Foamfrom Angus Fire

Airport firefighting

When it comes to using foams, fire fight-ers need to be confident that they willdo what they are intended to do, everytime, without fail but not all firefightingfoams are the same.

Foams that contain proteins like FPand FFFP start to degrade as soon as theyleave the factory so if they are not storedproperly or tested regularly it could bethat they are below specification. Foaminducting equipment such as ‘around thepump proportioners’ are checked regu-larly. But what if something simple, likenot being flushed properly after use,allows sediment to build up in the valvesand prevents them from operating cor-rectly? Perhaps an inexperienced pump

operator sets up the proportioning sys-tem incorrectly and delivers foam at lessthan 3% or perhaps the new recruitplunges a jet of foam into a spill fire anddoes not apply a foam blanket using amore gentle application allowing a lot offuel pick up. All these things mean that afire fighting foam is being asked to domore than is normally expected and maycause them not to work as expected.

What is needed is a foam concentratethat can withstand such harsh treatment,a foam with “Built in safety”. The ArcticFoam AFFF range has just that, a “built inSafety” that means regardless of themistakes made by operators and regard-less of poor maintenance it will always

work. It makes no difference if the foamis abused in storage or if the fire fighterdoes not induct it at the correct rate or ifthe inexperienced fire fighter makes amistake Arctic Foam AFFF will always dothe job that it is designed to do it willalways extinguish fire very rapidly andwill secure post fire spills.

Airport fire fighters need all the helpthey can get and having an Arctic FoamAFFF available will always give them theconfidence that they will succeedregardless of what “sods law” mightthrow at them.

For more information, please contact:Joop RijnboutGeneral Sales & Marketing managerSolberg Scandinavian [email protected]

There is no room for error when fighting fires in airports, with the liferisk involved everything must run smoothly otherwise there could bedire circumstances. Airport fire fighters constantly train and have toprove their competence to ensure that the chance of any mistakes areeliminated but “sods law” states that anything can happen and oftendoes and normally at the worst time.

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When quick reactions under extreme stress are

needed, it matters that the tools to deliver are both

unquestionably reliable and specifically designed for

the task. If you fight fire fast with the right combination

of product and delivery system, you can save lives,

critical assets and scarce resources.

Skum brings over 70 years of invaluable expertise to

fire fighting. Backed by a programme of continuous

research and development, Skum has an enviable

reputation at the forefront of fire fighting technology

and is renowned worldwide for its quality and

innovation. Innovations such as Hot Foam™ systems

for enclosed spaces or the unique FJM corrosion free


In short, Skum has it covered.

Typical high risk applications

• Petro-chemical - Oil terminal; Storage tank protection; Bund protection

• Marine - Tankers; Machinery spaces; Ferries; Offshore support and Fire fighting vessels

• Aviation - Hangars; Helidecks; Crash vehicles

• Industry - Sprinkler systems; Foam spray deluge systems; Medium/high expansion foam systems

• Power Generating Plants -Transformers; Cable tunnels; Conveyors; Coal bunkers

HotFoam™ systems forenclosed areas

Systems for high risk sitesSystems for aircraft hangars

Foam fire fighting systems - we’ve got it covered

Skum 70 years of exceptional reliabilityFor further information, please contact:

Tyco Safety Products, Le Pooleweg 5, 2314 XT Leiden, Netherlands

Tel: +31 (0)71 5419 415 Fax: +31 (0)71 5417 330E-mail: [email protected]

Web: www.skum.comHotFoam is a trademark of a subsidiary of Tyco Holdings (UK) Ltd. Copyright © A subsidiary of Tyco Holdings (UK) Ltd.

787t APF/Skum/0307 FP 20/2/07 11:03 am Page 1

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argus®4 The heavy duty lightweight+44 (0)1245 453443www.argusdirect.com

Thermal imaging just got hotter

The argus®4Want to know why e2v’s argus®4 is the hottest thermal imaging camera on the market? At a reduced weight of only 1.5kg and the ability to adapt the camera to suit individual requirements, this camera brings together practical usability without compromising comfort, safetyand durability.

> Light, small and robust

> Up to 100 image capture capability

> Personalised screen options

> Full colour display

> Digital electronics

> x2 zoom

E2V w/p 1/3/07 3:13 PM Page 1

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Access to a wealth of information is only a touch of a button away regardless of whether you are sat at a desk or on the

move and gone are the days of calling someonefrom a fixed telephone line, today we can choosefrom several different communication methods toinstantly communicate with family, friends orcolleagues anywhere around the globe.

This unstoppable progression in technologyinfiltrates all areas of life and the firefighting

industry is no exception, we have all become partof the technology revolution, embracing changeand looking out for the next product that willimprove our lives and our jobs.

Over the last twenty-five years the thermalimaging camera has evolved continuously. Eversince e2v’s (then EEV) introduction of the firsthand held Thermal Imaging Camera (TIC) for firefighters in 1981, there have been many changes.Although a revolutionary invention, the first

By Paul Spooner

Product and MarketingManager, E2V Technologies

The ThermalImaging Camera: A look at the past, present andfutureThe world we live in is a high speed, high tech environment; every day bringsnew products or applications that are designed to make our lives easier andmore efficient, for example the advancements in portable phones and hand-heldcomputers means that our lives have taken on a fluid and instant quality.

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cameras were also large, heavy, in-flexible and bytoday’s standards, very basic. They used pyrelectricvidicon tubes, which were fragile and offered poorperformance, in modern day TICs all cameras use solid state Focal Plan Arrays (FPAS) makingthem strong enough to cope with the harshenvironment and handling, synonymous withfirefighting.

These advancements have happened thanks tothe de-restriction of the technology from militaryuse, to dual use, which allows the detectors to beused in commercial products. Although somerestrictions still apply, the majority of Fire Brigadesaround the world are now able to purchase thesepieces of life saving equipment.

With each new product the expectations of theend user has increased and the environments the cameras have to survive in have become even

more varied. Where once a simple point and viewcamera was all that was needed, the end-usernow wants, and needs, more advanced functionsand features. Customer demand has meant thatwe have seen the cameras slowly get smaller andlighter, and as technology has advanced, newfeatures have been introduced to make the cameraeasier to use; LCD viewing screens, colourisation(today, all cameras have colour schemes to provide

the user with the ability to detect the spread ofthe fire, first introduced on the Argus3 camera),image capture, remote video transmission, tem-perature measurement and digital zoom arecommon offerings in the modern camera.

Thermal cameras today mainly use Micro-bolometer technology detectors based uponVanadium Oxide (VOX) or Amorphous Silicon (ASi)sensing materials. ASi has always been perceivedas having the poorer performance compared toother technologies, but recent progress has



Although some restrictions

still apply, the majority of

Fire Brigades around the

world are now able to

purchase these pieces of

life saving equipment.

Smoke too thin to be detected? No such thing.The SecuriRAS® ASD aspiration smoke detector

Securiton AG, Alarm and Security Systemswww.securiton.eu, [email protected]

Securiton RUSwww.securiton.ru, [email protected]

Securiton Representative Offi ce Malaysiawww.securiton.eu, [email protected]

A company of the Swiss Securitas Group

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allowed improvement in the performance to nearlymatch that of the VOX detectors.

To meet these customer demands TIC manu-facturers use state-of-the-art detectors and designthe electronics and software to produce thehighest levels of performance.

Essential features for current firefighter themalimaging cameras include:

● DurabilityThe ability for the camera to be droppedwithout damage or loss of functionality. Thecameras have to be light enough to held in one hand but rugged enough for the toughenvironment.

● EnvironmentalMust withstand low and high temperatureexposure and be submerged to a depth of1metre without water ingress. Temperatures ata fire scene can reach over 500 degreescentigrade and although the cameras will notreach these temperatures they must be able tobe resistant.

● PerformanceThe camera has to reach highest levels ofperformance for battery life, picture quality anddynamic range. The camera’s software has toable to:– Constantly monitor and control the internal

temperatures– Be able to react to external conditions to

allow the best possible picture quality at alltimes.

The progress we have seen in the market todate has included:● Smaller pixels sizes

This has created detectors that have smallerpackages and higher resolution. For example:pixel size of less than 25microns from55microns and resolutions from 160 x 120pixels, up to 640 x 480 pixels.

● Performance improvementsThe minimum discernable temperaturedifference of the original pevicon tube basedcameras was approximately 0.3°C (300MK),whereas the performance of the new sensorssees this value reduce to 0.05°C (50Mk).

● Dynamic RangeThe dynamic range of a camera is the range of temperatures the cameras can see. Withpevicon tube cameras this range was limitedwas 400°C, today that range can be in excessof 1000°C.The trend in previous years was to use smaller

format array detectors but in recent years largerformats are being used. This has come about bythe reduction in pixel size, the ability to producethe detectors at the same prices as the smallerformats. The markets have opened up outside thefire market meaning the detectors are produced inlarger quantities and the fire camera manufac-turers are seeing the benefit through reduction ofprice based upon economy of scale.

Currently Helmet mounted cameras are beingdeveloped with good resolutions and applications,advances will continue in this area to make smaller,lighter products with continuous improvement on



Thermal cameras today mainly

use Microbolometer

technology detectors based

upon Vanadium Oxide (VOX)

or Amorphous Silicon (ASi)

sensing materials.

Future advancements in

thermal imaging camera

technology will be

influenced by the reduction

in price and size.

HeadquartersLiebigstr. 5 · D-22113 HamburgTelephone +49 (0) 40-73 61 68-0Telefax +49 (0) 40-73 61 68-60E-Mail: [email protected] · www.sthamer.com

Branch OfficeKönigsteiner Str. 5 · D-01796 PirnaTelephone +49 (0) 35 01-46 44 84 + 52 40 06Telefax +49 (0) 35 01-46 44 85



We present a comprehensive range of high-performance and environment compatible fire fighting foam concentrates.

24 HOUR EMERGENCY SERVICE +49 (0 ) 40-736 16 80

P. 63-66 TICs 7/3/07 3:40 PM Page 65

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resolution and picture quality. The benefit ofhelmet mounted cameras is that the firefightershands are completely free, they don’t have toworry about holding the camera or the possibilityof dropping it, also removing the need for aseparate cameraman allows firefighters to find thevictim or partner and exit quickly without usingreference points, which could slow the rescuedown, the disadvantages with current models arethat they are found to be cumbersome and imagecan be lost through fogging of the firefightersmask, also the helmet tends to move around,requiring constant adjustment.

Future advancements in thermal imagingcamera technology will be influenced by thereduction in price and size. As these factors comedown, the personal camera could soon become apossibility. The personal camera could becomesmall enough and cheap enough for everyfirefighter to have one as part of their basic kit,removing the need for a separate cameraman. Thechallenge with the personal camera is designingsomething that can be stored on the firefightersuniform neatly and easily when not in use, so thatit doesn’t hinder a rescue where the firefighter willneed both hands free.

Looking further into the future, the possibilityof a ‘Heads-up’ display on the firefighters BA(breathing apparatus) mask is certainly a potential.In this instance the visual would be transmittedfrom a miniature camera to the mask, projecting a

colour image right in front of the firefighters eyes.The advantages to this technology are; that itwould be hands free enabling the firefighter to use the thermal camera at all times, even when exiting with a casualty, there would be no cumbersome apparatus to attached to thehelmet which has the possibility of falling off,finally the problem of constant adjustment couldbe removed as the mask would be in a fixedposition on the face.

Another serious consideration for thermalimaging camera manufacturers looking to bringnew products to market are the Environmentalconsiderations that must now be undertaken. InEurope the Reduction of Hazardous Substancesdirective (RoHS), outlines the restriction of the useof certain hazardous substances in electrical andelectronic equipment. This Directive bans theplacing on the EU market of new electrical andelectronic equipment containing more than agreedlevels of lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalentchromium, polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) andpolybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flameretardants. This means that all new ThermalCameras have to be compliant with the RoHSdirective. Although some manufactures are sellingproduct under exemption, eventually all electronicand electrical equipment sold in Europe will haveto be compliant. This directive, or forms of it arebeing introduced throughout the world. Japan andChina have their version of the directive and incertain states in the USA this directive is beingactively investigated. This directive was a majorconsideration for e2v when developing theArgus™4 and is the first compliant Thermalimaging camera.

Thermal imaging camera’s have come a longway since they first came on the scene, they aresmaller, lighter and the picture quality hasimproved ten fold. The camera of the future is yetto be decided, but one thing is certain, progresscannot be stopped. APF



Looking further into the future,

the possibility of a ‘Heads-up’

display on the firefighters BA

(breathing apparatus) mask is

certainly a potential.

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Fire fighting helmets and thermal imaging


British Design Councilaward for innovation

Agencies worldwide. For full details or to arrange a demonstration with a GB Solo representative contact - GB Solo Ltd. Tel: +44 (0)1609 881855 • Fax: +44 (0)1609 881103 • email: [email protected] • www.gbsolo.co.uk

don’t go it alonego with solo

Our cutting-edge technology brings you the smallest fire figthing thermal imaging camera


Introducingthe brand new

Half the size of the original SoloVision and the lightest firefighting TIC in the world

• 3600AS sensor giving sharper, cleaner image perception than competitors

• Spot temperature

• Choice of colour palettes

• Picture storage please call our Sales for details

• Optional end user telemetry available please call OUR Sales for details

• Fire watch / suppression

• Search and rescue

• Industrial disasters

• Weighs approx 650g

• Water proof IP67

• Vibration proof

• Withstand a flashover of over 1000oC for 10 seconds

• Identify objects through darkness, fog, smoke and blinding light

Our lightest and smallest, long wavelength infrared camera core


The SOLOvision S2 can be used as a hands-free unit or it can be hung over the neck like a pair of binoculars using the neck strap. It is the lightest and smallest thermal imaging camera in the World. It is suitable for use with all known breathing apparatus and gas masks. As an all round camera with the capability to monitor for fire / search and rescue of victims, there is no better camera for the job.

The original SoloVision (shown here) is nearly twice the size.

36438 GBS Range lft.indd 1 7/3/07 11:12:29

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DRAEGER PACIFIC Tel: 61-3-9265-5000 Fax: 61-3-9265-5097 Email: [email protected] Contact: Warren LevinDealer/Distributor


KINGDAN Tel: 852-2385-0199Fax: 852-2388-5131 Email: [email protected] Contact: Gary WanDealer/Distributor


SAFETECH LTD Tel: 852-2687-4038Fax: 852-2687-2784 Email: [email protected] Contact: Andy ChanDealer/Distributor


DELIS TOOLS LTDTel: 64-3-327-4103Fax: 64-3-327-7676 Email: [email protected] Contact: Paul DelisDealer/Distributor


MEDTRADE LTD Tel: 63-45-888-2131Fax: 63-45-893-0818 Email: [email protected] Contact: Reymond PobleteDealer/Distributor


SUPER PREMIUM CO Tel: 886-2-8226-5855 Fax: 886-2-8226-5856 Email: [email protected] Contact: Will. HungDealer/Distributor


CAMPING EQUIPMENT Tel: 66-2-377-0379Fax: 66-2-374-4108 Email: [email protected] Contact: Yod WatanaDealer/Distributor

PACIFIC TOOL GROUP Tel: 66-2-886-7556Fax: 66-2-886-7585 Email: [email protected] Contact: Dirk BloxhamDealer/Distributor


KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD314 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3172Mailing Address:PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3195 Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 Tel: 03 9518 5588 Fax: 03 9518 5577 Email: [email protected] Website: www.angusfire.com.au Representative Office


PFH FIRE PROTECTION P O Box 327, Seria 7003, Negara Brunei Darussalam Tel: (00 673) 3 332 519 Fax: (00 673) 3 332 519 Contact: HJH. B.A. Noraliza (General Manager)Dealer/Distributor


KIDDE CHINA Product Support & Sales Office, 21/F Tower 2, 88 Container Port Road, Hong Kong Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 Email: [email protected] Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager)Fax: 03 9518 5577 Email: [email protected] Website: www.angusfire.com.auRepresentative Office


CENTURION FIRE FIGHTING CO Room A, 13th Floor Go-Up Commercial Building 998, Canton Road, Mongkok, Kowloon Tel: (00 852) 2332 7071 Fax: (00 852) 2332 6145 Email: [email protected] Contact: Johnny Yuen (Manager)Dealer/Distributor


VIJAY INDUSTRIES & PROJECTS LTD 35, Chandivali Off Saki Vihar Road Andheri (East), Mumbai 400 072 Tel: +91 22 851 8773Fax: +91 22 852 6067 Email: [email protected] Website: http://www.vijayin.com Dealer/Distributor


PT RANTAI LAUT JI Kemang Raya No. 11, Jakarta Selatan Tel: (00 62) 21 717 90122 Fax: (00 62) 21 717 90607 Website: www.rantai-laut.com Contact: Jimmy Singh Email: [email protected] Dealer/Distributor


OWEN LTD 2-5-20 Gokou-Nishi Matsudo-Shi Chiba T270-2218 Tel: (00 81) 47 389 5510 Fax: (00 81) 47 385 1763 Email: [email protected] Contact: Mr Masao Oyake (Managing Director)Dealer/Distributor


INDECO CORPORATION 814 Daewoo, The-O-Plus Building1142-2 Sanbondong GunposiKyunggido, Korea 435-040 Tel: (00 82) 31 390 6911/2 Fax: (00 82) 31 390 6913 Email: [email protected] Contact: Thomas Park (President) Mobile: (00 82) 11 726 2248Dealer/Distributor


CENTURION FIRE FIGHTING CO Room A, 13th FloorGo-Up Commercial Building 998, Canton RoadMongkokKowloon Tel: (00 852) 2332 7071 Fax: (00 852) 2332 6145 Email: [email protected] Contact: Johnny Yuen (Manager)Dealer/Distributor


KINSAJASA SDN BHD 1st Floor2298 Pujut 5 Shoplot 98000 MiriSarawakEast MalaysiaTel: 6085 665802 or 660423 Fax: 6085 655803 or 655402 Email: [email protected] [email protected]: Roger Ling (Mobile: 6019 855 0360)Dealer/Distributor


KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTDStreet Address:314 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3172Mailing Address:PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3195 Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 Tel: 03 9518 5588Fax: 03 9518 5577 Email: [email protected] Website: www.angusfire.com.au Representative Office


KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTDStreet Address:314 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3172Mailing Address:PO Box 682 , Braeside Vic 3195 Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 Tel: 03 9518 5588 Fax: 03 9518 5577 Email: [email protected] Website: www.angusfire.com.au Representative Office


ALARM SYSTEMS CORP Unit 3205 Summit-1 Office Tower 530 Shaw RoadMandulayong City Tel: (00 632) 532 0556 Fax: (00 632) 533 6476 Email: [email protected] Contact: Allen LimDealer/Distributor


KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE. LTD438 Alexandra Road 17-01 & 04 Alexandra PointSingapore 119958 Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 Website: www.kiddeasia.com Contact: Bob Graham (Sales Manager, Fire Fighting Products) Dir Tel: (00 65) 6424 7938 Mobile: (00 65) 9671 1567 Email: [email protected] Representative Office


Distributor and Representative Offices

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SENSOR LTD No. 8-1, Rueiguang Road Neihu Chiu, Taipai, Taiwan 114 Tel: (00 886) 2 8792 9881 Fax: (00 886) 2 8792 9885 Email: [email protected] Website: www.sensorfire.com Contact: Alex Jeng Email: [email protected] Dealer/Distributor


AB GROUP 42 Soi Ngam Duplee, Sathorn, Bangkok 10120 Tel: (00 66) 2 2871570 Fax: (00 66) 2 2871460 Contact: Phairot Bulpakdi (Managing Director)Dealer/Distributor


ANSUL INCORPORATEDBangun Tjipta Bldg, Level 3BJi Jend Gatot Subroto No. 54Jakarta 10260, Indonesia Tel: 62 21 536 77662Fax: 62 21 536 77663Representative Office


BAUER COMPRESSORS ASIA PTE LTD 2 Alexandra Road, #01-03A Delta House Singapore 159919, Singapore Tel: +65 6271 6271Fax: +65 6272 3345 Email: [email protected] Representative Office


BAUER KOMPRESSOREN CHINA LTD 707 Block A, M.P. Industrial Centre18 Ka Yip Street, Chai Wan Hong Kong S.A.R Tel: +852 2595 1898Fax: +852 2595 0878 Email: [email protected] Representative Office


ALLIED SOLUTIONS PVT LTD 313/314, Raikar Chambers, Govandi [East], Mumbai – 400 088 Tel: 022 6797 8056 / 57 / 58 Fax: 022 2557 6234 Email: [email protected] Dealer/Distributor

MOUNT EVEREST ENGINEERINGCOMPANY A-103 Gokul Arcade, Sahar RoadVile Parle (East) Mumbai 400 057, India Tel: +91 (22)8202558Fax: +91 (22)8205792 Dealer/Distributor


MARINE & INDUSTRIALCOMPRESSORS 304 Thomson Road Singapore 307654 Tel: +65 6250 6018 Fax: +65 6253 8443 Email: [email protected] Dealer/Distributor


BAUER COMPRESSORS CO. LTD10-36 Ryutsu-centerKitakami-shi Iwate-ken024-0014 Japan Tel: +81 0197 68 2251 Fax: +81 0197 68 2225 Representative Office


TECKO CO. LTD.S.K Technopark Mega Center Room 201/202 190-1 Sangdeawong 1-Dong Jungwon-gu, Sungnam-city Kyungki-do Korea Zip 462-705Tel: +82 2 3461 3000-3 and +82 31 776 2442 Fax: +82 2 529 4240 and +82 31 776 2444 Dealer/Distributor


SK CRYOGENICS SDN BHD No 5, Jalan TP 7/6Sime U.E.P. Industrial ParkSection 26 40400 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia Tel: +60 3 5192 4269/70 Fax: +60 3 5192 4235 Dealer/Distributor


ALPINE INDUSTRIALCON (PVT) LTD 305/2 G.T. Road Baghbanpura, Lahore, Pakistan Tel: +92- 42- 685 2313 Fax:+92- 42-367 4655 Email: [email protected] Dealer/Distributor


CEBU ERNBRI IMPORT,INC/AQUAVENTURE WHITETIP DIVESUPPLY Ermita Office: Unit 101 Joncor II Bldg, #1362 A.Mabini Street Ermita Manila , Philippines 1000, Philippines Tel: +632 521-0433Fax: +632 522-1165 Website: www.aquaventurewhitetip.comDealer/Distributor


BAUER COMPRESSORS ASIA PTE. LTD 2 Alexandra Road#01-03A Delta House Singapore 159919, Singapore Tel: +65 6271 6271Fax: +65 6272 3345 Email: [email protected] Representative Office

MARINE & INDUSTRIALCOMPRESSORS 304 Thomson Road Singapore 307654 Tel: +65 6250 6018 Fax: +65 6253 8443 Email: [email protected] Dealer/Distributor


MING SHEN ENTERPRISE CO LTD5, PaShih 1 streetDanShui Town, Taipei, Taiwan 25170, Taiwan (Republic of China) Tel: +886 (2) 28095789Fax: +886 (2) 28096189 Email: www.bauer-kompressoren.de/sales/bcmail_en.php?id=233>Website: www.3arrow.com.twDealer/Distributor


INTERSOL ENGINEERING &TECHNOLOGY PTE LTD 160 Rimklongprapa RoadBangsue Bangkok 10800Thailand Tel: +66 2 9106 445Fax: +66 2 9106 446 Email: www.bauer-kompressoren.de/sales/bcmail_en.php?id=235>Dealer/Distributor


MEKONG SCUBA SUPPLY LTD. Saigon Tower 29 Le Duan Blvd, Suite 1600 Ho Chi Minh CityVietnam Tel: +848 823 6294 Fax:+848 823 6288 Email: [email protected] Dealer/Distributor


MANIK BROTHERSHai Mansion (3rd Floor)9/3 Motijheel Circular RoadDhaka – 1000BangladeshTel: +880 2 7100 589Fax: +880 2 7100 386Email: [email protected]: Mr A K BhowmickDealer/Distributor


DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD10 & 12 Jalan Muara 8/940000 Shah AlamSelangor Darul EhsanMalaysiaTel: +603 550 9060Fax: +603 550 4486Email: [email protected]: www.dasaprem.comContact: Mr Prem R MurthyDealer/Distributor


SHENZHEN RUFN INDUSTRIAL CO LTDRM-701 7/F Leaser Tower1st Fuhua RdShenzhenChinaTel: +86 755 8399 9581Fax: +86 755 8399 9548Email: [email protected]: Amy JinDealer/Distributor


PHILLIPS & SMITH LIMITED10 Akatea Road, Glendene AucklandNew ZealandTel: +649 818 8048Fax: +649 818 4484Email: [email protected]: www.firemaster.co.nzContact: Mr S HamptonDealer/Distributor


CHUBB HONG KONG LIMITED3 Hok Yuen Street EastHung HomKowloon, Hong KongTel: +852 2746 9628Fax: +852 2785 0849Dealer/Distributor



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FOREMOST MARKETING PVT LTDM-1 Green Park Extn, New Delhi 110016IndiaTel: +91 11 261 969 82 Fax: +91 11 261 669 61Email: [email protected]: www.foremostsafety.comContact: Mr Vinay KhannaDealer/Distributor


DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD10 & 12 Jalan Muara 8/9, 40000 Shah AlamSelangor Darul Ehsan, MalaysiaTel: +603 550 9060Fax: +603 550 4486Email: [email protected]: www.dasaprem.comContact: Mr Prem R MurthyDealer/Distributor


PHILLIPS & SMITH LIMITED10 Akatea Road, Glendene, Auckland, New ZealandTel: +649 818 8048Fax: +649 818 4484Email: [email protected]: www.firemaster.co.nzContact: Mr S HamptonDealer/Distributor


YEN LEE FIREWELD PTE LIMITED18 Penhas Road, 208182, SingaporeTel: +65 62909890Fax: +65 62961444Email: [email protected]: www.fireweld.com.sgContact: Mr Don TayDealer/Distributor


SHENG-TAI FIRE PROTECTIONINDUSTRIAL CO LTDNo 222-2 Sec2, Cheng Tai RdWu-Ku Shiang, Taipei, Hsien, TaiwanTel: +886 22292 1751Fax: +886 22291 1984Email: [email protected]: www.shengtai.com.twContact: Liu Yuan HungDealer/Distributor


CHUBB CHINA1/F Guard Force Centre3 Hok Yuen Street East, HunghomKowloon, Hong KongTel: +852-23622632 Dealer/Distributor


CHUBB HONG KONG1/F, Guard Force Centre3 Hok Yuen Street EastHunghomKowloons, Hong KongTel: +852-23622632 Dealer/Distributor


PT DRACOP.O. Box 2, Tambun 17510 Jkt, IndonesiaTel: +62-21-8800058 Dealer/Distributor


YU-IL#168 Samsung-Dong Samsung Bldg Rm 401 Gangnam-Gu, Seoul, KoreaTel: +011-82-2-565-7121 Dealer/DistributorMACAU


PALMER ASIA INC33 Edsa Bangkal, 1233 Metro, Manila, Philippines Tel: +632 751 7774 Dealer/Distributor


SEALAND RESOURCESBlock 30 Kallang Place, #06-21 To 24 KallangKallang Basin Industrial Est, SingaporeTel: +65-62968180 Dealer/Distributor


CHENG AN FIREGUARD IND9/F No. 97 Sec. 2, Nan-Kang Road, Taipei, TaiwanTel: +011-8862-27888349Dealer/Distributor


BEIJING FORTUNE DRAEGER SAFETYEQUIPMENT CO LTDYu An Lu 22, B Area, Beijing Tianzhu AirportIndustrial Zone, Shunyi District, Beijing, 101300Tel: +86 10 8049 8000Fax: +86 10 8049 8005Email: [email protected]/Distributor


PT DRAEGERINDO JAYAJl. Benda Raya No.54 DEF-Kemang Jakarta Selatan 12560Tel: +6221 788 41880Fax: +6221 781 0230Email: [email protected]/Distributor


DRAEGER SAFETY JAPAN LTD3-8-1 Tokyo, 2-chome, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135 0047Tel: +81 3 44 615111Fax: +81 3 44 615100Email: [email protected] Office


DRAEGER SAFETY ASIADaejong Bld. #1106, Korea Representative OfficeBang-I-dong, Songpa gu, Seoul, KoreaTel: +82 2 6415 8222Fax: +82 2 6415 8223Email: [email protected] Office


DRAEGER SAFETY ASIA PTE LTD14 Jalan PJS 11/18, Sunway Technology Park46150 Petaling Jaya, SelangorTel: +60 3 5635 6460Fax: +60 3 5635 4171Email: [email protected]/Distributor


DRAEGER SAFETY PACIFIC PTE LTDUnit O, No. 150Harris Road, East Tamaki, AucklandTel: +649 273 3160Fax: +649 273 3159Email: [email protected]/Distributor


DRAEGER SAFETY TAIWAN CO LTD12/F, Kuohwa Building, 868-5 Chungcheng Rd,Chungho City, Taipei county 235, TaiwanTel: +886 (02) 2223-6388Fax: +886 (02) 2223-2258Email: [email protected] Office


DRAEGER SAFETY (THAILAND) LTDChamnan Penjati Business CentreUnit 65/210 25th FloorRama 9 Road, Huay Kwang, Bangkok 10310Tel: +662 6438 701/2Fax: +662 6438 700Email: [email protected] Office


FOREMOST MARKETING PVT LTD M-1, Green Park Extn, New Delhi 1100016, India Tel: 00 91-11-261-96982Fax: 00 91-11-261-66961Email: [email protected]: www.foremostsafety.comDealer/Distributor


CORNES DODWELL LTD (OSAKA) 13-40 Nishihonmachi 1-chome, Nishi-kuOsaka 550-0005, JapanTel: + 81-6-6532-1012Fax: + 81-6-6532-7749 Email: [email protected]: www.cornes-dodwell.co.jpDealer/Distributor


GODO ENGINEERING CO LTD 1FL. 142-5 Yeonhee-2 Dong Soedaemun-Gu, Seoul, Korea, 120-112 Tel: 822-3141-1236Fax: 822-3141-1270 Email: [email protected]: www.godoeng.comDealer/Distributor


FIRE RESPONSE PTY LTD71 Prince William Dr, P.O. Box 668, Seven Hills2147, AustraliaTel: +61 2 9838 9071Dealer/Distributor


PT REJECKI UTAMAWisma Geha, 5th Floor, JL Timor 25Jakarta, IndonesiaTel: +62 21 316 2779Dealer/Distributor


PSL PHILLIPS & SMITH LTDP.O. Box 69-028GlendeneAuckland, New ZealandTel: +64 9 8184484Dealer/Distributor


GUARDFIRE LIMITED42/2 Teo Hong Bangna Building, Moo 10, Bangna-Trad RoadBangkok 10260, ThailandTel: +66 2 7467031Dealer/Distributor



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AMPAC INDUSTRIES PTY LTD 97 Walters Drive, Osbourne Park Western Australia 6017 Tel: 00 61 892 423 333Fax: 00 61 892 423 334Dealer/Distributor


HLK SERVICES LTD Room 1111, Tower B, Hung Hom CommercialCentre, 39 Ma Tau Wai Road Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong KongTel: 00 852 23303083Fax: 00 852 23656128Dealer/Distributor


NITIN FIRE PROTECTION INDUSTRIESLTD 501, Delta, Technology St., Hirananandani Gardens, Powai, Mumbai -400 076, IndiaTel: 00 91 22 25700392Fax: 00 91 22 25701110Dealer/Distributor


HI MAX CO LTD Sicox Tower 115-Ho 513-14, Sangdaewon-Dong,Jungwon-Gu,Sungnam-City Kyungki Do, Korea Tel: 00 82 31 769 7698E-Mail [email protected]/Distributor


FITTERS ENG.SERVS SDN BHD No.1 Block C, Jalan Dataran Sd1 Pju 9, 52200Bandar Sri, Damansara, Kuala Lumpar, MalaysiaTel: 00 60 3 62767155Fax: 00 60 3 62758712Dealer/Distributor


AMPAC INDUSTRIES LIMITED P.O. Box 100-149North Shore Mail Centre Glenfield, Auckland, New Zealand Tel: 00 64 94438072Fax: 00 64 94438073Dealer/Distributor


ACCLAIM SYSTEMS PTE LTD Blk 104 Boon Keng Road, 05-01 Singapore 339775 Tel: 00 656 2990 798Fax: 00 656 299 3735Dealer/Distributor

ALARM SUPPLY PTE LTD 63 Jalan Pemimpin 03-07 Pemimpin Industrial Building Singapore 577219 Tel: 00 656 258 3445Fax: 00 656 258 6428Dealer/Distributor


HORING LIH IND CO LTD 4F No 18 Lane 327Chung Shan Road Sec 2 Chung-Ho-CityTaipei HsienTaiwanTel: 00886 2224 87599Fax: 00886 2224 07752Email [email protected]/Distributor


F.B. (THAILAND) LTD 75 Soi Rubia, Sukhumvit 42 Road Bangkok 10110, Thailand Tel: 00 66 2 3902445 Fax: 00 66 2 3811197Dealer/Distributor

TEEYA MASTER SYSTS CO LTD 100/101-102 Vongvanji, Building B, 30Th Flr, Rama 9 Road, Huaykhwang Bangkok 10320, Thailand Tel: 00 662 2 6451130Fax: 00 662 2 2488540Dealer/Distributor


CHUBB FIRE AUSTRALIA120 Silverwater Road, Silverwater NSW 2118, AustraliaTel: +61 2 8748 7440Email: [email protected]/Distributor


GLAMCO AVIATION (B) SDN BHDGPO Box 2793Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei BS 8675Tel: +673 2 451757Email: [email protected]/Distributor


WUXI FIRETRE SAFETECHNo 8, 2nd Floor, Xian Li Road, WUXI, JiangsuProvince 214021, People’s Republic of ChinaTel: +86 510 275 3771Email: [email protected]/DistributorFIJI


SAFETECH LIMITEDBlock C Unit 11, 11th Floor, Wah Lock IndustrialCentre, Shan Mai StreetFo Tan Shatin, New Territories, Hong KongDealer/Distributor


VIJAY SABRE SAFETY PVT LTDPlot 35 Chandivali Village, Off Saki Vihar Rd, Mumbai 400 072, IndiaTel: +91 22 28475488Email: [email protected]/Distributor


PT BUMI CERAH AGUNGKomplex Karang, Anyar Permai, Jl Karang AnyarNo 55 /C1-17, Jakarta 10740, IndonesiaTel: +62 21 6246954Email: [email protected]/Distributor


JIN-ASIA CORPORATION889-3 Daedae-Ri, Unghon Myun, Ulzoo-Kun,Ulsan City, South KoreaTel: +82 52 221 9871Email: [email protected]/Distributor


DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD10 & 12 Jalan Muara 8/9, 4000 Shah Alam,Selangor, Darul Ehsan, MalaysiaTel: +60 (3) 551 00957Email: [email protected]/Distributor


CHUBB FIRE & SAFETY PRODUCTS3 Fisher Crescent, Mt WellingtonPrivate Bag 9220, Auckland, New ZealandTel: +64 9 270 7234Email: [email protected]/Distributor


PROGRESSIVE INDUSTRIALEQUIPMENT COMPANY24 New Industrial Rd #02-08 Pei Fu Building, Singapore 536210Tel: +65 6282 7722Email: [email protected]/Distributor


ALLIANCE INDUSTRIAL SALESUnit 109, Cluster 3, Makati Prime City, 7708 St PaulRoad San Antonio, 1203 Makati City, PhilippinesTel: +632 890 8818Email: [email protected]/Distributor


SECOROC CORPORATION219 Chung Cheng North RoadSan Chung City, Taipei Hsien, TaiwanTel: +88 2 8985 3838Email: [email protected]/Distributor


CHASE ENTERPRISE (SIAM) CO LTD497 Phrapinklao Road, PO Box 7-67Bangyeekhan, Bangplad, Bangkok 10700, ThailandTel: +66 2 883 2880Email: [email protected]/Distributor


FIRE RESPONSE PTY LTDPO Box 668, New South Wales 1730, Seven Hills, AustraliaContact: Geoff MarchantTel: 0061 02 9838 9044Fax: 0061 02 9838 9071Email: [email protected]/Distributor


ON MAN SAFETY EQUIPMENT CO6/F Block F1, Hong Kong Industrial Building444-452 Des Voeux Road, West Hong KongContact: Micheal LuiTel: 00852 254 72658Fax: 00852 254 72674Email: [email protected]/Distributor


NITIN FIRE PROTECTION INDUSTRIESLIMITED501, Delta, Technology Street, HiranandaniGardens, Powai, Mumbai 400-076, IndiaContact: Vijay ShelarTel: 0091 22 2570 0392Fax: 0091 22 2570 1110Email: [email protected]/Distributor


DASAPREM (M) SDN BHD10 & 12 Jalan Muara 8/9, 40 000 Shah AlamSelangor Darul Ehsan, MalaysiaContact: T.D. MurthyTel: 00603 5510 0957Fax: 00603 5510 4486Email: [email protected]: www.dasaprem.comDealer/Distributor



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PSLPO Box 69-028, 10 Akatea RoadGlendene, Auckland, New ZealandContact: Anne HadfieldTel: 0064 9 818 8048Fax: 0064 9 818 4484Email: [email protected]/Distributor


THE EAST ASIATIC (THAILAND)PUBLIC CO LTD – EAC1168/98-100 Lumpini Tower, 33rd Floor, Rama IV Road, Kwang Thungmahamek, Khet, Sathorn Bangkok 10120, ThailandContact: Patcharaporn S.Tel: 0066 2689 5999Fax: 0066 2689 5888Email: [email protected]/Distributor


KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTDStreet Address:314 Boundary Road, Dingley Vic 3172Mailing Address:PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3195 Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 Tel: 03 9518 5588 Fax: 03 9518 5577 Email: [email protected] Website: www.angusfire.com.au Representative Office


KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD438 Alexandra Road 17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point, Singapore 119958 Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 Website: http://www.kiddeasia.com Contacts: Matthew Grierson: [email protected] Graham: [email protected] Tan: [email protected] Office


KIDDE CHINA Product Support & Sales Office, 21/F Tower 2, 88 Container Port Road, Hong Kong Tel: 00 852 2334 2388Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 Email: [email protected] Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager)[email protected] Office


KIDDE CHINA Product Support & Sales Office, 21/F Tower 2, 88 Container Port Road, Hong Kong Tel: 00 852 2334 2388Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 Email: [email protected] Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager)[email protected] Office


KIDDE INDIAVijay Industries & Projects Ltd 35, Chandivali, Off Saki Vihar Road Andheri (East), Mumbai 400 072 Tel: +91 22 851 8773Fax: +91 22 852 6067 Email: [email protected] Website: http://www.vijayin.com Representative Office


KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD438 Alexandra Road 17-01 & 04 Alexandra PointSingapore 119958 Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 Website: www.kiddeasia.com Contacts: Matthew Grierson: [email protected] Graham: [email protected] Tan: [email protected] Office


KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD438 Alexandra Road 17-01 & 04 Alexandra PointSingapore 119958 Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 Website: www.kiddeasia.com Contacts: Matthew Grierson: [email protected] Graham: [email protected] Tan: [email protected] Office


KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD438 Alexandra Road 17-01 & 04 Alexandra PointSingapore 119958 Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 Website: www.kiddeasia.com Contacts: Matthew Grierson: [email protected] Graham: [email protected] Tan: [email protected] Office


KIDDE CHINA Product Support & Sales Office21/F Tower 2 88 Container Port RoadHong Kong Tel: 00 852 2334 2388 Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 Email: [email protected] Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager)[email protected] Office


KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD438 Alexandra Road 17-01 & 04 Alexandra PointSingapore 119958 Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 Website: www.kiddeasia.com Contacts: Matthew Grierson: [email protected] Graham: [email protected] Tan: [email protected] Office


KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTDStreet Address:314 Boundary RoadDingley Vic 3172Mailing Address:PO Box 682Braeside Vic 3195 Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 Tel: 03 9518 5588Fax: 03 9518 5577 Email: [email protected] Website: www.angusfire.com.au Representative Office


KIDDE AUSTRALIA PTY LTDStreet Address:314 Boundary RoadDingley Vic 3172Mailing Address:PO Box 682, Braeside Vic 3195 Freecall (Australia): 1800 672 171 Tel: 03 9518 5588 Fax: 03 9518 5577 Email: [email protected] Website: www.angusfire.com.au Representative Office


KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD438 Alexandra Road17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point Singapore 119958 Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 Website: www.kiddeasia.com Contacts: Matthew Grierson: [email protected] Graham: [email protected] Tan: [email protected] Office


KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD438 Alexandra Road 17-01 & 04 Alexandra PointSingapore 119958 Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 Website: www.kiddeasia.com Contacts: Matthew Grierson: [email protected] Graham: [email protected] Tan: [email protected] Office


KIDDE CHINA Product Support & Sales Office 21/F Tower 288 Container Port Road Hong Kong Tel: 00 852 2334 2388Fax: 00 852 2370 8381 Email: [email protected] Contact: Martin Dowson (General Manager)[email protected] Office


KIDDE ASIA FIRE & SECURITY PTE LTD438 Alexandra Road17-01 & 04 Alexandra Point Singapore 119958 Tel: (00 65) 6424 7979Fax: (00 65) 6424 7978 Website: www.kiddeasia.com Contacts: Matthew Grierson: [email protected] Graham: [email protected] Tan: [email protected] Office


QESS FIRE AND SECURITY Quantum Business ParkUnit 60 7-9 Percy St.Auburn NSW 2144Australia Tel: +61 2 9737 0933 Email: [email protected] Website: www.nittan.com.auDealer/Distributor



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NOTIFIER/INERTIA FIRE SYSTEMSSydney, AustraliaTel: 61-2-9899-4155Fax: 61-2-9899-4156

Additional Locations: Brisbane, QueenslandMelbourne, VictoriaRepresentative Office


NOTIFIER CHINAShanghai, ChinaTel: 86-21-5027-2119Fax: 86-21-5027-3119Representative Office


NOTIFIER HONG KONGKowloon, Hong KongTel: 852-2730-9090Fax: 852-2736-6590Representative Office


NOTIFIER INDIAMumbai, IndiaTel: 852-2730-9090Fax: 852-2736-6590Dealer/Distributor Additional Locations in India: New Delhi, Chennai,Bangalore, Calcutta, Gurgaon


NOTIFIER SINGAPORETel: 65-6271-5503Fax: 65-6271-9961Dealer/Distributor


NOTIFIER TAIWANTaipei, TaiwanTel: 886-2-2245-7248Fax: 886-2-2245-0927Representative Office


PETER MURPHY OPEC Systems Pty Ltd3/4 Aquatic Drive, Frenchs ForestNew South Wales 2086 Australia Tel: +61 2 9453 9077Fax: +61 2 9975 7808 Website: www.opecsystems.com.au Dealer/Distributor


ANDY CHAN Safetech LimitedBlock C Unit 11-1217/F, Wah Lok Industrial CentreShan Mei Street, FO Tan Shatin N.T., Hong Kong Tel: +852 2687 4038 Fax: +852 2684 2784 Website: www.safetech.com.hk Dealer/Distributor


JUN TAKAHASHI Cornes Dodwell & Company LimitedF-Nissei Ebisu Building16-3, Higashi 3-chomeShibuya-ku, Tokyo 150-845, Japan Tel: +81-3-5774-9971Fax: +813-5774-9980 Website: www.cornes.co.jp Dealer/Distributor


KOAN NAMKUNG Godo Enginerring Ltd, 3F, 219-2, Buam-dong, Jongro-guSeoul, 110-817, Korea Tel: 822-396-1522Fax: 822-396-1524 Website: www.godoeng.com Dealer/Distributor


MAZLAN OMAR TMR Alam Sdn BhdG-9 Impian KotaJalan Kampung Attap50460 Kuala LumpurMalaysia Tel: +60 3227 35200 Fax: +60 3227 35171 Dealer/Distributor


RICHARD LUKOMSKI Wholesafe, 6 Main Street, PO Box 40Foxton 5555, New Zealand Tel: +64 6363 7311 Email: [email protected] Website: www.acourt.co.nz Dealer/Distributor

OPEC SYSTEMS PTY LTD 3 – 4 Aquatic Drive, Frenchs Forest, New South Wales 2086, AustraliaContact: Peter MurphyTel: +612 9453 9077Fax: +612 9975 7808Website: www.opecsystems.com.auDealer/Distributor


JOSEPH CHOO W H Brennan & Co Pte Ltd47 Loyang Way, Singapore 508739 Tel: +654 9511Fax: +6545246 Website: www.whbrennan.com Dealer/Distributor

FORCE 21 EQUIPMENT PTE LIMITED61 Kaki Buki Ave 1, Shun LI Ind Park02-24 S (417943), SingaporeContact: Mr Daniel CheahTel: 0065 6848 4424Fax: 0065 6848 4434Dealer/Distributor


NELVEN CO LIMITED14F-6 No 76 Sec 1, Fu-Shing S Road, Taipei, Taiwan Tel: +886 22721 9770 Fax: +886 28773 2047 Website: www.nelven.com.twDealer/Distributor


COMSOLINT 1402-2214 Gold Coast HWY AU-4218 Mermaid Beach Queensland Tel: 0061 4394 93332 Fax: 0061 7300 90527 Email: [email protected] Dealer/Distributor


WUHAN GDW-BROCOO Pneumatic Technique Co. Ltd. No 1001 B Building, Triumphal Arc CN-430070 Plaza Xudong Road Wuhan, China Tel: +86 27 86835595 Fax: +86 27 86728946 Email: [email protected] Dealer/Distributor


GAS ENGG. P LTD. C408, Shiv Sagar, Plot No 79 Gorai II, Borivali West IND-400 091 Mumbai, India Tel: 0091 9820035452 Email: [email protected] Dealer/Distributor


NARAYANI AGENCIES J. B. Business Centre, Room No. 18, Fifth Floor 506, 116 Park Lane S.D. Road IN-500003 SECUNDERABAD Indonesia Email: [email protected] Dealer/Distributor


AUSTRALIAN FIRE ENTERPRISES (AFE)P.O Box 7027, Mannering Park,NSW 2259, AustraliaContact: Mr Mike Donegan Tel: 61 2 43 592 244Fax: 61 2 43 593 301Email: [email protected]/Distributor


SECURITON AG, ALARM ANDSECURITY SYSTEMSAlpenstrasse 20, CH-3052 Zollikofen/BerneTel: +41 31 910 13 21Fax: +41 31 910 16 16Email: [email protected]: www.securiton.chContact: Claudia FlueckigerRepresentative Office

SHENZHEN YAOHUAJI CHINA CO LTD RM.F, 20th Floor Yong – Hui Building, Guo-QiBuilding, Shenzhen Contact: Mr Raymond NgTel: +86 755 8212 9863Fax: +86 755 8212 9909 Email: [email protected] Website: www.ywk.com.hkDealer/Distributor


YIU WAH (KOGARAH) CO LTDRoom 901, 9th Floor, No 113 Argyle Street, Mongkok, Kowloon, Hong KongContact: Mr Raymond NgTel: +852 2781 1384Fax: +852 2782 6652Email: [email protected]: www.ywk.com.hkDealer/Distributor


VIMAL FIRE CONTROLS PVT LTD19/20 Vardhaman Service Industrial Estate, L.B.S. Marg, IN-400083 Vikhroii (West) Mumbai, IndiaContact: Mr Vijay DoshiTel: +91 22 2578 3335Fax: +91 22 2578 3338Email: [email protected]/Distributor



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ROYAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGYCORPORATIONRoyal Building, 3rd Floor840-5 Yeoksam-Dong, Kangnam-KuSeoul, KoreaTel: +82 2 567 8881Fax: +82 2 567 8831Email: [email protected]: www.ritco.co.krContact: Mr J.S. ChungDealer/Distributor


FITTERS HOLDING BHDLot 2221, Kg. Jaya Industrial AreaMY-47000 Sg. Buloh Selangor, MalaysiaTel: +60 3 6157 6199Fax: +60 3 6157 0801Email: [email protected]: www.fittersgroup.comContact: Mr Richard WongDealer/Distributor

SECURITON AG, REPRESENTATIVEOFFICE ASIANo. 19A, Lorong Rahim Kajai 13Taman Tun Dr. IsmailMY-60000 Kuala Lumpur, MalaysiaTel: +60 3 7725 1699Fax: +60 3 7725 1677Email: [email protected]: www.securiton.chContact: Mr Lewis ChongRepresentative Office


ATLAS TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION22F, No 1 Bausheng Road, Yunghe City, Taipei, Taiwan 234, R.O.C.Tel: +886 2 223 20 556Fax: +886 2 223 16 657Email: [email protected]: www.atlasgroup.com.twContact: Mr David Liu Dealer/Distributor

GICTEC INTERNATIONAL COMPUTINGCO LTD No. 49 Goang Shi Road, Kaohsiung, Taiwan R.O.C.Tel: +886 7 715 4285Fax: +886 7 715 4401Email: [email protected]: www.gictec.com.twContact: Mr Franco Lee Dealer/Distributor

UNIVERSAL PATH DEVELOPMENTCORPORATION (UPDC)9F-1 306, Sec. 1NeiHu Road, TaipeiTaiwan R.O.C.Tel: +886 2 8751 6055 Fax: +886 2 8751 6053Email: [email protected]: www.updc.com.twContact: Mr Terry Chung Dealer/Distributor


GAAM EMERGENCY PRODUCTS29 Temple Dr., PO Box 211 ThomastownVictoria, 3074, AustraliaTel: +61 3 9466 1244Fax: 61 3 9466 4743Email: [email protected]: www.gaam.com.auDealer/Distributor


SHANGHAI JINDE INDUSTRYDEVELOPMENT CO LTDRoom 610, 1 Lane 50, Xin Cun RoadShanghai, 200065, ChinaTel: +86 21-360-50599 Fax: +86 21-360-55599Email: [email protected]/Distributor


ROTTER INTERNATIONAL LIMITEDUnit A G/F. Hung To Road6-8 Hung To RoadKowloonHong KongTel: 85227517770Fax: 85227562051Email: [email protected]/Distributor

UNIVERSAL CARS LIMITEDUCL House, 374-380 Castle Peak RoadTsuen Wan, N.T., Hong KongTel: +852 2414 0231Fax: +852 2413 6063Email: [email protected]: www.mitsubishi-motors.com.hkDealer/Distributor


FOREMOST TECHNICO PVT LIMITEDM-1, Green Park ExtensionNew Delhi 110016, IndiaTel: +91 (11) 2619 6997Fax: +91 (11) 2616 6961Dealer/DistributorMumbai Resi./Office: 803, 8th Floor, Bldg. No. 23 C, Opp. Jalvayu Vihar, Hiranandani Gardens, Powai,Mumbai – 400 076Email: [email protected]: www.tca.co.in


PT PALMAS ENTRACOJl. Krekot 85, Jakarta-Pusat, IndonesiaTel: +62 (21) 384 1681Fax: +62 (21) 380 2660Email: [email protected]/Distributor


YONE CORPORATION23, Nishinakaai-ChoNishinokyo, Nakagyo-Ku, Kyoto 604, JapanTel: +81 (7) 582-11185Fax: +81 (7) 580-12263Email: [email protected]: www.yone-co.co.jpDealer/Distributor


SHILLA FIRE CO LTD433-11 Non Hon-DongNam Dong-Gu, Inchon City 405-300South KoreaTel: +82-02-3665 9011Fax: +82-02-3663 9113Email: [email protected]: www.firekorea.comDealer/Distributor


CME EDARAN SDN BHDLot 19, Jalan Delima 1/1Subang Hi-Tech industrial ParkBatu Tiga, 4000 Shah AlamSelangor Darul Ehsan, MalaysiaTel: +60 (3) 56331188Fax: +60 (3) 56343838Email: [email protected]/Distributor


ALLIANCE INDUSTRIAL SALESUnit 109 Cluster 3Makati Prime City7708 St. Paul Rd.Brgy San Antonio Makati City, PhilippinesTel: +63 (2) 897-2037Fax: +63 (2) 896-0083Email: [email protected]/Distributor


S.K. FIRE PTE LTD8 Tuas Drive 2Singapore 638643SingaporeTel: +65 6862 3155Fax: +65 6862 0273Email: [email protected]: www.skfire.comDealer/Distributor


YONE CORPORATION23, Nishinakaai-Cho, NishinokyoNakagyo-KuKyoto 604, JapanTel: +81 (7) 582-11185 Fax: +81 (7) 580-12263Email: [email protected]: www.yone-co.co.jpDealer/Distributor


ANTI-FIRE, CO. LTD316-316/1 Sukhumvit 22 RdKlongtoey KlongtoeyBangkok, 10110 ThailandTel: 6622596898Fax: 6622582422Email: [email protected]: www.antifire.comDealer/Distributor

SEAT PATTAYA CO LTD138/74, 18th Floor, Jewellery Centre, Nares RoadSiphraya, Bangrak Bangkok 10500, ThailandTel: +66 (2) 267 3273Fax: +66 (2) 267-3280Email: [email protected]/Distributor


TYCO FIRE & SECURITYPt. ODG Wormald IndonesiaJ1. Let Jen. TB. Simatupang no. 150 BTanjung Barat, Jagakarsa, Jakarta, 12530Representative Office


TOKYO BOSAI SETSUBI CO., LTD. Tokyo Bosai Setsubi Co., Ltd Nakajima Bldg. 9F 1-8-1, Kita-shinjuku Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-0074 Japan Tel: +81-3-3363-9761 Fax: +81-3-3363-9765 Email: [email protected] Website: www.tokyo-bosai-setsubi.co.jp Contact: Mr. Shigeru Ozasa Dealer/Distributor



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SAINT-GOBAIN HANGLAS (JAPAN) K.K.6F/L Saint-Gobain Bldg3-7, KojimachiChiyoda-KuJ-Tokyo 102-0083Tel: +81 3 5275 08 63Fax: +81 3 5275 0913Email: [email protected] Website: www.vetrotech.comContact: Mr Sadahiro InadaRepresentative Office


HANKUK PROCESSED GLASS INC585-14Gajwa-DongIncheon 404-250, Seo-GuSeoul/South KoreaTel: +82 32 580 04 07Fax: +82 32 579 04 30Email: [email protected]: www.hanglas.co.krContact: Mr Jung Soo ParkDealer/Distributor


ADAMS STEELGUARD LTD137 Sunnybrae Rd.Glenfield, AucklandNew ZealandTel: 649-443-2722Fax: 649-443-7877Email: [email protected]: www.steelguard.co.nzContact: Mr Graeme KnowlesDealer/Distributor


SAINT-GOBAIN (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD15 Beach Road, #04-01 Beach Centre, Singapore 189677Tel: +65 63372276Fax: +65 63372247Email: [email protected] Website: www.saint-gobain.com Contact: Mr Elsen ChanDealer/Distributor


INEX BUILDING MATERIALS &INSTALLATION CO LTD4F. No. 219, Sec. 1Tunhwa S. Rd.TaipeiTaiwanTel: 886-2-2740 3475Fax: 886-2-2740 3479Email: [email protected]: www.inex.twmail.netContact: Mr William ChenDealer/Distributor


WHYTE-HALL (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTDUnit 2, 81-83 Station RoadSeven Hills, NSW 2147Australia Email: [email protected] Tel: +612 9838 4420Fax: +612 9838 4460Website: www.whyte-hall.comContact: Matthew MacRaeDealer/Distributor


PLUS ALPHA CORPORATION5-9-12-608 Magamoto Minami-KuSaitama CitySaitama336-0033 JapanEmail: [email protected]: +81 48 865 7784Fax: +81 48 865 7784Contact: Mr R HashimotoDealer/Distributor


DAE MYUNG CORP368-1 Gupyeong-Dong Saha-Gu, PusanKorea Email: [email protected]: +82 51 261 0035Fax: +82 51 264 0081Contact: Mr Jung Won LeeDealer/Distributor


WINDSOR MARINE PTE LTD28 Joo Koon CircleSingapore 629057Email: [email protected]: +65 6349 1930Fax: +65 6778 6882Contact: Mr Michael LimDealer/Distributor


POLICO INTERNATIONAL CORP3F, No. 43 Fuguo Road (Shin-Lin)Taipei, TaiwanTel: +8862 8866 1003Fax: +88862 8866 5479Email: [email protected]: Mr C.T. HuangDealer/Distributor


TUNG SHING TRADEDevelopment Co. Ltd.Suite 906, 9th Floor ICBC Tower3 Garden RoadHK- Central Hong KongHong KongTel: 00852 2578 6088Fax: 00852 2887 6993Email: [email protected]: Mr. J. YipDealer/Distributor


P.T. ZIEGLER INDONESIALippo CikarangDelta Silicon Ind. ParkBlok A 10-2RI-17550 BekasiIndonesienTel: 0062 21 8972835Fax: 0062 21 8972836Email: [email protected]: Mr. Thomas PfisterRepresentative Office

ERINDO MEGHA PRIMARuko Duta Mas, Blok A1/33 Jl. RS Fatmawati No.39Cipete UtaraRI-12150JakartaIndonesiaTel: 0062 21 73 99 732Fax: 0062 21 73 99 637Email: [email protected]: Mr.Jeffry SebayangDealer/Distributor


AVP ENGINEERING (M) SDN.BHDLot. 4, Jalan Waja 15, KawasanPerusahaanSelangor Darul EhsanMAL-42500 Telok Panglima GarangTel: 0060 3 3122 7117Fax: 0060 3 3122 9152Email: [email protected]: Mrs. Siti Zawiyah Dealer/Distributor


SHUR-WAY IND. INC.Fire Fighting Equipment4100 R Magsaysay Blvd.RP- Sta Mesa Metro ManilaPhilippinesTel: 0063 2 715 8911-14Fax: 0063 2 715 8911Email: [email protected]: Ramon EstanislaoDealer/Distributor


LMB KOREA LTD.Pantheon Regency #2720Jungja Dong 27Bundang Gu463-811 Soungnam CitySouth KoreaTel: 0082-31-785-7500Fax: 0082-31-785-7501Email: [email protected]: Mr.C.H.Yoo (MD)Dealer/Distributor


FIRM POWER CO. LTD.P.O. Box 46-4826R-1, No.110, Sec.2Chang An East RoadRC-Taipei/Taiwan RocTaiwanTel: 00886 22 518-3987Fax: 00886 22 518 3986Email: [email protected]: Mr. K.C. HuangDealer/Distributor


CHASE ENTERPRISE (SIAM) CO.LTD.497 Somdejprapinklao RoadBangyeekhan, BangpladTHA- Bangkok 10700ThailandTel: 00662 883-2880Fax: 00662 433-8514Email: [email protected]: Mr. ThanusDealer/Distributor


EUROP CONTINENTS126 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Nghia TanCau Giay District, VN- HanoiVietnamTel: 0084 4 754 0440Fax: 0084 4 754 0469Email: [email protected]: Mrs. Kieu Thi Uyen Dealer/Distributor

EUROP CONTINENTS185 LY Chinh Thang S.8.Ward 7, District 3VN- HCM-CityVietnamTel: 0084 8 93 18 776Fax: 0084 8 93 18 882Email: [email protected]: Mrs. Hoang Anh Dealer/Distributor



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MDM Publishing Ltd.The Abbey Manor Business Centre, The Abbey, Preston Road,

Yeovil, Somerset BA20 2EN, United Kingdom




An MDM PUBLICATIONIssue 21 – March 2007


An MDM PUBLICATIONIssue 21 – March 2007


✂ ✂


MDM Publishing Ltd.

Albert Ziegler GmbH & Co. KG. 49

Amkus, Inc 38

Angus Fire – A Kidde Company 56

Ansul, Inc. OBC

Bacou-Dalloz Protective Apparel 30

Bauer Compressors Asia Pte Ltd. 37

Bio-Ex 59

Bristol Uniforms Ltd. 33

Chemetron Fire Systems IBC

Control Logic s.r.l. 40

Cranford Controls Ltd. 27

Dafo Fomtec 59

Draeger Safety Asia Pte Ltd. 17

Dr. Sthamer Hamburg 65

Du Pont Fluoroproducts 07

E2V Technologies 62

Elkhart Brass Mfg Co Inc 18

Fire & Safety Expo Korea 2007 13

Fire Fighting Enterprises 26

Firetrace International 04

GB Solo 67

Helmet Integrated Systems Ltd. 32

Holmatro Rescue Equipment 39

Honeywell Fire Systems 28

Iveco Magirus Brandschutztechnik GmbH 46

Lancier Hydraulik Co. KG 36


Nittan UK Ltd. 24

Plastika Akrapovic 35

PPS Ltd. 52

Russwurm Ventilatoren GmbH 52

Securiton AG 64

Solberg Scandinavian 59

Super Vacuum Manufacturing Co., Inc. 52

Task Force Tips, Inc. IFC

Texas A & M Emergency Services Training Institute 21

Tyco Safety Products – Hygood 43

Tyco Safety Products – Skum 61

Unifire AB 21

Vetrotech Saint Gobain International AG 09

Wolf Safety Lamp Company 29



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