Embed Size (px)
Transcript of American Poets
American PoetsRobert Frost1874 - 1963Lived much of his life in New England Used more traditional poetic forms Writes language as it is actually spokenWrites searching and often dark meditations on universal themesHis poems are often psychologically complex with layers of ambiguity and irony Won four Pulitzer prizes for his workRobert Frost
Gary Soto1952 Born to Mexican-American working-class parents in CaliforniaWorked in the fields of San Joaquin valley when he was youngNot academically motivated, but he became interested in poetry in high schoolAttended Fresno City College and then California State UniversityWon a bunch of awards
Gary SotoPoems focus on daily experiences, often reflecting on his life as a ChicanoAbout his work, the writer Joyce Carol Oates has said, "Gary Soto's poems are fast, funny, heartening, and achingly believable, like Polaroid love letters, or snatches of music heard out of a passing car; patches of beauty like patches of sunlight; the very pulse of a life."
Langston Hughes1902 1967Divorced parents raised by grandmother until he was thirteen when he moved to Illinois to live with his motherAfter graduation, spent a year in Mexico and a year at Columbia University in this time he worked as an assistant cook, launderer, and busboyHis first novel won the Harmon gold medal for literature
Langston HughesInfluenced a lot by the world of jazzExtremely important influence on the Harlem RenaissanceKnown for insightful, colorful portrayals of black life in America from the twenties through the sixties
Walt Whitman1819 1892Self-taught readerWorked at a printer, as a teacher, and finally as a journalistStruggled to support himself much of his lifeOften called the Father of Free VerseLeaves of Grass was an attempt to reach out to the common people with an American epic
E.E. Cummings1894 1962Began writing poetry as early as 1904B.A. and M.A. from HarvardVolunteer ambulance driver in WWIHe and a friend were interned in a prison camp by the French authorities on suspicion of espionage for his outspoken anti-war convictions.Traveled throughout Europe, visiting poets and artists (like Picasso).
E.E. CummingsExperimented radically with form, punctuation, spelling and syntax, abandoning traditional techniques and structures to create a new means of poetic expression. Had a great popularity, especially among young readers, for the simplicity of his language, his playful mode and his attention to subjects such as war and sex.Second most widely read poet in America at his death after Robert Frost
EdGar Allen Poe1809 1849Parents died before he was threeCould not finish college because of moneyLife-long struggle with depression and alcoholismOne of the originators of horror and detective fictionArchitect of the modern short storyForerunner to the art for arts sake movementOne of the first American writers to became a major figure in world literature.Edgar Allen poe
Maya Angelou1928Marguerite Johnsonauthor, poet, historian, songwriter, playwright, dancer, stage and screen producer, director, performer, singer, and civil rights activistBest known for her autobiographic booksIn 1959, at the request of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Maya Angelou became the northern coordinator for the Southern Christian Leadership ConferenceMaya AngelouAppointed by Gerald Ford to the Bicentennial Commission and later by Jimmy Carter to the Commission for International Woman of the YearShe accepted a lifetime appointment in 1981 as Reynolds Professor of American Studies at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North CarolinaMaya AngelouIn 1993, Angelou wrote and delivered a poem, "On The Pulse of the Morning," at the inauguration for President Bill Clinton at his requestThe first black woman director in Hollywood, Angelou has written, produced, directed, and starred in productions for stage, film, and televisionMaya Angelou