13th Cavalry History

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USA Armor School Research Library TDCDE Fort Knox KY Bibliography January 2008 13 th Cavalry - 13 th Armor - Including Battalions NOTE: Currently, 1-13 Armor is scheduled to participate in a transition team function as part of the Army’s transformation to a modular force. Plans call for the 13 th Armor to convert back to the 13 th Cavalry, with two squadrons (1 st and 2d) slated to serve as reconnaissance squadrons in the 1st Armored Division (On Point (Fall 2006), p. 32) Distinctive Unit Insignia / Coat of Arms ... The insignia was redesignated for the 13th Cavalry Regiment with description updated on 23 May 2007… http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Cav/13CavalryRegiment.htm 1

description

History of the 13th Cavalry

Transcript of 13th Cavalry History

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USA Armor School Research Library TDCDE Fort Knox KY Bibliography January 2008

13th Cavalry

- 13th Armor - Including Battalions

NOTE: Currently, 1-13 Armor is scheduled to participate in a transition team function as part of the Army’s transformation to a modular force. Plans call for the

13th Armor to convert back to the 13th Cavalry, with two squadrons (1st and 2d) slated to serve as reconnaissance squadrons in the 1st Armored Division

(On Point (Fall 2006), p. 32)

Distinctive Unit Insignia / Coat of Arms ... The insignia was redesignated for the 13th Cavalry Regiment with description

updated on 23 May 2007… http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Cav/13CavalryRegiment.htm

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Index to Battalions:

1st Battalion, pp. 23-28

2nd Battalion, pp. 29-32

3rd Battalion, p. 33

4th Battalion, p. 34

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Associations

13th Tank Bn, Co ‘D’ ‘51 Mr. W. Laverne ‘Shot’ Doll 735 W Elm St Lancaster WI 53813-1219 Phone: 608-723-2928 Email: [email protected] (updated 2003) http://www.military-network.com/Ben/Associations_Detail.cfm?ID=9677 U.S. Cavalry Association http://www.uscavalry.org/

Bibliography

13th Armored Regiment : A Working Bibliography of MHI Sources (15 Sep 06) http://ahecwebdds.carlisle.army.mil/awapps/pdfopener?smd=1&md=1&did=74010

Books

Atkinson, Rick. An army at dawn : the war in North Africa, 1942-1943. New York : Henry Holt & Co., 2002. U.S. 13th Armored Regiment, pp. 52, 222, 234, 511, 538 1st Battalion, p. 231 2nd Battalion, pp. 168, 206-7, 228, 365 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 940.5423 ATKINSON Boot, Max. The savage wars of peace : small wars and the rise of American power. New York : Basic Books, c2002. 8: The Dusty Trial: The Pancho Villa Punitive Expedition, 1916-1917. … 13th U.S. Cavalry Regiment …

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Coggins, Jack. The campaign for North Africa. Garden City, N.Y. : Doubleday, 1980. United States Units – Regiments – 13th Armored Regiment, pp. 105, 109, 113, 127, 144 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 940.5423 COGGINS Herr, John K. The story of the U.S. Cavalry, 1775-1942. Boston : Little, Brown, c1953. Chapter IX : Wars Beyond the Border … (p. 233- ) In the winter of 1916, the 13th Cavalry was stationed at the little border hamlet off Columbus, New Mexico… USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 357 HE Historical and pictorial review, First Armored Division of the United States Army, Fort Knox, Kentucky, 1941 - 13th Armored Regiment (L). Baton Rouge, La. : Army and Navy Pub. Co., 1941. Colonel Raymond E. McQuillin, Commanding Office; includes Regimental Staff, Coat of Arms, History of the 13th Armored Regiment, The 13th Armored Regiment (L) in Action, 13th Armored Regiment (L) Personnel USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. CHAFFEE 355.071 THIRTEENT Hoffman, George F. Through mobility we conquer : the mechanization of U.S. Cavalry. Lexington, Ky. : The University Press of Kentucky, c2006. Armored Force – 13th Armored Regiment, pp. 315, 318, 409 U.S. Cavalry – 13th Cavalry (Mech), pp. 201, 208, 213, 225, 232, 233, 247, 267, 331, 409 U.S. Constabulary – 13th Constabulary Squadron, pp. 433-34 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 357 HOFMANN Howe, George F. (George Frederick). The battle history of the 1st Armored Division, "Old Ironsides". Nashville, TN : Battery Press, 1979. Armored Regiments, 13th: pp. 89, 106, 127-138, 323-324, 330-332, 343-347, 357-362 (see also: Beale, Benson, Bruss, Cairns, Carr, Cocke, Cohn, Cole, Crosby, Elliott, Gardiner, Hatcher, Howze, Mayshark, McWatters, Probstfeld, Robinett, Shapiro, Simmerman, Todd, Van Nostrand, Varner, Yeiter) USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. CHAFFEE 940.5412 HOWE Howze, Hamilton H. (Hamilton Hawkins). A cavalryman's story : memoirs of a twentieth-century Army general. Washington : Smithsonian Institution Press, c1996. 13th Armored Regiment, pp. 36, 68, 74, 88, 91, 100, 105, 116, 119, 120

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13th Cavalry, p. 36 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. BIOGRAPH HOWZE Mesko, Jim. M3 Lee/Grant in action. Carrollton, Tex. : Squadron/Signal Publications, c1995. Combat Operations (p. 40) … In the late Spring of 1942; however, the 1st Armored Division was shipped overseas to Northern Ireland with both its armored regiments equipped with M3s. One of these, the 13th, was assigned to the forces earmarked for the invasion of North Africa … Diagram – M3 (Insert) – Caption: After Effect was a M3 of the 1st Armored Division, 13th Armored Regiment at Bizete, Tunisia during May of 1943. Photo w/caption (p. 48) : The first American tankers to see combat in North Africa under their own commander were elements of the 1st Armored Division, which too part in the invasion of Oran. This M3 from the 2nd Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment and its crew, were at Souk El Khemis …. USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 358.18 MESKO Old Ironsides, 1969. (First Armored Division Association (U.S.)) Dallas, Texas, Taylor Publishing Co., 1969. 1st Brigade – 1st Battalion, 13th Armor. LTC William E. Hattaway, Commanding Officer 2nd Brigade – 2nd Battalion, 13th Armor. LTC John M. Norton, Commanding Officer USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. CHAFFEE 358.18 FIRST Perrett, Bryan. Allied tanks : North Africa, World War II. [London] : Arms and Armour Press ; [New York, N.Y. : Distributed in the U.S. by Sterling Pub. Co.], 1986. Photos w/captions: 13th Armored Regiment - #46, #72 Photos w/captions: 2nd Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment - #55, #57, #58, #59, #60 Photo w/caption: 3rd Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment - #73 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 358.18 TANKS #21 Robinett, Paul M. (Paul McDonald). Armor command; the personal story of a commander of the 13th Armored Regiment, of the CCB, 1st Armored Division, and of the Armored School during World War II. [Washington, c1958] USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 940.5412 ROBINETT

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Sawicki, James A. Cavalry regiments of the US Army. Dumfries, Va. : Wyvern Publications, c1985. 13th Cavalry, pp. 176-177 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. REF 357 SAWICKI Sawicki, James A. Tank battalions of the US Army. Dumfries, Va. : Wyvern Publications, c1983. 13th Tank Battalion, pp. 51-52 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 358.18 SAWICKI Stanton, Shelby L. Order of battle, U.S. Army, World War II. Novato, CA : Presidio, c1984. 13th Armored Regiment, p. 288 13th Cavalry Regiment (Mechanized), p. 315 13th Tank Battalion, p. 298 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 355.30973 STANTON Stubbs, Mary Lee; Connor, Stanley Russell. Armor-cavalry (Army Lineage Series). Washington, Office of the Chief of Military History, U.S. Army; [for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.] 1969- 13th Armor, pp. 225-230 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 355 ARMY Tankers in Tunisia. [Fort Knox, Ky. : Headquarters, Armored Replacement Training Center, 1943] Lieutenant William S. Norman, Company “H”, 3rd Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment, near Sidi bou Zid, 14 April 1943 (pp. 48-49) Staff Sergeant Wilbur R. White, Company “H”, 13th Armored Regiment (pp. 49-50) Staff Sergeant Lewis Shelton, Company “I”, 13th Armored Regiment (p. 50) 1st Lieutenant George Dempsey, Company “I”, 13th Armored Regiment, near Sidi bou Zid, 18 April 1943 (p. 50) USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 940.5412 TANKERS Tevington, William M. The United States Constabulary : a history. Paducah, Ky. : Turner Pub. Co., c1998. 10th Constabulary Regiment: Initial assignments of the (regiment) and its Squadrons’ Headquarters were as follows … 13th Constabulary Squadron, Bayreuth …

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13th Constabulary Squadron (p. 32) …inactivated 20 September 1947 at Coburg, Germany … USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 940.55 TEVINGTO To Bizerte with the II Corps, 23 April 1943-13 May 1943. Washington, D.C., Historical Division, War Dept. [1943] / Washington, D.C. : Center of Military History, United States Army, 1990. http://www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/bizerte/bizerte-fm.htm The Second Phase : Axis Resistance Is Broken http://www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/bizerte/bizerte-second.htm USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 940.5423 UNITED Tompkins, Frank. Chasing Villa; the story behind the story of Pershing's expedition into Mexico. [Harrisburg, Pa.] The Military Service Pub. Co., 1934. Chapter VIII. Villa’s Raid on Columbus, New Mexico ; Chapter XIX. Operations of the Second Squadron, 13th Cavalry (Lindsley), March 21 to April 2 ; Chapter XX. Operations of the Provisional Squadron, 10th and 13th Cavalry (Tompkins), March 21 to April 2 ; Chapter XXIV. Operations of the Provisional Squadron, 13th Cavalry (Tompkins) April 2 to 12 … USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. CHAFFEE 972.8 TO Toulmin, H. A., Jr. (Colonel) With Pershing in Mexico. Harrisburg, Pa. : The Military Service Publishing Co., 1935. Chapter III. The Columbus Raid; Chapter V. The 13th Cavalry Fight at Parral USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. CHAFFEE 972.08 TO Urwin, Gregory J. W. The United States Cavalry : an illustrated history, 1776-1944. Norman : University of Oklahoma Press, [2003] Units, American – U.S. Cavalry – 13th U.S. Cavalry, pp. 172, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 184 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 357.1 URWIN Zaloga, Steve. Kasserine Pass 1943 : Rommel's last victory. Oxford : Osprey, 2005. US forces – 13th Armored, pp. 26, 28, 51-2, 55, 56-7, 60, 63, 89 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 940.5423 ZALOGA

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Zaloga, Steve. M3 Lee/Grant medium tank 1941-45. Oxford : Osprey, 2005. United States Army – Armored Regiment, 2/13th, pp. 19, 20, 21, C, D USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 358.18 ZALOGA Zaloga, Steve. US tank battles in North Africa and Italy 1943-45. New Territories, Hong Kong : Concord, c2004. Photos w/captions, pp. 6-end. Example: The crew of a M3 medium tank swab out the barrel following the fighting near Medjez al Bab in November 1942. The marking aside the gun identifies this as a tank of Co. F, 13th Armored Regiment, 1st Armored Division … USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 358.18 ZALOGA

Documents

Harris, Benjamin James (Major, US Army) The United States Zone Constabulary: An Analysis of Manning Issues and Their Impact on Operations. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth, KS : US Army Command and General Staff College, 1993. http://cgsc.cdmhost.com/cgi-bin/showfile.exe?CISOROOT=/p4013coll2&CISOPTR=726&filename=727.pdf 13th Constabulary Squadron (use FIND feature)

After Action Reports

After Action Report, 13th Armored Regiment. 8 May 1943 – 15 July 1944. USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. AAR 813 AR 602 After Action Report, 13th Tank Battalion, 1st Armored Division. 20 July – 30 October 1944; 1 December 1944 – 28 February 1945; 1-30 April 1945. USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. AAR 813 TB 101

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Emert L. Davis Research Library

Patton Museum Fort Knox KY

http://www.generalpatton.org/education/archives.asp

COL Simpson Collection (1 linear foot) United States, Army – Armored Regiments – 13th Armored Regiment … http://www.generalpatton.org/education/archive_s_t.asp Gardiner Collection (4 Linear Feet) Collection of the personal papers of COL Henry E. Gardiner Commander of 13th Tank Battalion, 1st Armored Division. Includes photographs and documents concerning operations of the 1st Armored Division, specifically the 13th Armored Regiment and 13th Tank Battalion. Also includes a complete set of maps for the area of operation in North Africa and in Italy (1943-1945), and includes correspondence and records for the 1st Armored Division Association 1947-1980…. http://www.generalpatton.org/education/archive_g_h.asp Van Zant Collection (3 Linear Feet) Collection of maps, photographs, reports, letters, and memorandums covering the military career of LTC Robert E. Van Zant. LTC Van Zant was a member of the 13th Armor Regiment, 1st Armored Division, as well as an instructor at the Armor School, Fort Knox, between 1941 and 1945 … http://www.generalpatton.org/education/archive_u_v.asp

National Archives http://www.archives.gov/

13th Tank Battalion: Unit History, 1901 – 1955 ARC Identifier 1189593 - File Unit from Record Group 338: Records of U.S. Army Operational, Tactical, and Support Organizations (World War II and Thereafter), 1917 – 1993 http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/basic_search.jsp - type ARC Identifier number in search box 322.02: 13th Cavalry, 26 Apr 27 - 25 May 40 ARC Identifier 1411066 - File Unit from Record Group 177: Records of the Chiefs of Arms, 1878 – 1943 http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/basic_search.jsp - type ARC Identifier number in search box 601-TK(13) - 13th Medium Tank Battalion, 1st Armored Division: Command Report, 1951 ARC Identifier 799036 - File Unit from Record Group 407: Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1905 – 1981

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http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/basic_search.jsp - type ARC Identifier number in search box Case 119 of Lt F. F. Clifton of Illinois - 13th Cavalry, D Company, 03/1863 ARC Identifier 1013002 - File Unit from Record Group 153: Records of the Office of the Judge Advocate General (Army), 1792 – 1981 http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/basic_search.jsp - type ARC Identifier number in search box General Orders Issued, 1901 / 13th Cavalry Regiment ARC Identifier 607566 - Series from Record Group 391: Records of U.S. Regular Army Mobile Units, 1815 – 1950 http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/basic_search.jsp - type ARC Identifier number in search box Historical Records - 1st Armored Group 6/1944, 13th Tank Battalion 12/1944, 775th Tank Battalion 1/1945, 1st Tank Battalion 11/1944 ARC Identifier 1128979 - File Unit from Record Group 338: Records of U.S. Army Operational, Tactical, and Support Organizations (World War II and Thereafter), 1917 – 1993 http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/basic_search.jsp - type ARC Identifier number in search box History of the 13th Cavalry Regiment, entry 310, box 485, Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs, RG 165, NARA. (Footnote 12) http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/fall/mexican-punitive-expedition-1.html Letters Sent, 1905 – 1906 / 13th Cavalry Regiment ARC Identifier 607562 - Series from Record Group 391: Records of U.S. Regular Army Mobile Units, 1815 – 1950 http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/basic_search.jsp - type ARC Identifier number in search box Lists, Letters, Orders, and Reports, 1901 – 1916 / 13th Cavalry Regiment ARC Identifier 607578 - Series from Record Group 391: Records of U.S. Regular Army Mobile Units, 1815 – 1950 http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/basic_search.jsp - type ARC Identifier number in search box The Mexican Punitive Expedition, 1916 – 1917 ARC Identifier 533442 - Series from Record Group 165: Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs, 1860 – 1952 http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/basic_search.jsp - type ARC Identifier number in search box

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Morning Reports and Unit Rosters http://www.archives.gov/st-louis/military-personnel/morning-reports-and-unit-rosters.html Muster Rolls, 1901 – 1918 / 13th Cavalry Regiment ARC Identifier 607588 - Series from Record Group 391: Records of U.S. Regular Army Mobile Units, 1815 – 1950 http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/basic_search.jsp - type ARC Identifier number in search box Records of United States Regular Army Mobile Units, 1821-1942 391.3.5 Records of the 11th-15th Cavalry Regiments … 13th Cavalry Regiment, 1901-18 … http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/391.html Regimental Returns, 1901 – 1911 / 13th Cavalry Regiment ARC Identifier 607573 - Series from Record Group 391: Records of U.S. Regular Army Mobile Units, 1815 – 1950 http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/basic_search.jsp - type ARC Identifier number in search box Report on Terrain Study by 13th Armored Regt in Preparation for Operations in the Liri River Valley, Italy. 7 Sept 44 (#154 HQ AGF) ARC Identifier 1432159 - File Unit from Record Group 337: Records of Headquarters Army Ground Forces, 1916 – 1954 http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/basic_search.jsp - type ARC Identifier number in search box Return of casualties of the 13th U.S. Cavalry on the March 9, 1916, "Pancho Villa" raid., 03/09/1916 ARC Identifier 300382 - Item from Record Group 94: Records of the Adjutant General's Office, ca. 1775 - ca. 1928 http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/basic_search.jsp - type ARC Identifier number in search box Special Orders Issued, 1902 – 1903 / 13th Cavalry Regiment ARC Identifier 607570 - Series from Record Group 391: Records of U.S. Regular Army Mobile Units, 1815 – 1950 http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/basic_search.jsp - type ARC Identifier number in search box

Publication

Department of the Army Pamphlet 672-1. Unit Citation and Campaign Participation Credit Register. Washington, DC : Headquarters, Department of the Army, July 1961. http://www.apd.army.mil/pdffiles/p672_1.pdf 13th Armored Regiment, 1st Armored Division, p. 53.

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13th Tank Battalion, 1st Armored Division, p. 55.

Journal / Newspaper Articles

Organization Activities (By Year)

1935

“13th Cavalry – Fort Riley, Kansas.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (May-June 1935) Volume XLIV, Number 189, pp. 76-77. … Colonel Charles F. Martin, Commanding … “13th Cavalry – Fort Riley, Kansas.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (July-August 1935) Volume XLIV, Number 190, pp. 75-76. … Colonel Charles F. Martin, Commanding … “13th Cavalry – Fort Riley, Kansas.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (September-October 1935) Volume XLIV, Number 191, p. 77. … Colonel Charles F. Martin, Cavalry … “13th Cavalry – Fort Riley, Kansas.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (November-December 1935) Volume XLIV, Number 192, p. 85. … Colonel Charles F. Martin, Commanding …

1936

“13th Cavalry – Fort Riley, Kansas.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (January-February 1936) Volume XLV, Number 1, p. 76. … Colonel Charles F. Martin, Cavalry … “13th Cavalry – Fort Riley, Kansas.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (March-April 1936) Volume XLV, Number 2, p. 162. … Colonel Charles F. Martin, Commanding …

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“13th Cavalry – Fort Riley, Kansas.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (July-August 1936) Volume XLV, Number 4, p. 355. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding … “13th Cavalry (Mechanized) – Fort Knox, Kentucky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (November-December 1936) Volume XLV, Number 6, p. 546. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding … On July 10th the regiment received word that it would be mechanized and transferred to Fort Knox, Kentucky ….

1937

“13th Cavalry (Mecz) – Fort Knox, Kentucky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (January-February 1937) Volume XLVI, Number 1, p. 93. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding … “13th Cavalry (Mechanized) – Fort Knox, Kentucky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (March-April 1937) Volume XLVI, Number 2, p. 188. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding … “13th Cavalry (Mechanized) – Fort Knox, Kentucky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (May-June 1937) Volume XLVI, Number 3, p. 297. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding … “13th Cavalry (Mechanized) – Fort Knox, Kentucky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (July-August 1937) Volume XLVI, Number 3, p. 396. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding … “13th Cavalry (Mechanized) – Fort Knox, Kentucky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (September-October 1937) Volume XLVI, Number 4, p. 487. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding …

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1938

“13th Cavalry (Mechanized) – Fort Knox, Ky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (January-February 1938) Volume XLVII, Number 1, p. 91. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding … “13th Cavalry (Mechanized) – Fort Knox, Ky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (March-April 1938) Volume XLVII, Number 2, p. 188. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding … “13th Cavalry – Fort Knox, Kentucky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (May-June 1938) Volume XLVII, Number 3, p. 281. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding … “13th Cavalry – Fort Knox, Kentucky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (July-August 1938) Volume XLVII, Number 4, p. 377. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding … “13th Cavalry – Fort Knox, Kentucky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (September-October 1938) Volume XLVII, Number 5, p. 472. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding … “13th Cavalry – Fort Knox, Kentucky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (November-December 1938) Volume XLVII, Number 6, p. 562. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding …

1939

“13th Cavalry.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (January-February 1939) Volume XLVIII, Number 1, pp. 91-92. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding … “13th Cavalry – Fort Knox, Kentucky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (March-April 1939) Volume XLVIII, Number 2, p. 185. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding …

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“13th Cavalry – Fort Knox, Kentucky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (May-June 1939) Volume XLVIII, Number 3, pp. 266-267. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding … “13th Cavalry – Fort Knox, Kentucky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (July-August 1939) Volume XLVIII, Number 4, pp. 347-348. … Colonel Charles L. Scott, Commanding … “13th Cavalry – Fort Knox, Kentucky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (November-December 1939) Volume XLVIII, Number 6, pp. 530-531. … Colonel Jack W. Heard, Commanding …

1940

“13th Cavalry – Fort Knox, Ky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (January-February 1940) Volume XLIX, Number 1, pp. 90-91. …Colonel Jack Heard, Commanding … “13th Cavalry – Fort Knox, Ky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (March-April 1940) Volume XLIX, Number 2, p. 185. …Colonel Jack Heard, Commanding … “13th Cavalry (L) – Fort Knox, Ky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (September-October 1940) Volume XLIX, Number 5, pp. 464-465. …Colonel Jack Heard, Commanding …

1941 “13th Armored Regiment (L) – Fort Knox, Ky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (January-February 1941) Volume L, Number 1, pp. 89-90. … Colonel R.E. McQuillin, Commanding … “Thirteenth Armored Regiment (L) – Fort Knox, Kentucky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (March-April 1941) Volume L, Number 2, p. 100. … Colonel R.E. McQuillin, Commanding …

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“13th Armored Regiment (L) – Fort Knox, Ky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (May-June 1941) Volume L, Number 3, p. 102. … Colonel R.E. McQuillin, Commanding … On July 15, 1940, the 13th Cavalry (Mechanized) was changed to the 13th Armored Regiment (Light) and became a light tank regiment in the 1st Armored Division … “13th Armored Regiment (Light) – Fort Knox, Ky.” Organization Activities The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (July-August 1941) Volume L, Number 4, p. 99. … Colonel R.E. McQuillin, Commanding …

*** Articles *** “13th Cavalry Will Be Mechanized.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (July-August 1936) Volume XLV, Number 4, p. 317. War Department instructions have been issued for the conversion of the 13th Cavalry into a mechanized regiment and its transfer from Fort Riley, Kansas, to Fort Knox, Kentucky, on or about September 5th …. “The Attack on Our Cavalry at Parral.” Journal of the United States Cavalry Association (currently entitled, Armor) (November 1916) Volume XXVII, Number 112, pp. 249-253. Parral, Mexico … April 12, 1916 … Thirteenth Cavalry… “Battalion Reflagged Jan. 17.” Knox Notes Inside the Turret (Fort Knox KY) (currently entitled, Turret) (January 11, 1996) Volume 48, Number 8, p. 1A. The 2nd Battalion, 13th Armor Regiment, 1st Armor Training Brigade will be reflagged as 2d Battalion, 81st Armor Regiment Jan. 17 at 9 a.m. in the Smith Physical Fitness Center, 5927 26th Cavalry Dr. END Black, Percy G. (Lieutenant Colonel, G.S.C.) “The U.S. Armored Force: the Possibilities of Its Strategical and Tactical Employment.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (September-October 1940) Volume XLIX, Number 5, pp. 400-403. … The Armored Force will consist of … I Armored Corps … 1st Armored Division, Fort Knox, Ky. … 13th Armored Regiment (L) … “The Cavalry Fight at Columbus.” Journal of the United States Cavalry Association (currently entitled, Armor) (November 1916) Volume XXVII, Number 112, pp. 183-185. Columbus, New Mexico … Thirteenth Cavalry …

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Chaffee, Adna R. (Brigadier General, Commanding, Seventh Cavalry Brigade) “The Seventh Cavalry Brigade in the First Army Maneuvers.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (November-December 1939) Volume XLVIII, Number 6, pp. 450-461. …First Army Maneuvers … month of August 1939 … Provisional Blue Corps … included 13th Cavalry …. “The Columbus Raid.” Journal of the United States Cavalry Association (currently entitled, Armor) (April 1917) Volume XXVII, Number 114, pp. 490-496. Columbus, New Mexico …. Villa Raid … military garrison consisted of headquarters and seven troops of the Thirteenth Cavalry … Crittenberger, Willis D. (Lieutenant Colonel) “Cavalry Maneuvers at Fort Knox.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (September-October 1937) Volume XLVI, Number 5, pp. 420-426. … REDS … includes .. 13th Cavalry (one Combat Car Squadron) …. Davis, Charles L. (Captain) “Not So Long Ago! A Tank Platoon in Tunisia.” Armored Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (November-December 1949) Volume LVIII, Number 6, pp. 34-40. … the Armor in this story … During the action of late April and early May the Third Platoon of Company D, 13th Armored Regiment, operated in its organic role as a part of the 2nd Battalion tactical deployment of companies … “Expansion of the 7th Cavalry Brigade.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (May-June 1940) Volume XLIX, Number 3, p. 207. … the 3rd Squadron, 13th Cavalry, … will remain inactive …. Gardiner, Henry E. (Colonel) “We Fought at Kasserine.” Armored Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (March-April 1948) Volume LVII, Number 2, pp. 8-17. …The one medium tank battalion which participated in the initial landings at Oran was the Second Battalion of the 13th Armored Regiment. It was this battalion that I commanded throughout most of the Tunisian campaign … Garity, R. H. (Major, 1st Cavalry (Mechanized)) “Fort Knox Flood Relief Activities.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (March-April 1937) Volume XLVI, Number 2, pp. 133-140. … The 1st Cavalry was directed to conduct the actual rescue work, evacuating the refugees to Fort Knox where the 13th Cavalry was to establish a camp to care for them …. “Leadership Tests Mechanized Cavalry.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (January-February 1940) Volume XLIX, Number 1, pp. 45-

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47. … general information … photo w/caption: Troop E, Thirteenth Cavalry, Winning Platoon in Cavalry Leadership Test for Small Units … Martin, Charles F. (Colonel, 13th Cavalry) “13th Cavalry’s Practice March to Hutchinson and Return.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (September-October 1935) Volume XLIV, Number 191, p. 46. Martin, Charles F. (Colonel, 13th Cavalry) “A Horse Cavalry Night March to Combat Against Mechanized Cavalry.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (November-December 1935) Volume XLIV, Number 192, pp. 8-14. … The following is a report of one of the operations of the 13th Cavalry in the maneuvers of 1934 during the presence of the 1st Cavalry (Mechanized) at Fort Riley… Martin, C. F. (Colonel, 13th Cavalry) “Influences of Mechanization, Motorization and Machine Guns on the Horse Cavalry Regiment’s Tactics, Organization and Supply Methods.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (March-April 1935) Volume XLIV, Number 188, pp. 5-10. Martin, C. F. (Colonel, 13th Cavalry) “Influences of Mechanization, Motorization and Machine Guns on the Horse Cavalry Regiment’s Tactics, Organization and Supply Methods.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (May-June 1935) Volume XLIV, Number 189, pp. 15-21. …continuation from March-April 1935 article …. Martin, C. F. (Colonel, 13th Cavalry) “Influences of Mechanization, Motorization and Machine Guns on the Horse Cavalry Regiment’s Tactics, Organization and Supply Methods.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (July-August 1935) Volume XLIV, Number 190, pp. 28-34. …conclusion from May-June 1935 article … “The Mechanized Cavalry Takes the Field.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (July-August 1938) Volume XLVII, Number 4, pp. 290-300. On the twentieth of May, 1938, the 7th Cavalry Brigade, commanded by Brigadier General Daniel Van Voorhis, started a seven hundred mile march through Kentucky, Tennessee, into Georgia, and return, constituting the first march of any considerable length in which the mechanized cavalry brigade was equipped with its new vehicles … The east column commanded by Colonel C. L. Scott consisted of the 13th Cavalry …. Perry, R. F. (Major, 13th Cavalry) “Supply of a Mechanized Cavalry Brigade on a March.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (March-April) Volume XLVIII, Number 2, pp. 99-103. … A march of the Seventh Cavalry

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Brigade (Mechanized) to Fort Riley, Kansas, with participation in demonstrations and maneuvers at the Cavalry School was authorized by the War Department from early October until November (1938) …. Philipsborn, Martion, Jr. (Lieutenant, 13th Armored Regiment (L)). “Use of the Armored Force.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (November-December 1941) Volume L, Number 6, pp. 62-64. … How, then, may the Armored Force be used? … Scott, C. L. (Colonel, 13th Cavalry) “Armor for Cavalry Reconnaissance Vehicles is Essential.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (September-October 1938) Volume XLVII, Number 5, pp. 430-433. Scott, C. L. (Colonel, 13th Cavalry) “Importance of Organization and Correct Tactical Employment of Mechanized Units.” With the Mechanized Cavalry The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (March-April 1938) Volume XLVII, Number 2, pp. 175-176. Seelinger, Matthew. “Unit History : 13th Armor.” On Point (Fall 2006) Volume 12, Number 2, pp. 30-32. “Stations of Cavalry Regiments From April 1, 1898, to May 1, 1902.” Journal of the United States Cavalry Association (currently entitled, Armor) (October 1902) Volume XIII, Number 46, pp. 232-254. Thirteenth Cavalry, pp. 251-252. Wight, William (Spc.) “Armor Training units to inactivate.” Inside the Turret (Fort Knox KY) (currently entitled, Turret) (August 15, 1991) Volume 42, Number 4, p. 5A. Two Fort Knox armor training units and one basic training company will be inactivated within the next few months … The 6th Squadron, 16th Cavalry and the 4th Battalion, 13th Armor, both from the 1st Armor Training Brigade, will also be inactivating … Troop A and the rest of 4/13th Armor will “officially” inactivate Oct. 31 (1991) … Wilson, Vennard (Major, Cavalry) “Combined Cavalry Maneuvers.” The Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (January-February 1939) Volume XLVIII, Number 1, pp. 41-51. In October, 1938, maneuvers and demonstrations at the Cavalry School were conducted in accordance with directives from the War Department and from the Chief of Cavalry involving the 7th Cavalry Brigade and the Cavalry School maps. …. Included: 13th Cavalry, Mecz. …

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Personnel

Boudinot, Truman Everett (Major General) … Served with 13th Cavalry Regiment 1937-40 … http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/teboudinot.htm Howze, Hamilton H. (General) …. Commander, 13th Armor Regiment (1943-44) … http://www.arcent.army.mil/history/com_bios/cg_hhhowze.asp Rose, Maurice (Major General) … assigned as commander of the 3rd Battalion of the 13th Armored Regiment (1940)… (per biography, p. 116, Major General Maurice Rose: World War II’s Greatest Forgotten Commander) Sands, George Henry (Colonel) … Served with 13th Cavalry Regiment at Fort Riley 1911-13; Commanding Officer, 13th Cavalry Regiment October-November 1912 http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/ghsands.htm

American Battle Monuments Commission http://www.abmc.gov/home.php

World War II Listing by Unit http://www.abmc.gov/search/wwii_unit.php 13 ARMD REGT – 13th Armored Regiment (3 records) ; 13 REGT 1 ARMD DIV – 13th Armored Regiment, 1st Armored Division (139 records) ; 13 TK BN 1 ARMD DIV – 13th Tank Battalion, 1st Armored Division (4 records)

Veterans History Project (Library of Congress) http://www.loc.gov/vets//

Erickson, Bryce E. War or Conflict: World War II, 1939-1946 Unit of Service: Company A, 13th Tank Battalion, 1st Armored Division http://lcweb2.loc.gov/diglib/vhp/bib/39327

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Koontz, Stanley Roger War or Conflict: World War II, 1939-1946 Unit of Service: 13th Armored Regiment, 1st Armored Division http://lcweb2.loc.gov/diglib/vhp/bib/4795 Lewis, William D., Sr. War or Conflict: World War II, 1939-1946 Unit of Service: 13th Armored Regiment, 1st Armored Division http://lcweb2.loc.gov/diglib/vhp/bib/44862 Mattingly, James Wilbur War or Conflict: World War II, 1939-1946 Unit of Service: Service Company, 13th Armor Regiment, 1st Armored Division http://lcweb2.loc.gov/diglib/vhp/bib/18376 Murphy, Charles M. War or Conflict: World War II, 1939-1946 Unit of Service: 13th Armored Regiment http://lcweb2.loc.gov/diglib/vhp/bib/20780 Scott, John Richard War or Conflict: World War II, 1939-1946 Unit of Service: Headquarters Company, 13th Tank Battalion, 1st Armored Division http://lcweb2.loc.gov/diglib/vhp/bib/8190

Photos / Media

August 1939 – 13th Armored Cavalry Regiment http://news.webshots.com/photo/2007255280081165223GUPqRH - scroll down Panoramic Long roll gelatin print of Company I, 13th Armored Regiment http://www.oshkoshmuseum.org/Virtual/exhibit6/e60301a.htm

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Web Information

1st Armored Division “Old Ironsides” (World War II Division Chronicles) http://www.history.army.mil/matrix/1AD/1AD-cc.htm 1st Armored Division – U.S. Army in Germany http://www.usarmygermany.com/Units/1st%20Armd%20Div/USAREUR_1st%20Armd%20Div.htm 13th Armor (Army History Foundation) http://www.armyhistory.org/armyhistorical.aspx?pgID=868&id=382&exCompID=32 United States Constabulary http://www.geocities.com/usconstabulary/index.html

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1st Battalion, 13th Armor

NOTE: Currently, 1-13 Armor is scheduled to participate in a transition team function as part of the Army’s transformation to a modular force. Plans call for the

13th Armor to convert back to the 13th Cavalry, with two squadrons (1st and 2d) slated to serve as reconnaissance squadrons in the1st Armored Division

(On Point (Fall 2006), p. 32)

1-13th Armor inactivated at Fort Riley, Kansas, on September 2006 and was reactivated as 1-13th Cavalry on 17 April 2007, Fort Riley, Kansas (per LTC John B.

Richardson IV, Commanding, 1-13th Cavalry Regiment)

Awards / Decorations

13th Armor, 1st Battalion, Company A / ASUA / 5 Apr 97 – 15 Oct 97 / GO #15 (1997) and GO #25 (8 June 2001 – URL for GO#25:

https://akocomm.us.army.mil/usapa/epubs/dr_pubs/dr_b/pdf/go0125.pdf - AKO sign-in req’d)

https://www.hrc.army.mil/site/active/TAGD/awards/Unit_Awards/EXCEL_of_Approved_Unit_Awards.xls 1st Armored Division, 3d Brigade, HHC; 13th Armor, 1st Battalion / VUA / 1 Sep 03 – 30 Nov 04 / DAGO Pending https://www.hrc.army.mil/site/active/TAGD/awards/Unit_Awards/EXCEL_of_Approved_Unit_Awards.xls Army Superior Unit Award for Task Force Eagle – Message dtd Jan 99 https://www.hrc.army.mil/site/active/TAGD/awards/Message_Reference_Index/Subfolder__51-75/55.doc

3. The following units are authorized the Army Superior Unit Award for their participation in Task Force Eagle Stabilization Force (SFOR) from 5 April 1997 to 21 October 1997 …. Company A, 1st Battalion, 13th Armor (5 Apr 97 to 15 Oct 97)

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Books

Atkinson, Rick. An army at dawn : the war in North Africa, 1942-1943. New York : Henry Holt & Co., 2002. U.S. 13th Armored Regiment, pp. 52, 222, 234, 511, 538 1st Battalion, p. 231 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 940.5423 ATKINSON Historical and pictorial review, First Armored Division of the United States Army, Fort Knox, Kentucky, 1941 - 13th Armored Regiment (L). Baton Rouge, La. : Army and Navy Pub. Co., 1941. Includes: 13th Armored Regiment (L) Personnel – First Battalion USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. CHAFFEE 355.071 THIRTEENT Old Ironsides, 1969. (First Armored Division Association (U.S.)) Dallas, Texas, Taylor Publishing Co., 1969. 1st Brigade – 1st Battalion, 13th Armor. LTC William E. Hattaway, Commanding Officer USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. CHAFFEE 358.18 FIRST Stubbs, Mary Lee; Connor, Stanley Russell. Armor-cavalry (Army Lineage Series). Washington, Office of the Chief of Military History, U.S. Army; [for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.] 1969- USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 355 ARMY 1st Battalion, 13th Armor, p. 228

Journal / Newspaper Articles

Blakely, Jay (Captain) “Sustainment Operations and the Forward Operating Base.” Armor (March-April 2005) Volume CXIV, Number 2, pp. 39-42. … By mid-April 2003, “major ground combat operations” were coming to a close in Iraq. Units such as 2d Battalion, 69th (2-69) Armor, 3d Infantry Division, established FOBs as they transitioned from maneuver to urban operations. At the end of April, 1st

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Battalion, 13th (1-13) Armor (Dakota), 3d Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division, conducted a relief in place with 2-69 Armor…. Little, Vince. “Finding the bomb before it finds you.” Stars and Stripes (March 10, 2005) … In the past week, the 1-13 Armor Regiment, boosted by members of the 70th Engineer Battalion, have uncovered six roadside bombs and been hit by two … http://www.stripes.com/article.asp?section=104&article=26776&archive=true “National Guard MPs and Iraqi Police Keep the Peace in Kadhymiya.” Connecticut National Guard Press Release (August 18, 2003) … BAGHDAD, Iraq - - “The 2nd Platoon of the 143rd MP (military police) Company is the best military police unit I have worked with during my 20 years of active duty service in the Army,” said Lt. Col. Francis Sherman, Jr. the commander of the 1st Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment…. http://www.ct.ngb.army.mil/pao/news/2003/MPIraq.asp Pape, Jason M (Captain) “Winning with the People of Iraq.” Armor (March-April 2005) Volume CXIV, Number 2, pp. 35-38, 42. … Company B, 1st Battalion, 13th Armor, “Wolfpack,” of the 3d Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division, deployed from Fort Riley, Kansas, separate from its brigade and division…. Potter, Tim. “Mechanics play crucial role in keeping U.S. troops rolling.” Stars and Stripes (April 15, 2003) … "It's not a very glorious job. A lot of their work goes unseen while people are sleeping. But without them, we're not going to last very long," said Capt. Jason Pape, the Bravo Company commander with 1st Battalion, 13th Armor, from Fort Riley, Kan…. http://www.stripes.com/article.asp?section=104&article=14138&archive=true Potter, Tim. “Officer keeps unit going with discipline, humor.” Stars and Stripes (April 13, 2003) … As the senior noncommissioned officer for 1st Battalion, 13th Armor, based at Fort Riley, Kan., Command Sgt. Maj. Ricky Pring is responsible for getting the unit's 570 soldiers ready to fight…. http://www.stripes.com/article.asp?section=104&article=14082&archive=true Potter, Tim. “Tanks fitted with 10-ton tools will combat land mines.” Stars and Stripes (April 20, 2003) NORTHERN KUWAIT — Iraq is a land of land mines, so when the 1st Battalion, 13th Armor, rolls through soon, two of its 44 tanks will wield 10-ton tools designed to destroy mines…. http://www.stripes.com/article.asp?section=104&article=14323&archive=true

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Stanis, Christopher (Sgt.) “New CSM takes top NCO position in 1-13 Armor.” The Old Ironsides Report (December 23, 2003) BAGHDAD, Iraq – First Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division said farewell to Command Sgt. Maj. Ricky Pring and welcomed Command Sgt. Maj. Carlos Alers as the battalion command sergeant major during a ceremony at the 1-13 Forward Operating Base in Baghdad Dec 15. … http://www.arcent.army.mil/news_letters/2003/december/23dec%20old%20ironsides%20report.pdf Wester, Matthew (Spc) “Operation Lightning: Iraqi Soldiers Strike at Terrorists in Taji.” Defend America (June 10, 2005) … Elements of the 1st Battalion, 1st Brigade, 5th Iraqi Army Division; the 1st Battalion, 13th Armor Regiment, 3rd Brigade, 1st Armored Division; and a platoon of the 977th Military Police Company cordoned and searched a rural area near Taji on May 28 and 30 as the American humvees took up positions on both sides of a dirt road two hours before dawn. … http://www.defendamerica.mil/articles/june2005/a061005pj1.html Wester, Matthew (Spc.) “Searching for IEDs – Regiment finds Iraqi explosives.” The Frontline (Fort Stewart GA) (March 17, 2005) Volume 40, Issue 11, p. 4A. … These Soldiers are members of the 1st Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment and 70th Engineers, 3rd Brigade, 1st Armored Division. They conducted an IED sweep Mar. 7 along a stretch of highway known for being riddled with explosives…. http://www.stewart.army.mil/frontlineonline/archivedpages/FrontlineOnline03-17-05News.pdf Wester, Matthew (Spc.) “Soldiers practice Zen, art of tank patrols.” The Frontline (Fort Stewart GA) (July 14, 2005) Volume 40, Issue 28, pp. 1A, 17A. The armored crewmen of 1st Battalion, 13th Armor Regiment, 3rd Brigade, 1st Armored Division, are doing what they have trained to do from the start of their military careers: patrol a combat zone in their M1A1 tanks. … http://www.stewart.army.mil/frontlineonline/archivedpages/FrontlineOnline07-14-05News.pdf

Personnel

1st Battalion, 13th Armor (1960s to Present) http://unitpages.military.com/unitpages/unit.do?id=101480&home_page_id=101480 Erickson, Bryce E. War or Conflict: World War II, 1939-1946

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Unit of Service: Company A, 13th Tank Battalion, 1st Armored Division http://lcweb2.loc.gov/diglib/vhp/bib/39327 Pring, Ricky (Command Sergeant Major) … His most recent assignment was as the Command Sergeant Major, 1st Battalion, 13th Armor Regiment, 1st Armored Division, in Fort Riley, Kan…. http://www.irwin.army.mil/Units/11TH+Armored+Cavalry+Regiment/11th+CR/CSM.htm Taylor, Michael H. (Major General) … Sep 70 - Feb 71, Platoon Leader, Company C, 1st Battalion 13th Armor, 1st Armored Division, Fort Hood, Texas … http://www.ngb.army.mil/ngbgomo/library/bio/taylor_mh.htm

Photos / Media

July 28, 2005 : Photo w/caption: Soldiers from the 1st Battalion, 13th Armor Regiment, 3rd Brigade, 1st Armored Division, prepare to search buildings … http://www4.army.mil/ARMYIMAGES/armyimage.php?photo=6984 August 31, 2005 : Photo w/caption: Sgt. Jared Seiler, from 1st Battalion, 13th Armor Regiment, 3rd Brigade, 1st Armor Division, pursues a terrorist …. http://www4.army.mil/yearinphotos/2005/image.php?photo=91&page=0 “Flight of the Unmanned Raven.” (July 2005) Photo w/caption : U.S. Army Cpl. Jerry Rogers, Scout Platoon, 1st Battalion, 13th Armor Regiment, 3rd Brigade, 1st Armored Division starts to assemble a Raven unmanned aerial vehicle, 21 June 2005, at Taji, Iraq … http://www.defenselink.mil/transformation/photoessay/2005-07/tp20050714a1.html

Web Information

1st Battalion, 13th Armor http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/1-13ar.htm

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OIF 1-13 Armor Scout Platoon Website http://www.michiganguy.com/oif/index.html

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2nd Battalion, 13th Armor

NOTE: Currently, 1-13 Armor is scheduled to participate in a transition team function as part of the Army’s transformation to a modular force. Plans call for the

13th Armor to convert back to the 13th Cavalry, with two squadrons (1st and 2d) slated to serve as reconnaissance squadrons in the1st Armored Division

(On Point (Fall 2006), p. 32)

Books

Atkinson, Rick. An army at dawn : the war in North Africa, 1942-1943. New York : Henry Holt & Co., 2002. U.S. 13th Armored Regiment, pp. 52, 222, 234, 511, 538 2nd Battalion, pp. 168, 206-7, 228, 365 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 940.5423 ATKINSON Historical and pictorial review, First Armored Division of the United States Army, Fort Knox, Kentucky, 1941 - 13th Armored Regiment (L). Baton Rouge, La. : Army and Navy Pub. Co., 1941. Includes: 13th Armored Regiment (L) Personnel – Second Battalion USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. CHAFFEE 355.071 THIRTEENT Mesko, Jim. M3 Lee/Grant in action. Carrollton, Tex. : Squadron/Signal Publications, c1995. Photo w/caption (p. 48) : The first American tankers to see combat in North Africa under their own commander were elements of the 1st Armored Division, which too part in the invasion of Oran. This M3 from the 2nd Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment and its crew, were at Souk El Khemis …. USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 358.18 MESKO Old Ironsides, 1969. (First Armored Division Association (U.S.)) Dallas, Texas, Taylor Publishing Co., 1969. 2nd Brigade – 2nd Battalion, 13th Armor. LTC John M. Norton, Commanding Officer USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. CHAFFEE 358.18 FIRST

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Perrett, Bryan. Allied tanks : North Africa, World War II. [London] : Arms and Armour Press ; [New York, N.Y. : Distributed in the U.S. by Sterling Pub. Co.], 1986. Photos w/captions: 2nd Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment - #55, #57, #58, #59, #60 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 358.18 TANKS #21 Stubbs, Mary Lee; Connor, Stanley Russell. Armor-cavalry (Army Lineage Series). Washington, Office of the Chief of Military History, U.S. Army; [for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.] 1969- 2d Battalion, 13th Armor, p. 229-230 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 355 ARMY Zaloga, Steve. M3 Lee/Grant medium tank 1941-45. Oxford : Osprey, 2005. United States Army – Armored Regiment, 2/13th, pp. 19, 20, 21, C, D USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 358.18 ZALOGA Zaloga, Steve. US tank battles in North Africa and Italy 1943-45. New Territories, Hong Kong : Concord, c2004. Photos w/captions, pp. 6-end. Example: The crew of a M3 medium tank of Co. D, 2nd Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment, 1st Armored Division …. USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 358.18 ZALOGA

Document

Fort Knox: The Home of Armor and Cavalry. South Boston, Virginia : B. Hunt Enterprises, Inc., 1988. 1st Armor Training Brigade (USUT): Armor Training Battalions …. The 2nd and 4th Battalions are designated as the 2nd and 4th Battalions, 13th Armor Regiment. The 2nd Battalion has four M1 companies and trains 19K soldiers; the 4th Battalion has four M60A3 companies and trains 19E soldiers. These battalions perpetuate the lineage of the 13th Armored Regiment, one of the Army’s pioneer armored units, which came to Fort Knox in 1936 to become a mechanized cavalry regiment and later became one of the first units of the 1st Armored Division when the Armored Force was born in July 1940. (p. 32)

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Journal / Newspaper Articles

“Battalion Reflagged Jan. 17.” Knox Notes Inside the Turret (Fort Knox KY) (currently entitled, Turret) (January 11, 1996) Volume 48, Number 8, p. 1A. The 2nd Battalion, 13th Armor Regiment, 1st Armor Training Brigade will be reflagged as 2d Battalion, 81st Armor Regiment Jan. 17 at 9 a.m. in the Smith Physical Fitness Center, 5927 26th Cavalry Dr. END Davis, Charles L. (Captain) “Not So Long Ago! A Tank Platoon in Tunisia.” Armored Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (November-December 1949) Volume LVIII, Number 6, pp. 34-40. … the Armor in this story … During the action of late April and early May the Third Platoon of Company D, 13th Armored Regiment, operated in its organic role as a part of the 2nd Battalion tactical deployment of companies … Gardiner, Henry E. (Colonel) “We Fought at Kasserine.” Armored Cavalry Journal (currently entitled, Armor) (March-April 1948) Volume LVII, Number 2, pp. 8-17. …The one medium tank battalion which participated in the initial landings at Oran was the Second Battalion of the 13th Armored Regiment. It was this battalion that I commanded throughout most of the Tunisian campaign … “Name Change.” Inside the Turret (Fort Knox KY) (currently entitled, Turret) (April 2, 1987) Volume 37, Number 23, p. 11A. Photo w/caption: Col. Robert Franklin, Jr., 1st Armor Training Brigade commander, received the flag during a redesignation ceremony March 25 …. 2nd Bn. – 2nd Bn., 13th Armor … Wight, William (Spc.) “Future Tankers sample field life : Armor Stakes challenges D 2/13 Armor.” Inside the Turret (Fort Knox KY) (currently entitled, Turret) (August 29, 1991) Volume 42, Number 42, p. 7A.

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Personnel

2nd Battalion, 13th Armor (1960s - Present) http://unitpages.military.com/unitpages/unit.do?id=101481&home_page_id=101481 Howze, Hamilton H. (General) …. Commander, 2nd Battalion, 13th Armor Regiment (1943) … http://www.arcent.army.mil/history/com_bios/cg_hhhowze.asp Leandre, Guitaud (Command Sergeant Major) … 2nd Battalion, 13th Armor and 2nd Battalion, 81st Armor, Ft Knox, KY… http://www.hood.army.mil/3d_acr/content/thunder_squad/thunder_csm.html Sylvester, John B. (Lieutenant General) … Mar-69 to Jul-70 - Platoon Leader, later Commander, B Company, 2d Battalion, 13th Armor, later Aide-de-Camp to the Commanding General, 1st Armored Division, Fort Hood, Texas … http://www.1id.army.mil/bigredone/commandteam/former/ADC/Sysvester,%20John%20B.htm

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3rd Battalion, 13th Armor

3d Battalion and Maintenance Company as the 4th Tank Battalion (July 1944) After World War II, the 4th Tank Battalion was converted to the 72d Constabulary

Squadron (May 1946)

Books

Historical and pictorial review, First Armored Division of the United States Army, Fort Knox, Kentucky, 1941 - 13th Armored Regiment (L). Baton Rouge, La. : Army and Navy Pub. Co., 1941. Includes: 13th Armored Regiment (L) Personnel – Third Battalion USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. CHAFFEE 355.071 THIRTEENT Perrett, Bryan. Allied tanks : North Africa, World War II. [London] : Arms and Armour Press ; [New York, N.Y. : Distributed in the U.S. by Sterling Pub. Co.], 1986. Photo w/caption: 3rd Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment - #73 USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 358.18 TANKS #21 Tankers in Tunisia. [Fort Knox, Ky. : Headquarters, Armored Replacement Training Center, 1943] Lieutenant William S. Norman, Company “H”, 3rd Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment, near Sidi bou Zid, 14 April 1943 (pp. 48-49) USA Armor School Research Library Catalog No. 940.5412 TANKERS

Personnel

Rose, Maurice (Major General) … assigned as commander of the 3rd Battalion of the 13th Armored Regiment (1940)… (per biography, p. 116, Major General Maurice Rose: World War II’s Greatest Forgotten Commander)

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4th Battalion, 13th Armor

Document

Fort Knox: The Home of Armor and Cavalry. South Boston, Virginia : B. Hunt Enterprises, Inc., 1988. 1st Armor Training Brigade (USUT): Armor Training Battalions …. The 2nd and 4th Battalions are designated as the 2nd and 4th Battalions, 13th Armor Regiment. The 2nd Battalion has four M1 companies and trains 19K soldiers; the 4th Battalion has four M60A3 companies and trains 19E soldiers. These battalions perpetuate the lineage of the 13th Armored Regiment, one of the Army’s pioneer armored units, which came to Fort Knox in 1936 to become a mechanized cavalry regiment and later became one of the first units of the 1st Armored Division when the Armored Force was born in July 1940. (p. 32)

Journal / Newspaper Articles

“Name Change.” Inside the Turret (Fort Knox KY) (currently entitled, Turret) (April 2, 1987) Volume 37, Number 23, p. 11A. Photo w/caption: Col. Robert Franklin, Jr., 1st Armor Training Brigade commander, received the flag during a redesignation ceremony March 25 …. 4th Bn. – 4th Bn., 13th Armor … Wight, William (Spc.) “Armor Training units to inactivate.” Inside the Turret (Fort Knox KY) (currently entitled, Turret) (August 15, 1991) Volume 42, Number 4, p. 5A. Two Fort Knox armor training units and one basic training company will be inactivated within the next few months … The 6th Squadron, 16th Cavalry and the 4th Battalion, 13th Armor, both from the 1st Armor Training Brigade, will also be inactivating … Troop A and the rest of 4/13th Armor will “officially” inactivate Oct. 31 (1991) … Compiled by Lorraine Allen

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