Agenda Do Now: Brainstorming on Federalism Notes on Federalism Creation of Federalism flip chart....
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AgendaDo Now: Brainstorming on FederalismNotes on Federalism Creation of Federalism flip chart. Closure: Recap Federalism by matching statements with their respective level of government.
HW: Read Lesson 17. Answer #2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9.
Do Now1.) What do you think a federal system of government means?
2.) Federalism can sometimesbe thought of as a cake.How does this picture of a cake illustrate a federal system?
Federalism The United States has a federal system where power is divided and shared between national, state and local governments.
Can you think of any examples of Federal, State or Local laws?
The idea of a federal system is outlined in Article IV (4) of the Constitution:
This Constitution, and the Laws of the United Statesshall be the supreme Law of the Land.
The states cannot make laws that conflict with the Constitution or laws made by Congress. This is known as the Supremacy Clause.
**However, states and local governments CAN make laws which they feel increase security or protection of citizens. (For example, New Jerseys HIB law).
Full Faith and Credit Clause:
Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and Judicial proceedings of every other State.
*Each state must recognize and respect other states laws, regulations and legal documents.
Federalism is also mentioned in the 10th amendment of the Constitution:
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people
What do you think this means?
Powers divided into 3 CategoriesGranted powers (Enumerated)- Power given to the national government under the Constitution. Reserved powers- power given to the state governments. Concurrent powers- powers that are shared by both state and national.
Granted Powers (Federal Government)
Coin MoneyDeclare WarRegulate Interstate CommerceMaintain Armed ForcesDeals with Foreign Policies/treatiesEstablishes Post Offices & RoadsMake laws Necessary and Proper
Reserved Powers (State Governments)Establish and maintain schoolsMotor Vehicle/Driver LicensesMake marriage lawsRegulation business within the stateTake measure to protect public health, safety, etc. (State Police, Board of Health)Conduct electionsRemember the 10th Amendment!!
Concurrent (State & National)TaxEstablish courtsBorrow money/Spend money for general welfareMake and enforce lawsTake private property for public purposes with jus compensation (Eminent Domain)
Local GovernmentLocal Police (For example, SBPD)School Boards (Districts)Oversee hospitals and librariesDeal with sewage, trash removal and handle the water supplyConstruction rules and zoning, street lightsMaintaining local roadsLocal governments can tax as well
ActivityUsing your notes from today and plain computer paper (provided) you will create a Federalism Flip Chart.Your flip chart is split into thirds.You will recall the following powers:Powers of the National GovernmentPowers of State GovernmentsPowers that both State and National Share
ClosureFor each of the following determine what level of government the situation applies too and why.
1.) Your sister just reached the driving age and wants to apply for her license.2.) You just obtained your first job and need your social security card.3.) Your parents do not agree with your districts new high school diploma system.4.) After High School you want to go into the US Navy.
Agenda 1/8Do Now: Federalism WorksheetStation Activity: Federalism Activity using your Flip ChartClosure: Debrief Activity
HW: CEQ #3
Activity: Federalism ScenariosWith your group read each scenario at your station (4 minutes each).Determine if the scenario meets the federalism test for that level of government (Circle yes or no).Explain the reasoning (why or why not).
Practice: Colorados Scenic Drive Highway has become overcrowded. The state legislature passes a law forbidding out-of-state drivers from using the highway?
Can Colorados state legislature do this? (Yes or No) Why?
NOArticle IV Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof.
1. Michigan, hard hit by a recession, has decided to issue coins made from old cars in order to stimulate the economy.
1. AnswerNOArticle IOnly Congress has the ability to coin money.
To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures
2. Congress passes a law imposing new regulations upon airlines engaged in interstate commerce (doing business in several states and across state lines.)
2. AnswerYESArticle I
To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes
3. Displeased with the U.S. Postal Service, the state legislature of Nevada has passed a law creating the Nevada Postal Service.
3. AnswerNO Article I
Only Congress has the power To establish Post Offices and Post Roads.
4. The neighboring state of Illinois has annexed Lake County, Indiana.
4. AnswerNOArticle IV
Only congress has this ability.
No new state can be formed in a state that already exists. States cannot join together without the consent of congress.
5. The Governor of Montana requests that Kentucky return John Doe to Montana. Doe, convicted of murder in Montana, had fled to Kentucky where local authorities captured him.
5. AnswerYESArticle IV
A criminal fleeing from one state to another after committing a crime, must be returned to the state from which he/she is from (a process called extradition).
States must respect the laws of other states. Full Faith and Credit.
6. John Jones has been legally adopted in the state of Arkansas. After the Jones family moves to Georgia, the Georgia State Welfare Agency takes John from his adoptive parents. The Agency claims its does not recognize Arkansas adoption laws
6. AnswerNOArticle IV
Each state must recognize other states legal documents, such as marriage certificates and drivers licenses
Full Faith and Credit.
HW: CEQ#3 on FederalismQuestion: What is one new bill of 2014? Make sure to include a brief summary of the article and WHICH level of government this applies to and WHY?
Due next class!