Allahabad District Study

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WINTER PROJECT ON “ALLAHABAD DISTRICT Submitted to: Col. Arun Dhongde Dean, PGDM (BM) Submitted by: Bhoopendra


Project on Allahabad District Study

Transcript of Allahabad District Study

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Submitted to:Col. Arun Dhongde

Dean, PGDM (BM)

Submitted by:Bhoopendra

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C O N T E N T S .














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This is to certify that

Bhoopendra Tiwari

Student, batch 2008 - 10 of EMPI Business


New Delhi

has successfully completed his

Winter Project on

‘Allahabad District’

I wish him all the best for his future.

Col. Arun Dhongde(Course Co-ordinator PGDM (BM))


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The theme of the winter project is to study of the District and to highlight the historical and

industrial importance District. The objective of the project is to give the

glimpse of the district and short analysis of the industry.


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This project report on “Allahabad District” is the result of my work in Allahabad district.

It is a great pleasure for me to thank Mr. Rajeev Agarwal (District's Magistrates,) of Allahabad (U.P.) who helped me in every aspect of the project. The most important data's of the project have been collected with the help of the other officers of Allahabad (U.P.). I thank him for giving me this precious opportunity for undertaking the project work in his district. I would like to extend my sincere thanks to Col. Arun Dhongde the program coordinator of PGDM (BM) in EMPI B-School New Delhi-110074. As well as official guide, who helped me through out the project by providing me all the useful and valid information.


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District Map

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are needed to see this picture.


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ABOUT ALLAHABADAllahabad Introduction

Area : 2,261

Population : 49,21,313

STD Code : 0532Best Season

: November - March

State : Uttar Pradesh

Allahabad built on a very ancient site of the Aryans formerly known as Prayag, is located at the junction of the holy rivers Ganga ,Yamuna and Sarasvati popularly known as Sangam. The city acquired its present name in largest religious gathering in the world, is held every 12 years at the confluence of the holy rivers attracting millions of Hindu devotees. This historically famous city was a centre of the Indian Independence movement and the home of the Nehru family. Today Allahabad is a rapidly growing commercial and administrative city in Uttar Pradesh.



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Tehsils 8( Eight )

1. Koraon2. Soraon3. Meja4. Handia5. PhulPur6. Bara7. Sadar8. Karchhana


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History of AllahabadHistory lies embedded everywhere, in its fields, forests and settlements.

Forty-eight kilometers, towards the southwest, on the placid banks of the Jamuna, the ruins of Kaushambi, capital of the Vatsa kingdom and a thriving center of Buddhism, bear silent testimony to a forgotten and bygone era. On the eastern side, across the river Ganga and connected to the city by the Shastri Bridge is Jhusi, identified with the ancient city of Pratisthanpur, capital of the Chandra dynasty. About 58 kilometers northwest is the medieval site of Kara with its impressive wreckage of Jayachand's fort. Sringverpur, another ancient site discovered relatively recently, has become a major attraction for tourists and antiquarians alike.Allahabad is an extremely important and integral part of the Ganga Yamuna Doab, and its history is inherently tied with that of the Doab region, right from the inception of the town.The city was known earlier as Prayag - a name that is still commonly used. That it is an ancient town, is illustrated by references in the Vedas (circa 1500 B.C.) to Prayag, where Brahma, the Hindu Creator of the Universe, is believed to have attended a sacrificial ritual. Excavations have revealed Northern Black Polished ware objects in Allahabad, further corroborating the conjecture that Allahabad existed as a town as early as 1100 B.C.When the Aryans first settled in


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what they termed the Aryavarta, or Madhydesha, Prayag or Allahabad Kaushambi was an important part of their territory. The Vatsa (a branch of the early Indo-Aryans) were rulers of Hastinapur, and they established the town of Kaushambi near present day Allahabad. They shifted their capital to Kaushambi when Hastinapur was destroyed by floods.In the times of the Ramayana, Allahabad was made up of a few rishis' huts at the confluence of the sacred rivers, and much of the vats country was continuous jungle. Lord Rama, the main protagonist in the Ramayana, spent some time here, at the Ashram of Sage Bharadwaj, before proceeding to nearby Chitrakoot.The Doaba region, including Allahabad was controlled by several empires and dynasties in the ages to come. It became a part of the Mauryan and Gupta empires of the east and the Kushan empire of the west before becoming part of the local Kannauj empire which became very powerful.Objects unearthed in Allahabad indicate that it was part of the Kushana empire in the 1st century AD. In his memoirs on India, Huien Tsang, the Chinese chronicler who traveled through India during Harshavardhana's reign (A.D. 607-647), writes that he visited Prayag in A.D. 643.When the Muslim rule came, Allahabad became a part of the Delhi Sultanate when the town was annexed by Mohd. Gori in A.D. 1193. Then the Mughals took over from the slave rulers of Delhi and under them Allahabad rose to prominence once again.Acknowledging the strategic position of Allahabad in the Doab or the "Hindustan" region,


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at the confluence of its defining rivers which had immense navigational potentials, Akbar built a magnificent fort – one of his largest – on the banks of the holy Sangam and re-christened the town as Illahabad in 1575. (The Akbar fort has an Ashokan pillar and some temples, and is largely a military barracks. On the southwestern extremity of Allahabad lies Khusrobagh that antedates the fort and has three mausoleums, including that of Jehangir's first wife – Shah Begum.)It was from Allahabad that Prince Salim, later to become emperor Jehangir, revolted against his father, the Mughal emperor Akbar. In 1602, prince Salim held a parallel imperial court in Akbar's fort here. Akbar named Salim his successor, and in 1605, an imperial summons forced the prince to leave Allahabad and proceed to Delhi.However, Prince Khusrao, Salim's son and Akbar's heir apparent in Salim were to continue to revolt, rebelled in 1606. The rebellion was crushed, and khusrao spent the following year in chains. Later, he was blinded, and murdered in Allahabad in 1622.Before colonial rule was imposed over Allahabad, the city was rocked by Maratha incursions. But the Marathas also left behind two beautiful eighteenth century temples with intricate architecture.In 1765, the combined forces of the Nawab of Awadh and the Mughal emperor Shah Alam lost the war of Buxar to the British. Although, the British did not take over their states, they established a garrison at the Allahabad fort --- realizing its strategic position as the gateway to the north west. Governor General Warren Hastings later took Allahabad


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from Shah Alam and gave it to Awadh alleging that he had placed himself in the power of the Marathas.In 1801 the Nawab of Awadh ceded the city to the British East India Company. Gradually the other parts of Doaba and adjoining region in its west (including Delhi and Ajmer-Mewara regions) were won by the British. When these north western areas were made into a new Presidency called the "North Western Provinces of Agra", its capital was Agra. Allahabad remained an important part of this state.Allahabad became the seat of the Government of the Agra Province and a High Court was established. But a year later both were relocated to Agra.In 1857, Allahabad was active in the Indian Mutiny. After the mutiny, the British truncated the Delhi region of the state, merging it with Punjab and transferred the capital of North west Provinces to Allahabad, which remained so for the next 20 years.In 1877 the two provinces of Agra (NWPA) and Awadh were merged to form a new state which was called the United Provinces. Allahabad was the capital of this new state till the 1920s. 


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Significance of Allahabad

The significance of Prayag or Allahabad is widely known in the terrestrial and celestial universe. By bathing in the holy waters of the Sangam one is ridden of all sins. The devout is granted all his desires. This is the significance of an ordinary bath, and hence the importance of a bath during the Kumbh is manifold. It cannot be described and has to be experienced to be known.

Pilgrimage sites in Allahabad

The Puranas mention the existence of three and a half crores of pilgrimage sites in Prayag or Allahabad . It incorporates one crore each in the heaven, earth and the Patal lok, and fifty lakhs in the atmosphere. It is said in the Swargkhand of Padma Purana that twenty crore and ten thousand pilgrimages are perennially present in Prayag or Allahabad . It is not easy for anyone to believe this number since this figure is about one-fifth of India’s population. But we should not forget that India is the land of pilgrimages.   This is the birthplace of Holy cows like Nandini and Kamdhenu, and legend has it that innumerable soldiers had emerged out of the body of Nandini to defeat the army of king Vishwarath.

Magh Bathing RitualsThe Magh bathing ritual must start from Paush Shukla


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Ekadashi or Poornamasi or Amavasya. The best bathing time is when the stars are out, the medium time is when the stars set down, and the least important is when the sun has arisen. Anyone who stays put in Prayag or Allahabad throughout the month of Magh and performs Kalpavas, yagya, shaiyya, godan, Brahmin bhoj, Ganga puja, Beni Madhav puja, vrat and daan gets special importance and blessings.

Panchkosi Parikrama Procedure And Route In Prayag or Allahabad Day one: A bath in the Triveni, Dev puja, sacred vows and puja of the Akshay Vat, followed by puja of Shultankeshwar across the Yamuna. This should be followed by a visit to the Sudha Ras tirth, Urvashi Kund and obeisance at the Adi Beni Madhav. Then, from the river bank side, pay obeisance to Hanuman tirth, Sita Kund, Ram tirth, Varun tirth and Chakra madhav, and night stay at Someshwarnath.

Day two: From the river bank side, visit and pay obeisance to Som tirth, Surya tirth, Kuber tirth, Vayu tirth and Agni tirth, participate in the discourse of Mahaprabhu Vallabhacharya, visit the Naini village to pray at Gada Madhav and at Kambalashwatar tirth at Saini, and stay for the night at Ram Sagar.

Day three: Stay at Bikar Devria Devrakh on the bank of the Yamuna. Shraadh must be performed here as it has immense significance.


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Day four: Across the Yamuna, stay for the night at the sanctum of Vankhandi Shiv or Begum rai.

Day five: Reach Draupadi ghat through Neem ghat and stay there.

Day six: Stay for the night at Shiv Koti tirth.

Day seven: Pay obeisance at Pandila Mahadev, visit the Manas tirth and stay for the night.

Day eight: Visit Nag tirth via Jhunsi, or close to Shahangmadhav, and stay for the night.

Day nine: Pay visit to Nag tirth, Shankh Madhav, Vyas ashram, Samudra koop, Aili tirth, Sankasht Harmadhav, Saandhya vat, Hans koop, Hans tirth, Brahma kund, Urvashi tirth and Arundhati tirth to reach Jhunsi, and stay there for the night.

Day ten: Visit Triveni, perform a parikrama of Bahir vedi, and stay there for the night.

Day eleven: Perform a parikrama of Antar vedi, and stay there for the night.

Day twelve: Take a dip in Triveni and perform prayers at the Vat. Thereafter, visit Madhu kulya, Ghrit kulya, Niranjan tirth, Aditya tirth, Rinn mochan tirth, Papmochan tirth, Godohan tirth, Som tirth, Sarswati kund, Kameshwar tirth, Barua ghat, Takshakeshwar, Tathak kund, Kalaiya dah, Vakra tirth, Sindhusagar tirth, Pandav koop and


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Varun koop and pay obeisance at Dravyeshwarnath. Then visit Surya kund, and stay for the night at Bhardwaj ashram. In the next morning, pay obeisance at Nag vasuki and Beni Madhav, visit Dashashwamedh ghat to pay obeisance to Lord Shiv, and thereafter go to Lakshmi tirth, Urvashi tirth, Datta tirth, Som Durvasa and Hanumanji, and end the parikrama at Triveni. After this, perform godan and Brahmin bhoj as per capacity, pay obeisance to Lord Vishnu, and dedicate the parikrama. From the third day of Chaitra Krishna to Amavasya, this 12-day parikrama must be performed every year. As alternative, a parikrama of one day-and-a-half must be performed, and those who prefer the latter option must perform the parikrama of Antar vedi.

 Anand Bhawan : It was the home of Nehru Family . Many momemtous events of freedom took place here . The mainbuilding house a museum which display relics of Nehru Family. One room is devoted to Mahatma Ghandhi where he used to stay.

Swaraj Bhawan :


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It is old Anand Bhawan . In 1930, Moti LaL Nehru denoted to the nation and named it Swaraj Bhawan and it was head quarter of provincial Congress committee. At present it was houses of Jawahar Lal Nehru Fund and children school of creative art.

Bhardwaj Ashram :

It was Ashram of Bhardwaj Rishi ,aho , was not only an ascetic but also a philosopher and scientist. 10,000 disciples were on rolls in the ashram . It was visited by Lord Ram . Sita and Laxam , while going to forest in exile for 14 years . At present a temple of Bhadwajeshwar Mahadeva and temple of Rishi Bhardwaj and Kali.

Khusru Bagh:

Tomb of Khusru , son of Salim . His mother committed suicide and was also buried here . In 1857 , the first freedom struggle , Government treasury was seized by freedom fighter Liaquat Ali , a school master was declared as Government of Allahabad on behalf of the King of delhi and made Khusru Bagh his headquarters. A big garden around.


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How to Reach Allahabad by Rail /Train

Being situated on the main line of the Indian railways, there are direct trains for Allahabad from most of the major Indian cities.

How to Reach Allahabad by Road

As Allahabad is located in the heartland of the great Indian plains, the road density is quite high in these parts. National Highways 2 and 27 pass through Allahabad

P U B L I C L I B R A R I E S18

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Standing at Alfred park this building was opened as a memorial to the friendship of Lord Thornhill, the then Commissioner of Allahabad and Mr. Mayne, the then Collector. It was called the "Thomhill and Mayne Memorial". Designed by R.Roskell Rayne, this public library is a remarkable example of Gothic Style. The memorial has a lofty tower and acarded cloisters. In 1879 the library was shifted to the present premises, at Alfred park. It has about 75,000 books, besides a treasure trove of manuscripts and journals . There are mainy more libraries in Allahabad.

1.National Academy Of Sciences

2. Hindustani Academy

3. VigyanParishad

4. GangaNathJhaSanskrit Vidyapeeth

5. Hindi SahityaSammelan

6. Prayag or Allahabad SangeetSamit

Cinema Halls


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Newspapers in Allahabad

Aaj Hindi Dainik   3, Leader Rd, Allahabad

Phone: 0532-2615284

Allahabad Patrika Pvt. Ltd   Leader Rd, Allahabad Phone: 0532-2632995

Amar ujala   5, M.G. marg, Allahabad Phone: 0532-2621382

Hindustan Times Ltd   25/51,M.G. Marg, Allahabad Phone: 0532-2622630

Northern India Patrika and Amrit Prabhat   10,TashkandMarg, Allahabad   Phone: 0532-2600669

Times Of India   1A/1,Kamla Nehru Rd, Allahabad


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1 . A l l a h a b a d D e g r e e C o l l e g e2 . A l l a h a b a d I n t e r C o l l e g e3 . A r y a I n t e r C o l l e g e4 . C A V I n t e r C o l l e g e5 . C M P D e g r e e C o l l e g e6.Colonelganj I n t e r C o l l e g e e t c .

There are institutions like Allahabad University, Rajrishi Tandon Open

University, Institute of Information Technology, Motilal Regional Engineering College, Motilal Nehru Medical College etc.


The situational amenities are very important for any

area . The district of Allahabad is lagging behind with


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such amenities. Apart from this the district is suffering

with inter area abnormalities. The Yamuna river area

is backword in respect of Ganga river area.

The obstruction in agriculture is small

farming in which there is less profitability. There

should be search for the alternatives employment to get

rid of this seasonal unemployment –if this not

happened at the earliest the small farmer will not be

able to fulfill the growing need of the people and this

way the agriculture lag behind .

The suggestion is to transformation of

unfertile land to fertile land at the earliest by

employing various scientific methods. More new

hospitals and power plants are required.



1. Allahabad business directory23

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Anand BhavanTemple

Kumbha Festival Kumbha festival