Airmobile & Air Cavalry operations

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Airmobile & Air Cavalry operations
Not move without combat helicopter support Sixty years ago, the French Army acquired its first helicopter unit to give ground forces fire, intelligence and mobility capabilities to supplement resources deployed on the ground. This unit was capable of intervening very quickly at a great distance and of overcoming obstacles on the ground.
In sixty years, the technical and tactical capabilities of the French ALAT have evolved considerably, and it is now possible to perform a wide range of missions, both day and night, in on active duty in operational theaters and on French soil, in operations involving national security and civil assistance: fire support, intelligence, air assault, logistic transport, command support, counter terrorism, heliborne operations and aerial evacuation of personnel, medical support, etc.
Today, it is no longer possible to send forces, either conventional or special forces, into combat without combat helicopter capabilities. The increased use of helicopters, combined with rapid changes of the operational environment in which the forces must act, has created new technical, logistical and human challenges to adapt this tool to evolutions in the field.
The vast majority of current development factors are related to a series of major general trends:
• a massive increase in digital data flows, which generate numerous opportunities for interaction between different actors in the battlefield, and just as many vulnerabilities;
• the multiplication of operations within populations requires increased identification, firepower effect control and protection capabilities;
• an increase in workloads for crews, who are faced with increasingly complex systems and situations, information flows that exceed the capabilities of human processing and increased coordination requirements;
• requirements to reduce the life cycle costs of equipment;
• the increased use of simulation tools for training and command support.
Closely link ed human and technical capabilities
Operations in Afghanistan focused predominantly on infantry combat in direct contact of the enemy and required very high level of integration between helicopter units and maneuvering ground units, down to company team and Special Forces patrol. The missions were conducted at high altitudes, in very hot temperatures in the summer and very cold temperatures in the winter, in direct support of ground troops in contact with insurgents, and very often amid the civilian population.
These operations required helicopters with large power reserves, particularly for utility helicopters responsible for the delivery and recovery of combat units, aircraft that were protected and capable of sustaining damage from direct fire, as well as featuring efficient detection, identification and fire systems to eliminate any risk of friendly fire or collateral damage.
These operations required sophisticated means of communication, tactical data transmission and information sharing in real time to ensure the integration of aircraft in land forces maneuver.
Missions in Libya were all conducted by night at levels 4 and 5, from a sea based naval forces and in the context of Air Mobile operations without any deployment of land forces.
They required significant C4I capabilities to ensure coordination with the naval and air forces. This was made possible because the French army aviation has developed the capacity to operate, support and control aircraft onboard battleship, the capability to fight by night requiring efficient night vision devices and highly trained crews. Army aviation also used effective protection systems against enemy surface-air defenses deployed on the ground.
Combat modules consisting of different types of aircraft intervened “in packs”, in the dead of night, in desert areas and in urban areas. Fighting far from their home base after long flights over water, these helicopters relied on technical mission preparation, command and control resources and solid control of combat helicopter tactical maneuvers.
Ivory coast
Interventions in the Ivory Coast were mainly conducted in urban areas by integrated air-land units requiring close coordination with the troops deployed on the ground.
The use of weapons required formal identification and fire coordination abilities and accurate control of firepower effects to eliminate the risk of collateral damage. This type of operation is based on solid training in air-land units, integrated to ensure proper control of procedures and collective know-how, rigorous mission preparation and on information exchange resources for sharing a common operation picture of the tactical situation in real time.
By implementing all of the combat helicopter capabilities across the entire spectrum of tactical operating procedures developed by the army aviation , helicopters in Mali allowed combat forces on the ground to be highly responsive and to quickly seize opportunities, to surprise highly responsive and experienced armed groups, and to facilitate ground unit maneuvers and commitment.
These operations were characterized by long thoroughfares and a particularly challenging geographical environment for both soldiers and equipment. The quick advance of units and the extent of areas to cover required the establishment of temporary air bases as close as possible to combat areas. These areas were very basically equipped and subjected to harsh environmental constraints (extreme heat, dust, storms, etc.).
These operations required sturdiness and resilience for men and equipment and efficient supply chains, able to follow the pace of operations and to support highly mobile units widespread over large geographical areas.
On a technical level, aircraft autonomy was necessary to reduce the number of forward ammunition and refueling points (FARP) and was facilitated by weapon accuracy, which limited the amount of munitions to be carried and optimized the amount of fuel available.
The lesson learned from past combat and the analysis of the major trends in the operational environment have allowed us to identify the main areas where the forces requirements will remain strong in the near future:
Overall aircraft performance
• A weight/power ratio sufficient to have a real, in-depth capacity for action;
• Piloting assistance systems to lessen crew workloads and enhance flight safety;
• High resistance to allow for use on bases lightly equipped and under stringent environmental conditions;
• An technical architecture that will allow for frequent integration of new equipment to adapt the weapon system to changes in the operating environment;
• Simplicity of operating systems to reduce the cost of training and employment constraints in operation.
Mission equipment
• Weapons with complementary effects and ranges, to eliminate a wide range of targets;
• accurate weapon systems that may be used without the risk of collateral damage or friendly fire;
• observation and target acquisition systems consistent with on-board weapons, that will allow combat in poor visibility conditions, particularly at night;
• Data display systems (monitors, HMD, HUD, etc.), whose performance is consistent with sensor performance;
• Coupling systems between the observation resources and on- board weapons;
• Munitions designation and guiding resources to enhance performance of other weapons systems (other helicopters, planes, drones, ground troops, etc.);
• Mission assistance systems to provide crews with moving solutions and firing windows;
• Ammunition that may be handled without constraints on minimally equipped terrain and on ships.
C4I resources
• Voice and digital communication resources for integration in land, naval and air operational structures;
• Means of interaction with other weapons systems, especially tactical drone systems;
• Friend/foe identification resources;
• Information protection and encryption devices;
• Information merging and sharing capabilities to reduce crew workload and the time between information acquisition and action.
Protection and backup
• Ballistic protection to protect vital parts of the aircraft and the ability to withstand weapon impacts without compromising the mission;
• Active protection systems for the detection and protection against all battlefield threats (missiles, guns, rockets, lasers, etc.);
• Resources to allow the crew to survive in case of a crash and automatic triggering of alerts and tracking systems;
• Resources to enhance security, including piloting assistance systems for critical flight phases ( brown out, ship deck landing, tactical flying with poor visibility, etc.) and systems to reduce crew workload (information processing, MMI, head-up display on helmet visor, etc.).
• Tooling systems that are easy to implement, flexible and transportable without constraints;
• Digitized documentation systems to facilitate operation, updating and information sharing;
• Appropriate logistical information systems to network all support actors;
• Smooth logistic flows to lower inventories;
• Simplification of support concepts by using self-tests, equipment that is easily replaceable online, etc.
Operational readiness
• Realistic simulation resources for crews and mechanics.
Land & Airland Defence Operations Doctrine and Vision
Operations conducted by the French army over the past 60 years have shaped what army aviation is today in France. Recent operations has highlighted a number of technical and operational capabilities that allow helicopter capabilities to be a sought-after and powerful tool.
The operational capabilities of the French army aviation, which have been demonstrated in recent operations, are the result of deliberate policy, many years of human and technological investment and an innovative doctrine. All of these factors are evolving constantly to adapt to situations encountered in operations, and to take advantage of the technological developments provided by industry.
Air Combat and Air Mobility
The concept of Air Combat and Air Mobility Combat implies that, in order to prepare and conduct combat action from the 3rd dimension, helicopters must be compliant, in the short term, with the new digitized information system (SICS) of modernized battle groups (SCORPION program), to feature combat assistance and SAR detection, to collaborate with UAVs and to integrate with all various tactical data link networks.
In terms of surveillance and target acquisition, this future Army Aviation equipment will also feature new- generation optronics sensors and laser designators/rangefinders, active imaging and photo/video links (Land units, UAVs, helicopters, etc.). This equipment will be the basis for automated target acquisition and classification systems in autonomous mode (airborne optronics) and hybrid mode (merging data from airborne optronics and radar installed on another vehicle).
Life Cycle cost control for weapons systems is one of the key financial challenges. In terms of maintenance and training, support systems for future weapon systems will use “as is” support, thereby limiting preventive maintenance (reduced logistic footprint and maintenance hours), as well as dynamic logistics (appointed airland areas, configuration/munitions/spares/fuel management, etc. on a plot during the operation). New tools such as augmented reality will occupy a prominent place in equipment design (maintenance actions from design outset) and will be consolidated for maintenance, simulation for education, training, rehearsal and operational readiness, and even for dynamic mission reassignment.
Upstream of deployment in the armed forces, the helicopters of 2020 will feature open architecture avionics on a vehicle equipped with NG rotor blades, thereby improving component performance and signatures, reducing detectability, allowing the vehicle to fly at high speeds, and electric flight controls beyond a certain tonnage.
Helicopters of the future will also incorporate ongoing field monitoring and penetration functions, targeted piloting to reduce crew workload and offer mission control options, landing (zero visibility, sand, snow, ship deck landing, etc.), wide range piloting optronics, obstacle detection and heads-up display.
In parallel, in the weapons field, architectures will evolve towards new gun and rocket ammunition (airburst, programmable, and cluster ammunition), reduced gun weights, guided rockets and the integration of a NLOS missile (fired above line of sight). Firing control will evolve to optimize the combination of weapons, sensors and information systems.
To increase the crew survival, in addition to the performance and lightening ballistic protection, efforts should focus on the detection of small caliber fire and portable AT rockets (RPG), reinforcing equipment against impacts and integrating nanotechnology, radar and infrared detectability, decoy homing, battle damage repair and protection against CBRN threats and strong fields.
Component Breakdown
A division of Airbus Group, a global pioneer in aerospace and defense related services. Airbus Helicopters is the world’s No.1 helicopter manufacturer and employs more than 23,000 people worldwide. With 46 percent market share in civil and parapublic sectors, the company’s fleet in service includes some 12,000 helicopters operated by more than 3,000 customers in approximately 150 countries. Airbus Helicopters’ international presence is marked by its subsidiaries and participations in 21 countries, and its worldwide network of service centers, training facilities, distributors and certified agents. Airbus Helicopters’ success is based on its comprehensive range of civil and military helicopters that benefit from continuously improving, state-of-the-art technology.
The company’s top priority is to ensure the safe operation of its aircraft for the thousands of people who fly more than 3 million hours per year. Thus, Airbus Helicopters continues to develop its training offers for pilots and technicians via 25 training centers around the world, including Airbus Helicopters Training Services (AHTS), a wholly-owned subsidiary located in France. Airbus Helicopters has heavily invested in flight simulators in France, Germany, the UK & the USA, and intends to invest in additional simulators in both Asia & Brazil in the near future. Airbus Helicopters also holds a stake in Helisim, a flight simulation center in Marignane, France, that houses seven of the most high-performance helicopter simulators in the world, and HFTS, which operates four NH90 full-mission simulators located in German bases.
Support and services are at the heart of Airbus Helicopters’ business strategy. The Group is committed to continuously improving helicopters reliability and availability, and ensuring the highest levels of safety in order to increase the customers’ satisfaction. Airbus Helicopters delivers a competitive and diversified service offer, including training & 24/7 technical and AOG support, accessible via its dense and growing global network and a rich online support, information services and Keycopter customer portal.
The best helicopter range for the best military forces
Airbus Helicopters offers the largest range of military products, with derived versions of civil aircrafts as well as specialized aircrafts (Tiger &NH90). More than 160 armed forces worldwide trust Airbus Helicopter’s products. Airbus Helicopters is also the historical partner of the ALAT (French Army Aviation), which operates the largest operational fleet of Airbus Helicopters aircrafts.
The EC725 in its CSAR version and the Tiger have been successfully deployed in the most demanding situations. Deliveries of the Tiger, the EC725 and the NH90 (tactical transport helicopter TTH & naval frigate helicopter NFH) are going on as for EC 635, Fennec, Panther & Cougar. These programs are already a huge success. Airbus also products the UH-72A Lakota for the Light Utility Helicopter program of the U.S. Army.
Combat proven, Airbus Helicopters’ Military range represents a benchmark with operational tasks ranging from reconnaissance, identification and tracking to deterrence, escort, attack, naval warfare, rescue and troop transportation.
The World’s Number One Helicopter Manufacturer
Contact: Airbus Helicopters SAS Aéroport International Marseille Provence - 13725 Marignane Cedex - France Tel.: +33(0)4 42 85 85 85 - Fax: +33(0)4 42 85 85 00 Website: - Mail: [email protected] - Tel.: +33(0)1 49 34 43 24
©Airbus Helicopters
©Airbus Helicopters
AMEFO provides customized survivability solution for tactical and combat vehicles, lightweight ballistic protection solutions for rotary and fixed wing aircrafts, commercial armoured vehicles and personal protection.
Lightweight Airborne Ballistic Armor Protection
AMEFO designs, develops and manufactures composite airborne protection solutions for rotary wing and fixed wing aircrafts. Our lightweight, customized armor solutions includes: floor, cabin and cockpit panels, seats armor, doors protection. AMEFO offers custom solutions that are tailored to specific threats and requirements that reduce weight while providing optimized protection.
• Our floor protection kits provide high levels of ballistic protection for pilots, crew and load, easy installation and dismantling, customized functional configurations.
• Seats armor is providing highest level of ballistic protection at lowest weight, ergonomic design.
• Our Carbon Nano material technology is a key enabler for next generation aircraft solutions and airborne applications. Nano materials can make aircraft skins and other products up to 10 times stronger
Our high level airborne protection solutions are fitted onto the Blackhawk, Chinook, Mi-17, Bell, C-130 and many others
Airborne ballistic protection solutions
Contact: Gerald Lefebvre- Vice President Marketing AMEFO-Quai Pasteur -71110 Chambilly - France Tel.: +33(0)3 85 25 12 34 - Mail: [email protected] Website: A R M O R S O L U T I O N S
CILAS develops, manufactures and markets products and systems using these technologies for defense, and civilian or military security. The company is also involved in large-scale scientific laser programs and in industrial and scientific instrumentation.
Innovations in laser target designation
The DHY - 307 LW is the evolution of the combat proven DHY - 307. As the DHY - 307, the DHY - 307 LW (light weight) can operate with NATO and other laser guided weapons. However, the Light Weight is two times lighter than the DHY - 307 (mass= 4 Kg) and is more compact. One of the main evolutions of this version is its athermal diode pumped laser that doesn’t need an active cooling system. The electrical consumption is also reduced. The DHY - 307 LW is equipped with an internal see spot camera and compatible with various thermal imagers. This equipment has been tested by the French forces for one year and the results are fully conclusive.
All the work made to increase the compactness allows CILAS to integrate laser designators into helicopters and soon in drones. CILAS has already developed two laser modules which can be embedded in gymballs, the AlaDeM - R (1400g) and the MiniDeM - R (1050g). They are two athermal modules used for designation and range finding. Both are compliant with NATO and other laser guided munitions. These modules have a very low residual consumption in stand-by mode. The AlaDeM - R is for a long range using (up to 10 Km) and the MiniDeM - R for medium using (up to 5 Km).
Pre-shot sniper detection system
The SLD 500 surveillance and detection laser system contributes to the protection and surveillance of sensitive areas (FOB, Green Zone, etc.). Based on CILAS laser and optronic expertise, the SLD 500 includes the latest active laser imaging and camera technology. It detects and locates before shooting, any kind of optical sight system: optical scopes used by snipers or optronic sight systems used by enemies’ surveillance or recon.
About a hundred systems are now used over the world. This system is operationel in open fields and also in urban areas.
CILAS will release the SLD-Scout, a portable version of the SLD500 (smart goggles, -2kg). This new detection system will respond to the needs of a platoon, convoy or VIP protection team.
For over 40 years, CILAS has been at the leading edge of the modern technology sector thanks to its unique expertise in laser and optronic technologies.
Contact Presse : Pascal Nebois 8, avenue Buffon BP 6319 - 45063 Orléans Cedex 2 - France Tel.: 02 38 64 40 39 - Mail: [email protected] Website:
DHY - 307 LW
DAHER-SOCATA, the aerospace and defense division of DAHER, has consolidated its status as an aircraft manufacturer and Tier 1 equipment supplier for the aerospace industry, and as a partner to Armed Forces and defense-sector industrial groups.
As the oldest aircraft manufacturer in operation today, DAHER-SOCATA is responsible for design and production of the TBM - the world’s fastest single turboprop aircraft. The TBM Multi-Mission Aircraft (TBM MMA) version is a highly capable platform in a full range of missions for surveillance, security and defense.
The TBM MMA: multi-role, flexible and extended range
The versatile TBM MMA can be converted from a transport version
(with five passengers) for a variety of special missions:
• Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR),
• Medical evacuation (MEDEVAC),
• Cargo, training, transportation.
The aircraft’s quick-change capability provides TBM-MMA operators with real operational flexibility, and delivers mission-proven capabilities for:
• Land and maritime surveillance,
• Law enforcement (anti-drug, anti-piracy, anti-pollution, illegal fishing),
• Disaster and environmental assessment, Rescue.
Discreet and reliable, the TBM MMA is able to integrate the latest leading-edge sensors and systems (EO/IR camera, radar, datalink), while its efficiency responds to today’s constrained budgets. The TBM MMA is EASA certified, and meets standards of the FAA or other authorities.
Integrated solutions for defense
With its proven expertise, DAHER-SOCATA offers a complete range of integrated solutions for all types of multi-mission aircraft and their operators:
• Design and engineering,
• Flight test and certification,
• Fleet and airworthiness management,
• Maintenance, repair and overhaul,
Contact: Pierre Garcia Multi-Mission Aircraft Development & Sales Manager DAHER-SOCATA Tel.: + 33 6 07 35 42 02 - Mail: [email protected] Website:
DCI is carrying out, in cooperation with the French Army Aviation (ALAT):
Basic training for military helicopter pilots
Specialised training like:
• armament courses
• airmobile missions by day and night on tactical flight simulators
• “Avionics” and “Engine & Airframe” maintenance technicians
DCI is also providing aircrafts operational maintenance worldwide thanks to experts from the French armed forces.
DCI is offering solutions to create and manage training and maintenance centres.
Therefore, DCI’s global operational appropriation service offer is complementing those of the manufacturers for the benefit of armed forces of France’s friendly countries.
As operator of the French Ministry of Defence in the transfer of military know-how, DCI is your partner for the training of crews, maintenance technicians, air experts and for the maintenance of your aircrafts.
Contact: Défense Conseil International - COFRAS 2, place Rio de Janeiro - 75008 Paris Tel.: +33 (1) 1 44 95 26 00 - Mail: [email protected] Website:
DCI (Défense Conseil International)
Made of patented polyester mesh - ideal for Beach Landings, Helicopter Landing Pads, Tent Floors and Walkways, Logistic Platforms, Vehicle Traction and Aircraft Recovery Pathways. Deschamps’ products are extremely lightweight thus they greatly reduce the logistical burden of transport. Commercial Off-The Shelf (COTS) Mobi-Solutions® are widely used by combat engineers, construction battalions, Seabees and air support units improving force projection, movement and sustainment. Mobi-Solutions® provide the capability to deploy worldwide to meet mission requirements.
Roadway Solutions:
Self-deploying mobility mats (for both heavy and light vehicles).
• Temporary Composite Roadway that supports multiple missions in a wide variety of terrain.
• Made from flexible composite ground reinforcement materials.
• Designed to be robust, lightweight, and portable within a small logistic footprint. Easily rolled out.
• Vehicle or trailer transport equipment is available. Configured for a flat rack compatible with existing logistical vehicles.
Bridging Systems:
Light Integrated Bridging System (LIBRIS) which is being marketed as «a bridge in a box» and «a raft in 2 boxes» for its floating configuration.
LIBRIS perfectly meets potential user requirements for a rapidly deployable gap crossing capability. When deployed the bridge is 12 meters (40 feet) long and can be used to span a gap of 10 meters (33 feet) and cross vehicles up to Military Load Class 40 (MLC 40).
To ease deployment to theatre and transportation within theatre the design of LIBRIS is a regular standard 20 ft ISO container with the complete system weighing only 14 metric tons (15,43 tons) transported on any 8 x 8 or 6 x 6 cross-country truck fitted with a container handling unit (CHU).
For raft operations two standard 20 ft ISO containers, one containing the 12 meter bridge described above, and the other container containing the float, that when joined with the bridge will form a motorized raft.
Key developmental criteria include the flexible deployment platform, the reduced maintenance requirement when compared to other bridges and the ease of deployment that reduces the soldier training requirement.
Only two people are required to operate the LIBRIS.
As the World leader in Tactical Mobility Materiel, Deschamps designs, develops, manufactures, and distributes numerous innovative deployable solutions.
Contact: Olivier Burel Usine de Bourisson - BP40020 - 16400 LA COURONNE Tel.: +33(0)5 45 67 70 30 - Mail: [email protected] Website:
Mobility Material
Contact: Jérôme DIACRE 43 rue Michel Carré - CS90046 - F95102 ARGENTEUIL cedex Tel.: +33(0)1 39 98 44 44 - Mail: [email protected] Website:
HPH700 benefits from the latest technology advances in shock protection, acoustic attenuation and ergonomics. Like all the ELNO aeronautic helmets, HPH700 takes advantages of 2 integrated visors.
Its passive protection covers a wide noise spectrum. An optional active noise reduction (ANR) device is available.
HPH700 provides the highest level of comfort, protection and communications which is required by the helicopter’s crew.
• 2 integrated visors
• NVG cabling integrated in the helmet
• Wide field of view
• Optimized center of gravity
Manufacturer of Electro-acoustic and communication equipment for severe environment
Lacroix designs, develops and manufactures decoys for the protection of helicopters against IR and electromagnetic guided missiles.
A complete range
Lacroix offers a full range of effects (standard, spectral, adapted kinetic) capable of decoying the latest generation of threats
Proven effectiveness
Lacroix’s decoys have successfully protected NATO platforms in the latest theaters of operation (Afghanistan, Libya and Mali).
The Etienne Lacroix Group is an innovative manufacturer and is 100% family-owned.
Contact: Thomas VERMEERSCH Route de Gaudiès - 09270 MAZERES Tel.: +33 (0) 561 677 955 - Mail: [email protected] Website:
Mobile air control support :
Airport regulation requires local air traffic control for airports and helipads. To respond to security and air traffic control expectations, Ineo Defense designs and develop mobile air control towers especially adapted to deployment operations and use on unprepared landing areas.
COMINT Electronic support :
For their self-protection, mobile or stationed units need to permanently monitor local electromagnetic spectrum by identifying nearby enemy emitters.
Without access to the message content, this system provides friendly units with GO/NO GO alerts by indicating threatening direction with cooperative jamming which preserves friendly communications.
Capture, transmit and share decisive information
Ineo Defense’s distinctive feature lies in the architecture design of innovative systems linking together satellite and radiocommunication equipment (HF/V-UHF/SHF…) and landline networks (fiber and copper) with communication network management. This capability to integrate various communication systems is at the service of the Forces to satisfy their operational requirements.
Ineo Defense, a subsidiary of COFELY INEO, GDF SUEZ Group, as an expert of Defense and Security designs and develops following solutions: mobile air control support, COMINT electronic support, tactical and strategic communication systems.
The Losberger RDS Company is the result of the merger of the two companies TMB and BACHMANN, both specialized since decades in the military sector as well as in the civil protection sector. The two companies belong to the International Losberger Group, worldwide leader in the field of metal-textile, respectively since 2003 and 2006.
Losberger RDS expertise comprises not only the design and the manufacturing of inflatable frame structures, composite frame shelters and aluminium or steel frame structures, but also their set-up, maintenance and monitoring.
Losberger RDS structures are designed for military and emergency response usage and can be rapidly deployed to provide effective and instantaneous protection to civil population, military and their equipment. Moreover the majority of our products has NATO numbers.
We provide turn-key systems, with all the required accessories, and our structures can be grouped into 8 big families:
• Headquarters / Command Posts
• Humanitarian Engagement
• Field Camp Systems (kitchen and messing facilities, sports halls, accommodation etc..)
Losberger RDS has been specialized in the support of men and equipment in the civil and military markets for decades.
Contact: LOSBERGER RDS 58 A rue du Dessous des Berges - 75013 Paris - France Tel.: +33 (0)1 46 72 42 69 - Fax: +33 (0)1 46 58 91 79 - Mail: [email protected] Website:
Air-to-air system for helicopters based on the MISTRAL missile
• provides the helicopter with self-protection against air threats and to perform escort or protection of air-mobile forces,
• based on two launchers, each bearing two missiles and can be connected to the helicopter’s combat system, when mounted on combat helicopters, or through simplified control equipment if installed on multi-purpose helicopters,
• MISTRAL missile with its Fire and Forget engagement mode and ease of operation has an unrivalled kill probability,
• MISTRAL ATAM is the most efficient helicopter mounted air-to-air missile in full operational service. MISTRAL ATAM is operated by the French Army Aviation on the Gazelle and on the Tigre attack helicopter.
Characteristics :
• Dual-mode seeker visible / uncooled IR
• Fire & Forget and Man Over The Loop (Back Image) engagement modes
• 4000 m class range
• LOBL on low contrast targets through Firing Post / Seeker image correlation
• LOAL capability
Weapons for Attack helicopters
Contact: Dominique Pélerin 1 avenue Réaumur - 92358 Le Plessis-Robinson - cedex France Tel.: 01 71 54 15 17 - Mail: [email protected] Website:
The Third Generation Moog Weapon Stores Management System (SMS) is comprised of the Stores Management Computer (SMC), Stores Control Panel (SCP) and Stores Interface Units (SIU), Rocket Interface Unit (RIU), and Multi-Function Display (MFD). This proven, lightweight rugged system is an affordable solution to stores management on air, land and sea platforms.
The SMS leverages Moog’s extensive experience in systems integration, internal software development, weapons technology, and fire control solutions. The flexible modular design of the SMS enables fast delivery, rapid integration and future upgrades to the sensors, avionics and weapons, thus ensuring the SMS’s value for future mission requirements and weapons expansion.
• Lightweight - half the weight of comparable systems
• Compact overall size for optimized installation
• Flexible modular design
• Customizable screen displays - SMS and targeting sensor overlay
• High Performance with latest technology available
Integrated and Fielded:
• Cirit Laser-Guided Rocket
Contact: Frédérique Rebout - Business Development Manager Défense Europe Moog SARL- 38 rue du Morvan- 94573 Rungis Tel.: +33 684 152 081 - Mail: [email protected] Contact: Jason Reichard - Business Unit Director Tel.: +1(407) 451-953 - Mail: [email protected] Website:
NEXEYA is a French growing company of more than 1,000 employees that designs, manufactures, tests and maintains critical electronics systems in the areas of Defence, Aeronautics, Space, Transportation and Energy.
For Land and Airland Defence and Security, NEXEYA offers three product lines:
• Embedded systems such as surveillance and threat detection systems (ARGOSIA)
• On-ground and on-board test solutions such as embedded data recorder for analogue and digital signals (SACHA - LISA)
• Refurbished systems with enhance operational capabilities and maintenance workshops for local support (FLEETSUP)
Simulation of critical operational systems
ARGOSIA is an embedded multi-displays multi-users mission system dedicated to surveillance missions. Interfaced with on-board sensors, ARGOSIA allows the analysis of the image received, the situational awareness update, the video storage and the data transfer with ground assets.
To ease critical systems commissioning and operator training, NEXEYA offers a simulation mode based on the synthetic environment VBS2/3 developed by BOHEMIAN INTERACTIVE.
Simulator refurbishment
Refurbishment samples:
• Calculators
• Dashboards
Contact: Franck Potier - VP Sales Centrale Parc - Avenue Sully Prudhomme - 92298 Châtenay-Malabry Cedex - France Tel.: +33 1 41 87 25 30 - Mail: [email protected] Website:
Cannon is a complementary weapon of missiles and rockets for helicopters and combat aircraft and remain irreplaceable for short and very short range. It is also the weapon of close combat and self-defense for CSAR helicopters. In order to best meet the needs of the military and enable them to fulfill their mission, Nexter Systems offers canon mounts and turret for helicopters in service with many armed forces. The range of product, developed by Nexter Systems is based on the 20M621 cannon which is a precise and lightweight weapon with a low recoil force (same as a .5 machine gun) and which can fire M50 NATO standard ammunition.
For combat helicopters, Nexter can propose two Turreted Gun Systems (TGS): THL20 and THL30.
• THL30, fitted with the 30M781 cannon is dedicated to the TIGRE helicopter. It is now in service in France, Spain and Australia and has been combat proven in Libya and Mali with the French Forces.
• THL20, fitted with the 20M621 cannon (NATO standard M50 ammunition) is a light and compact TGS which can be easily integrated on light helicopters and is ideally suited for upgrading existing helicopter. THL20 is in service on the Puma helicopter in Romania and is adopted by the Indian Army on the ALH.
Nexter can also propose two other weapon systems fitted with the 20M621 cannon:
• SH20, a retractable door mounting system which can be easily fitted to any multi- mission helicopter to strength its capacity for self-defense and firing support air ground. Its retractable function ensures an operational discretion of the user.
• NC621 gun pod is a light, autonomous and stand alone “Plug &Play“ system which fits easily on helicopter thanks to a 14’ NATO standard pylon.
Nexter also propose the 30M791 cannon and its 30x150mm ammunition which have been developed to arm the Rafale. They provide unrivalled effectiveness in the air-to-air combat role.
A combat proven offer based on Nexter known-how on medium calibre weapons for helicop- ters and aircrafts
Contact: Nexter Systems 13 route de la Minière - 78034 Versailles Cedex Tel.: +33(0)1 30 97 37 37 - Fax : +33(0)1 30 97 39 78 Website:
Onera is the leading aerospace research organization in France.
Contact: Blanche Demaret - Delegate Director for Rotorcraft Programme Onera - Chemin de la Hunière, 91123 PALAISEAU France Tel.: +33 1 8038 6760 - Mail: [email protected]
As the bridge between basic research and technology applications, Onera conducts and directs research for the aerospace and defence industry.
Onera is a multidisciplinary organization, covering the full spectrum of competencies in energetics, aerodynamics, materials and structures, flow physics, electromagnetism, optics, instrumentation, system controls and flight dynamics, space and atmospheric environment physics, information processing, complex systems, long-term design and system integration. Onera offers a large set of test means from simple test rigs to large Wind-Tunnels (S1MA).
Helicopters Aeromobility operations should overpass the environment conditions in a safer way: degraded visual conditions, flight phases close to obstacles, heavy workloads for pilot and team, …Onera is the DGA and Industry partner to provide its competencies and tools for enhancing efficiency and safety in operations.
Operational efficiency and flight safety
• Vortex Ring State detection and avoidance functionality, demonstrated at ground simulator level (photo 1)
• Approaches for ship deck landing, with aerodynamics interactions, simulation & SHOL definition.
Simulation tools and new mission profiles analysis
• Simulation tools fully developed, including validated simplified models thanks to high level tools in computational fluids dynamics (photo2 : elsA simulation of aerodynamic interactions)
• Evaluation tool for mission profile analysis based on a multidisciplinary tool, offering several levels of physical description (CREATION tool).
Pilot assitance and pilot in the loop
• Flight within obstacle field (autonomous mapping and landing)
• Cooperative Operations of Multiple Air,Ground & Sea Robotics, Communicating Assets for Maritime surveillance or Urban localization of targets (ACTION project) (photo 3)
• Software development for urban environment safe operations: Visual target tracking and GPS robust Navigation (w/o GPS )(PRF AZUR- flight tested on RWUAV)
Design platform performances
Detection vulnerability and survivability
• Ballistic impact tests and simulation, new materials for armoured parts
• Crash simulation tools and test means (for material specimen): providing expertise to industry.
Photo credits: ©Nexter / Dassault Aviation - K. Tokunaga
Sagem is a world leader in electronics for aerospace and defense, especially in the areas of optronics, navigation and operational information systems.
Contact: Jean-Christophe MUGLER Sagem - Arcs de Seine - 18/20 quai du point du jour 92659 Boulogne-Billancourt Cedex - France Tel.: +33 1 55 60 39 96 - Mail: [email protected] Website:
Air-mobile Mission Planning
One of Sagem’s specialties is mission planning systems for air forces, naval air arms and helicopter fleets. In particular, the company developed the MPME mission planning system, delivered to the French army, and Helipsys (picture), the export version of this system. Both MPME and Helipsys can be quickly deployed on air bases, warships, or as part of field infrastructures. They were used to plan French helicopter missions in Afghanistan and Libya.
Cockpits, Flight controls, Autopilots and Navigation
Sagem makes the avionics and mission electronics for a large number of helicopters deployed worldwide, including the instrument panels for the rotorcraft used by the French flying school in Dax (picture), the fly-by-wire controls and Sigma 95L navigation system for the NATO helicopter NH90, and the Sigma 95 navigation system on Mi24 helicopters. Sagem also supplies autopilots for most rotorcraft made by Airbus Helicopters.
Intelligence and Combat Optronics
Sagem supplies the Strix and Osiris sights on the Tiger helicopters sold to Germany, France, Spain and Australia. It also provides gyrostabilized turrets, for observation or fire control, on a number of helicopters deployed worldwide, including Euroflir units used on the NH90 (picture), Cougar, Caracal and Panther helicopters in France, and the Mi8 and Mi17 helicopters deployed by other countries. These systems are combat proven (in Afghanistan, Libya and Mali) , demonstrating their excellent stabilization and the high performance of their infrared acquisition channel.
Missile Seekers and Self-defense systems
Sagem makes seekers for the Mistral air-to-air missiles (picture) mounted on Gazelle and Tiger helicopters, as well as for the French-British FASGW-NL air-to-ground missile. The company also makes the DDM missile firing detection system, deployed by different types of aircraft.
© Sagem
© Sagem
© Sagem © Antony Pecchi
Rotary wing aircraft have operational demands and space constraints unlike any other platform. Rockwell Collins have developed unique solutions to satisfy both military and commercial helicopter demands in the particular domain of cockpit avionics (CAAS) and HeliSure™ Situational Awareness solutions:
Common Avionics Architecture System (CAAS)
The needs for situational awareness, reduced crew workload and enhanced levels of flight safety are constantly changing. Rockwell Collins continues to stay at the forefront of those evolving needs with our Common Avionics Architecture System (CAAS).
Initially developed for the MH-47G Chinook and MH-60L/M Black Hawk aircraft, CAAS is a fully integrated flight and mission management capability that provides exceptional mission effectiveness. As the common digital architecture for rotary wing aircraft for the U.S. Army and International customers (e.g. German Army CH-53G or International Blackhawks), CAAS is one of the first fully open, non-proprietary systems that completely embraces existing commercial standards on large platforms. All CAAS systems are based on our innovative Flight2 modular open system approach that uses widely adopted open industry standards, minimizing the costs of technology insertions and capability upgrades. By using our Flight2 integrated avionics architecture, the CAAS hardware and software can be easily adapted to the unique mission requirements of a broad spectrum of rotary wing aircraft.
Our CAAS system incorporates cockpit flight and mission management, as well as integrates multiple communications, navigation, weapons and mission sensor subsystems for reduced crew workload and improved operational effectiveness and safety. Furthermore, CAAS provides a consistent, intuitive user interface for displays and allows control of all avionics subsystems by each cockpit user.
HeliSure™ Flight Situational Awareness
Whether it’s military, emergency medical services (EMS), law enforcement, search and rescue, or any number of other mission profiles, the very nature of these typical helicopter missions means that aircrew must operate in potentially dangerous or degraded visual environment (DVE) conditions. HeliSure™ is the only completely unique portfolio of products that combines 3D visualization, displays, sensors and databases together to provide unprecedented situational awareness for helicopters. HeliSure™ purpose is to contribute to Situational Awareness by increasing the perception of his environment by the pilot. HeliSure’s scalability and flexibility make it virtually portable on any rotary wing platform. Sensor data is delivered in real time through an intuitive user interface that features 3D visualization for information that pilots can easily, quickly and effectively process. HeliSure™ familly of Situationnal Awareness solutions perfectly complements our cockpit solutions for helicopters.The first two products of the HeliSure family in operation today are the Helicopter Synthetic Vision System (H-SVS) and the Helicopter Terrain Awareness and Warning System (H-TAWS).
Comprehensive avionics and situational awareness solutions for rotary wing platforms.
Contact: Philippe Memery, Marketing Manager Airborne Solutions for Europe and Middle East Rockwell Collins France - 6 Avenue Didier Daurat, 31701 Blagnac Cedex Tel.: +336 8769 4227 - Mail: [email protected] Website:
In the trail of the French-German combat helicopter TIGER development, TDA ARMEMENTS SAS has improved his worldwide known Airborne Rocket Systems to create a new range of products in line with the 21th century end customer needs and compliant to current regulations. Based on induction technology, this second generation weapon system, has been in service for more than 10 years now, and ‘Combat Proven’ since 2009 in Afghanistan, over Libya and in Mali.
The Induction Rocket System (IRS), which consists in a series of Digital Rocket Launchers (DRL) and of Rockets Activated by Induction (RAI), brings advantages at every level:
crew, armorer, mechanics, logistician, certification authority, platform integrator ormanufacturer. The RAI is qualified to the last and most severe standards, which enable it to be associated with extremely low Ammunition and Explosives Hazard Classification (AEHC).
Thanks to the removal of all cables and connectors around the ammunition and to the digital launcher interface, the load/unload process is now realized without any tool.
This induces an extremely reduced Forward Area Armament and Refuel Point (FAARP) constraint, and a simplification of mechanical and logistics activities. Integrated inside the Induction Rocket System (IRS), this 21th century technology enables also the introduction of capabilities hardly accessible with rocket systems from previous generation :
total absence of any Foreign Obstacle Damage (FOD), fully configurable loading configuration, in flight programmable dual mode rocket (Airburst/Point Detonating High Explosive [PDHE]), fully integrated Metric Precision Rocket (MPR), which is guided, automatic identification of loaded rocket types, Health and Usage Monitoring System (HUMS).
TDA ARMEMENTS SAS has created a family of Digital Rocket Launchers (DRL) able to transport from 2 up to 22 rockets for various applications, such as helicopter, fighter, UAV or light vehicle. Each launcher is fully safe against external aggression thanks to a front protection seal and each part of a launcher can be easily replaced :
therefore, the weapon system is 100% maintainable (each tube has a lifetime guaranteed for more than 300 shots and can be replaced within a few minutes by one single person).
This specific weapon system enables small armed forces with few aircraft to equip part of them with one of the most modern ‘Combat Proven’ launching technology available in the world, substantially improving their operating modes. It addresses as well emerging Nations as the advanced ones, and gives the opportunity to fill a large range of missions, such as patrolling, airspace-, sea- or land control, with better tailored cost effectiveness.
Thus, TDA ARMEMENTS SAS currently proposes a large panel of rockets, adaptable to any new need identified.
Lighter, safer, more accurate, with lower logistics footprint, and finally Combat proven since 2009, the best-in-class induction rocket system is now offered by TDA ARMEMENTS SAS for all platforms in the world !
Contact: TDA ARMEMENTS SAS Route d’ARDON - F - 45240 LA-FERTÉ-SAINT-AUBIN Tel.: + (33)2 38 51 64 89 - Mail: [email protected] Website:
Aerospace Solutions - Everywhere it matters, we deliver to improve combat helicopter operational efficiency, decrease crew workload and increase flight safety.
Contact: Yves Joannic - Thales Avionics 25 rue Jules Védrines - 26027 Valence Cedex - France Tel: +33 4 75 79 89 12 - Mail: [email protected] Website:
With a full line of products based on the TopOwl® and Scorpion® helmet-mounted displays, Thales meets the operational requirements of all types of rotary or fixed-wing aircraft flying any type of mission. The helmet-mounted display plays an integral part in assuring mission success and contributes directly to improve flight safety. With both TopOwl and Scorpion, Thales offers operational pilots the best possible HMD solutions covering the spectrum of operational needs, with the best cost of ownership and highest efficiency.
Designed by pilots for pilots, TopOwl continuously upgrades on the latest operational feedback to support the success of increasingly delicate missions conducted in hostile territory, both during the day and at night, for example in Afghanistan, Libya and Mali.
• Unique binocular system with a fully overlapped wide field of view (40°)
• Integrated night vision: perfect night performance and complete peripheral view thanks to integrated intensifier tubes
• HD FLIR image display
• Seamless transition between day/night/HD FLIR
• Unique customized helmet-fit system: no bore sighting needed and perfect center of gravity for unequalled comfort helping to improve the operational effectiveness of onboard weapon systems while enhancing flight safety
Scorpion is the world’s first full color helmet mounted display, and is designed for use in fighters, helicopters and transport aircraft, especially in situations where a lightweight monocular solution is ideal. Scorpion displays full-color symbology and video for day and night missions, providing significantly better situational awareness as well as targeting and sensor video imagery. For night missions, Scorpion operates seamlessly with standard-issue Night Vision Goggles (NVG).
• First full color helmet mounted display
• Seamless one hand transition day/night vision
• Video & FLIR image display
• Unique hybrid opto-inertial head tracking system for maximum accuracy and reliability with minimal intrusion into the cockpit
• Specifically designed for easy installation on new platforms as well as retrofit programs, Scorpion provides the lowest overall integration and life cycle costs
Thales Modular avionics for helicopter
Proud to be onboard TIGER and NH90, Thales developed TopDeck® a dual integrated modular avionics suite based on the very latest technology. Thales demonstrates its extensive experience in system design and functional architecture, from sensors to data display. This avionics suite, designed for helicopters, is based on the Icube-S concept: Intuitive, Interactive, Integrated and Safe. TopDeck reduces pilot workload and increases reliability and safety, while remaining a very lightweight system.
TDA ARMEMENTS SAS’ Digital Rocket Launchers (DRL) can be tailor- made (between 22 and 2 tubes), according to the airlift capability of the aircraft to be equipped.
AMV (Multiprojectile Warhead (Darts)
HE-IMPact and HE-MM (MultiMode)
Metric Precision Rocket (MPR)
GICAT (French Land and Air-land Defence and Security Industry Association) is a professional organization established in 1978 grouping over 260 French companies, including the main industrial prime contractors, equipment suppliers, system integrators and a network of dynamic and innovative SMEs.
These companies, which have a diverse range of activities (industrial contractors, consultancy and service providers, as well as clusters and research institutes), offer the full range of skill and know-how adapted to the operational requirements of the land and Air-land Defence and Security sector.
GICAT’s international development is based on the Eurosatory international trade show, organized by its subsidiary COGES, and mainstream defence and/or security trade shows abroad.