Antiquities Explained

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Transcript of Antiquities Explained

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Digitized by the Internet Archivein

2009

with funding from

Research

Library,

The Getty Research

Institute

http://www.archive.org/details/antiquitiesexplaOOogle

Antiquities Explained.Being a

COLLECTION

of

FIGURED GEMSlUuflrated

by

SIMILAR DESCRIPTIONS

CLASSICS.By

Taken from

the

GEORGE OGLE, VOL.I.

Efq;

LFor Cl,

N Dat

NiHeadin Charles-Street,

Printed by James Bettenbatny

Du

Bosc,

the Golden

Covent'Garden.

M.DCC.XXXVU.

GRACE LIONEL CRANFIELD SACKVILLEToHis

Duke of Dorset, Earl of Dorset and Middlesex, Baron of Buckhurst, and Baron Cranfield c/Cranfield Conjlabte of;

Dover-Caftle.^

Warden and Admiral of the

CiNauE-PoRTs, Gustos Rotulorum ofthe County of Kent, and of the Citj and County of Canterbury, P^ice- Admiral of the

County of

Kent, One

of the Lords of his

Majeftys moji Honourahle Trivy Council^ Knight of the moft Nohle Order of the Garter Lord Lieutenant-General, and General Governour of the Kingdom of Ireland.^

Sir,your Grace's Humanity and Good to gain Ejfcufe for the Liberty 1 have taken, in pre-fixing your Name to this Performance; whofe many Imperfedions, I am but too fenfible, will ill admit of a fevere Examination. I would plead, that it has long been the common Ufage of Authors (in almoft every Species of Literature) to feek Shelter under the Patronage of a Sackville ; could I be as certain that the Work, 1 have now the Honor of prefenting to your Grace, better merited yourneedall

AL IS Nature,

H

L

Attention.

A

2

Yet

iv

DEDICATION.Yet AddrefTes ofthis

Kind, my Lord, are never more properly offer'd, than when direded to Perfons, whofe known Abilities and Virtues have plac'd Them, (and plac'd Them to fhine) in high Stations ; and I was unwilling to omit any Opportunity of acknowledging the grateful Senfe I retain of thofe Favors, confer'd by

your Grace, on Relations fo near to me as Brothers nor can I be totally lilent on the Manner in which thofe anner which makes every Favors were confer'd ; that Favor a double Obligation 1 fhall not trouble your Grace, in the Way of Authors, with a long Detail of the Pains I have taken to I fhall only fay. That it improve this * CoUedion. fell by Accident into my Hands; That the Difficulty of Accefs to the Cabinets of the Curious, made me turn my Thoughts to the Explication of a Suite of Gems already publifh'd ; whofe Subje He feals in Sleep, the wakeful Sight;Dryden,

And

Eyes, tho' clos'd in Death, reftores to Light.

This Paflage is imitated from Homer; but Virgil has improv'd upon his Mafter, in his Defcription of theCaduceus.

'avtIk

'i7rei9'

vtto

'zfc

Vincere erant omnes dignce : judexqtie verebar

Non

omnes caujam vincereillis

fofj'e Jiiam.

Bed t amen ex

jam

tu?ic

magis una pl'acebat:

Hanc

ejfe

utjcires,

iindeeft;

movetur Amor.ingentibiis ardent

T!antaque mncendi cura

yudicitim donis J'olltcitare tneum.

Regna, yovis Co?ijux; virtutem, Filia jaBat,Ipje potens dubito, Jortis an,eJJ'e

velim.

Duke

Venus

rijit.

Nee

te.

Part, munera tangani;

TJtraque fiijpenji plena timoris, ait.

Nos dabimus quod ames :

et pulchrce Jilia

Ledce

Ibit in amplexuSy pulchrior ipfa, tuos.

Dixit

et

ex cequo donis forjndque probataccelo rettulit ilia pedetn.

ViSlorem

And now, my

Strength reftor'd,

my Mind

renew'd,

Diftindtly each Celeflial Fair I view'd;

OnAnd

each,ev'ry

my

Eyes, alternately, were caft.the Lall.

Alike,

Look was vanquifh'd by They all deferv'd my voting

Voice,

But One, and only Onemuft win

my

Choice >

Now

xx

/

(S3)Nowthis I

found,

now

that,

now

ev'ry Part,

The momentary TenantYet One^I

of

my

Heart.

feem'd more inly to approve;guefs that Oyie, the

And, need You

Qu^een of Love!

On ev'ry Side perfuafive Gifts ahail'd. To buy my Favor, where my Judgment faiVd. Great Juno laid whole Empires at my Feet, Minerva proffer'd deathlefs Wreaths of Wit: While thus the fweet-en chanting Queen of Smiles,(Securely laughing at their vainer Wiles.)

"

Shall fuch

unworthy

Gifts thy Kindnefs

move?'

" Thy tender Soul was " To Me, my Swain,

furely tun'd to Love!to

Me, thy

Smiles incHne,

" And Helen, faireft Helen, fliall be Thine. " My Wirhes crawn'd, enjoy her brighter Charms,"

And

reign a greater

Monarch

in her

Arms."

So

foft fhe fpoke,I

fo fweetly glanc'd her Eyes,

Tranfported,

refign'd the glitt'ring Prize;flievs^'d

Due

to her Beauty, that fuperiorfor

But doubly due,

what her Tongue

bellow'd!'

Deceiv'd, the baffled

Goddesses withdrew;

Back

to her Skies the

Lovely Victress

flew.

Pattison.

XX.

Venus

with a Wreath in her Hand.

The

A?tcients

have often reprefented Her in this Manner; and I find many Reafons for it. Either, becaufe being wounded, her Blood color'd with Red, the Rofe that was White before ; (whence that Flower was confecrated to V e n u s) or becaufe, the fhort Duration of amorous Pleafures, may be compar'd to That of Rofes, in an AllegoricalSenfe 3'

Senfe;Lovers.

or

laftly,

S4) becaufe Venus(

crowns fuccefsful

be given a more apt and delicate Explication ; fuch as B e g e r gives, to a Figure in' his Thesaurus, where Cupid is reprefented with a Groupe of Flowers in one Hand, and a Wreath in the The Reader of Tafte, will not be dilpleas'd to other. fee that little Gem here inferted, with as much of the learn'd Antiquary's Dialogue, as may ferve to explain it; from That, He will be better able to judge of the Defign of This. Sed ecce etiam Amor Virtutis Corpora eji pulchroy et Eloquently fub Cupidi?ie latet.thereftill

^ But

may

DULODORUS.

facieque honejia : greffu i?tcedii fiiblimi : Manibus flares et Corollas prceferty adeoque div erf plane eft ab eo^ qui usarjjiis

inJlruBuSy arcuque et pharetra co?ifpicuus pajflmCupidiyt'is nihil

cernitur.

De Formabarevclis,

dubitaverim, inquit

A^-

CHj^ op HIL USy De Floribus et CoroHis,mn'cideo.

qui pro-

De Corollisytius adjicio,

rejpondit

D UL ODO RUSyc.

Scholaflicus docet ^nih.o\. L. IV.

12.

Marianus Verba eo lib en-

quo aptius pleraque ad propofltum Cupidinis Ita ille : flmulacruni quadrare videntur.

lieu -sfji^, "wcv

)'.at,y.7ra,g

'SroKvuovvQg',

9 yt^Ti ^'

aXXo

(pipas'

oJ)C UTTO

uTot.wrffji.iv

piH KviT^ocg CVK

oiTTO yctivii

'AAA'

(

55

)

*AAA' iyco

\g >cccSa,fir,v

im^cTriov (ppiva, 'srvpo-ov dvaTrJa

'ex o' dpiTuv (rTiCpdvovg

TS'ia-vpaiv -zirXtxa,

uv

a.(p'

lud'^ti;

Die, ubi funt incurvi arctis? XJbiMolliaqtieis

tela

Cupido?

Juvenuvijigere cordaTJbi peimce"? 'Tres

Joles.

Fax

ubi

trijiis?

imde Corollas

Fert manus? Unde aliam tempora cinSla geruntf

Hand mihi

Vulgaris

ejl,

Hofpes

cum

Cypride quicquam,

Ulla "voluptatis nos neque

Forma

tulit.

Sed puris homi7ium Jiiccendo mentibusF>ifciplince

ignes,

animos aftraque ad alta traho.texo Virtutc corollas,tegit.

^latuor eque ipjd

^(a7-um qua Sophice tempora prima

At m Gemma hac,las in

inquit

AR CHM P HI LUSyfed dims tantmnCorol-

tejnpora nulla tegit ^ imo ne tres,

mamc

video.

Id

nihil objlaty

refponditCorollis

DULODORUS;ta7ttU7ji

uti

enim fub quattioret

quatuor Virtutes^duce

y-ujlitia^

Fortitudo, 'Temperantia et Prude?ttia intelliguntur, ita

fub duabus

Corollis^

latere poffunt.

Cupido certe no?i tantum corporearum co?igreffuum fuity fed etiam Virtutum^ eodem modoy quo et P'enus^ qucenon tantum'Ovfccviog,nci'jS^y]yJg

feu Popularis audit, fed etiamaccld:T~}]?J.-xffj!.srjj

inl s^uti koc^uo'2

Troda

ia6' 'EXXctoog,

>?

tiv

t^uvruv

'EtTf^cy

hi

wpocrufioig Actig i^ovo'a viuv,

T^

ntv

'EK$xiCei voji^cov a,(ppov

cItto

"ZirXoKctptuy.

AvTcii vvv

ipiova-iv 'A&>jvcMfiTi Xj '^H^fjf

The Queen of Love

emergent from the

Wave!

Life to the Pifture fam'd

Apelles

gave.

New

from the

genial Surge the

Her charming Hair confpers'd Her charming Hair She prefles

Goddess view ; with briny Dew.as

She ftands.

And explicates and dries with both her Hands. " To Thee, (thus Pallas, Juno muft agree) " The Prize We yield! the Pref'rence yield to

Thee.'

Au

s

o N I u s has tranflatedpela