A summary of key movements in British poetry: Shakespeare The Metaphysical Poets The...
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- A summary of key movements in British poetry: Shakespeare The Metaphysical Poets The Romantics The Victorian Poets The War Poets The Movement Contemporary Poets
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- At the time, the writing of poetry was part of the education of a gentleman. Sonnets were very popular among the upper classes, and collections of sonnets and lyrics were often published. Aristocrats who did not write poetry themselves were usually patrons to other poets, giving them financial support.
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- The Fair Youth The Dark Lady The Rival Poet
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- Pure love Tainted love Love betrayed
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- 3 Quatrains Final Couplet composed in iambic pentameter The rhyme scheme is abab cdcd efef gg
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- Metaphysics is a traditional branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world that encompasses it. Traditionally, metaphysics attempts to answer two basic questions in the broadest possible terms: 1.What is ultimately there? 2.What is it like?
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- Samuel Cowley John Donne George Herbert Andrew Marvell Abraham Cowley Henry Vaughan George Chapman Edward Herbert
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- His personal relationship with spirituality is at the centre of much of his work Psychological analysis Sexual realism
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- Politically charged poems Wrote with humour Carpe diem (seize the day) Did not live to see a collection of his poems published
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- Had we but world enough, and time, This coyness, Lady, were no crime, An hundred years should go to praise Thine eyes, and on thy forehead gaze; Two hundred to adore each breast; But thirty thousand to the rest; An age at least to every part,
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- But at my back I always hear Times wingd chariot hurrying near; And yonder all before us lie Deserts of vast eternity. then worms shall try That long preserved virginity, And your quaint honour turn to dust, And into ashes all my lust. The graves a fine and private place, But none, I think, do there embrace.
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- The Romantic period, or Romanticism, is regarded as one of the greatest and most illustrious movements in literary history Primarily consisted of just seven poets Lasted approximately 25 years from William Blakes rise in the late 1790s to Lord Byrons death in 1824.
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- William Blake William Wordsworth Samuel Taylor Coleridge George Gordon, Lord Byron John Keats Percy Bysshe Shelley Poets of the Romantic Era Blake Coleridge Keats Shelley Wordsworth Byron
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- Nature is central to much of their work They sought a freer, more personal expression of passion Challenged their readers to open their minds and imaginations
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- Use creative imagination Focus on nature Focus on feelings and intuition Freedom and spontaneity Simple language Personal experience, democracy and liberty What Is Romanticism?
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- Neoclassic Trends Stressed reason and judgment Valued society Followed authority Maintained the aristocracy Interested in science and technology Revolt Against Neoclassicism Romantic Trends Stressed imagination and emotion Valued individuals Strove for freedom Represented common people
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- Writing during the French and American Revolutions Response to changing political and social conditions Shelleys Masque of Anarchy frequently quoted by Ghandi
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- Literally describes the events in the age of Queen Victorias reign of 1837-1901 Increased use of the Sonnet as a poetic form To some extent influenced by the Romantic poets
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- The Victorian period saw the emergence of many important female poets Significant female poets include Elizabeth Browning and Christina Rossetti. Christina Rossetti in some ways could be viewed as a more typical Victorian poet. Her poetry reflected her deep Anglican faith and frequently pursued themes such as love and faith.
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- Christina Rossetti (18301894) Father an Italian, a poet and translator, living in exile Mother Italian-English woman, very keen Christian and a shining example to her children (they all loved her and looked up to her) Grandfather a translator Older sister Maria Francesca Rossetti wrote a commentary on the Italian poet Dante and later became a nun Two older brothers who were writers and painters. The themes of love and death are dominant in her writing, and her poetry often has a religious aspect to it. Rossettis relationships never ended in marriage she was engaged twice. Both times the engagement broke down because she didnt want to compromise on her faith, both men fell short of her standards.
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- She suffered with illness throughout her life. In 1835 she moved, with her family, to London. There she began gaining fame as an anonymously published poet. She attracted the attention of the prominent poet Robert Browning. Between 1844 and 1846 Elizabeth and Robert wrote 574 letters to each other, and in 1846 they eloped to Italy. Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806 1861)
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- How do I love thee? Let me count the ways! I love thee to the depth and breadth and height My soul can reach, when feeling out of sight For the ends of Being and Ideal Grace. I love thee to the level of everydays Most quiet need, by sun and candlelight I love thee freely, as men strive for Right, I love thee purely, as they turn from Praise; I love thee with the passion, put to use In my old griefs, and with my childhoods faith: I love thee with the love I seemed to lose With my lost Saints, I love thee with the breath, Smiles, tears, of all my life! and, if God choose, I shall but love thee better after death.
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- For the first time, a substantial number of important English poets were soldiers Many died however, those who survived were frequently scarred by their experiences and this is reflected in their poetry The tone of this poetry can be seen to change as the war progressed
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- He was a committed Christian From 1913 to 1915 he worked as a language tutor in France He felt pressured by the propaganda to become a soldier and volunteered on 21st October 1915 In 1918 he won the Military Cross On 4th November he was shot and killed
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- Philip Larkin Kingsley Amis Donald Davie D.J. Enright John Wain Elizabeth Jennings Thom Gunn Robert Conquest
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- Essentially English in character Worldview took into account Britains reduced dominance in world politics The group's objective was to prove the importance of English poetry over the new modernist poetry Nostalgic for the earlier Britain and filled with pastoral images of the decaying way of life as Britain moved farther from the rural and more towards the urban
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- Philip Larkin was a 20 th century poet whose work is characterised by his observations of everyday life and relationships. His poetry is often described as being melancholic.
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- for Sally Amis Tightly-folded bud, I have wished you something None of the others would: Not the usual stuff About being beautiful, Or running off a spring Of innocence and love They will all wish you that, And should it prove possible, Well, youre a lucky girl. But if it shouldnt, then May you be ordinary; Have, like other women, An average of talents: Not ugly, not good-looking, Nothing uncustomary To pull you off your balance, That, unworkable itself, Stops all the rest from working. In fact, may you be dull If that is what a skilled, Vigilant, flexible, Unemphasised, enthralled Catching of happiness is called.
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- Simon Armitage Carol Ann Duffy Benjamin Zephaniah John Agard
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- Excuse me standing on one leg I'm half-caste Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste yu mean when picasso mix red an green is a half-caste canvas/ explain yuself wha u mean when yu say half-caste yu mean when light an shadow mix in de sky is a half-caste weather/ well in dat case england weather nearly always half-caste in fact some o dem cloud half-caste till dem overcast so spiteful dem dont want de sun pass ah rass/ explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste yu mean tchaikovsky sit down at dah piano an mix a black key wid a white key is a half-caste symphony/
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- Explain yuself wha yu mean Ah listening to yu wid de keen half of mih ear Ah looking at u wid de keen half of mih eye and when I'm introduced to yu I'm sure you'll understand why I offer yu half-a-hand an when I sleep at night I close half-a-eye consequently when I dream I dream half-a-dream an when moon begin to glow I half-caste human being cast half-a-shadow but yu come back tomorrow wid de whole of yu eye an de whole of yu ear and de whole of yu mind an I will tell yu de other half of my story
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