Active Mobility Cities People 2014 l Gz

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    Active Mobility Cities for PeopleCities for Mobility Stuttgart June 2nd 2014

    Lars Gemze Architect M.A.A.

    Senior Consultant Associate Partner Gehl Architects

    Stuttgart

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    1. New Challenges health, congestion & global warming

    2. Many Similarities between Cycling and Walking

    3. People on Foot making people visible in planning

    4. People Cycling the soft people city

    5. People in Transit part of the picture

    6. Public Spaces Active mobility and sustainable use of

    public space

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    New Challenges

    Health and Obesity

    Mobility and Congestion

    The Environment andGlobal Warming

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    Active mobility isgood on all three challenges

    Walking & Cycling is Healthyin Daily Life

    Walking & Cycling take up

    Little Space and giveMobility for a wider rangeof people

    Low cost and democratic

    Quality of Life andSustainable use of PublicSpace Less Pollution

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    Many Similarities in Active MobilityPeople walking and cycling can do most of the same things

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    Cycle Life study Gehl Architects

    More flexible than other modes of transportStop and talkno need to find a parking lot

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    Follow your inspirationStop and take a closer look - No planning needed

    Cycle Life study Gehl Architects

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    Take a short cut and cross minor barriersYou can always find a way

    Cycle Life study Gehl Architects

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    Many similarities but do not mix it upThere is often a need for different infrastructure

    Copenhagen

    Cycle Life study Gehl Architects

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    Walking

    Publictransit Publicspace

    Access for allSustainable use of Public space

    The Soft City

    Cycling

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    walking

    People on foot

    Simple, easy mobility for almostall people all through life - on

    shorter distancesbut also the ability to stop, talk.Meet and do many other things

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    People used to be invisible in the planning process

    No dataon pedestrians

    same old model, no marketing,

    usually no organisations. Lowspeed, small size, no pollution, etc

    No city department for Public Life

    Lots of dataon vehicular traffic

    Always Traffic Departments withdata about vehicular traffic

    constantly new models,marketing, organisations but alsohigh speed, noise, pollution, etc.

    The City of Copenhagen has a

    department for Public Life now

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    Studies of Public Life in Copenhagen1968, 1986, 1995 and 2005..2010 the city does it!

    Pioneering studies by professor Jan Gehl

    and the School of Architecture in Copenhagen

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    From car invasion

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    From car invasion....to people places

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    Strget before 1962

    They said it cannot be done

    The shops will die!The climate is wrong!It is not our culture!

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    Strget to day

    80.000 people per 24 hours in the summer

    The shops had a great time!

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    Pedestrian streets became very popular .even on rainy days

    The climate is not a great problem

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    People stayed longer

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    People stayed longer and longer

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    and longerAlmost 4 times more space

    = Almost 4 times more activity

    We changed culture

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    The result is a much morepeople friendly city

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    walking cycling

    People on bicycles

    Active transportationCycling is new mobility

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    A city full of moving objects.....or

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    A city full of people on the streets

    Copenhagen

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    Bicycling is much more than transport

    Individual mobility

    for all ages

    It is green!

    No pollution and no

    noise

    It is good for

    your health tooYou see

    people in the

    street

    Everybody

    can afford it

    It is good for you,the city and

    everybody else

    Copenhagen

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    Bicycling is also city life

    Copenhagen

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    Why would anyone cycle in the city?

    It is of course because

    I am poor!

    ..and you are

    just in the way!

    It is also

    dangerous!It is too

    slow!

    and the weather

    is also bad of

    course!

    Here we havea car culture!

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    in many countries it is only guys in Tourde France outfits, that cycle

    Australia

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    or dare-devils who are fighting the cars

    Australia

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    Why do a lot of people cycle in some cities?

    CicloViaLima, PeruCopenhagen

    Let us ask the cyclists

    in Copenhagen!

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    Why do Copenhageners cycle?Is it because of the environment?

    Copenhageners

    cycling save over

    90.000 t CO2

    annually

    1%

    Say yes

    CopenhagenBicycle Account2006

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    Is it because of financial reasons?

    6%

    Say yes

    CopenhagenBicycle Account2006

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    Is it because of the exercise you get?

    19%

    Say yes

    CopenhagenBicycle Account2006

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    We must simply make it the easy choiceIs it because it is convenient, fast and easy?

    61%

    Yes!

    CopenhagenBicycle Account2006

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    Almost the same number of people on the track as in the 3 lanes of cars

    Bicycle tracks are very efficient5 times more people can move per hour on a bicycletrack compared with a traffic lane in urban traffic

    (Estimation by the traffic planners in the Municipality of Copenhagen)

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    Gehl Architects Urban Quality Consultants Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv DK-1610 Copenhagen V www.gehlarchitects.dk

    Bicycle parking takes up little space compared with car parking

    10 bicycles = 1 car parking space

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    Cycling and shoppingShopping and transport habits in CopenhagenReport from the Centre for Traffic, City of Copenhagen June 2012

    The report is inDanish only:Indkb og

    transportvaner IKbenhavnKbenhavnsKommune,

    Center for Trafik

    Juni 2012

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    2/3 of all shopping trips in Copenhagen are madeby cycling and walking p. 5 in the report

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    Cyclists spend as much as car drivers

    As a whole cyclistsspend just as muchmoney in shops as cardrivers

    Main conclusion in the report p. 2

    How important are cyclists for shopsin Copenhagen?Centre for Traffic, City of Copenhagen

    June 2012

    Also in USA Please see new report:Protected Bike lanes Mean BusinessPeople for Bikes and Alliance forBiking & Walking

    Copenhagen

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    Gehl Architects Urban Quality Consultants Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv DK-1610 Copenhagen V www.gehlarchitects.dk

    People who take their bicycle to

    work have a 28% lower mortality

    rate than the average

    population

    (after adjustment for, among other issues,

    differences in terms of job, smoking,

    leisure-time activities, and body mass

    index).

    Cycling, exercise and Health Published by The Ecological Council, The Heart Association, school

    and Society and The Danish Bicycle Federation 2007

    L.B